American Catskills: Blog https://www.americancatskills.com/blog en-us Copyright (C). All Rights Reserved. 2009-2022. Matthew Jarnich. dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Thu, 19 Jan 2023 03:09:00 GMT Thu, 19 Jan 2023 03:09:00 GMT https://www.americancatskills.com/img/s/v-12/u126062438-o922362058-50.jpg American Catskills: Blog https://www.americancatskills.com/blog 120 80 Phoenicia Railroad Station – A Photographic Study https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2023/1/phoenicia-railroad-station-a-photographic-study The Phoenicia Railroad Station is located at the hamlet of Phoenicia in the town of Shandaken, Ulster County, New York. The station served the former Ulster and Delaware Railroad (UDRR).

 

The Phoenicia Railroad Station is located at the hamlet of Phoenicia in the town of Shandaken, Ulster County, New York.Phoenicia Railroad StationThe Phoenicia Railroad Station is located at the hamlet of Phoenicia in the town of Shandaken, Ulster County, New York. The station served the former Ulster and Delaware Railroad (UDRR).

The Rondout and Oswego Railroad was chartered in 1866 by Thomas Cornell. By 1872 the Rondout and Oswego was bankrupt, but was reorganized as the New York, Kington and Syracuse Railroad. This railroad, in 1875, also went bankrupt. It was then reorganized yet again as the Ulster and Delaware Railroad.

The Ulster and Railroad proved to be very successful, opening up the central Catskills region for expanded tourism and providing easy access to the numerous boarding houses and hotels along the line. At its greatest extent, the railroad originated at Kingston Point, on the Hudson River, and followed much of what is today’s Route 28, passing through four counties (Ulster, Delaware, Schoharie and Otsego), ultimately connecting to its western terminus at Oneonta. The Ulster and Delaware was advertised as “The Only All-Rail Route to the Catskill Mountains.” At its peak, in 1913, the railroad carried 675,000 passengers.

Eventually the rise of the automobile and changing vacation patterns led to a slow decline in business, and by 1932 the Ulster and Railroad was acquired by New York Central. The line was then operated by New York Central until 1954, when it ceased operations.

The Phoenicia Railroad Station was constructed in 1899 to replace an earlier station following conversion of the narrow-gauge line to Hunter to standard gauge. The new station handled baggage, mail, express and passenger traffic to and from Phoenicia. The building remained in service until the cessation of passenger traffic in 1954. The station was acquired by the Empire State Railway Museum, which was founded in 1960 and moved to Phoenicia in 1983. Visit the museum website at www.esrm.com for more information.

 

The Phoenicia Railroad Station is located at the hamlet of Phoenicia in the town of Shandaken, Ulster County, New York.Kingston Point to OneontaThe Phoenicia Railroad Station is located at the hamlet of Phoenicia in the town of Shandaken, Ulster County, New York. The station served the former Ulster and Delaware Railroad (UDRR).

The Rondout and Oswego Railroad was chartered in 1866 by Thomas Cornell. By 1872 the Rondout and Oswego was bankrupt, but was reorganized as the New York, Kington and Syracuse Railroad. This railroad, in 1875, also went bankrupt. It was then reorganized yet again as the Ulster and Delaware Railroad.

The Ulster and Railroad proved to be very successful, opening up the central Catskills region for expanded tourism and providing easy access to the numerous boarding houses and hotels along the line. At its greatest extent, the railroad originated at Kingston Point, on the Hudson River, and followed much of what is today’s Route 28, passing through four counties (Ulster, Delaware, Schoharie and Otsego), ultimately connecting to its western terminus at Oneonta. The Ulster and Delaware was advertised as “The Only All-Rail Route to the Catskill Mountains.” At its peak, in 1913, the railroad carried 675,000 passengers.

Eventually the rise of the automobile and changing vacation patterns led to a slow decline in business, and by 1932 the Ulster and Railroad was acquired by New York Central. The line was then operated by New York Central until 1954, when it ceased operations.

The Phoenicia Railroad Station was constructed in 1899 to replace an earlier station following conversion of the narrow-gauge line to Hunter to standard gauge. The new station handled baggage, mail, express and passenger traffic to and from Phoenicia. The building remained in service until the cessation of passenger traffic in 1954. The station was acquired by the Empire State Railway Museum, which was founded in 1960 and moved to Phoenicia in 1983. Visit the museum website at www.esrm.com for more information.

 

The Phoenicia Railroad Station is located at the hamlet of Phoenicia in the town of Shandaken, Ulster County, New York.Waiting RoomThe Phoenicia Railroad Station is located at the hamlet of Phoenicia in the town of Shandaken, Ulster County, New York. The station served the former Ulster and Delaware Railroad (UDRR).

The Rondout and Oswego Railroad was chartered in 1866 by Thomas Cornell. By 1872 the Rondout and Oswego was bankrupt, but was reorganized as the New York, Kington and Syracuse Railroad. This railroad, in 1875, also went bankrupt. It was then reorganized yet again as the Ulster and Delaware Railroad.

The Ulster and Railroad proved to be very successful, opening up the central Catskills region for expanded tourism and providing easy access to the numerous boarding houses and hotels along the line. At its greatest extent, the railroad originated at Kingston Point, on the Hudson River, and followed much of what is today’s Route 28, passing through four counties (Ulster, Delaware, Schoharie and Otsego), ultimately connecting to its western terminus at Oneonta. The Ulster and Delaware was advertised as “The Only All-Rail Route to the Catskill Mountains.” At its peak, in 1913, the railroad carried 675,000 passengers.

Eventually the rise of the automobile and changing vacation patterns led to a slow decline in business, and by 1932 the Ulster and Railroad was acquired by New York Central. The line was then operated by New York Central until 1954, when it ceased operations.

The Phoenicia Railroad Station was constructed in 1899 to replace an earlier station following conversion of the narrow-gauge line to Hunter to standard gauge. The new station handled baggage, mail, express and passenger traffic to and from Phoenicia. The building remained in service until the cessation of passenger traffic in 1954. The station was acquired by the Empire State Railway Museum, which was founded in 1960 and moved to Phoenicia in 1983. Visit the museum website at www.esrm.com for more information.

 

The Phoenicia Railroad Station is located at the hamlet of Phoenicia in the town of Shandaken, Ulster County, New York.BaggageThe Phoenicia Railroad Station is located at the hamlet of Phoenicia in the town of Shandaken, Ulster County, New York. The station served the former Ulster and Delaware Railroad (UDRR).

The Rondout and Oswego Railroad was chartered in 1866 by Thomas Cornell. By 1872 the Rondout and Oswego was bankrupt, but was reorganized as the New York, Kington and Syracuse Railroad. This railroad, in 1875, also went bankrupt. It was then reorganized yet again as the Ulster and Delaware Railroad.

The Ulster and Railroad proved to be very successful, opening up the central Catskills region for expanded tourism and providing easy access to the numerous boarding houses and hotels along the line. At its greatest extent, the railroad originated at Kingston Point, on the Hudson River, and followed much of what is today’s Route 28, passing through four counties (Ulster, Delaware, Schoharie and Otsego), ultimately connecting to its western terminus at Oneonta. The Ulster and Delaware was advertised as “The Only All-Rail Route to the Catskill Mountains.” At its peak, in 1913, the railroad carried 675,000 passengers.

Eventually the rise of the automobile and changing vacation patterns led to a slow decline in business, and by 1932 the Ulster and Railroad was acquired by New York Central. The line was then operated by New York Central until 1954, when it ceased operations.

The Phoenicia Railroad Station was constructed in 1899 to replace an earlier station following conversion of the narrow-gauge line to Hunter to standard gauge. The new station handled baggage, mail, express and passenger traffic to and from Phoenicia. The building remained in service until the cessation of passenger traffic in 1954. The station was acquired by the Empire State Railway Museum, which was founded in 1960 and moved to Phoenicia in 1983. Visit the museum website at www.esrm.com for more information.

 

The Ulster and Delaware Railroad had its founding roots with the Rondout and Oswego Railroad, chartered in 1866 by Thomas Cornell “in order to provide a route for goods from mid-state beyond the Catskills to the Hudson River.” By 1872 the Rondout and Oswego was bankrupt, but was reorganized as the New York, Kington and Syracuse Railroad. This railroad, in 1875, also went bankrupt. It was then reorganized yet again as the Ulster and Delaware Railroad.

 

The Ulster and Delaware Railroad proved to be very successful, opening up the central Catskills region for expanded tourism and providing easy access to the numerous boarding houses and hotels along the line. It also operated as a freight line, supporting the local agricultural, timber and bluestone industries in getting their products to market.

 

At its greatest extent, the railroad originated at Kingston Point, on the Hudson River, and followed much of what is today’s Route 28, passing through four counties (Ulster, Delaware, Schoharie and Otsego), ultimately connecting to its western terminus at Oneonta. The Ulster and Delaware Railroad was advertised as “The Only All-Rail Route to the Catskill Mountains.” At its peak, in 1913, the railroad carried 676,000 passengers.

 

In 1904 the railroad published the following description of the Phoenicia station and its scenic locale.

 

“PHOENICIA. This is one of the most important stations on the line. You are now twenty-eight miles from the river and 794 feet above it, with lofty mountain peaks on every hand. It is the entrance of the famous Stony Clove Canyon, and the southern terminus of the Stony Clove and Kaaterskill Branch of the Ulster & Delaware system. You are now well into the mountains and the scenery is wild and picturesque. It is late in the day when the sun peers over the eastern skyline on Mount Tremper, and comparatively early in the afternoon when the western shadows begin to envelop the little hamlet. Meanwhile your engine, having taken afresh drink of mountain water, gets the signal and skips off up the valley with a business-like snort, winding now closely along the left bank of the Esopus, which lessens in volume as the region of its source is approached. But the little valley grows in wildness and beauty with every mile, and the Mountains become higher and grander.”

 

Eventually the rise of the automobile and changing vacation patterns led to a slow, steady decline in the Catskills railroad business, and by 1932 the Ulster and Delaware Railroad was acquired by New York Central. The line was then operated by New York Central until 1954, when passenger service ended. The branch line from Phoenicia to Kaaterskill was abandoned in 1940.

 

The Phoenicia Railroad Station was constructed in 1899 to replace an earlier station following conversion of the narrow-gauge line to Hunter to standard gauge. The new station handled baggage, mail, express and passenger traffic to and from Phoenicia. The below describes the physical attributes of the station in detail.

 

“The station is a long, low, one-story building, rectangular in shape. The building is surmounted by a broad, deeply overhanging hipped roof, with decorative exposed rafters and oversized decorative wooden brackets. The roof, originally featuring slate shingles, is now sheathed in asphalt shingles. The building rests on a slightly raised, ashlar and bluestone foundation and is of wood-frame construction with shingle cladding. The walls are slightly flared just above the foundation. Continuous wooden moldings create horizontal divisions. Fenestrations is asymmetrical and corresponds to the station’s functional program. There are various passenger and baggage openings, a bay window on the track side for views up and down the track and other windows lighting interior spaces. Windows consist of double-hung wooden sash with six-over-one or eight-over-one lights. Doors are wooden with six panels. There is a deep wooden platform at the track side, sheltered by the deep overhang of the roof. The non-historic platform replaced the original and was constructed at an elevated height to permit direct access to the station without the use of dangerous boarding stools.

 

The interior of the station is divided into a waiting room with a vaulted ceiling extending to the roof, a station agent’s office, a baggage/express room, a closet and men’s and women’s bathrooms. Stairs provide access to the basement. Interior walls and ceilings are entirely finished in narrow beaded board siding of yellow pine. Siding is laid both vertically and horizontally, creating a patterned effect. Floors throughout have three-inch tongue and groove flooring. Interior surfaces have been recently refurbished.

 

Both the waiting room and the baggage room have the original ticket agent’s windows with brass window bars and milk glass windows. The main waiting area retains the original wooden benches, which line the three walls of the waiting room. Also present is the original water fountain and porcelain sink. The floor retains an original figured cast-metal heating grate and a central cast-iron air distribution pedestal. The pedestal has been moved to the side to permit installation of an electrical outlet. The furnace is extant but no currently operational. A single change to the floor place has been made to provide a closet for an electrical control panel. The closet is finished to match the rest of the interior.” (LaFrank, Kathleen, “Phoenicia Railroad Station,” National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 2005.)

 

In 1906 the Phoenicia Station and the nearby railroad line were featured in the 1906 drama film titled The Holdup of the Rocky Mountain Express. Although supposedly set in the Rocky Mountains, the film was actually made in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia. The film was produced by Frank Marion and the American Mutoscope and Biograph Company. It was a one-reel film intended for the store shows and nickelodeons of the day. The film depicts a group of bandits as they block the train tracks, and then board the train to rob the well-dressed passengers. While attempting to make their escape using a four-wheeled pump car, the bandits are chased by the train and ultimately captured at a railroad crossing.

 

The Phoenicia Railroad Station building remained in service until the cessation of passenger traffic in 1954. The station was acquired by the Empire State Railway Museum, which was founded in 1960 and moved to Phoenicia in 1983.

 

The Phoenicia Railroad Station is located at the hamlet of Phoenicia in the town of Shandaken, Ulster County, New York.At the StationThe Phoenicia Railroad Station is located at the hamlet of Phoenicia in the town of Shandaken, Ulster County, New York. The station served the former Ulster and Delaware Railroad (UDRR).

The Rondout and Oswego Railroad was chartered in 1866 by Thomas Cornell. By 1872 the Rondout and Oswego was bankrupt, but was reorganized as the New York, Kington and Syracuse Railroad. This railroad, in 1875, also went bankrupt. It was then reorganized yet again as the Ulster and Delaware Railroad.

The Ulster and Railroad proved to be very successful, opening up the central Catskills region for expanded tourism and providing easy access to the numerous boarding houses and hotels along the line. At its greatest extent, the railroad originated at Kingston Point, on the Hudson River, and followed much of what is today’s Route 28, passing through four counties (Ulster, Delaware, Schoharie and Otsego), ultimately connecting to its western terminus at Oneonta. The Ulster and Delaware was advertised as “The Only All-Rail Route to the Catskill Mountains.” At its peak, in 1913, the railroad carried 675,000 passengers.

Eventually the rise of the automobile and changing vacation patterns led to a slow decline in business, and by 1932 the Ulster and Railroad was acquired by New York Central. The line was then operated by New York Central until 1954, when it ceased operations.

The Phoenicia Railroad Station was constructed in 1899 to replace an earlier station following conversion of the narrow-gauge line to Hunter to standard gauge. The new station handled baggage, mail, express and passenger traffic to and from Phoenicia. The building remained in service until the cessation of passenger traffic in 1954. The station was acquired by the Empire State Railway Museum, which was founded in 1960 and moved to Phoenicia in 1983. Visit the museum website at www.esrm.com for more information.

 

The Phoenicia Railroad Station is located at the hamlet of Phoenicia in the town of Shandaken, Ulster County, New York.Phoenicia Station CentennialThe Phoenicia Railroad Station is located at the hamlet of Phoenicia in the town of Shandaken, Ulster County, New York. The station served the former Ulster and Delaware Railroad (UDRR).

The Rondout and Oswego Railroad was chartered in 1866 by Thomas Cornell. By 1872 the Rondout and Oswego was bankrupt, but was reorganized as the New York, Kington and Syracuse Railroad. This railroad, in 1875, also went bankrupt. It was then reorganized yet again as the Ulster and Delaware Railroad.

The Ulster and Railroad proved to be very successful, opening up the central Catskills region for expanded tourism and providing easy access to the numerous boarding houses and hotels along the line. At its greatest extent, the railroad originated at Kingston Point, on the Hudson River, and followed much of what is today’s Route 28, passing through four counties (Ulster, Delaware, Schoharie and Otsego), ultimately connecting to its western terminus at Oneonta. The Ulster and Delaware was advertised as “The Only All-Rail Route to the Catskill Mountains.” At its peak, in 1913, the railroad carried 675,000 passengers.

Eventually the rise of the automobile and changing vacation patterns led to a slow decline in business, and by 1932 the Ulster and Railroad was acquired by New York Central. The line was then operated by New York Central until 1954, when it ceased operations.

The Phoenicia Railroad Station was constructed in 1899 to replace an earlier station following conversion of the narrow-gauge line to Hunter to standard gauge. The new station handled baggage, mail, express and passenger traffic to and from Phoenicia. The building remained in service until the cessation of passenger traffic in 1954. The station was acquired by the Empire State Railway Museum, which was founded in 1960 and moved to Phoenicia in 1983. Visit the museum website at www.esrm.com for more information.

 

The Catskill Mountain Railroad operated a tourist train ride in the Catskills from Phoenicia to Mount Tremper for many years.Catskill Mountain RailroadIn the early-to-mid 19th century visitors typically travelled to the Catskills area via ship on the Hudson River and then on to their ultimate destination, most likely one of the area mountain or boarding houses, via horseback or stage coach. The trips were long and physically tiring. The arrival of railroads changed all that, allowing quicker and easier access to the region while also opening it to the “mass market”.

In 1866, construction began on what was to become known as the Ulster and Delaware (U&D). The U&D followed much of what is today’s Route 28, ultimately connecting Kingston to Oneonta. In 1882, the Stony Clove and Catskill Mountain Railroad was completed, connecting Phoenicia to Hunter, much of it along today’s Route 214. Also in 1882, the Catskill Mountain Railway was completed, connecting the town of Catskill to Palenville.

All three companies are now defunct. However, the spirit of the region’s great railroad era lived on for many years with the Catskill Mountain Railroad (CMRR), based out of Phoenicia. Chartered in 1983, and operating along a section of what was the Ulster and Delaware line, the tourist-oriented CMRR was a wonderfully scenic photographic opportunity with trains, rails, and depot station all evoking memories of yester-year. Unfortunately, in 2016, the Catskill Mountain Railroad ended more than 30 years of service between Phoenicia and Mt. Tremper when their lease ended for that section of track.

The CMRR continues to offer scenic train rides out of Kingston, New York. Visit their website at www.catskillmountainrailroad.com for more information.

 

Now operating out of the former Phoenicia Railroad Station, the Empire State Railway Museum offers a step back in time to the railroad era of the Catskills. Self-guided tours of the building are available, and the gift shop offers items for all ages, including books, toys, t-shirts, hats and much more. The museum can be visited at 70 Lower High Street in Phoenicia. They are currently open weekends from 10am to 4pm. Visit the museum website at www.esrm.com for more information.

 

The Phoenicia Railroad Station is listed on the National Register of Historic Places “as a distinctive and exceptionally intact example of a late nineteenth century passenger station in rural Ulster County.” The station “exemplifies the type of intermediate size railroad buildings built in small rural communities in this period.”

 

Phoenicia Railroad Station, National Register of Historic PlacesPhoenicia Railroad Station, National Register of Historic PlacesThe Phoenicia Railroad Station is located at the hamlet of Phoenicia in the town of Shandaken, Ulster County, New York. The station served the former Ulster and Delaware Railroad (UDRR).

The Rondout and Oswego Railroad was chartered in 1866 by Thomas Cornell. By 1872 the Rondout and Oswego was bankrupt, but was reorganized as the New York, Kington and Syracuse Railroad. This railroad, in 1875, also went bankrupt. It was then reorganized yet again as the Ulster and Delaware Railroad.

The Ulster and Railroad proved to be very successful, opening up the central Catskills region for expanded tourism and providing easy access to the numerous boarding houses and hotels along the line. At its greatest extent, the railroad originated at Kingston Point, on the Hudson River, and followed much of what is today’s Route 28, passing through four counties (Ulster, Delaware, Schoharie and Otsego), ultimately connecting to its western terminus at Oneonta. The Ulster and Delaware was advertised as “The Only All-Rail Route to the Catskill Mountains.” At its peak, in 1913, the railroad carried 675,000 passengers.

Eventually the rise of the automobile and changing vacation patterns led to a slow decline in business, and by 1932 the Ulster and Railroad was acquired by New York Central. The line was then operated by New York Central until 1954, when it ceased operations.

The Phoenicia Railroad Station was constructed in 1899 to replace an earlier station following conversion of the narrow-gauge line to Hunter to standard gauge. The new station handled baggage, mail, express and passenger traffic to and from Phoenicia. The building remained in service until the cessation of passenger traffic in 1954. The station was acquired by the Empire State Railway Museum, which was founded in 1960 and moved to Phoenicia in 1983. Visit the museum website at www.esrm.com for more information.

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) architecture building Catskill Mountains Catskills Empire State Railway Museum Holdup of the Rocky Mountain Express Matthew Jarnich museum New York Phoenicia Phoenicia Railroad Station photographer photographs photos Rondout and Oswego Railroad Shandaken station Thomas Cornell tourism trains travel Ulster and Delaware Railroad Ulster County https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2023/1/phoenicia-railroad-station-a-photographic-study Sat, 28 Jan 2023 13:00:00 GMT
St. Francis de Sales Church, Phoenicia – A History and Photographic Study https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2023/1/st-francis-de-sales-church-phoenicia-a-history-and-photographic-study The Roman Catholic parish of Saint Francis de Sales in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia was founded in 1902. Upon its founding, Archbishop Michael A. Corrigan entrusted care of the church to the Missionary Fathers of La Salette, a religious order that was founded in honor of the apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary at La Salette, France that took place in 1846.

 

Photograph of the Saint Francis de Sales church in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia, New York.St. Francis de SalesThe Roman Catholic parish of Saint Francis de Sales in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia was founded in 1902. Upon its founding, Archbishop Michael A. Corrigan entrusted care of the church to the Missionary Fathers of La Salette, a religious order that was founded in honor of the apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary at La Salette, France that took place in 1846.

At a cost of $9,000 the beautiful stone church building was thereafter constructed to serve the community, and was dedicated on August 21, 1904. The first pastor of the congregation, Reverend M. Julien Ginet, was also the architect and builder of the church.

The church namesake, Francis de Sales (1567-1622), was a prolific writer whose most famous work, Introduction to the Devout Life, has been a Christian classic for over 4 centuries. Saint Francis de Sales is honored within the Roman Catholic Church as the patron saint of journalists and writers. The Feast of St. Francis de Sales is celebrated on January 24 of each year.

Photograph of the Saint Francis de Sales church in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia, New York.Rising to GodThe Roman Catholic parish of Saint Francis de Sales in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia was founded in 1902. Upon its founding, Archbishop Michael A. Corrigan entrusted care of the church to the Missionary Fathers of La Salette, a religious order that was founded in honor of the apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary at La Salette, France that took place in 1846.

At a cost of $9,000 the beautiful stone church building was thereafter constructed to serve the community, and was dedicated on August 21, 1904. The first pastor of the congregation, Reverend M. Julien Ginet, was also the architect and builder of the church.

The church namesake, Francis de Sales (1567-1622), was a prolific writer whose most famous work, Introduction to the Devout Life, has been a Christian classic for over 4 centuries. Saint Francis de Sales is honored within the Roman Catholic Church as the patron saint of journalists and writers. The Feast of St. Francis de Sales is celebrated on January 24 of each year.

Photograph of the Saint Francis de Sales church in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia, New York.St. Francis de Sales, Phoenicia, New YorkThe Roman Catholic parish of Saint Francis de Sales in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia was founded in 1902. Upon its founding, Archbishop Michael A. Corrigan entrusted care of the church to the Missionary Fathers of La Salette, a religious order that was founded in honor of the apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary at La Salette, France that took place in 1846.

At a cost of $9,000 the beautiful stone church building was thereafter constructed to serve the community, and was dedicated on August 21, 1904. The first pastor of the congregation, Reverend M. Julien Ginet, was also the architect and builder of the church.

The church namesake, Francis de Sales (1567-1622), was a prolific writer whose most famous work, Introduction to the Devout Life, has been a Christian classic for over 4 centuries. Saint Francis de Sales is honored within the Roman Catholic Church as the patron saint of journalists and writers. The Feast of St. Francis de Sales is celebrated on January 24 of each year.

Photograph of the Saint Francis de Sales church in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia, New York.St. Francis de Sales, Gem of the CatskillsThe Roman Catholic parish of Saint Francis de Sales in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia was founded in 1902. Upon its founding, Archbishop Michael A. Corrigan entrusted care of the church to the Missionary Fathers of La Salette, a religious order that was founded in honor of the apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary at La Salette, France that took place in 1846.

At a cost of $9,000 the beautiful stone church building was thereafter constructed to serve the community, and was dedicated on August 21, 1904. The first pastor of the congregation, Reverend M. Julien Ginet, was also the architect and builder of the church.

The church namesake, Francis de Sales (1567-1622), was a prolific writer whose most famous work, Introduction to the Devout Life, has been a Christian classic for over 4 centuries. Saint Francis de Sales is honored within the Roman Catholic Church as the patron saint of journalists and writers. The Feast of St. Francis de Sales is celebrated on January 24 of each year.

Photograph of the Saint Francis de Sales church in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia, New York.Three WindowsThe Roman Catholic parish of Saint Francis de Sales in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia was founded in 1902. Upon its founding, Archbishop Michael A. Corrigan entrusted care of the church to the Missionary Fathers of La Salette, a religious order that was founded in honor of the apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary at La Salette, France that took place in 1846.

At a cost of $9,000 the beautiful stone church building was thereafter constructed to serve the community, and was dedicated on August 21, 1904. The first pastor of the congregation, Reverend M. Julien Ginet, was also the architect and builder of the church.

The church namesake, Francis de Sales (1567-1622), was a prolific writer whose most famous work, Introduction to the Devout Life, has been a Christian classic for over 4 centuries. Saint Francis de Sales is honored within the Roman Catholic Church as the patron saint of journalists and writers. The Feast of St. Francis de Sales is celebrated on January 24 of each year.

 

The beautiful stone church building at Phoenicia was thereafter constructed, at a cost of $9,000, to serve the community. The church was dedicated on the summer day of Sunday, August 21, 1904. The stone church is Gothic in style and seats approximately 180 people. The first pastor of the congregation, Reverend Julien M. Ginet, was also the architect and builder of the church. Reverend Ginet was succeeded by Reverend John M. Pilloix, who was ordained in 1902 in Hartford, Connecticut.

 

The below section of an article attributed to Maira Longyear, which can be found on the church website, details some of the church’s early history.

 

“Now it was time to establish Phoenicia as the center of his widely spread parish, to build his parish church and residence. Several attempts had been made in the past to construct a mission chapel but without success. Father Ginet with a zeal that thrived upon difficulties, set out on his task.

 

He took up residence in the Globe Hotel; it was known for its fine food; the men of the area after spending a day at the quarry or lumber camp were hungry enough and not at all reluctant to take a thirsty drink or two or three. Many a night as Father Ginet recited his vespers by gas light, was distracted by the gaiety down in the bar below. If his rectory was strange, his church was too. Of all odd places to use as a church was the Odd Fellows Hall. But Sunday after Sunday he would leave the bright lights of the Globe fore the shadowy halls of the Lodge. From the first, numbers who came were consoling. Many non-Catholics, eager for any approach to God came to greet Father Ginet. He entered the Lodge Hall and for a moment it was the gate of heaven; for he carried in his hand, his chaplain’s kit, in his heart, the word of God and in his anointed fingers the power to offer Holy Mass.

 

Father’s zeal was contagious; within a short time, his people were of one mind; they would have their parish church. One of the graces of his many talented personality was a hobby long cherished by Fr. Ginet. It was architecture; it had its impulse in the beautiful churches of his native France. So Pastor became architect and contractor too. He sent in plans for the church to his superiors, who found them too grandiose for the limited pocketbooks of the people. Undaunted he planned again. This time a smaller church evolved upon the blue print; it was to be made of quarried stone and the price of its building would astonish any builder.

 

After a laborious day at the quarry, the men lay down their hammers . . . but not for so long; after a few moments rest, they would take up their sledges and now the harsh crushing strokes became a symphony in the prayerful hearts of these men. Now they were quarrying stones for their own church. Other volunteers joined them and very soon indeed, the stone were piled near the site of the new St. Francis de Sales Parish Church. Hammers were laid aside for pick and shovel and the excavations soon deepened. On September 8, the digging began. On September 17, the foundations were laid and the wall structure began. Winter stopped the building for a while. Here we must honor the memory of Father John Hickey of Kingston, who personally and thru his friends contributed sufficient funds to purchase, bricks and cement for the inner walls of the church.

 

In the spring of 1904, the church was completed. And on July 12, 1904 the cornerstone was laid. Very Rev. Dr. Burtsell D. D., Auxiliary Bishop of New York performed the solemn ceremony of dedication. On this same occasion the first class was confirmed, consisting of 23 persons. The honor of the first baptism belongs to an infant, named Augustus Jay Simpson. Today that infant named Augustus is an august person of some two hundred pounds, and strong in the faith as he is in girth. This “Gem of the Catskills,” as the church is called, cost only nine thousand dollars. Its insured value today is one hundred and fifty thousand.”

 

The Saint Francis de Sales church at Phoenicia continues to serve the community faithful today, over 120 years after its founding. For more information about the church, including mass times and community outreach efforts, visit their website at www.stjohnstfrancis.org.

 

Photograph of the Saint Francis de Sales church in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia, New York.St. Francis de Sales, PhoeniciaThe Roman Catholic parish of Saint Francis de Sales in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia was founded in 1902. Upon its founding, Archbishop Michael A. Corrigan entrusted care of the church to the Missionary Fathers of La Salette, a religious order that was founded in honor of the apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary at La Salette, France that took place in 1846.

At a cost of $9,000 the beautiful stone church building was thereafter constructed to serve the community, and was dedicated on August 21, 1904. The first pastor of the congregation, Reverend M. Julien Ginet, was also the architect and builder of the church.

The church namesake, Francis de Sales (1567-1622), was a prolific writer whose most famous work, Introduction to the Devout Life, has been a Christian classic for over 4 centuries. Saint Francis de Sales is honored within the Roman Catholic Church as the patron saint of journalists and writers. The Feast of St. Francis de Sales is celebrated on January 24 of each year.

 

Father Ginet

 

Reverend Julien Marie Ginet (1872-1949), the first pastor at St. Francis de Sales, was born at Aillon-le-Jeune in southeast France in 1872. He was the son of Paul Marie and Josephine Garnier Ginet. Father Ginet was educated at Allevard-les-Baines and took his classical instruction at the School of the Missionaries of La Salette at Grenoble, France. In 1885 he was received by the Apostolique School of La Salette at St. Joseph at Isere, France. He entered the novitiate in 1888 at the Holy Mountain and made his profession there on August 2, 1889.

 

In 1892, at 20 years of age, he joined the Missionaries of Our Lady of La Salette. He left his family and his home country to study theology in the United States at the Hartford Seminary of the La Salette Fathers. Ginet was ordained at St. Michael’s Cathedral in Springfield on March 25, 1897.

 

After his ordination Ginet worked on the faculty of St. Charles College in Maryland and then served two years as a professor at La Salette College. Father Ginet was then assigned to St. Francis de Sales in Phoenicia, New York, serving there from 1902 to 1910, before returning to La Salette College as the school treasurer. He remained at the college for 2 years, and then served from 1912 to 1921 as the pastor at St. James Church in Danielson, Connecticut.

 

Father Ginet left St. James Church in 1921 to become the assistant pastor at St. Joseph’s Church at Fitchburg, Massachusetts. He only remained a short time, then being named in 1922 as assistant pastor at the Immaculate Conception Church at Holyoke, Massachusetts. In 1923, with the passing of Father Jean Guinet, Father Ginet was elevated to pastor, and remained there for 26 years until his passing in 1949.

 

Father Ginet faithfully served as a Roman Catholic priest for 52 years. He passed away at 77 years of age on October 15, 1949 at the La Salette Novitiate in Bloomfield, Connecticut after several years of failing health. He is buried at Mount Saint Benedict Cemetery in Bloomfield, Connecticut. Father Ginet was survived by one brother, Alcine Ginet of Savoie, France.

 

St. Francis de Sales

 

The church namesake, Francis de Sales (1567-1622), was a prolific writer whose most famous work, Introduction to the Devout Life, has been a Christian classic for over 4 centuries. Saint Francis de Sales is honored within the Roman Catholic Church as the patron saint of journalists and writers. The Feast of St. Francis de Sales is celebrated on January 24 of each year.

 

Quotes by St. Francis de Sales

 

“Do not fear what may happen tomorrow. The same loving Father who cares for you today will care for you tomorrow and every day. Either he will shield you from suffering or He will give you unfailing strength to bear it. Be at peace then and put aside all anxious thoughts and imaginings.”

 

“It is a fact that people are always well aware of what is due them. Unfortunately, they remain oblivious of what they owe to others.”

 

“Have patience with all things, but chiefly have patience with yourself. Do not lose courage in considering your own imperfections, but instantly set about remedying them—every day begin the task anew.”

 

“Do not wish to be anything but what you are, and try to be that perfectly.”

 

"Mere silence is not wisdom, for wisdom consists of knowing when and how to speak, and when and where to keep silent."

 

"If we say less than we should it is easy to add, but having said too much it is hard to take it back."

 

"When we aim at perfection, we must aim at the center, but we must not be troubled if we do not always hit it."

 

"If we really knew ourselves, instead of being astonished at finding ourselves on the ground, we should marvel how we sometimes manage to remain upright."

 

"God never permits anything to come upon us as a trial or test of our virtue without desiring that we should profit by it."

 

Our Lady of La Salette

 

Located across the street from the church is a beautiful shrine and grotto that serves in honor of the apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary at La Salette, France in 1846.

 

Photograph of a shrine to Our Lady of La Salette at the St. Francis de Sales church in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia.Apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary at La Salette, FranceLocated across the street from the St. Francis de Sales church in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia is a beautiful shrine and grotto that serves to honor the apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary at La Salette, France that took place in 1846.

Photograph of a shrine to Our Lady of La Salette at the St. Francis de Sales church in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia.Our Lady of La Salette, PhoeniciaLocated across the street from the St. Francis de Sales church in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia is a beautiful shrine and grotto that serves to honor the apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary at La Salette, France that took place in 1846.

Photograph of a shrine to Our Lady of La Salette at the St. Francis de Sales church in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia.Our Lady of La Salette, Phoenicia, NYLocated across the street from the St. Francis de Sales church in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia is a beautiful shrine and grotto that serves to honor the apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary at La Salette, France that took place in 1846.

 

On September 19 of that year the Blessed Mother appeared to two poor children, Maximin Giraud, 11 years old, and Melanie Calvat, 14 years old, in the small village of La Salette in the French Alps. The children, while tending a few cows, were drawn to a globe of light a short distance away. While under their gaze, the globe opened up and they saw a woman seated on some stones which surrounded the bed of a dried stream.

 

The two children called her “the Beautiful Lady” and listened intently as she spoke with them about conversion, a world reconciled to her Son and a deepening of their faith in their everyday lives. She mentioned the need to renounce the sins of blasphemy and not honoring Sundays as the day to rest and attend Holy Mass. Her prophetic last words to the two children were ‘Well, my children, you will make this well known to all my people.’” Soon thereafter there was a natural spring present where Mary had stood.

 

The Missionaries of La Salette was founded in 1852, six years after the apparition. This Missionaries of La Salette would become important in the history of St. Francis de Sales when the church was entrusted to the group’s care in 1902 with the assignment of Reverend M. Julien Ginet.

 

The National Shrine of Our Lady of La Salette is located at Attleboro, Massachusetts, however there are also a number of parishes, shrines and communities throughout the Americas that dedicate themselves to the apparition. Roman Catholics celebrate the Feast Day of Our Lady of La Salette on September 19 of each year.

 

Memorare to Our Lady of La Salette

 

“Remember, Our Lady of La Salette, true mother of Sorrows, the tears you shed for us on Calvary. Remember also the care you have taken to keep us faithful to Christ, your Son. Having done so much for your children, you will not now abandon us. Comforted by this consoling thought, we come to you pleading, despite our infidelities and ingratitude. Virgin of Reconciliation, do not reject our prayers, but intercede for us, obtain for us the grace to love Jesus above all else. May we console you by living a holy life and so come to share the eternal life Christ gained by His cross. Amen.”

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) architecture building catholic Catskill Mountains Catskills Christian church Introduction to the Devout Life La Salette M. Julien Ginet Main Street New York Our Lady of La Salette patron saint Phoenicia photographs photography photos pictures Roman Catholic Route 28 saint Saint Francis de Sales shrine St. Francis de Sales https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2023/1/st-francis-de-sales-church-phoenicia-a-history-and-photographic-study Sat, 21 Jan 2023 13:00:00 GMT
Shandaken Eagle – A Photographic Study https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2023/1/shandaken-eagle-a-photographic-study The beautiful Shandaken Eagle statue sits on a grassy knoll near the Esopus Creek, marking the entrance to the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia, New York. It is located at the junction of Route 28 and Route 214.

 

The Shandaken Eagle, located along Route 28 in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia, once stood high above Grand Central Station in New York City.Shandaken EagleThe beautiful Shandaken Eagle statue sits on a grassy knoll near the Esopus Creek, marking the entrance to the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia, New York. It is located at the junction of Route 28 and Route 214.

The two-ton sculpture, with a wingspan of 13 feet, once stood atop one of the towers of Grand Central Depot at the intersection of Park Avenue and 42nd Street in New York City. The eagle was installed in 1871 at Grand Central, along with 10 others like it. With the remodeling of Grand Central in 1898 the statue was taken down and would spend the next eight decades in storage.

In 1975 the town of Shandaken adopted the eagle as its official town symbol. In 1980, David McLane, a photographer for the New York Daily News and then owner of the eagle, moved to Shandaken and agreed to donate the eagle to the town. Various fundraising efforts were undertaken to raise the funds to move, repair and erect the bird at Phoenicia. Dakin Morehouse, a metal sculptor in Woodland Valley, restored the sculpture at his Phoenicia Forge, replacing its original white cement coating with a protective bronze surface.

With much fanfare, the sculpture was dedicated at its current Phoenicia location on August 23, 1986. There is a time capsule buried near the eagle that will be opened in 2076, the tri-centennial of the nation’s founding.

The Shandaken Eagle, located along Route 28 in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia, once stood high above Grand Central Station in New York City.On AlertThe beautiful Shandaken Eagle statue sits on a grassy knoll near the Esopus Creek, marking the entrance to the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia, New York. It is located at the junction of Route 28 and Route 214.

The two-ton sculpture, with a wingspan of 13 feet, once stood atop one of the towers of Grand Central Depot at the intersection of Park Avenue and 42nd Street in New York City. The eagle was installed in 1871 at Grand Central, along with 10 others like it. With the remodeling of Grand Central in 1898 the statue was taken down and would spend the next eight decades in storage.

In 1975 the town of Shandaken adopted the eagle as its official town symbol. In 1980, David McLane, a photographer for the New York Daily News and then owner of the eagle, moved to Shandaken and agreed to donate the eagle to the town. Various fundraising efforts were undertaken to raise the funds to move, repair and erect the bird at Phoenicia. Dakin Morehouse, a metal sculptor in Woodland Valley, restored the sculpture at his Phoenicia Forge, replacing its original white cement coating with a protective bronze surface.

With much fanfare, the sculpture was dedicated at its current Phoenicia location on August 23, 1986. There is a time capsule buried near the eagle that will be opened in 2076, the tri-centennial of the nation’s founding.

The Shandaken Eagle, located along Route 28 in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia, once stood high above Grand Central Station in New York City.Ready to FlyThe beautiful Shandaken Eagle statue sits on a grassy knoll near the Esopus Creek, marking the entrance to the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia, New York. It is located at the junction of Route 28 and Route 214.

The two-ton sculpture, with a wingspan of 13 feet, once stood atop one of the towers of Grand Central Depot at the intersection of Park Avenue and 42nd Street in New York City. The eagle was installed in 1871 at Grand Central, along with 10 others like it. With the remodeling of Grand Central in 1898 the statue was taken down and would spend the next eight decades in storage.

In 1975 the town of Shandaken adopted the eagle as its official town symbol. In 1980, David McLane, a photographer for the New York Daily News and then owner of the eagle, moved to Shandaken and agreed to donate the eagle to the town. Various fundraising efforts were undertaken to raise the funds to move, repair and erect the bird at Phoenicia. Dakin Morehouse, a metal sculptor in Woodland Valley, restored the sculpture at his Phoenicia Forge, replacing its original white cement coating with a protective bronze surface.

With much fanfare, the sculpture was dedicated at its current Phoenicia location on August 23, 1986. There is a time capsule buried near the eagle that will be opened in 2076, the tri-centennial of the nation’s founding.
The Shandaken Eagle, located along Route 28 in the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia, once stood high above Grand Central Station in New York City.Fly Eagle, FlyThe beautiful Shandaken Eagle statue sits on a grassy knoll near the Esopus Creek, marking the entrance to the Catskills hamlet of Phoenicia, New York. It is located at the junction of Route 28 and Route 214.

The two-ton sculpture, with a wingspan of 13 feet, once stood atop one of the towers of Grand Central Depot at the intersection of Park Avenue and 42nd Street in New York City. The eagle was installed in 1871 at Grand Central, along with 10 others like it. With the remodeling of Grand Central in 1898 the statue was taken down and would spend the next eight decades in storage.

In 1975 the town of Shandaken adopted the eagle as its official town symbol. In 1980, David McLane, a photographer for the New York Daily News and then owner of the eagle, moved to Shandaken and agreed to donate the eagle to the town. Various fundraising efforts were undertaken to raise the funds to move, repair and erect the bird at Phoenicia. Dakin Morehouse, a metal sculptor in Woodland Valley, restored the sculpture at his Phoenicia Forge, replacing its original white cement coating with a protective bronze surface.

With much fanfare, the sculpture was dedicated at its current Phoenicia location on August 23, 1986. There is a time capsule buried near the eagle that will be opened in 2076, the tri-centennial of the nation’s founding.

 

The two-ton sculpture, with a wingspan of 13 feet, once stood atop one of the towers of Grand Central Depot at the intersection of Park Avenue and 42nd Street in New York City. The eagle was installed in 1871 at Grand Central, along with 10 others like it. With the remodeling of Grand Central in 1898 the statue was taken down and would spend the next eight decades in storage.

 

In 1975 the town of Shandaken adopted the eagle as its official town symbol. In 1980, David McLane, a photographer for the New York Daily News and then owner of the eagle, moved to Shandaken and agreed to donate the eagle to the town. Various fundraising efforts were undertaken to raise the funds to move, repair and erect the bird at Phoenicia. Dakin Morehouse, a metal sculptor in Woodland Valley, restored the sculpture at his Phoenicia Forge, replacing its original white cement coating with a protective bronze surface.

 

With much fanfare, the sculpture was dedicated at its current Phoenicia location on August 23, 1986. There is a time capsule buried near the eagle that will be opened in 2076, the tri-centennial of the nation’s founding.

 

The Shandaken Eagle, located along Route 28 in Phoenicia, once stood high above Grand Central Station in New York City.On Alert, B&WThe beautiful Shandaken Eagle statue marks the entrance to the hamlet of Phoenicia, New York. According to the plaque on the statue, the eagle “originally stood atop one of the towers of Grand Central Station in N.Y.C. (New York City) at the turn of the century. Initially coated with which cement, the cast iron eagle was restored with a protective bronze surface at the Phoenicia forge.” The sculpture was dedicated at its current location on August 23, 1986.

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) art artist Catskill Mountains Catskills Dakin eagle Grand Central Morehouse" New York New York City Phoenicia Phoenicia Eagle Phoenicia Forge photographs photography photos pictures Route 214 Route 28 sculpture Shandaken Eagle statue tourism tourist Ulster County https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2023/1/shandaken-eagle-a-photographic-study Sat, 14 Jan 2023 13:00:00 GMT
Big Indian, In the Catskills https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2023/1/big-indian-in-the-catskills The uniquely named hamlet of Big Indian is located within the town of Shandaken in Ulster County, New York. The hamlet is located along scenic Route 28 as the road makes its way through the Catskill Park.

 

Statue of a Native American at the hamlet of Big Indian in the central Catskills of Shandaken, New York.Big IndianThe uniquely named hamlet of Big Indian is located within the town of Shandaken in Ulster County, New York. The hamlet is located along scenic Route 28 as the road makes its way through the Catskill Park. The hamlet of Big Indian takes its name from the legends surrounding an 18th century Native American named Winnisook who lived in the area.

 

Statue of a Native American at the hamlet of Big Indian in the central Catskills of Shandaken, New York.Winnisook, Big IndianThe uniquely named hamlet of Big Indian is located within the town of Shandaken in Ulster County, New York. The hamlet is located along scenic Route 28 as the road makes its way through the Catskill Park. The hamlet of Big Indian takes its name from the legends surrounding an 18th century Native American named Winnisook who lived in the area.

 

The historical marker at Big Indian Park provides the context behind the legendary naming of the hamlet.
 

“The hamlet of Big Indian takes its name from an 18th century Native American named "Winnisook," who was said to be over seven feet in height, strong, well-built, and fearless. Much of the legend surrounding Winnisook's activities in Ulster County were undoubtedly embellished over the years by local guides and lodging owners seeking to attract visitors to the area with an enticing, romantic tale. However, one fact is certain: the first reference to "Big Indian" as a location was recorded in surveys dating from 1786.

 

Winnisook, a member of the local tribe called the Munsees of the Lenape Nation, lived in the Marbletown area of Ulster County. There Winnisook fell in love with one Gertrude Molyneaux, the daughter of an early Huguenot settler in the area. However, Gertrude had been betrothed to a Dutch settler by the name of Joseph Bundy, a man said to be of questionable character.

 

After a brief, unhappy marriage to Bundy, Winnisook succeeded in getting Gertrude to elope with him back to his village and thereafter fathered several children with her.

 

Several years after this very public humiliation of Bundy, Winnisook led a livestock raiding party against the Dutch farmers in the area, which resulted in a number of their cattle and sheep being driven away by the Indians.

 

In response a posse was formed, including Bundy, to track down the raiding party. Allegedly, Bundy and company caught up with Winnisook in the area now named Big Indian. It was here that Bundy succeeded in finally getting his revenge by firing the bullet that killed Winnisook.

 

There are many versions of Winnisook's death, one more romantic than the next, including stories of a huge oak tree that stood at the crossroads with Winnisook's enormous outline carved into the bark. One version of the legend is likely true; that upon Winnisook's death Gertrude moved her family to the area we now call "Big Indian" to be near Winnisook's grave. Evidence of this can be found in old land title records that carry Gertrude Molyneaux's family name on land in the Lost Clove valley of Big Indian.”

 

Statue of a Native American at the hamlet of Big Indian in the central Catskills of Shandaken, New York.Big Indian, At the ValleyThe uniquely named hamlet of Big Indian is located within the town of Shandaken in Ulster County, New York. The hamlet is located along scenic Route 28 as the road makes its way through the Catskill Park. The hamlet of Big Indian takes its name from the legends surrounding an 18th century Native American named Winnisook who lived in the area.

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Big Indian Catskill Mountains Catskills Gertrude Molyneaux Native American photographs photography photos pictures Route 28 Route 47 sculpture Shandaken statue tourism travel Ulster County Winnisook https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2023/1/big-indian-in-the-catskills Sat, 07 Jan 2023 13:00:00 GMT
Pine Hill Lake in the Catskills https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/12/pine-hill-lake-in-the-catskills Pine Hill Lake, located at the base of Belleayre Mountain, offers plenty of summer time fun, with a white sand beach, lifeguard-supervised swimming, rowboat and kayak rentals, large picnic pavilions and much more. It was estimated in 2018 that over 21,000 people visited Pine Hill Lake for summer recreational purposes.

 

Pine Hill Lake, located at the base of Belleayre Mountain, offers a popular summer time destination with a white sand beach and swimming for the whole family.All's Quiet at Pine Hill LakePine Hill Lake, located at the base of Belleayre Mountain, offers plenty of summer time fun, with a white sand beach, lifeguard-supervised swimming, rowboat and kayak rentals, large picnic pavilions and much more. The lake is used in the winter months for snowmaking purposes at the ski resort at Belleayre Mountain.

Pine Hill Lake, located at the base of Belleayre Mountain, offers a popular summer time destination with a white sand beach and swimming for the whole family.Pine Hill Lake in SeptemberPine Hill Lake, located at the base of Belleayre Mountain, offers plenty of summer time fun, with a white sand beach, lifeguard-supervised swimming, rowboat and kayak rentals, large picnic pavilions and much more. The lake is used in the winter months for snowmaking purposes at the ski resort at Belleayre Mountain.

 

The lake has a surface area of approximately 5.62 acres, with a storage capacity of approximately 29.4 million gallons of water. The lake is located on an impounded National Wetland Inventory (NWI) freshwater wetland.

 

Pine Hill Lake is used in the winter months for snowmaking purposes at the ski resort at Belleayre Mountain. The historical sign at the Belleayre Mountain Ski Center offers additional information about its history.

 

“Belleayre Mountain is located off of State Route 28 in Highmount, NY, just hours from New York City. From Rt. 28 in Highmount, turn west on Rt. 49A (Galli Curci Rd.). Go about 1/2 mile, look for the signs.

 

Belleayre was declared “Forever Wild” by the New York State Forest Preserve in 1885. Early on, skiers would side-step or hike their way more than 3,000 feet to be the first to make tracks down unnamed and woody trails. Since the very beginning of the American skiing experience, skiers gazed at the steep, rugged inclines of Belleayre Mountain and dreamed of refining them. In the 1940s skiing enthusiasts pressured politicians to develop Belleayre as a safe and fun mountain for families and extreme skiers alike.

 

In 1947 bills were introduced allowing New York State to create Belleayre Mountain. Construction began in 1949, and Belleayre began its premier winter season with five trails, an electrically powered rope tow, New York's first chairlift, a summit lodge, a temporary base lodge with a cafeteria and dirt floors, and parking to accommodate 300 people. It would become the center for winter sports in the region and an economic catalyst for surrounding communities.”

 

Today the Belleayre Mountain Ski Center is home to 64 trails, parks and glades, eight chair lifts including a high-speed gondola and quad and several lodges. The longest run on the mountain measures 12,024 feet. It is estimated that over 175,000 skiers and snowboarders visit Belleayre Mountain every year.

 

As for the origins of the Pine Hill name, different sources provide various details and contexts.

 

  • “This is a pleasant rural village situated upon the eastern slope of the hill from which it derives its name.” – Sylvester, History of Ulster County, p. 308.

 

  • “Pine Hill received its name from the Indian word "Kauren sinck" meaning place of the pine trees.” –Bussy, “History and Stories of Margaretville and Surrounding Area.”

 

  • “Later Cockburn was more careful in recording so-called Indian names, and on his map of 1771 of the Hardenbergh Patent, which contains many Indian names, including “Kawiensinck,” (Kuwesing, place of pine trees) at Pine Hill, he says: “The Indian names I have put down from the information of John Cantin and Sapon, two Esopus Indians, to Thomas Nottingham their interpreter to me.” – Monroe, Chapters in the History of Delaware County New York, p. 30.

 

  • An article in a 1902 issue of Harper’s Weekly about prominent village resident Henry Morton gives a small bit of doubt about Pine Hill being “a place of pine trees.” “It is the jest of the place that Pine Hill is so called because there are no pines anywhere near it. Dr. Morton did not like that, so he planted a whole hill-side with pines, and they are prospering.” – “Personal Notes.” Harper’s Weekly. Vol. 46. Harper’s Magazine Company, 1902. p. 575.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) beach Belleayre Lake Belleayre Mountain Catskill Mountains Catskills lake mountain New York Pine Hill Pine Hill Lake Route 28 ski skiing swim swimming water https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/12/pine-hill-lake-in-the-catskills Sat, 31 Dec 2022 13:00:00 GMT
Spruce Creek in the Catskills https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/12/spruce-creek-in-the-catskills Spruce Creek is a beautiful destination in the northern Catskills offering a wide range of photographic shooting opportunities. For the area, surely, Kaaterskill Falls gets most of the attention. Bastion Falls, located along Route 23A, used to get its fair bit of attention as well, but that is now in the past with the closing of the parking area that provided its primary access. Few people now make the hike down the clove from Kaaterskill Falls just to see Bastion Falls. Between the two waterfalls, however, the creek offers its own scenic rewards, albeit rewards that you have to look a little harder for.

 

There has been some debate as to the name of this section of the creek, other possible names being Lake Creek or the east branch of the Kaaterskill Creek. For an interesting article that details the debate as to the origins and history of the name, check out the article titled “South Lake Creek” on the Mountain Top Historical Society blog (https://www.mths.org/blog/58-south-lake-creek.html).

 

Photograph of Spruce Creek (also known as Lake Creek) in Kaaterskill Clove of the northern Catskills.Spruce Creek

Photograph of Spruce Creek (also known as Lake Creek) in Kaaterskill Clove of the northern Catskills.Flowing

Photograph of Spruce Creek (also known as Lake Creek) in Kaaterskill Clove of the northern Catskills.Through the Clove

Photograph of Spruce Creek (also known as Lake Creek) in Kaaterskill Clove of the northern Catskills.The Rocks of Spruce Creek

Photograph of Spruce Creek (also known as Lake Creek) in Kaaterskill Clove of the northern Catskills.After the Fall

Photograph of Spruce Creek (also known as Lake Creek) in Kaaterskill Clove of the northern Catskills.The Rocks of Spruce Creek

Photograph of Spruce Creek (also known as Lake Creek) in Kaaterskill Clove of the northern Catskills.Streaming

Photograph of Spruce Creek (also known as Lake Creek) in Kaaterskill Clove of the northern Catskills.The Rock, Spruce Creek

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Bastion Falls Catskill Mountains Catskills creek Greene County Kaaterskill Clove Kaaterskill Falls Lake Creek New York photographs photography photos pictures river Spruce Creek stream water waterfalls https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/12/spruce-creek-in-the-catskills Sat, 24 Dec 2022 13:00:00 GMT
Edwin Forrest Branning: New Photography Gallery https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/12/edwin-forrest-branning-new-photography-gallery Edwin Forrest Branning was a well-known merchant and citizen of the hamlet of Narrowsburg in Sullivan County, New York. He later moved to New York City. He was highly regarded as a businessman, eventually attaining great wealth through his general store, creamery, cigar manufacturing, wholesale, catalog, automobile, lumber and real estate dealings. As perhaps his most lasting legacy, Branning published a wide range of scenic postcards from throughout the southern Catskills of Sullivan County.

 

In last week’s post, I wrote a short biography of this notable citizen of Sullivan County. I have now added a new gallery of his photographic works. I have only recently started to collect his works, but there are still over 300 photographs in the gallery, each of which will allow the viewer to appreciate Branning’s technical skill as well as his eye for beauty.

 

Branning’s extensive focus on the sites of Sullivan County is remarkable. His collection of works, as a whole, offer a virtual time capsule of the county during the early years of the 20th century. And given his business acumen and attention to detail, each photograph is individually numbered, making it easy for deltiologists to track their collections. I hope to add additional photographs to the Branning gallery over the coming months and years.

 

792_Mill Falls, Roscoe, Rockland, N.Y.

792_Mill Falls, Roscoe, Rockland, N.Y.792_Mill Falls, Roscoe, Rockland, N.Y.

 

980_Stone Arch Bridge and Falls of the Neversink River, Sullivan Co., N.Y.

980_Stone Arch Bridge and Falls of the Neversink River, Sullivan Co., N.Y.980_Stone Arch Bridge and Falls of the Neversink River, Sullivan Co., N.Y.

 

1635_The Falls, Thompsonville, N.Y.

1635_The Falls, Thompsonville, N.Y.1635_The Falls, Thompsonville, N.Y.

 

1915_The Smallest Post Office in the State, Cooley, Sullivan Co., N.Y.

1915_The Smallest Post Office in the State, Cooley, Sullivan Co., N.Y.1915_The Smallest Post Office in the State, Cooley, Sullivan Co., N.Y.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Artino Catskill Mountains Catskills E. F. Branning Edwin Forrest Branning landscapes manufacturer Narrowsburg New York photographer photography photos pictures postcards Sullivan County https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/12/edwin-forrest-branning-new-photography-gallery Sat, 17 Dec 2022 13:00:00 GMT
Edwin Forrest Branning: Catskills Postcard Publisher https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/12/edwin-forrest-branning-catskills-postcard-publisher Introduction

 

Edwin Forrest Branning was a well-known merchant and citizen of the hamlet of Narrowsburg in Sullivan County, New York. He later moved to New York City. He was highly regarded as a businessman, eventually attaining great wealth through his general store, creamery, cigar manufacturing, wholesale, catalog, automobile, lumber and real estate dealings. As perhaps his most lasting legacy, Branning published a wide range of scenic postcards from throughout the southern Catskills of Sullivan County.

 

1602_Lake Ophelia, Liberty, N.Y.1602_Lake Ophelia, Liberty, N.Y.

 

936_Loch Sheldrake, N.Y.936_Loch Sheldrake, N.Y.

 

Biography

 

Edwin Forrest Branning was born on September 11, 1861 at Branningville, Wayne County, Pennsylvania, which is located on the opposite side of the Delaware River from the hamlet of Narrowsburg, New York. Edwin was the son of John Dexter Branning (1822-1876), a prominent lumberman “whose father furnished the sail mast for the gunboat Old Ironsides.”[1]

 

“His grandfather made the family famous by furnishing the tree from which the mast of the Old Ironsides was made. A tree was found at “Last Hope,” or Peggy Runway, as it was called in those days. It was cut and floated down the river to its destination on a raft and was pronounced the finest specimen of the forest. As a result of that history making occurrence, the place was rechristened Mast Hope, and Grandfather Branning became known the country over as the mast man of Old Ironsides.”[2]

 

The USS Constitution, affectionately known as Old Ironsides, was one of the first frigates built for the US Navy. The USS Constitution was launched in 1797, making it the world’s oldest commissioned warship still afloat. Never defeated in battle, she faithfully defended the United States through many decades of service, including against French privateers and during the Barbary Wars and the War of 1812. The ship earned its name during the War of 1812 when during a battle with British frigate Guerriere, enemy cannonballs were seen bouncing off the ship’s wooden hull. In response to seeing this, an American sailor reportedly exclaimed "Huzzah! her sides are made of iron!" Through its history the USS Constitution destroyed or captured 33 enemy ships. Today the USS Constitution is berthed at Boston, Massachusetts and is open to the public for tours.

 

The hamlet of Branningville, Pennsylvania took its name from Edwin’s father.[3] In the 1880 history of Wayne County, Branningville was described as having a “good school, with a thickly settled neighborhood about it. It is a very pleasant place.”[4] John D. Branning built a mill there in 1860. John, with William Holbert, also constructed what is now known as the Joel Hill Saw Mill. Located at Duck Harbor, the mill was constructed in 1873 during the height of the lumber industry in Wayne County. It is the only water-powered mill remaining in northeastern Pennsylvania. The saw mill is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The hamlet of Branningville was later renamed Atco, for a town in New Jersey. Edwin’s parents moved to Narrowsburg in 1874 when Edwin was approximately 13 years old.

 

Edwin’s new home, the hamlet of Narrowsburg, is beautifully situated on the Delaware River in Sullivan County, New York. The hamlet was originally known as Homans’ Eddy, named for Benjamin Homans, an early settler. After he died, the place was called Big Eddy, “as it was located at the section of the Delaware River believed to be the widest spot upstream from the tidewater. The area was renamed Narrowsburg in 1810, again for its river location, that spot above the Big Eddy which was the narrowest and deepest section above the tidewater.”[5]

 

During Edwin’s youth in the 19th century Narrowsburg was a thriving village, with a large lumber industry and a prosperous main street with many stores and hotels.

 

“During the early history of the settlement, the river was the focus of economic activity. Grain was transported to grist mills and lumber was transported to market via the river. For nearly a century, lumber rafting was a major enterprise on the Upper Delaware, and Narrowsburg became a popular resting place for raftsmen. The demand for overnight accommodations encouraged the development of the hotel trade in Narrowsburg, an industry that contributed to the general prosperity of the village until the early twentieth century. The construction of the Mount Hope and Lumberland Turnpike during the second quarter of the nineteenth century also contributed to the success of the village’s hotel and boardinghouse industry. The turnpike ended at the river in Narrowsburg and was connected by bridge to a road to Honesdale, Pennsylvania, bringing additional travelers through the village.

 

The event which most greatly benefited Narrowsburg was the completion of the New York & Erie Railroad. The railroad was America’s first long line railroad, providing the first major link between the northwest railroad routes and the western frontier. Narrowsburg, located at the heart of the line’s Delaware Division, experienced a period of unprecedented commercial expansion and population growth. The village soon had three hotels, five stores, three blacksmith shops, a shoe shop, a funeral home, a harness shop and hop house and a half-mile trotting course. The business of the village, particularly the hotels and boardinghouses, were patronized by commercial travelers and holiday visitors from the city and continued to thrive into the early twentieth century.”[6]

 

Edwin Forrest Branning was one of nine children of John Dexter Branning and Christina (Staats) Branning (1827-1883). His siblings included John Wellington Branning (1847-1901); Matilda C. Branning (1849-1934); Martha D. Branning (1851-1927); Cecilia Branning (1853-1922); Winton W. Branning (1855-1861); Clarence E. Branning (1858-1901); Caroline Branning (1858-1940); and Franklyn Devine Branning (1865-1923).

 

Portrait, Edwin Forrest BranningPortrait, Edwin Forrest BranningPortrait of Edwin Forrest Branning, noted publisher of photographic postcards of Sullivan County, New York.

 

On February 20, 1884 Branning married Mary Etta Rockwell (1861-1950) at the residence of her father. The ceremony was officiated by Reverend C. W. Spencer. Together Edwin and Mary Etta would have eight children, including three sons and five daughters. Two of the children predeceased him. They were Anita, the youngest daughter, who died in October, 1918, and Edwin Forrest, the eldest son, who died in April 1928. Edwin and Mary’s children included:

 

  • Edwin Forrest Branning, Jr. (1884-1928). Edwin, Jr. worked with his father in the wholesale notions business and for many years traveled Sullivan County and the surrounding counties as the firm’s representative. He passed away in 1928 from an operation for the removal of an internal goiter. He is buried at Woodlawn Cemetery.

 

  • Harry Rockwell Branning (1885-1971). Harry worked as president of the Branning Realty Corporation.[7] The 1910 US census listed Harry’s occupation as “bookkeeper, mercantile office”; the 1930 US census listed his occupation as “salesman, real estate”; and the 1940 US census listed his occupation as “manager, real estate.”

 

  • Carrie Marie Branning (b. March 1888). Carrie married William J. O’Connor (1884-1947) in 1910. The 1910 US census listed William’s occupation as “special mechanic clothing”; the 1920 US census listed his occupation as “mechanic.”; the 1930 US census listed his occupation as “machinist, US govt.”; and the 1940 US census listed his occupation as “plumber.”

 

  • Bernice A. Branning (b. October 1889). Bernice married George H. Seybold (1884-1955), a lieutenant of the constabulary service of the Philippine Islands.

 

  • Cora Abigail Branning (1891-1949). Cora married Charles Clinton Harding (1890-1982) in 1917. The 1930 US census listed Charles’ occupation as “buyer, hardware store”; and the 1940 US census similarly listed his profession as “purchasing agent, retail and wholesale, hardware store.” Cora is buried at Ashland Cemetery in Boyd County, Kentucky.

 

  • Winton Wellington Branning, Sr. (1893-1958). Winton began his career working at his father’s garage, later becoming president of the company, the W. and H. B. Garage in the Bronx. He was also engaged in the real estate business, serving as the vice president of the Branning Realty Corporation until his retirement in 1956.[8] In 1914 he married Elsie Hyden in the Bronx.

 

  • Lucille Rockwell Branning (1895-1953). Lucille married Cornelius W. Daniel, Sr. (1894-1975), a builder and contractor. She was a member of the First Presbyterian Church of Belmar, the Daughters of the American Revolution and was an honorary member of the Apollo Club of Asbury Park.

 

  • Anita Delphine Branning (1901-1918). Anita died of the Spanish influenza.

 

Gone West

 

In his early manhood, around 1879, Branning went west to seek out his fortune. He first went to Kansas, intending to become a farmer and to purchase cattle to enter the stock business. The 1880 United States census showed Branning, age 19, residing in Ottawa County, Kansas, with an occupation of farmer.

 

This line of work did not last long, and by 1880 he had sold his interests in cattle to his brother and headed further west. Branning then moved to Colorado where he operated several mines with his brother Clarence and was “making money rapidly.” However, when Edwin found out that his mother was in very poor health, he left Colorado and returned to his home in Narrowsburg, New York.

 

Narrowsburg

 

After returning home Branning began work in 1882 as a clerk in the general store of George W. Rockwell, Sr., his future father-in-law. Working with him as clerks at the store were George W. Rockwell, Jr. and Edward A. H. Rockwell, both of whom became successful hotel businessmen, operating the Hotel Rockwell at Monticello until the 1909 fire that destroyed their property.

 

After less than two years Edwin bought the store in February 1883, taking full possession on May 1, 1883. Edwin greatly improved upon the operation, as noted in the local newspapers.

 

1886: “E. F. Branning has painted up his store and out-buildings a quiet quaker color, and looks very neat.”[9]

 

~1887: “A vast deal of repairing and repainting is going on, and among the latter the store of E. F. Branning, has been made to look in fine shape, and, if not the finest painted building in town, it is among them if we be the judge.”[10]

 

1888: “The enterprising merchant and obliging postmaster at Narrowsburg, Mr. E. F. Branning, still continues spreading his domain. He has connected the first and second floor of his store with a handsome staircase. On the second floor he has put in a large stock of clothing.”[11]

 

1891: “Mr. E. F. Branning is having his store enlarged in such a manner as will present a fine appearance when completed.”[12]

 

1891: “The extensive improvements now being made upon the store building of Mr. E. F. Branning will make it both attractive and commodious. When completed it will be the largest store in the village.”[13]

 

1891: “Ed. Branning has completed his new store at Narrowsburgh, which is quite an addition to the looks of the place.”[14]

 

The character and humorous side of Edwin Branning in running his store at Narrowsburg was noted in the newspaper.

 

“Ed Branning was resourceful and humorous. He enjoyed a joke whether it was on himself or the other fellow. An order came to his wholesale establishment for a dozen belts for men. The clerk reported to Ed that the stock of belts was exhausted. What shall we do, asked the clerk. Why, send them a dozen sets of suspenders, said Ed: they will hold up the pants just as well as the belts.

 

At the Narrowsburg store a woman came in for a half dozen lemons. I have no lemons, madam, said Branning, but I have some very fine sour oranges which I can recommend to you as excellent substitutes.”[15]

 

In 1893 a local newspaper provided this amusing anecdote about Branning and the lucky gift that he had received from his father.

 

“The Callicoon Echo tells the following story of Mr. Ed. Branning one of the most successfully merchants of Narrowsburg and the upper Delaware Valley: Our enterprising merchant, Ed. Branning, told the writer a few days ago that in 1880 he was reduced to a three-cent piece (with a hole in) given him years before by his father. Today his snug bank account, his fine brick block, and his elegant and enormous stock of goods are grand testimonials of what pluck, energy, perseverance and honesty, as exemplified in our “dealer in everything,” can accomplish. Mr. Branning still has and treasures that three-cent piece.”[16]

 

In 1894 the local newspaper noted Branning’s interest in collecting coins, indirectly demonstrating his relative prosperity by his ability to purchase such an expensive collection of coins.

 

“A short time ago E. F. Branning of Narrowsburg purchased of B. G. Wales of Kenoza Lake the second best collection of American and foreign coins in Sullivan County. It is valued at $2,000 and contains in silver one or more dollars, halves and smaller coin from nearly each and every year of coinage in this country, copper and other one cent pieces. The collection also contains some gold coins. – Honesdale Independent.”[17]

 

Edwin operated the store at Narrowsburg until 1895, when he would sell out to ex-Sherriff Frank Kinne and Louis C. W. Schneider. The new owners took possession of the store on June 1, 1895.

 

Branning diversified his Narrowsburg business operations by operating, under the name of Branning Brothers, a cigar manufacturing operation. At its peak the operation employed eight men. It was one of four cigar manufacturing businesses operating in Narrowsburg in the 1880s. These operations produced approximately 4,000 to 5,000 cigars on a daily basis. In 1886 Branning’s cigar business faced difficulty after he cut the workmen’s pay by $1 per thousand cigars, resulting with the workforce striking immediately. By 1888 Branning had shut down his cigar business.

 

Branning would also successfully enter the creamery business, acquiring the creamery at Narrowsburg in May 1889. “Our enterprising merchant and creamery man, E. F. Branning, is no less at home in his new business of dealing in the lacteal fluid and its concomitants than in general merchandise. He has been in possession of the creamery but two months but has built up a large business in that time. Tact and push have made his name and success synonymous in every venture. Butter making is his specialty, large quantities of which are used in Port Jervis and Erie stations east.”[18]

 

While residing at Narrowsburg Branning would serve the community in a number of different functions, including as school trustee, postmaster and as supervisor of the town of Tusten. Branning served as postmaster from April 14, 1886 to April 20, 1889, being succeeded by Edward O. Green.

 

In 1889 Branning was elected as trustee for the local school district, replacing Mr. Fred Botens, who had served as trustee for three consecutive years. Branning won the position in a landslide, receiving 48 of the 50 legal votes cast in the election.

 

In 1894 Branning (democrat) won the Tusten town supervisor position over Edward O. Green (republican) by 135 votes to 94 votes, a margin of 41 votes. He served two terms as Tusten supervisor.

 

Branning was a member of the Masons, originally being a member of the Monticello F. & A. M. He transferred his membership to New York City in later years.

 

In 1895 Branning was unanimously elected as the Democratic nominee for the New York State Assembly. The Sullivan County Record of Jeffersonville, New York heartily endorsed Branning for election.

 

“Edwin F. Branning. The Record is able this week to give its readers a good likeness of the plain, honest, alert and intelligent features of the Democratic nominee for Member of Assembly. Whatever may be said in favor of his popular opponent, we do not believe that a more upright, conscientious and intelligent man could be brought forward to represent Sullivan County in the state legislature than Edwin F. Branning of Tusten.

 

Mr. Branning is a man the first acquaintance of whom one cannot fail to become impressed with his frankness and unconcealed manner, his friendly and unhaughty ways, the shrewd business abilities he displays and his wisdom about things in general. He has not a word to say against his political enemies, but conducts his canvas in a clean, honorable way, and upon the theory that “may the best man win.”

 

The possessor of such instincts and characteristics as these is certainly worthy of being trusted with the interests of any community. Indeed, in his speech of acceptance, Mr. Branning says: “The interests of Sullivan County are my interests, and I promise, if elected, to serve the people of Sullivan County.”

 

And we believe him.”[19]

 

The Sullivan County Record again wrote of Branning’s character on October 18, 1895.

 

“E. F. Branning of Narrowsburg, the Democratic nominee for Member of Assembly, was in town Monday. Mr. Branning is one of the most pleasant, plain-spoken, every day fellows that I have ever had the pleasure of meeting, and he cannot but make friends wherever he goes. He says he is no politician and doesn’t know the first thing about politics. He is making a hustling canvas just the same, and if there is a man in Sullivan County who is capable of carrying the Democratic banner to victory this fall, that man would seem to be Ed Branning.”[20]

 

As the election approached the Sullivan County Record wrote of the dirty tricks that were being used in the campaign and the efforts to impinge upon Edwin Branning’s character.

 

“The Brannings Are Coming. Edwin F. Branning of Narrowsburg is making the most active canvas for member of assembly Sullivan County has had in a long time. Even his political enemies say he would make the best member the county has had in years. – Honesdale Independent.

 

No, Brother Independent; his political enemies may have conscience enough to think that, but they will not say it. On the contrary, some of them are resorting to the vilest means in their futile efforts to stay his steady march to victory. But Mr. Branning’s spotless character and noble spirit will withstand it all, and the good people of Sullivan County will condemn the libels that are being transmitted through the mails and from mouth to mouth, by electing him to the assembly with a substantial plurality.”[21]

 

The Republican Watchman also wrote of an “atrocious scheme” that was being put forth by Branning’s opponent in the election.

              

“Mr. Messiter Discloses His Cloven Foot and Shows a Willingness to Do Anything to Elect Himself to a Third Term.

 

Mr. Messiter has issued a card which he is circulating in a stealthy and surreptitious manner around the county among those whom he thinks are gullible enough to be deceived by it. He is endeavoring to inject the Monticello monument fight into the canvass to the disgust of many who have been engaged in the controversy on both sides.

 

This work of Messiter’s we happen to know is disavowed by many of the leading and clear headed men of his own party . . .

 

In sending out the card Mr. Messiter shows some of the meanest characteristics that can possibly belong to a depraved and dishonest politician. His mendacity is equaled only be his heartless disregard of the interests of his comrades who are running on the same ticket with him, and whom he is in honor bound not to injure in making his own canvass . . .

 

The unscrupulous methods resorted to by Messiter in conducting his campaign justify the criticism made by many of his former friends that he has deteriorated into a selfish politician, which has been further shown by the questionable manner in which he “sidetracked” poor Krenrich in his desperate attempt to obtain a third term in the State Legislature.”[22]

 

Despite his best efforts Branning lost the close election to Uriah S. Messiter of the village of Liberty. There were 6,826 votes cast, with Messiter receiving 3,588 votes, and Branning receiving 2,985 votes.

 

New York City and Other Business Ventures

 

In 1895, even prior to the state election, it seems Branning was contemplating a move away from Narrowsburg. He considered a variety of locations, including the city of Scranton, Pennsylvania, writing to city officials there seeking additional information.

 

“Dealer in Everything. He is Desirous to Locate in This City. Yesterday a letter was received at the board of trade rooms from “E. F. Branning, dealer in everything, Narrowsburg, N. Y.,” stating “I have heard a great deal about your city nowadays and as I am looking for a place to move to, kindly send me such printed matter you may have bearing on your city.” Secretary Atherton remarked that a “dealer in everything” would have a valuable acquisition to the business community, and forwarded the desired information to Mr. Branning.”[23]

 

Edwin eventually settled on New York City and in February 1896 he moved there, where he began operations in the wholesale jobbing trade and the catalog wholesale business, advertising himself as a “dealer in everything.” The business started slowly: “His ambition was to conduct a catalogue wholesaling business. His ideas were all right, but the business did not go with a rush and he found it necessary to go out as a traveling salesman for the firm that he established. His itinerary covered the States of New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania within a radius of two hundred miles or more and he made a splendid success as a man of the road.”[24]

 

In addition to his retail business, Branning would become very interested in real estate in the Bronx section of New York City. At the time of his death, he owned two apartment houses, a 60-car garage and a sub-station of the United States post office. His ownership of an automobile garage led to the following amusing anecdote.

 

“A good story is related of Mr. Branning. After he had attained to his position of money, which made no difference in his mode of living or his attitude to his friends, he was wont to go down to his big garage, in the Bronx, which was then being conducted by his son and a partner, don his overalls and enjoy himself around the place. His lawyer kept his cars there. One day his lawyer’s wife came in to take out the car. She was not an expert at manipulating a car and neither did she know Mr. Branning. When she was having some difficulty with the car Mr. Branning went to her assistance and gave her some pointers and helped her out of the garage. When she reached home that night, she told her husband that the garage had just employed one of the nicest and most polite old gentlemen she had ever seen and as he had been so nice to her, she wanted her husband to see that he got a tip. Good Lord, wifey, said the lawyer, that was Mr. Branning, who owns the garage.”[25]

 

Expanding his business enterprise Branning also extensively engaged in the lumber business. Likely partnering in some form with several of his brothers, he joined in operating several mills in the south. As a result of his endeavors, he “is now rated among the millionaire class.”[26]

 

As for Edwin’s association with the lumber industry, John Wellington Branning (1847-1901), better known as J. W., and Clarence Branning (1858-1901), Edwin’s brothers, established the Branning Manufacturing Company at Edenton, North Carolina in 1888. The company was established with the purpose of “buying and selling timber lands, standing timber and lumber and wood of all kinds, and cutting, sawing and manufacturing the said timber and wood into lumber of all kinds, dressed and undressed, and manufacturing shingles, staves, lathes, and other articles, selling such manufactured material, and such other business and operations as may be necessary and incidental to the accomplishment of the above mentioned objects.”

 

Portrait, John Wellington BranningPortrait, John Wellington Branning

 

The Branning Manufacturing Company would grow to become the largest timber operation in North Carolina, and possibly in all of the south. At its peak the Branning mills employed approximately 600-700 people. Upon the passing of John Wellington Branning in 1901, one newspaper referred to him as the “King of Lumbermen.”[27]

 

In support of their lumber operations, the Branning family also operated the Wellington and Powellsville Railroad, which ran approximately 22 miles, originally from Windsor, North Carolina to Powellsville, North Carolina, and later to Ahoskie, North Carolina. In an amusing anecdote, “there was a hill on the train’s route it often had trouble climbing. Passengers sometimes had to literally jump out and help push the cars to the top. That led people to jokingly refer to the W&P as the “Walk and Push.”” The railroad was acquired by the Carolina Southern Railway in 1926, and operated until 1961 when the line was abandoned.

 

The 1900 United States census listed Edwin Branning’s profession as “notions merchant.” In 1910 his profession was listed as “merchant souvenirs”; in 1920 as “none”; and in 1930 as “real estate proprietor.”

 

Postcard and Photography Business

 

While operating in New York City, Branning developed the idea of the souvenir picture postcard, an idea from which he became very wealthy. He is sometimes credited as being the first to “invent” the commercial picture postcard.

 

               “Made First Souvenir Card in U. S. A.

 

Mr. Branning has been in the mercantile business for many years. His company was the first to manufacture souvenir post cards in the United States.

 

“One of my friends showed me a card he had received from Germany. At once I saw the possibilities the bit of cardboard furnished and soon began turning them out. During the second year of our new business, we printed and sold 11,000,000 post cards, which increased in volume each year for 15 years.””[28]

 

1553_Mountain Rest House, Lake Huntington, N.Y.1553_Mountain Rest House, Lake Huntington, N.Y.

1575_Ye Olde Days, Livingston Manor, N.Y.1575_Ye Olde Days, Livingston Manor, N.Y.

 

The Republican Watchman newspaper of Monticello, New York wrote of Branning’s thriving post card business and the unfortunate history of his extensive archives.

 

“Eventually he saw the possibility of the post card business and engaged in the manufacture and sale of that product and soon every store and shop had Branning’s cards on their counters and the output became tremendous. At first the cards were printed from halftone cuts of fine quality. In 1909 he discarded the cuts and used the gelatin process. The halftones of Sullivan County discarded by Mr. Branning were bought by the Watchman owner. They filled two large boxes and were a fine collection, but were destroyed when the Watchman office was burned in 1909. He was one of the pioneers in the post card business.”[29]

 

During the 1905 season Branning reported “brisk business in the card line,” selling over 90,000 souvenir cards to dealers throughout Sullivan County. The Tri-States Union newspaper reported that one Port Jervis store sold over 48,000 cards in only eight months. It was also noted that “among the summer guests this season there seems to be an increasing demand for these clever souvenirs.”[30]

 

In 1903 Branning published a book of illustrations titled “Picturesque Sullivan County.” The book contained nearly 100 half-tone views of villages, lakes, landscapes and scenery from throughout Sullivan County. The book was well received.

 

“To all lovers of the beautiful, the author has respectfully dedicated this book which will be appreciated and enjoyed by summer tourists and friends of Mr. Branning.

 

The book is not hampered with glaring advertisements of any kind, but is strictly gotten up to please and to interest all who love to become familiar with the magnificent and healthful summer resorts, where so many from the metropolis have visited each season for many years.

 

Mr. Edwin Forrest Branning is well and favorably known throughout Sullivan and adjoining counties. For a number of years, he was a prosperous merchant at Narrowsburg. His place of business at the present time is 448 Broome St., New York City. It is a pleasure also to note that Mr. Branning is a stanch friend and admirer of the UNION and always finds time even in pursuit of his arduous duties to stop and peruse its pages.”[31]

 

The Republican Watchman newspaper of Monticello, New York also published a brief review of Branning’s “Picturesque Sullivan County.”

 

“One of the finest booklets coming into our hands this season is “Picturesque Sullivan County, N. Y.,” issued by Edward Forest Branning, of New York City, formerly of Narrowsburg, and at one time a candidate for Member of Assembly. The book is 6x9 inches and contains one hundred views. Among them are some of the most picturesque and historical scenes in Sullivan County. It is a work of art and must have cost Mr. Branning a pretty penny; the cuts alone are probably worth $300. The only improvement that we could suggest in the composition of Mr. Branning’s art gallery would be the author’s picture.”[32]

 

In 1907 the following advertisement for the production of postcards, using one’s own photographs, appeared in an industry publication.

 

“CHEAP SOUVENIR POST CARDS we do not make. But from your Photo we do make the very best black and white and 7 color work at a very Cheap price, prices and samples to dealers. Edwin Forrest Branning, Cedar Ave. & 177 st., N. Y. City.”[33]

 

Advertisement from E. F. BranningAdvertisement from E. F. BranningAdvertisement for Edwin Forrest Branning, noted publisher of photographic postcards of Sullivan County, New York.

 

Historic postcards published by Branning can readily be found for sale on various internet websites. As noted above, the majority of his postcards focused on the sites of Sullivan County, New York. However, postcards with sites from other nearby locations, such as Pennsylvania, Port Jervis, New York and Goshen, New York, can also be found. Average prices for an E. F. Branning postcard tend to be in $6 to $10 range.

 

1599_The Beaverkill at Rockland, N.Y.1599_The Beaverkill at Rockland, N.Y.

1606_Episcopal Church, Liberty, N.Y.1606_Episcopal Church, Liberty, N.Y.

 

Transcontinental Trip

 

In 1920 Branning and his wife completed a four-month, 7,500-mile trip from New York City to Long Beach, California. The trip was reported in a number of newspapers. The Brannings left their home on June 22 and reached Long Beach on October 14. The cross-country trip included stops in 18 states and three national parks, including Yellowstone, Yosemite and Mount Rainier. They stopped at Manhattan, Kansas in visit their nephew, K. W. Hofer. They camped out most nights until they reached San Francisco.

 

The car was a Chandler, Despatch model, which was “fitted for trip and camping purposes, being designed on the lines that facilitate arrangement for camping. The back of the forward seat tips to a horizontal position, the robe rail forming its support. The cushions reverse and the footrest is inverted and placed to fill the space between the end of the tilted front seat and the cushion of the rear seat. The footrest also contains room as a tool box.”[34]

 

After wintering in California, the Brannings motored back as far as Galveston, Texas, taking the boat there for New York.

 

Legacy

 

Edwin Forrest Branning passed away from heart failure in 1930 while walking on the boardwalk at Ocean Grove, New Jersey. According to newspaper reports he had “left New York at 10 o’clock in the morning with his daughter, Mrs. Harding and her family. He and his son-in-law were walking along the boardwalk about 6 o’clock when he cried out: “Oh, Charlie,” to his son-in-law and fell into the latter’s arms dead.”

 

His funeral was held at his residence in New York, with services organized by the Masonic order, of which he was an active member. Branning was survived by his wife, four daughters and two sons. He was buried at Woodlawn Cemetery in New York, where “under the canopy of the sky, and surrounded by banks of roses and lilies, and baptized by the tears of his friends his body was given back to mother earth. Thus, friends and associates said good-bye.”[35]

 

[1] “E. F. Branning Drops Dead of Heart Failure.” Sullivan County Record (Jeffersonville, New York). July 24, 1930.

[2] “Ed. Branning Drops Dead at Sea Shore.” Republican Watchman (Monticello, New York). July 18, 1930.

[3] Goodrich, Phineas G. History of Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Honesdale, PA: Haines & Beardsley, 1880. p. 136.

[4] Goodrich, Phineas G. History of Wayne County, Pennsylvania. Honesdale, PA: Haines & Beardsley, 1880. p. 136.

[5] Larsen, Neil. “Arlington Hotel,” National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 1983.

[6] Larsen, Neil. “Arlington Hotel,” National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 1983.

[7] “Winton W. Branning. Ex-Realty, Garage Executive.” Herald-Statesman (Yonkers, New York). July 10, 1958.

[8] “Winton W. Branning. Ex-Realty, Garage Executive.” Herald-Statesman (Yonkers, New York). July 10, 1958.

[9] “Narrowsburg.” Sullivan County Record (Jeffersonville, New York). July 23, 1886.

[10] “From Narrowsburg.” The Tri-States Union. 1885-1887.

[11] The Port Jervis Union (Port Jervis, New York). November 13, 1888.

[12] “Narrowsburgh.” Republican Watchman (Monticello, New York). February 27, 1891.

[13] The Evening Gazette. April 8, 1891.

[14] Sullivan County Record (Jeffersonville, New York). October 16, 1891.

[15] “Ed. Branning Drops Dead at Sea Shore.” Republican Watchman (Monticello, New York). July 18, 1930.

[16] “A Luck Three-Cent Piece.” Middletown Times-Press (Middletown, New York). March 10, 1893.

[17] Sullivan County Record (Jeffersonville, New York). November 30, 1894.

[18] “Narrowsburg.” Tri-States Union (Port Jervis, New York). June 13, 1889.

[19] “Edwin F. Branning.” Sullivan County Record (Jeffersonville, New York). October 25, 1895.

[20] “Notes About Town.” Sullivan County Record (Jeffersonville, New York). October 18, 1895.

[21] “The Brannings Are Coming.” Sullivan County Record (Jeffersonville, New York). November 1, 1895.

[22] “An Atrocious Scheme.” Republican Watchman. 1895.

[23] “Dealer in Everything.” The Scranton Tribune (Scranton, Pennsylvania). April 30, 1895.

[24] “Ed. Branning Drops Dead at Sea Shore.” Republican Watchman (Monticello, New York). July 18, 1930.

[25] “Ed. Branning Drops Dead at Sea Shore.” Republican Watchman (Monticello, New York). July 18, 1930.

[26] “Edward Branning on a Visit to Monticello.” Sullivan County Republican (Monticello, New York). April 30, 1920.

[27] Tazewell Republican (Tazewell, Virginia). April 4, 1901.

[28] Bennett, Eleanor F. “Big-Heartedness of Western Folk Impresses Tourists.” The Daily Telegram (Long Beach, California). November 5, 1920.

[29] “Ed. Branning Drops Dead at Sea Shore.” Republican Watchman (Monticello, New York). July 18, 1930.

[30] “Souvenir Card Business.” Tri-States Union (Port Jervis, New York). 1905 to 1907.

[31] “‘Traveler’ Again.” Tri-States Union (Port Jervis, New York). July 16, 1903.

[32] “Personal and Local Notes.” Republican Watchman (Monticello, New York). 1903.

[33] “Souvenir Post Cards.” Everybody’s Magazine. Vol. 16, No. 1. p. 62.

[34] “Transcontinental Trip Made By New York Man Driving Chandler.” The Daily Telegram (Long Beach, California). October 30, 1920.

[35] “Ed. Branning Drops Dead at Sea Shore.” Republican Watchman (Monticello, New York). July 18, 1930.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Artino Catskill Mountains Catskills E. F. Branning Edwin Forrest Branning landscapes manufacturer Narrowsburg New York photographer photography photos pictures postcards Sullivan County https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/12/edwin-forrest-branning-catskills-postcard-publisher Sat, 10 Dec 2022 13:00:00 GMT
Kaaterskill Clove, Springtime https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/12/kaaterskill-clove-springtime Kaaterskill Clove is a deep gorge that cuts through the northern Catskills Mountains, with the village of Palenville located at the base of the Clove and the village of Haines Falls located at its head. The clove is formed by Kaaterskill and Lake Creeks, with the gorge cutting as deep as 2,500 feet in places.

 

Scenic photograph of springtime in Kaaterskill Clove in the northern Catskills.Kaaterskill Clove, Springtime (1)Kaaterskill Clove is a deep gorge that cuts through the northern Catskills Mountains, with the village of Palenville located at the base of the Clove and the village of Haines Falls located at its head. The clove is formed by Kaaterskill and Lake Creeks, with the gorge cutting as deep as 2,500 feet in places.

South Mountain forms the north wall of the clove. Prospect Mountain, located west of Lake Creek, looms over the upper part of the Clove near Bastion Falls. Kaaterskill High Peak and Round Top Mountain form the south wall of the clove, with the Long Path traversing much of its length. The south wall is also home to the Wildcat Ravine, Buttermilk Ravine and Santa Cruz Ravine. The south wall, at its head, culminates at Twilight Park, a private residential community that offers magnificent views of the entire clove. The entire length of the Clove is traversed by Route 23A.

 

South Mountain forms the north wall of the clove. Prospect Mountain, located west of Lake Creek, looms over the upper part of the Clove near Bastion Falls. Kaaterskill High Peak and Round Top Mountain form the south wall of the clove, with the Long Path traversing much of its length. The south wall is home to the Wildcat Ravine, Buttermilk Ravine and Santa Cruz Ravine. The south wall, at its head, culminates at Twilight Park, a private residential community that offers magnificent views of the entire clove. The entire length of the Clove is traversed by Route 23A.

 

Numerous hiking trails in Kaaterskill Clove offer access to overlooks with outstanding views. Notable examples include the Escarpment trail that takes the hiker along the north wall to viewpoints such as Inspiration Point and Sunset Rock, the viewpoints at Palenville Overlook and Indian Head near the entrance of the clove, as well as Poet’s Ledge on the south wall. The clove is also home to countless other scenic wonders such as Moore’s Bridge Falls, Fawn’s Leap, Bastion Falls, the Five Cascades and Kaaterskill Falls.

 

Scenic photograph of springtime in Kaaterskill Clove in the northern Catskills.Kaaterskill Clove, Springtime (2)Kaaterskill Clove is a deep gorge that cuts through the northern Catskills Mountains, with the village of Palenville located at the base of the Clove and the village of Haines Falls located at its head. The clove is formed by Kaaterskill and Lake Creeks, with the gorge cutting as deep as 2,500 feet in places.

South Mountain forms the north wall of the clove. Prospect Mountain, located west of Lake Creek, looms over the upper part of the Clove near Bastion Falls. Kaaterskill High Peak and Round Top Mountain form the south wall of the clove, with the Long Path traversing much of its length. The south wall is also home to the Wildcat Ravine, Buttermilk Ravine and Santa Cruz Ravine. The south wall, at its head, culminates at Twilight Park, a private residential community that offers magnificent views of the entire clove. The entire length of the Clove is traversed by Route 23A.

 

Although I would estimate that Kaaterskill Clove is most popular with visitors in the summer and fall, springtime is also a great time to visit. Spring is a season of change, often equated with the ideas of rebirth and renewal. It brings warmer temperatures and melting snow that creates high volume runoff in the rivers and waterfalls. Visitors are few, as skiers have finished for the season but the hikers have yet to arrive in large numbers. The hiking trails begin to thaw and it marks the beginning of fishing season. There is a cleansing scent of newness in the air. The days grow daily in length. Flowers begin to bloom. As the old adage goes “April showers bring May flowers.” Although trees are often still bare in the early spring, flourishing vegetation and lush greens begin to mark the landscape by the late spring.

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) canyon Catskill Mountains Catskills clove Greene County Haines Falls Kaaterskill Clove Kaaterskill Falls New York Palenville photographer photographs photography photos spring springtime waterfall https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/12/kaaterskill-clove-springtime Sat, 03 Dec 2022 13:00:00 GMT
Transient: A Peekamoose Valley Waterfall https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/11/transient-a-peekamoose-valley-waterfall The Peekamoose Valley is a beautiful destination complete with river scenery, fishing spots, swimming holes, waterfalls and a popular state campground. The scenic drive along Route 42 begins at the hamlet of West Shokan, runs along the Bush Kill and through Watson Hollow, becomes Peekamoose Road (formerly known as Gulf Road), passes Peekamoose Lake, follows the Rondout Creek, allows access to Buttermilk Falls, passes the Blue Hole, and then quickly runs by Bull Run and the hamlet of Sundown, before ending at the Rondout Reservoir.

 

Photograph of an unnamed waterfall in the Catskills along Peekamoose Road as it enters the Rondout Creek.TransientThis scenic photograph depicts one of the more transient waterfalls of the Peekamoose Valley as it comes off the side of 2,350-foot Bangle Hill, before entering the Rondout Creek.

 

Famous author and photographer Richard Lionel De Lisser wrote of the Peekamoose Gorge and the Rondout Creek in his 1896 book titled Picturesque Ulster.

 

“The Gorge, or Canon as it is sometimes called, is the crowning jewel of the Peekamoose and is beyond description; a royal cradle fit for the queen of waters, the royal Rondout. The Rondout Creek, springing from life from the mountain streams that flow from the steep slopes of the Peekamoose Mountain, passes through a most beautiful and picturesque region, not altogether quietly, for far up at the source and for several miles below its clear fountain springs, it forms a succession of rocky basins, sometimes with only a little ripple of a plunge to a lower level, and again a fall of many feet over rocks to the clear sparkling reservoir below . . .

 

Further down the stream the Rondout enters Peekamoose Gorge, and flows through it for nearly a mile. On each side rise the perpendicular or overhanging rocks to the height of over a hundred feet, the top clad with stately trees, the shadow of whose far-reaching branches add to the gloom and mystery of the depths below. Through this canon rushes the Rondout Creek, leaping over high bowlders and rocks that in the course of time have fallen from the ledge above; in places forming miniature lakes, through which the stream moves gently; in others darting over the worn moss-covered ledges forming rapids or falls of many feet, and dashing itself into foam as it plunges into a long, deep pool that sends up clouds of mist.

 

In winter the accumulation of ice formed by the mist and the moisture dropping from the rocks piles up to a great height and in most grotesque forms against the sides of the canon. It is late in the spring before this ice disappears, for the Gorge is a cool place even on the hottest summer day.

 

After the creek passes form the Gorge it becomes a more quiet stream, moving gently though still pools, and over the moss-covered stones in its bed, with no sound louder than its murmurings of complaint to the bowlders which now and then obstruct its pathway to the majestic Hudson.” (De Lisser, Richard Lionel. Picturesque Ulster. The Styles & Bruyn Publishing Company, 1896. Pp. 148-149.)

 

The Sundown Wild Forest and Vernooy Kill State Forest Unit Management Plan contains some geological details about the Peekamoose Valley.

 

“The Peekamoose Valley was most certainly within the ancient river delta, as is evidenced by the high elevation of the surrounding mountains (Peekamoose Mountain at 3,843 feet, Table Mountain at 3,847 feet, and Van Wyck Mountain at 3,206 feet) and preponderance of conglomerate rock. The valley itself was formed during the last ice age. J. L. Rich, in his book "Glacial Geology of the Catskills" writes, "A powerful stream working for a long time must have been required to cut a rock gorge so large and deep as Peekamoose gorge[sic]."

 

Rich theorizes that the Esopus Creek was once dammed by a glacier to form a large lake. This lake grew as ice lay banked up against Ashokan High Point, above the level of Wagon Wheel Gap, until the waters found a place to drain through Watson Hollow and Peekamoose. This resulted in the formation of a powerful stream which cut deeply into the erosion resistant conglomerate rock of the mountains.

 

Today, small tributary streams cascade over the sides of the Peekamoose Gorge forming numerous waterfalls as they join the Rondout Creek. Some of the larger tributaries, such as Stone Cabin Brook (1.1 miles), have cut narrow gorges of their own. Today's Rondout Creek descends about 300 feet over about 4 miles before making its way to Sundown.” (Sundown Wild Forest and Vernooy Kill State Forest Unit Management Plan. October, 2019. pp. 35-36.)

 

As the above quote hints, one of the great scenic features of the Peekamoose Road is the number of waterfalls that can be seen here, although some are on private property and others are heavily dependent on the season or on recent rains. Given their occasionally fleeting nature, the waterfalls here can be particularly rewarding to photograph if you happen to be there at a time when the waters are flowing.

 

Photograph of an unnamed waterfall in the Catskills along Peekamoose Road as it enters the Rondout Creek.Peekamoose Valley WaterfallThis scenic photograph depicts one of the more transient waterfalls of the Peekamoose Valley as it comes off the side of 2,350-foot Bangle Hill, before entering the Rondout Creek.

 

SPhotograph of an unnamed waterfall in the Catskills along Peekamoose Road as it enters the Rondout Creek.Bangle Hill FallsThis scenic photograph depicts one of the more transient waterfalls of the Peekamoose Valley as it comes off the side of 2,350-foot Bangle Hill, before entering the Rondout Creek.

 

The photographs seen here depict one of the more transient waterfalls of the Peekamoose Valley as it comes off the side of 2,350-foot Bangle Hill, before entering the Rondout Creek.

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Bangle Hill Blue Hole Buttermilk Falls Catskill Mountains Catskills creek New York Peekamoose Gorge Peekamoose Road Peekamoose Valley photographs photography photos river Rondout Creek tourism travel water waterfall https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/11/transient-a-peekamoose-valley-waterfall Sat, 26 Nov 2022 13:00:00 GMT
Samuel E. Rusk – New Photography Gallery https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/11/samuel-e-rusk-new-photography-gallery Samuel Rusk (1851-1930) is closely associated with the history of the northern Catskills. He was the grandson of Aaron Haines (1802-1883), who owned the first deed of land in the Haines Falls area and operated a popular boarding house.

 

Throughout his career Rusk had a wide variety of jobs including surveyor, professor, principal, inventor, hotel owner, author, car dealership owner and postmaster, but it is perhaps his lengthy career as a photographer around Newport News, Virginia and in the northern Catskills that is his most lasting legacy.

 

 

In the 1870s Rusk assisted Princeton geology professor Arnold Henry Guyot as he surveyed the Catskills, a survey that determined that Slide Mountain was the tallest mountain in the Catskills (previously recognized as Kaaterskill High Peak), set “down in print a system of names for all summits of any importance in the Catskills”* and expanded the region commonly known as the Catskills.

 

In 1879 Rusk published the popular tourist guide titled An Illustrated Guide to the Catskill Mountains.

 

In 1884 he built the fashionable Lox-Hurst boarding house in Haines Falls, which accommodated 40 people and was well known for its pure spring water. Lox-Hurst was located at the site of today’s Mountain Top Historical Society but unfortunately burned down in the mid-1990s. In 1905 Rusk built the opulent Claremont boarding house, which accommodated 75 people.

 

In 1907 Rusk constructed the Haines Falls post office and served as its postmaster for many years.

 

Samuel, along with his brother John Rusk, was a prominent landscape photographer and operated Rusk’s FotoFactory, a well-known portrait studio in Haines Falls. He published a popular series of postcards from his photographs.

 

Samuel Rusk was a prominent citizen who contributed in many ways to the Catskills community. The 3,680-foot Rusk Mountain, the 20th highest mountain in the Catskills, is named in his honor. 

 

I have recently added a new gallery to display the photographic work of Samuel E. Rusk. It can be found on the gallery page and is titled “Samuel E. Rusk – Haines Falls Photographer.” The gallery currently displays 26 photographic postcards of this noted artist, and hopefully more will periodically be added as they are acquired. Below is just a small selection of Rusk’s beautiful works.

 

 

Kaaterskill Clove and Haines Falls from Sunset Rock, Catskill Mts.

Kaaterskill Clove and Haines Falls from Sunset Rock, Catskill Mts.Kaaterskill Clove and Haines Falls from Sunset Rock, Catskill Mts.

 

A Vanishing Type, Catskill Mts.

A Vanishing Type, Catskill Mts.A Vanishing Type, Catskill Mts.

 

The Oldest Frame House standing in the Catskill Mts. (A. D. 1787.) Haines Falls.

The Oldest Frame House standing in the Catskill Mts. (A. D. 1787.) Haines FallsThe Oldest Frame House standing in the Catskill Mts. (A. D. 1787.) Haines Falls

 

The Old Sawmill, Haines Falls, Catskill Mts.

The Old Sawmill, Haines Falls, Catskill Mts.The Old Sawmill, Haines Falls, Catskill Mts.

 

Ledge End Inn, Twilight Park, Haines Falls, Catskill Mts.

Ledge End Inn, Twilight Park, Haines Falls, Catskill Mts.Ledge End Inn, Twilight Park, Haines Falls, Catskill Mts.

 

The Bowlder, Hotel Kaaterskill, Catskill Mts.

The Bowlder, Hotel Kaaterskill, Catskill Mts.The Bowlder, Hotel Kaaterskill, Catskill Mts.

 

Haines Falls (150 feet high), Catskill Mts.

Haines Falls (150 feet high), Catskill Mts.Haines Falls (150 feet high), Catskill Mts.

 

The Sphinx, Haines Falls, Catskill Mts.

The Sphinx, Haines Falls, Catskill Mts.The Sphinx, Haines Falls, Catskill Mts.

 

Source: *Evers, Alf. The Catskills: From Wilderness to Woodstock. Woodstock, NY: The Overlook Press, 1972. p. 494.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) An Illustrated Guide to the Catskill Mountains Arnold Henry Guyot author boarding house book Catskill Mountains Catskills Claremont community FotoFactory geologist geology Greene County guide guidebook Haines Falls hotel John W. Rusk Kaaterskill High Peak Lox-Hurst Mountain Top Historical Society mountains New York photographer photography photos portrait studio post office postcards postmaster Rusk Mountain Samuel Rusk Slide Mountain survey writer https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/11/samuel-e-rusk-new-photography-gallery Sat, 19 Nov 2022 13:00:00 GMT
John Jacob Loeffler’s Stereoviews of the Catskills https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/11/john-jacob-loeffler-s-stereoviews-of-the-catskills John Jacob Loeffler is one of the great Catskills photographers of all time. He made hundreds of stereoviews of the Catskills throughout the 1870s and 1880s. The photographs, part of the series titled Catskill Mountain Scenery and Scenery of Lake Mohonk and Vicinity, demonstrate his skill and vision as well as the timeless beauty of the Catskills. The photographs are as equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

I have recently acquired a number of new Catskills photographs by John Jacob Loeffler. They have all been added to the Loeffler gallery, which now contains over 140 of his photographs.

 

 

Rapids above the Fall, looking up the stream. (Catskill Mountain Scenery, 2nd Series, # 236)

Vintage John Jacob Loeffler stereoview titled “Rapids above the Fall, looking up the stream” from the “Catskill Mountain Scenery” series; second series, # 236.Rapids above the Fall, looking up the stream (2nd Series, # 236)Photographer: John Jacob Loeffler
Series name: Catskill Mountain Scenery
Catalog #: 2nd Series, # 236
Title: Rapids above the Fall, looking up the stream

John Jacob Loeffler is one of the great Catskills photographers of all time. He made hundreds of stereoviews of the Catskills throughout the 1870s and 1880s. The photographs, part of the series titled Catskill Mountain Scenery, demonstrate his skill and vision as well as the timeless beauty of the Catskills, being equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

Wood Path from Laurel House to the Falls. (Catskill Mountain Scenery, 2nd Series, # 238)

Vintage John Jacob Loeffler stereoview titled “Wood Path from Laurel House to the Falls” from the “Catskill Mountain Scenery” series; 2nd Series, # 238.Wood Path from Laurel House to the Falls. (2nd Series, # 238)Photographer: John Jacob Loeffler
Series name: Catskill Mountain Scenery
Catalog #: 2nd Series, No. 238.
Title: Wood Path from Laurel House to the Falls.

John Jacob Loeffler is one of the great Catskills photographers of all time. He made hundreds of stereoviews of the Catskills throughout the 1870s and 1880s. The photographs, part of the series titled Catskill Mountain Scenery, demonstrate his skill and vision as well as the timeless beauty of the Catskills, being equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

Terrace Falls, Plauterkill Clove. (Catskill Mountain Scenery, 5th Series, # 341)

Vintage John Jacob Loeffler stereoview titled “Terrace Falls, Plauterkill Clove” in the “Catskill Mountain Scenery” set; 5th Series, # 341.Terrace Falls, Plauterkill Clove. (5th Series, # 341)Photographer: John Jacob Loeffler
Series name: Catskill Mountain Scenery
Catalog #: 5th Series, No. 341.
Title: Terrace Falls, Plauterkill Clove.

John Jacob Loeffler is one of the great Catskills photographers of all time. He made hundreds of stereoviews of the Catskills throughout the 1870s and 1880s. The photographs, part of the series titled Catskill Mountain Scenery, demonstrate his skill and vision as well as the timeless beauty of the Catskills, being equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

Hotel Kaaterskill. (Catskill Mountain Scenery, No series, # 376)

Vintage John Jacob Loeffler stereoview titled “Hotel Kaaterskill” from the “Catskill Mountain Scenery” series; No series listed, # 376.Hotel Kaaterskill. (No series, # 376)Photographer: John Jacob Loeffler
Series name: Catskill Mountain Scenery
Catalog #: No series listed, No. 376.
Title: Hotel Kaaterskill.

John Jacob Loeffler is one of the great Catskills photographers of all time. He made hundreds of stereoviews of the Catskills throughout the 1870s and 1880s. The photographs, part of the series titled Catskill Mountain Scenery, demonstrate his skill and vision as well as the timeless beauty of the Catskills, being equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

House from Pine Bluff. (Scenery of Lake Mohonk & Vicinity, 1st Series, # 6)

Vintage John Jacob Loeffler stereoview titled “House from Sky-Top Path” from the “Scenery of Lake Mohonk and Vicinity” series; First Series, # 6.House from Pine Bluff. (1st Series, # 6)Photographer: John Jacob Loeffler
Series name: Scenery of Lake Mohonk and Vicinity
Catalog #: 1st Series, No. 6
Title: House from Pine Bluff.

 

View from Labyrinth. (Scenery of Lake Mohonk & Vicinity, 1st Series, # 22)

Vintage John Jacob Loeffler stereoview titled “View from Labyrinth” from the “Scenery of Lake Mohonk and Vicinity” series; First Series, # 22.View from Labyrinth. (1st Series, # 22)Photographer: John Jacob Loeffler
Series name: Scenery of Lake Mohonk and Vicinity
Catalog #: 1st Series, No. 22.
Title: View from Labyrinth.

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Catskill Mountain Scenery Catskill Mountains Catskills Greene County J. Loeffler John Jacob Loeffler Lake Mohonk Loeffler Mohonk House New York photographer photographs photography photos pictures Shawangunks Staten Island stereo view stereograph stereoscopic stereoscopic view stereoview Tompkinsville https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/11/john-jacob-loeffler-s-stereoviews-of-the-catskills Sat, 12 Nov 2022 13:00:00 GMT
E. & H. T. Anthony Stereoviews of the Catskills https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/11/e-h-t-anthony-stereoviews-of-the-catskills The E. & H. T. Anthony company was the largest 19th-century manufacturer and distributor of cameras and photographic supplies in the United States. The company was founded by Edward Anthony (1818-1888) and his brother Henry T. Anthony (1814-1884). Regionally, the company produced many of the greatest Catskills views of the 19th century. The Catskills stereoviews were incorporated into several series including “The Artistic Series,” “The Glens of the Catskills,” and “Winter in the Catskills.” Each of the photographs demonstrates the enduring beauty of the Catskills, being as equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

I have recently acquired a number of new Catskills stereoviews by E. & H. T. Anthony & Company. They have all been added to the Anthony gallery, which now contains over 125 of the company’s Catskills works.

 

View in the Kauterskill Gorge. (# 411)

Vintage E. Anthony stereoview # 411 titled “View in the Kauterskill Gorge” from “The Glens of the Catskills” series.View in the Kauterskill Gorge. (# 411)Publisher: E. & H. T. Anthony & Co.
Series name: The Glens of the Catskills
Stereoview #: 411
Title: View in the Kauterskill Gorge.

The E. & H. T. Anthony company was the largest 19th-century manufacturer and distributor of cameras and photographic supplies in the United States. The company was founded by Edward Anthony (1818-1888) and his brother Henry T. Anthony (1814-1884). Regionally, the company produced many of the greatest Catskills views of the 19th century. The Catskills stereoviews were incorporated into several series including “The Artistic Series,” “The Glens of the Catskills,” and “Winter in the Catskills.” Each of the photographs demonstrates the enduring beauty of the Catskills, being as equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

Ice Formation (# 788)

Vintage E. & H. T. Anthony & Company stereoview # 788 from the “Winter in the Catskills” series depicting a beautiful ice formation.Ice Formation (# 788)Publisher: E. & H. T. Anthony & Co.
Series name: Winter in the Catskills
Stereoview #: 788
Title: None listed; Description: Ice Formation.

Reverse side: “These are some of the most remarkable Ice and Snow scenes in existence, and every assortment of stereoscopic views should contain a selection from them.”

The E. & H. T. Anthony company was the largest 19th-century manufacturer and distributor of cameras and photographic supplies in the United States. The company was founded by Edward Anthony (1818-1888) and his brother Henry T. Anthony (1814-1884). Regionally, the company produced many of the greatest Catskills views of the 19th century. The Catskills stereoviews were incorporated into several series including “The Artistic Series,” “The Glens of the Catskills,” and “Winter in the Catskills.” Each of the photographs demonstrates the enduring beauty of the Catskills, being as equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

Winter View in the Catskills (# 796)

Vintage E. & H. T. Anthony & Company stereoview # 796 from the “Winter in the Catskills” series depicting a beautiful winter view over the snow-laden mountains.Winter View in the Catskills (# 796)Publisher: E. & H. T. Anthony & Co.
Series name: Winter in the Catskills
Stereoview #: 796
Title: None listed; Description: Winter View in the Catskills.

Reverse side: “These are some of the most remarkable Ice and Snow scenes in existence, and every assortment of stereoscopic views should contain a selection from them.”

The E. & H. T. Anthony company was the largest 19th-century manufacturer and distributor of cameras and photographic supplies in the United States. The company was founded by Edward Anthony (1818-1888) and his brother Henry T. Anthony (1814-1884). Regionally, the company produced many of the greatest Catskills views of the 19th century. The Catskills stereoviews were incorporated into several series including “The Artistic Series,” “The Glens of the Catskills,” and “Winter in the Catskills.” Each of the photographs demonstrates the enduring beauty of the Catskills, being as equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

Snowy Path (# 801)

Vintage E. & H. T. Anthony & Company stereoview # 801 from the “Winter in the Catskills” series depicting a snowy mountain path.Snowy Path (# 801)Publisher: E. & H. T. Anthony
Series name: Winter in the Catskills
Stereoview #: 801
Title: None listed; Description: Snowy Path.

Reverse side: “These are some of the most remarkable Ice and Snow scenes in existence, and every assortment of stereoscopic views should contain a selection from them.”

The E. & H. T. Anthony company was the largest 19th-century manufacturer and distributor of cameras and photographic supplies in the United States. The company was founded by Edward Anthony (1818-1888) and his brother Henry T. Anthony (1814-1884). Regionally, the company produced many of the greatest Catskills views of the 19th century. The Catskills stereoviews were incorporated into several series including “The Artistic Series,” “The Glens of the Catskills,” and “Winter in the Catskills.” Each of the photographs demonstrates the enduring beauty of the Catskills, being as equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

Man Standing in the Ice Cave (# 1532)

Vintage E. & H. T. Anthony & Company stereoview # 1532 from the “Winter in the Catskills” series depicting a well-dressed man standing within a large ice cave.Man Standing in the Ice Cave (# 1532)Publisher: E. & H. T. Anthony & Co.
Series name: Winter in the Catskills
Stereoview #: 1532
Title: None listed; Description: Man Standing in the Ice Cave.

Reverse side: “These are some of the most remarkable Ice and Snow scenes in existence, and every assortment of stereoscopic views should contain a selection from them.”

The E. & H. T. Anthony company was the largest 19th-century manufacturer and distributor of cameras and photographic supplies in the United States. The company was founded by Edward Anthony (1818-1888) and his brother Henry T. Anthony (1814-1884). Regionally, the company produced many of the greatest Catskills views of the 19th century. The Catskills stereoviews were incorporated into several series including “The Artistic Series,” “The Glens of the Catskills,” and “Winter in the Catskills.” Each of the photographs demonstrates the enduring beauty of the Catskills, being as equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

Catskills Winter View (# 1539)

Vintage E. & H. T. Anthony & Company stereoview # 1539 from the “Winter in the Catskills” series depicting a beautiful snow-covered scene in the Catskills.Catskills Winter View (# 1539)Publisher: E. & H. T. Anthony & Co.
Series name: Winter in the Catskills
Stereoview #: 1539
Title: None listed; Description: Catskills Winter View.

Reverse side: “These are some of the most remarkable Ice and Snow scenes in existence, and every assortment of stereoscopic views should contain a selection from them.”

The E. & H. T. Anthony company was the largest 19th-century manufacturer and distributor of cameras and photographic supplies in the United States. The company was founded by Edward Anthony (1818-1888) and his brother Henry T. Anthony (1814-1884). Regionally, the company produced many of the greatest Catskills views of the 19th century. The Catskills stereoviews were incorporated into several series including “The Artistic Series,” “The Glens of the Catskills,” and “Winter in the Catskills.” Each of the photographs demonstrates the enduring beauty of the Catskills, being as equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

The Laurel House (# 4190)

Vintage E. & H. T. Anthony & Co. stereoview # 4190 titled “The Laurel House” from “The Glens of the Catskills” series.The Laurel House (# 4190)Publisher: E. & H. T. Anthony & Co.
Series name: The Glens of the Catskills
Stereoview #: 4190
Title: The Laurel House.

The E. & H. T. Anthony company was the largest 19th-century manufacturer and distributor of cameras and photographic supplies in the United States. The company was founded by Edward Anthony (1818-1888) and his brother Henry T. Anthony (1814-1884). Regionally, the company produced many of the greatest Catskills views of the 19th century. The Catskills stereoviews were incorporated into several series including “The Artistic Series,” “The Glens of the Catskills,” and “Winter in the Catskills.” Each of the photographs demonstrates the enduring beauty of the Catskills, being as equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

Looking down the Kauterskill, from New Laurel House. (# 4202)

Vintage E. & H. T. Anthony & Co. stereoview # 4202 titled “Looking down the Kauterskill, from New Laurel House” from “The Glens of the Catskills” series.Looking down the Kauterskill, from New Laurel House. (# 4202)Publisher: E. & H. T. Anthony & Co.
Series name: The Glens of the Catskills
Stereoview #: 4202
Title: Looking down the Kauterskill, from New Laurel House.

The E. & H. T. Anthony company was the largest 19th-century manufacturer and distributor of cameras and photographic supplies in the United States. The company was founded by Edward Anthony (1818-1888) and his brother Henry T. Anthony (1814-1884). Regionally, the company produced many of the greatest Catskills views of the 19th century. The Catskills stereoviews were incorporated into several series including “The Artistic Series,” “The Glens of the Catskills,” and “Winter in the Catskills.” Each of the photographs demonstrates the enduring beauty of the Catskills, being as equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

Sunset Rock from the Bluff (# 8540)

Vintage E. & H. T. Anthony & Co. stereoview # 8540 titled “Sunset Rock from the Bluff” from “The Glens of the Catskills” series.Sunset Rock from the Bluff (# 8540)Publisher: E. & H. T. Anthony & Co.
Series name: Glens of the Catskills
Stereoview #: 8540
Title: Sunset Rock from the Bluff.

The E. & H. T. Anthony company was the largest 19th-century manufacturer and distributor of cameras and photographic supplies in the United States. The company was founded by Edward Anthony (1818-1888) and his brother Henry T. Anthony (1814-1884). Regionally, the company produced many of the greatest Catskills views of the 19th century. The Catskills stereoviews were incorporated into several series including “The Artistic Series,” “The Glens of the Catskills,” and “Winter in the Catskills.” Each of the photographs demonstrates the enduring beauty of the Catskills, being as equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

The Mill Pond near Laurel House (# 9049)

Vintage E. & H. T. Anthony & Co. stereoview # 9049 titled “The Mill Pond near Laurel House” in “The Glens of the Catskills” series.The Mill Pond near Laurel House (# 9049)Publisher: E. & H. T. Anthony & Co.
Series name: The Glens of the Catskills
Stereoview #: 9049
Title: The Mill Pond near Laurel House.

The E. & H. T. Anthony company was the largest 19th-century manufacturer and distributor of cameras and photographic supplies in the United States. The company was founded by Edward Anthony (1818-1888) and his brother Henry T. Anthony (1814-1884). Regionally, the company produced many of the greatest Catskills views of the 19th century. The Catskills stereoviews were incorporated into several series including “The Artistic Series,” “The Glens of the Catskills,” and “Winter in the Catskills.” Each of the photographs demonstrates the enduring beauty of the Catskills, being as equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

General View of the Kauterskill Fall (# 9051)

Vintage E. & H. T. Anthony & Company stereoview # 9051 titled “General View of the Kauterskill Fall” from “The Glens of the Catskills” series.General View of the Kauterskill Fall (# 9051)Publisher: E. & H. T. Anthony & Co.
Series name: The Glens of the Catskills
Stereoview #: 9051
Title: General View of the Kauterskill Fall.


The E. & H. T. Anthony company was the largest 19th-century manufacturer and distributor of cameras and photographic supplies in the United States. The company was founded by Edward Anthony (1818-1888) and his brother Henry T. Anthony (1814-1884). Regionally, the company produced many of the greatest Catskills views of the 19th century. The Catskills stereoviews were incorporated into several series including “The Artistic Series,” “The Glens of the Catskills,” and “Winter in the Catskills.” Each of the photographs demonstrates the enduring beauty of the Catskills, being as equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

The Mountain House and Valley of the Lakes from North Mt., High Peak and Round Top in the Distance (# 9078)

Vintage E. & H. T. Anthony & Company stereoview # 9078 titled “The Mountain House and Valley of the Lakes from North Mt., High Peak and Round Top in the Distance” from “The Glens of the Catskills” serThe Mountain House and Valley of the Lakes from North Mt., High Peak and Round Top in the Distance (# 9078)Publisher: E. & H. T. Anthony & Co.
Series name: The Glens of the Catskills
Stereoview #: 9078
Title: The Mountain House and Valley of the Lakes from North Mt., High Peak and Round Top in the Distance


The E. & H. T. Anthony company was the largest 19th-century manufacturer and distributor of cameras and photographic supplies in the United States. The company was founded by Edward Anthony (1818-1888) and his brother Henry T. Anthony (1814-1884). Regionally, the company produced many of the greatest Catskills views of the 19th century. The Catskills stereoviews were incorporated into several series including “The Artistic Series,” “The Glens of the Catskills,” and “Winter in the Catskills.” Each of the photographs demonstrates the enduring beauty of the Catskills, being as equally compelling today as they were 150 years ago.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Catskill Mountains Catskills E. & H. T. Anthony Edward Anthony Gems of American Scenery Glens of the Catskills Henry T. Anthony New York photographer photographs photography photos pictures stereo view stereograph stereoscopic stereoviews The Artistic Series Winter in the Catskills https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/11/e-h-t-anthony-stereoviews-of-the-catskills Sat, 05 Nov 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Updated: The “Cats” in Cats-kills https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/10/the-cats-in-cats-kills Having recently acquired 14 new postcards of “Cats” in the Catskills, I thought I would update a previous blog post published on January 9, 2021. Each of the new postcards are as interesting as those included in the original post. We find our lovable cats reading and selling newspapers, towing campers, going for a hike, flying a hot air balloon, and observing the scenery from a fire tower.

 

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Original post:

 

Given the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The anthropomorphic cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons.

 

There is much debate as to the origin of the name Catskills, particularly around the “cats.” Theories include that the name derived from the American wildcat (bobcats), or catamounts, that once roamed the area; or the Dutch word “kat” meaning a domestic she cat; or the Dutch word “kater” for tomcat; or a Mohican chief named Cat; or from an Indian word “katsketed” which meant fortification; or the “kasteels,” which were Indian stockades located along the banks of the Catskill Creek; or in honor of the poet Jacob Cats; or the ship named “The Cat” that once sailed up the Hudson River; or a place called Katsbaan near Saugerties where Indians played the game of lacrosse; and so on. For perhaps the most detailed history about the possible origins of the name Catskills, see Alf Evers in chapter 71 of his regional classic The Catskills, From Wilderness to Woodstock.

 

If the origin of “Cats” is quite obscure, what is quite clear is the origin of the term “kill” in Cats-“kills.” The term “kill” means creek, stream or river; and originated from the Dutch word kille meaning “riverbed” or “water channel”. The term is used in historically Dutch-influenced areas in the New York and New Jersey region, including the Catskills.

 

Included here are a number of vintage postcards that utilized cats in promoting the Catskills. The postcards were published by the Kingston News Service, the Eagle Post Card Company, C. W. Hughes, George Greenberg & Son, Albert Hahn and the Hugh C. Leighton Company, amongst others.

 

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New "Cats" postcards

 

Just Leaving the Catskills

Vintage Catskills postcard by Albert Hahn depicting a cat-drawn wagon being driven by other cats as they pass the train station to leave the Catskills.Just Leaving the CatskillsGiven the Cat-skills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons. In this particular vintage postcard, a cat-drawn wagon is being driven by other cats as they pass the train station to leave the Catskills.

The postcard was published by Albert Hahn located at 229 Broadway, New York. The postcard was copyrighted by Albert Hahn in 1907. The postmark on the reverse side shows that it was mailed in 1909.

 

Greetings from the Catskills

Vintage postcard titled “Greetings from the Catskills” that depict three good-looking cats in fancy clothes move along on roller skates as they make their way to the Catskills.Greetings from the CatskillsGiven the Cat-skills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons. In this particular vintage postcard, three good-looking cats in fancy clothes move along on roller skates as they make their way to the Catskills.

The vintage postcard was published by the Kingston News Service located in Kingston, New York. The postcard was never mailed.

 

Greetings from Catskill Mts., N.Y.

Vintage Catskills postcard by the Kingston News Service depicting a family of cats with their car loaded with luggage, towing an RV, with laundry hanging on a clothes line.Greetings from Catskill Mts., N.Y.Given the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons.

In this particular vintage postcard, a family of cats can be found camping. The scene includes a car loaded with luggage, an RV with a child cat peeking out the window and laundry hanging on a clothesline. The Catskill Mountains can be seen in the background. The postcard was published by the Kingston News Service located at Kingston, New York. The postcard was never mailed.

 

Greetings from the Catskills Vintage postcard titled “Greetings from the Catskills” that depict four cats getting off a small boat.Greetings from the CatskillsGiven the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons.

In this particular postcard, four cats are out enjoying a nice day, getting off a boat along the lakeshore. Two cats are on the shore, one standing with a parasol, and the other waiting patiently for her two friends to deboard from the boat. The postcard, titled “Greetings from the Catskills,” was published by Bryant Union Publ. of New York City. The postcard was never mailed.

 

Vacation Days in the Catskills, N.Y. Vintage postcard titled “Vacation Days in the Catskills” showing three cats walking down the road with mountains in the background.Vacation Days in the Catsills, N.Y.Given the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons.

In this particular vintage postcard, three cats are walking down the road, surrounded by forests and with looming mountains in the background. The vintage postcard was published by C. W. Hughes & Co. of Mechanicsville, New York.

The postmark on the reverse side shows that the card was mailed in 1931. The postcard was mailed to Mrs. Ira Walker of Minerva, Ohio with the note “Have a few days off in this beautiful country. Harry.”

 

A Jolly Outing in the Catskills Vintage postcard by Albert Hahn titled “A Jolly Outing in the Catskills.”A Jolly Outing in the CatskillsGiven the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons.

In this particular postcard, a wagon full of cats, one of which is waving an American flag, are pulled by six other cats, while they all make their way to the famed Catskill Mountain House, which can be seen in the background. The postcard, titled “A Jolly Outing in the Catskills,” was published in 1908 by Albert Hahn, located at 229 Broadway in New York City. The postmark on the reverse side is illegible.

 

High up in the Catskills, Catskill Mts., N.Y. Vintage postcard titled “High Up in the Catskills” depicting five cats in a plane named “Catskill Mountain Line.”High Up in the Catskills, Catskill Mts., N.Y.Given the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons.

In this particular vintage postcard, five cats are flying in a brightly colored airplane named “Catskill Mt. Line.” The postcard was published by the Kingston News Service located at Kingston, New York.

The postcard was mailed to Margaret and Alfred Klein of Jersey City, New Jersey. The writing reads “Isn’t this plane and passengers catsy. Will see you soon. Home was never like this. Ha! Ha!” The postmark date on the reverse side is illegible.

 

High Up in the Catskills Vintage Catskills postcard depicting four cats enjoying themselves as they go for a ride in a double set of basket swings.High up in the CatskillsGiven the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons.

In this particular vintage postcard, two cats are enjoying the Catskill Mountain views from the top a fire tower, or lookout tower. In the distance two cats can be seen starting their ski runs from the top of a mountain.

The postcard was published by Geo. Greenberg & Son, located at Catskill, New York. The postmark on the reverse side shows that it was mailed in 1955.

 

Souvenir Folder of the Catskill Mountains, N.Y. Vintage Catskills souvenir folder depicting four cats relaxing in the baskets of a hot air balloon.Souvenir Folder of the Catskill Mountains, N.Y.Given the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons.

On the cover of this particular souvenir folder of postcards, four cats can be seen relaxing in the baskets of a hot air balloon.

The souvenir folder was published by C. W. Hughes & Company located at Mechanicsville, New York. The folder was never mailed.

 

High Up in the Catskills Vintage Catskills postcard with four cats snuggled in a woven basket with two ropes seemingly suspending them “high up in the Catskills.”High Up In The CatskillsGiven the Cat-skills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons. In this particular vintage postcard, four cats are snuggled in a woven basket with two ropes seemingly suspending them “high up in the Catskills.”

The postcard was published by the Kingston News Service located in Kingston, New York. It was mailed, and has a postmark, although the date is illegible.

 

Here Is News from the Catskill Mountains, N.Y.

Vintage Catskills postcard by the Kingston News Service depicting a cat walking along a dirt road selling a newspaper titled “Catskill Mountain News.”Here Is News From The Catskill Mountains, N.Y.Given the Cat-skills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons. In this particular vintage postcard, a cat walks along a dirt road selling a newspaper titled “Catskill Mountain News.” The front page of the newspaper shows a wanted poster, with the criminal looking much like our beloved Mickey Mouse.

The postcard was published by the Kingston News Service located at Kingston, New York. The postcard was never mailed.

 

Here is News from the Catskill Mountains, N.Y.

Vintage Catskills postcard by the Kingston News Service depicting a cat with eyeglasses sitting comfortably as it reads a newspaper titled “Catskill Mountain News.”Here Is News From The Catskill Mountains, N.Y.Given the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons.

In this particular vintage postcard, a cat with eyeglasses sits comfortably as it reads a newspaper titled “Catskill Mountain News.” The postcard was published by the Kingston News Service located at Kingston, New York. The postcard was never mailed.

 

Greetings from the Catskills

Vintage postcard titled “Greetings from the Catskills” that depicts a female cat dressed up in her best Sunday outfit, with a frilly dress, necklace and a bonnet.Greetings from the CatskillsGiven the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons.

In this particular postcard, a female cat is dressed up in her best Sunday outfit, with a frilly dress, necklace and a bonnet.

The postcard, titled “Greetings from the Catskills,” has no publisher name listed. The postmark on the reverse side shows that the postcard was mailed in 1905.

 

Way Up in the Kills

Vintage postcard titled “Way Up in the Kills,” i.e. the Catskills, depicting two cats in a hot air balloon.Way Up in the KillsGiven the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons.

In this particular postcard, two cats can be seen sitting in the basket of hot air balloon with the moon in the background.

The postcard, titled “Way Up in the Kills,” was published by C. W. Hughes & Co. of Mechanicsville, New York. The postcard was never mailed.

 

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From original post:

 

High Up in the Catskills, Catskill Mts., N.Y.
“Catskill Mountain Line”, “Kingston News Service”, Kingston, cars cat, cats, marketing, mountains, parachute, planeHigh Up in the Catskills, Catskill Mts., N.Y.Given the Cat-skills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons. In this particular vintage postcard, the cats look like they are having the time of their life as they fly a plane named “Catskill Mountain Line” over the towering mountains.

The postcard was published by the Kingston News Service located in Kingston, New York. It was never mailed.

 

Catskill Mountains
 

Vintage Catskills postcard that shows two cars full of cats as they drive along a dirt country road with balloons that advertise that they are headed for the Catskill Mountains.Catskill MountainsGiven the Cat-skills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons. In this particular vintage postcard, two cars full of cats drive along a dirt country road with balloons that advertise that they are headed for the Catskill Mountains.

The postcard was published by the Eagle Post Card Company located in New York City. The postmark on the reverse side shows that it was mailed in 1921.

 

Motoring in the Catskills, N.Y.
 

Vintage postcard titled “Motoring in the Catskills, N.Y.” by C. W. Hughes that was used to market the Catskill Mountains region of New York State.Motoring in the Catskills, N.Y.Given the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons. In this particular vintage postcard, two gray cats drive their boss, decked out with a top hat, in a convertible, open-aired vehicle loaded down with suitcases, golf clubs and more.

This postcard was published by C. W. Hughes & Co. located in Mechanicsville, New York. It was never mailed.

 

Greetings from the Catskills
 

Vintage postcard for the Catskills region depicting four cats relaxing on a tree branch.Greetings from the CatskillsGiven the Cat-skills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons. In this particular vintage postcard, four cats lounge on a tree branch under a beautiful blue sky.

The postcard was published by C. W. Hughes & Co. located in Mechanicsville, New York. The postcard was never mailed.

 

Greetings from the Catskills
 

Vintage postcard titled “Greetings from the Catskills” that depict four good-looking cats offering a relaxed invitation to join them in the Catskills.Greetings from the CatskillsGiven the Cat-skills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons. In this particular vintage postcard, four good-looking cats offer a relaxed invitation to join them in the “Kills.”

The vintage postcard was published by George Greenberg & Son located in Catskill, New York. The postcard was never mailed.

 

Greetings from the Cats Kills
 

Vintage postcard by George Greenberg & Son titled “Greetings from the Catskills” that depict four good-looking cats offering a relaxed invitation to join them in the Catskills.Greetings from the CatskillsGiven the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons.

In this particular vintage postcard, four good-looking cats offer a relaxed invitation for you to join them in the “Kills.” The vintage postcard was published by George Greenberg & Son located in Catskill, New York. The postcard was never mailed.

 

Greetings from the Catskills
 

Vintage postcard titled “Greetings from the Catskills” that depict three good-looking cats offering a relaxed invitation to join them in the Catskills.Greetings from the CatskillsGiven the Cat-skills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons. In this particular vintage postcard, three good-looking cats offer a relaxed invitation to join them in the “Kills.”

The vintage postcard was published by the Kingston News Service located in Kingston, New York. The postmark on the reverse side shows that it was mailed in 1945.

 

High Up in the Catskills
 

Vintage Catskills postcard depicting four cats enjoying themselves as they go for a ride in a double set of basket swings.High up in the CatskillsGiven the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons. In this particular vintage postcard, four cats look like they are enjoying themselves as they go for a ride in a double set of basket swings.

The postcard was published by C. W. Hughes & Company located at Mechanicsville, New York. The postmark on the reverse side shows that it was mailed in 1936.

 

Praising the Catskills
 

Vintage Catskills postcard by Albert Hahn that shows five adorable cats loudly sing from a music book about the wonders of the Catskill Mountains.Praising the CatskillsGiven the Cat-skills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons. In this particular vintage postcard, five adorable cats loudly sing from a music book about the wonders of the Catskill Mountains.

The postcard was published by Albert Hahn located in New York City. The Albert Hahn company operated from 1901 to 1919. He published his postcards in Germany, as was common for the era. The postmark on the reverse side shows that this particular postcard was mailed in 1912.

 

Greetings from the Catskills
 

Vintage postcard published by the Hugh C. Leighton Company titled “Greetings from the Catskills” depicting a beautiful cat.Greetings from the CatskillsGiven the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons.

In this particular vintage postcard, an elegantly beautiful cat poses for the camera. The postcard was manufactured in Germany and published by the Hugh C. Leighton Company located at Portland, Maine. The postcard was never mailed.

 

Greetings from the Catskill Mts., N.Y.
 

Vintage postcard by George Greenberg & Son titled “Arrived O.K.” and “Greetings from the Catskills” that depict a cat family in a car following a sign toward the Catskills.Arrived O.K.Given the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons.

In this particular vintage postcard, a cat driving a car follows a road sign towards the Catskills, with the lush green mountains looming in the background. The vintage postcard was published by George Greenberg & Son located in Catskill, New York. The postcard was never mailed.

 

Mr. Kaatskill
 

Vintage postcard titled “Mr. Kaatskill” depicting a well-groomed cat in a human tie and top hat.Mr. KaatskillGiven the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons. In this particular vintage postcard, the dapper Mr. Kaatskill poses his finely groomed self while sharply dressed with a tie and top hat.

The postcard was published by C. W. Hughes & Company located at Mechanicsville, New York. The postcard was never mailed.

 

Mrs. Kaatskill
 

Vintage postcard titled “Mr. Kaatskill” depicting a well-groomed cat in a human tie and top hat.Mrs. KaatskillGiven the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons. In this particular vintage postcard, the beautiful Mrs. Kaatskill elegantly poses with a bow on her head.

The postcard was published by C. W. Hughes & Company located at Mechanicsville, New York. The postcard was never mailed.

 

Mr. Catskill
 

Vintage postcard titled “Mr. Catskill” that was used to market the Catskill Mountains region of New York State.Mr. CatskillGiven the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons. In this particular vintage postcard, the relaxed Mr. Catskill poses with a hat and bowtie.

The postcard was published by George Greenberg located in Catskill, New York. It was never mailed.

 

Mrs. Catskill
 

Vintage postcard titled “Mrs. Catskill” that was used to market the Catskill Mountains region of New York State.Given the Cats-kills name it is not surprising that there is a wide array of historical “cat” related postcards and marketing materials for the region. The cats often depicted tourists as they partook in various vacation activities or were dressed to the nines in high fashion. The cats could be found driving cars, flying planes, going hiking or riding in cat-pulled wagons. In this particular vintage postcard, the beautiful feline Mrs. Catskill hits the town in a bonnet and pearls.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) advertising anthropomorphic antique cars cat cats Catskill Mountains Catskills historic mail marketing New York photographer photographs photography photos pictures postcards region sightseeing tourism tourist travel vintage https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/10/the-cats-in-cats-kills Sat, 29 Oct 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Bob Wyer – Covered Bridges of the Catskills https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/10/bob-wyer-covered-bridges-of-the-catskills Bob Wyer is one of the most prolific photographers in the history of the Catskills. His photographic career included shooting just about everything, such as passport photos, chauffer licenses, hunting licenses, high school yearbooks, formal portraits, special occasions such as birthdays and weddings, young babies, local stores, hotels and businesses, accidents, insurance claims, crime scenes, landscapes, parades and local news events.

 

There was nothing that Bob couldn’t and wouldn’t photograph. Upon his retirement, Bob donated his extensive collection of over 150,000 photos to the Delaware County Historical Association. The collection is a virtual time capsule of the region from the late 1930s to the 1970s.

 

See my blog post titled “Bob Wyer: The Delhi Lensman” of February 22, 2020 for an interesting biography of this famed photographer. My personal collection of Bob Wyer photographs can be visited from the gallery page.

 

As part of my collection, Bob’s photographs of the covered bridges of the Catskills are particularly appealing. Below is an exhibit of some of these covered bridge photographs.

 

Millbrook Bridge

Millbrook BridgeMillbrook BridgeThis vintage postcard with the title "Millbrook Bridge" was taken by famed photographer Bob Wyer of Delhi, New York.

Bob Wyer is one of the most prolific photographers in the history of the Catskills. His photographic career included shooting just about everything, such as passport photos, chauffer licenses, hunting licenses, high school yearbooks, formal portraits, special occasions such as birthdays and weddings, young babies, local stores, hotels and businesses, accidents, insurance claims, crime scenes, landscapes, parades and local news events. There was nothing that Bob couldn’t and wouldn’t photograph. Upon his retirement, Bob donated his extensive collection of over 150,000 photos to the Delaware County Historical Association. The collection is a virtual time capsule of the region from the late 1930s to the 1970s.

 

Fitch’s Bridge

Vintage postcard of a woman in red sweater getting her mail at a snow-covered Fitch’s Covered Bridge as it spans the Delaware River at East Delhi in Delaware County. New York.Fitch's BridgeEast Delhi, Delaware County

Vintage postcard of a woman in red sweater getting her mail at a snow-covered Fitch’s Covered Bridge as it spans the Delaware River at East Delhi in Delaware County, New York. The postcard was published by Bob Wyer, located at Delhi, New York. It was never mailed.

The historic Fitch’s Covered Bridge was constructed in 1870 by James Frazier and James Warren at a cost of $1,900. The bridge is a single span, one lane wide, constructed using native materials and is 106 feet long as it spans the West Branch of the Delaware River. The bridge was originally located on Kingston Street in Delhi but was moved in 1885 when the town decided to replace the covered bridge with a newer, more durable iron structure. Instead of destroying the relatively new bridge (constructed only 15 years prior), it was moved several miles upstream to its current location. The historic bridge was recently restored in 2001 at a cost of $425,000. Fitches Covered Bridge is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

According to the Fitch family website, the bridge is named for Dr. Thomas Fitch (1774-1849) and his younger brother Dr. Cornelius Root Fitch (1783-1846). “Thomas bought a farm at the (site of the future) bridge on the river in 1803. When he left Delhi for Philadelphia in 1806, he sold the farm to Cornelius, who continued to practice medicine in Delhi for 33 years.”

Bob Wyer is one of the most prolific photographers in the history of the Catskills. His photographic career included shooting just about everything, such as passport photos, chauffer licenses, hunting licenses, high school yearbooks, formal portraits, special occasions such as birthdays and weddings, young babies, local stores, hotels and businesses, accidents, insurance claims, crime scenes, landscapes, parades and local news events. There was nothing that Bob couldn’t and wouldn’t photograph. Upon his retirement, Bob donated his extensive collection of over 150,000 photos to the Delaware County Historical Association. The collection is a virtual time capsule of the region from the late 1930s to the 1970s.

 

Fitches Bridge

Vintage postcard of the historic Fitches Covered Bridge as it spans the Delaware River at East Delhi in Delaware County. New York.Fitches BridgeThe historic Fitch’s Covered Bridge spans the Delaware River at East Delhi in Delaware County, New York. The postcard was published by Bob Wyer, located at Delhi, New York. The postmark on the reverse side shows that it was mailed in 1969.

The historic Fitch’s Covered Bridge was constructed in 1870 by James Frazier and James Warren at a cost of $1,900. The bridge is a single span, one lane wide, constructed using native materials and is 106 feet long as it spans the West Branch of the Delaware River. The bridge was originally located on Kingston Street in Delhi but was moved in 1885 when the town decided to replace the covered bridge with a newer, more durable iron structure. Instead of destroying the relatively new bridge (constructed only 15 years prior), it was moved several miles upstream to its current location. The historic bridge was recently restored in 2001 at a cost of $425,000. Fitches Covered Bridge is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

According to the Fitch family website, the bridge is named for Dr. Thomas Fitch (1774-1849) and his younger brother Dr. Cornelius Root Fitch (1783-1846). “Thomas bought a farm at the (site of the future) bridge on the river in 1803. When he left Delhi for Philadelphia in 1806, he sold the farm to Cornelius, who continued to practice medicine in Delhi for 33 years.”

 

Fitches Bridge

Vintage postcard of the historic Fitches Covered Bridge as it spans the Delaware River at East Delhi in Delaware County. New York.Fitches BridgeThe historic Fitch’s Covered Bridge spans the Delaware River at East Delhi in Delaware County, New York. The postcard was published by Bob Wyer, located at Delhi, New York. The postcard was never mailed.

The historic Fitch’s Covered Bridge was constructed in 1870 by James Frazier and James Warren at a cost of $1,900. The bridge is a single span, one lane wide, constructed using native materials and is 106 feet long as it spans the West Branch of the Delaware River. The bridge was originally located on Kingston Street in Delhi but was moved in 1885 when the town decided to replace the covered bridge with a newer, more durable iron structure. Instead of destroying the relatively new bridge (constructed only 15 years prior), it was moved several miles upstream to its current location. The historic bridge was recently restored in 2001 at a cost of $425,000. Fitches Covered Bridge is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

According to the Fitch family website, the bridge is named for Dr. Thomas Fitch (1774-1849) and his younger brother Dr. Cornelius Root Fitch (1783-1846). “Thomas bought a farm at the (site of the future) bridge on the river in 1803. When he left Delhi for Philadelphia in 1806, he sold the farm to Cornelius, who continued to practice medicine in Delhi for 33 years.”

 

Covered Bridge over the Willowemoc at Livingston Manor, NY

Vintage postcard of the Livingston Manor Covered Bridge, formerly known as the Mott Flats Bridge and more recently as the Vantran Bridge, that was originally built in 1860 by John Davidson.Covered Bridge over the Willowemoc at Livingston Manor, NYLivingston Manor, Sullivan County

Vintage postcard of the Livingston Manor Covered Bridge that was published by Bob Wyer. It was never mailed.

The historic Livingston Manor Covered Bridge, formerly known as the Mott Flats Bridge and more recently as the Vantran Bridge, was originally built in 1860 by John Davidson, a Scottish immigrant, farmer, lumberman and famous Catskills covered bridge builder. The bridge was restored to its original beauty in 1984 by the Division of Public Works. The town lattice truss bridge is approximately 17 feet wide and spans 117 feet over the famous Willowemoc Creek. The single lane bridge is open to vehicular traffic and continues to this day as a key river crossing point for the local community.

The original name of the bridge, Mott Flats, came from the Mott family, who owned land around the bridge. John Mott would later grow in to an influential American figure as the founder of the YMCA, Nobel Peace Prize winner and philanthropist. His original homestead house is located directly adjacent to the bridge.

Bob Wyer is one of the most prolific photographers in the history of the Catskills. His photographic career included shooting just about everything, such as passport photos, chauffer licenses, hunting licenses, high school yearbooks, formal portraits, special occasions such as birthdays and weddings, young babies, local stores, hotels and businesses, accidents, insurance claims, crime scenes, landscapes, parades and local news events. There was nothing that Bob couldn’t and wouldn’t photograph. Upon his retirement, Bob donated his extensive collection of over 150,000 photos to the Delaware County Historical Association. The collection is a virtual time capsule of the region from the late 1930s to the 1970s.

 

Ancient covered bridge at Dry Brook

Vintage postcard of a hunter with his gun in front of a covered bridge in the Dry Brook Valley, south of Route 28 between Margaretville and Fleischmanns.Ancient covered bridge at Dry BrookDry Brook, Ulster County

Vintage postcard of a covered bridge in the Dry Brook valley, south of Route 28 between Margaretville and Fleischmanns. The Dry Brook valley was once home to numerous covered bridges but today only three remain, including the historic Forge Covered Bridge, the historic Tappan Covered Bridge and the non-historic Myers Covered Bridge. The postcard was published by Bob Wyer. It was never mailed.

Bob Wyer is one of the most prolific photographers in the history of the Catskills. His photographic career included shooting just about everything, such as passport photos, chauffer licenses, hunting licenses, high school yearbooks, formal portraits, special occasions such as birthdays and weddings, young babies, local stores, hotels and businesses, accidents, insurance claims, crime scenes, landscapes, parades and local news events. There was nothing that Bob couldn’t and wouldn’t photograph. Upon his retirement, Bob donated his extensive collection of over 150,000 photos to the Delaware County Historical Association. The collection is a virtual time capsule of the region from the late 1930s to the 1970s.

 

Small Covered Bridge on Dry Brook, Ulster County, N.Y.

Vintage postcard from photographer Bob Wyer of a covered bridge over the Dry Brook in the Catskills.Small Covered Bridge on Dry Brook, Ulster County, N.Y.This vintage postcard from photographer Bob Wyer depicts one of the covered bridges across the Dry Brook in Ulster County, New York. The postmark on the reverse side shows that the postcard was mailed in 1971.

 

Old Covered Bridge, Dry Brook, Ulster County, N.Y.

Vintage photograph by Bob Wyer of a covered bridge over the Dry Brook in the Catskills.Old Covered Bridge, Dry Brook, Ulster County, N.Y.

 

Covered Bridge on the Willowemoc

Vintage postcard of the Bendo Covered Bridge that crosses the Willowemoc Creek near the small hamlet of Debruce in Sullivan County.Covered Bridge on the WillowemocThe Bendo Covered Bridge crosses the Willowemoc Creek near the small hamlet of Debruce in Sullivan County. The bridge is a single lane, 48 feet long and supports limited local traffic. The bridge was originally built near Main Street in Livingston Manor by John Davidson in 1860 but was later cut in half and moved to its current location by Joseph Sherwood in 1913. The bridge was originally constructed using the town lattice truss design but is now effectively a stringer type bridge. The bridge is owned and maintained by Sullivan County. Despite its age the current Bendo Covered Bridge is not considered historical since it was significantly modified (i.e. cut in half), rebuilt and is not located near its original location. It is not eligible for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places.

The postcard was published by Bob Wyer, one of the most prolific photographers in the history of the Catskills. His photographic career included shooting just about everything, such as passport photos, chauffer licenses, hunting licenses, high school yearbooks, formal portraits, special occasions such as birthdays and weddings, young babies, local stores, hotels and businesses, accidents, insurance claims, crime scenes, landscapes, parades and local news events. There was nothing that Bob couldn’t and wouldn’t photograph. Upon his retirement, Bob donated his extensive collection of over 150,000 photos to the Delaware County Historical Association. The collection is a virtual time capsule of the region from the late 1930s to the 1970s.

 

Beaverkill Covered Bridge

Vintage postcard by photographer Bob Wyer of the Beaverkill Covered Bridge.Beaverkill Covered BridgeThe historic Beaverkill Covered Bridge, also known as Conklin Bridge, was originally built in 1865 by John Davidson, a Scottish immigrant, farmer, lumberman and famous Catskills covered bridge builder. The town lattice truss bridge, located north of Livingston Manor, is 14.5 feet wide and spans 98 feet over the famed Beaverkill River. The historic bridge provides a scenic background as part of the Beaverkill State Campground, one of the oldest campgrounds in the Catskills. It is open to vehicular traffic and continues to this day as a key river crossing point for local communities. The Covered Bridge Pool, a scenic and popular fly-fishing location, is located adjacent and underneath the bridge. The Beaverkill Covered Bridge is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

 

The River Calls to Young and Old

A young boy makes his way along the road to the river with fishing pole in hand in this wonderful Bob Wyer photograph.The River Calls to Young and OldA barefooted young boy with his jeans rolled up makes his way along the road to the river with fishing pole in hand in this wonderful Bob Wyer photograph. An historic covered bridge in the background rounds out this perfect country scene. The postcard was never mailed.

 

Dunraven Covered Bridge

Vintage postcard from photographer Bob Wyer of the Dunraven Covered Bridge near Margaretville, New York.Dunraven Covered BridgeThe inscription on the back of this Bob Wyer postcard reads: “Catskill Mountain Vacationlands. Typical of the rural charm in the Delaware River Valley are the old covered bridges, many of which have been used from more than a century. This one is at Dunraven near Margaretville, N.Y.” The postcard was never mailed.

 

Dunraven Covered Bridge

Vintage postcard from photographer Bob Wyer of the Dunraven Covered Bridge near Margaretville, New York.Dunraven Covered BridgeThe inscription on the back of this Bob Wyer postcard reads: “Catskill Mountain Vacationlands. Typical of the rural charm in the Delaware River Valley are the old covered bridges, many of which have been used from more than a century. This one is at Dunraven near Margaretville, N.Y.” The postcard was never mailed.

 

Perrine's Bridge

Vintage photograph by Bob Wyer of Perrine’s Covered Bridge located near Rosendale, New York.Perrine's BridgeFamed photographer Bob Wyer took this photograph of the historic Perrine’s Covered Bridge. The caption on the reverse side reads “Perrine’s Bridge between Rifton and Rosendale on route 213, Ulster County. Oldest covered bridge in New York State, it crosses the Walkill River . . . a favorite fishing spot.”

The historic Perrine’s Covered Bridge is one of the most popular covered bridges in New York State. Its scenic location and easy accessibility ensure that that it is often visited by artists, photographers, covered bridge fans, regional tourists and those just “passing through”. The bridge has long been touted in New York State and Ulster County tourist guides as step back into the past, a famed landmark and stopping point for any visitor to the county. Local newspapers describe it as a great picnic location or a romantic place to “pop the question”. Local politicians use the bridge site as a backdrop during campaigns, a location to make newsworthy announcements or to stage a photo opportunity. Any visit to the bridge will likely convince the observer that the enduring popularity of Perrine’s Bridge is well deserved.

Perrine’s Covered Bridge was constructed in 1835 by Benjamin Wood at a cost of $1,200. The wooden, 138-foot-long, one-lane bridge is located adjacent to the New York State Thruway as it spans the Wallkill River. It is open to pedestrian traffic only, having been closed to vehicle traffic since 1930. The bridge is named for James W. Perrine, a French Huguenot immigrant and local tavern owner. It is the second oldest covered bridge in New York State, after Hyde Hall Covered Bridge in Otsego County that was built in 1825. Perrine’s Covered Bridge is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

 

Hamden Covered Bridge

Photograph by Bob Wyer of a little boy pulling his sled on a snowy road as he walks towards the Hamden Covered Bridge.Hamden Covered BridgeThe Hamden Covered Bridge is the backdrop for a cute winter photograph as a little boy pulls his sleigh along the snowy road. The photograph was taken by Bob Wyer. The postcard was never mailed.

 

Old Covered Bridge (in snow), Dry Brook, Ulster County, N.Y.

Vintage photograph by Bob Wyer of a snowy covered bridge that spans the Dry Brook in the Catskills.Old Covered Bridge (in snow), Dry Brook, Ulster County, N.Y.Photographer Bob Wyer took this charming shot of a snowy covered bridge in the Dry Brook Valley of the Catskills. The postcard was never mailed.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Bob Wyer Bob Wyer Photo Cards bridges Catskill Mountains Catskills covered bridge Delaware County Delhi New York photographer photographs photography photos pictures postcards tourism travel https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/10/bob-wyer-covered-bridges-of-the-catskills Sat, 22 Oct 2022 12:00:00 GMT
George S. Young, Platte Clove Photographer – New Photographs https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/10/george-s-young-platte-clove-photographer-new-photographs George S. Young was a talented photographer and boarding house owner in the rugged Platte Clove section of the northern Catskills. He and his family operated the popular Grand Canyon House and the Devil’s Kitchen tourist attraction for many years.

 

See my blog post of July 3, 2021 for an interesting biography of George S. Young.

 

I have recently acquired a number of photographs published by George S. Young. They have all been added to the “George S. Young – Platte Clove Photographer” gallery, which now contains 27 of his works.

 

 

Grand Canyon House, Entrance to Grand Canyon, Platte Clove, N.Y.

Grand Canyon House, Entrance to Grand Canyon, Platte Clove, N.Y.Grand Canyon House, Entrance to Grand Canyon, Platte Clove, N.Y.

 

Devil's Kitchen and Grand Canyon, Platte Clove, N.Y.

Devil's Kitchen and Grand Canyon, Platte Clove, N.Y.Devil's Kitchen and Grand Canyon, Platte Clove, N.Y.

 

Looking Down In Devil's Kitchen and Hell Hole – Grand Canyon, Platte Clove, N.Y.

Looking Down In Devil's Kitchen and Hell Hole – Grand Canyon, Platte Clove, N.Y.Looking Down In Devil's Kitchen and Hell Hole – Grand Canyon, Platte Clove, N.Y.

 

Winter in the Canyon, Platte Clove, N.Y.

Winter in the Canyon, Platte Clove, N.Y.Winter in the Canyon, Platte Clove, N.Y.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) arch bridge brook Catskill Mountains Catskills cliffs clove creek devil Devil's Chamber Devil's Kitchen George S. Young Grand Canyon House Greene County Hell Hole Hell Hole Creek Hell Hole Falls Huckleberry Point Hudson River Ida J. Young Kaaterskill High Peak Old Mill Falls photographer photographs photography pioneer Platte Clove Plattekill Plattekill Clove Plattekill Creek Plattekill Falls postcards ravines river souvenirs stone tourism tourist tours water waterfall https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/10/george-s-young-platte-clove-photographer-new-photographs Sat, 15 Oct 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Abandoned Trucks of the Northern Catskills https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/10/abandoned-trucks-of-the-northern-catskills This group of abandoned trucks can be found alongside a busy county highway in the northern Catskills. I have driven past the trucks dozens of times, and even photographed them at times over the years. Although the trucks haven’t moved, it is still interesting to see how the scene can change. Different light, different times of day, different seasons, different levels of vegetation growth surrounding the trucks. Once in while it even seems as if the vegetation has been cut to a certain degree.

 

Open DoorOpen Door

Who's Driving?Who's Driving?

Your Truck or Mine?Your Truck or Mine?

Spare TiresSpare Tires

Truck BramblesTruck Brambles

Needs PaintNeeds Paint

Dump TruckDump Truck

GMCGMC

GMC V8GMC V8

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) abandoned cars Catskill Mountains Catskills Greene County Lexington New York photographs photography photos tourism travel trucks West Kill https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/10/abandoned-trucks-of-the-northern-catskills Sat, 08 Oct 2022 12:00:00 GMT
High Test: An Abandoned Gas Station https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/10/high-test-an-abandoned-gas-station Driving one day up to the Catskills I took some of the more local roads and highways, rather than the interstate. During the drive, always on the lookout, I came across this abandoned gas station known as “High Test.” Although it had clearly been out of business for a long time, it still retained an element of nostalgic charm, reminding you of bygone days when someone pumped your gas, someone that you probably knew personally by first name, and they always checked the oil with every fill-up.

 

The business appears to have offered a range of services, including pumping gas, washing and waxing cars, auto maintenance and repair and operating as a small car dealership. The repair section of the business must have been popular as it utilized a 3-bay garage. The business was affiliated with the Mobil gas company.

 

High TestHigh Test

High Test, OpenHigh Test, Open

Mobil GasMobil Gas Need Gas?Need Gas?

Total Sale: $00.00Total Sale: $00.00

Fill 'Er UpFill 'Er Up

Zero GallonsZero Gallons

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) abandoned auto repair car Catskill Mountains Catskills gas gas station High Test Highland Matthew Jarnich Milton Mobil New York photographs photography photos Route 9W tourism travel https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/10/high-test-an-abandoned-gas-station Sat, 01 Oct 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Angel Falls and Sholam Falls – A Photographic Study https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/9/angel-falls-and-sholam-falls-a-photographic-study Angel Falls and Sholam Falls are both amazing destinations located along Trout Creek, near the Rondout Reservoir. It’s a two-for-one destination with both falls located within close proximity of each other, with the separate “upper” falls, known as Sholam Falls, measuring approximately 40 feet, and the “lower” falls, known as Angel Falls, measuring approximately 30 feet.

 

Angel Falls

Angel Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near Yagerville and the Rondout Reservoir.Angel FallsAngel Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near the Rondout Reservoir. Even with its rustic beauty, Angel Falls is largely unknown, having only recently been acquired and opened to the public by the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP).

Angel Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near Yagerville and the Rondout Reservoir.Angel Falls, FlowingAngel Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near the Rondout Reservoir. Even with its rustic beauty, Angel Falls is largely unknown, having only recently been acquired and opened to the public by the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP).

Angel Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near Yagerville and the Rondout Reservoir.Angel Falls, Over the RocksAngel Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near the Rondout Reservoir. Even with its rustic beauty, Angel Falls is largely unknown, having only recently been acquired and opened to the public by the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP).

Angel Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near Yagerville and the Rondout Reservoir.Angel Falls, Through the GapAngel Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near the Rondout Reservoir. Even with its rustic beauty, Angel Falls is largely unknown, having only recently been acquired and opened to the public by the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP).

Angel Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near Yagerville and the Rondout Reservoir.Angel Falls, AutumnAngel Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near the Rondout Reservoir. Even with its rustic beauty, Angel Falls is largely unknown, having only recently been acquired and opened to the public by the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP).

 

Angel Falls and Sholam Falls are located within the Trout Creek Unit, which is managed by the New York City Department of Environmental Protection. The Trout Creek Unit falls within the town of Wawarsing in Ulster County. The unit is 1,506 acres in size. The lands of the Trout Creek Unit are open for hiking, fishing, hunting and trapping. The section of Sholam Road near Trout Creek, as well as the bridge over the top of Sholam Falls, has long been abandoned.

 

Trout Creek is 5.6 miles in length, originating in the Sundown Wild Forest near Balsam Swamp and flowing south past the hamlet of Yagerville and then into the Rondout Reservoir. Trout Creek enters the reservoir just east of the intersection of Route 46 and Route 55A, near the former site of the hamlet of Montela, one of three hamlets destroyed during the construction of the Rondout Reservoir. The other two destroyed hamlets were Lackawack and Eureka. Trout Creek is one of several primary tributaries of the Rondout Reservoir, the others being Chestnut Creek, Red Brook, Sugarloaf Brook, and the Rondout Creek. Even with their rustic beauty, Angel Falls and Sholam Falls are both largely unknown, having only recently been acquired and opened to the public by the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP).

 

Sholam Falls

Sholam Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near Yagerville and the Rondout Reservoir.Sholam FallsSholam Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near the Rondout Reservoir. Even with its rustic beauty, Sholam Falls is largely unknown, having only recently been acquired and opened to the public by the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP).

Sholam Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near Yagerville and the Rondout Reservoir.Sholam Falls, Trout Creek UnitSholam Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near the Rondout Reservoir. Even with its rustic beauty, Sholam Falls is largely unknown, having only recently been acquired and opened to the public by the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP).

Sholam Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near Yagerville and the Rondout Reservoir.Sholam Falls, Through the CutSholam Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near the Rondout Reservoir. Even with its rustic beauty, Sholam Falls is largely unknown, having only recently been acquired and opened to the public by the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP).

Sholam Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near Yagerville and the Rondout Reservoir.Sholam Falls, B&WSholam Falls is a beautiful waterfall located along Trout Creek near the Rondout Reservoir. Even with its rustic beauty, Sholam Falls is largely unknown, having only recently been acquired and opened to the public by the Department of Environmental Protection (DEP).

 

Angel Falls and Sholam Falls are both located in close proximity to the former hamlet of Sholam, which has quite an interesting place in Catskills history. The former hamlet, located north of the hamlet of Lackawack and south of the hamlet of Yagerville, was founded in 1837 by a group of Jewish settlers from New York City as an agricultural and religious co-operative community. At the time of its founding Sholam was home to the only synagogue in the Catskills, which was called Covenant Observers, or Shomre Ha-Brit. (Marcus, Jacob Rader. United States Jewry, 1776-1985. Vol. 4. Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press, 1993.)

 

The settlement would eventually be home to approximately 15 families. In addition to hard-scrabble farming (given the inhospitable land), some settlers operated two factories, which manufactured quill pens and fur caps, while others engaged in various trades including cobbling, tailoring and selling used clothing purchased in New York. Despite noble intentions, the community faced numerous business and financial issues, and only lasted four years before its collapse circa 1842.

 

The community was originally named Sholem, a variant of “shalom,” the Hebrew word for “peace,” but later appeared on maps as “Sholam.” In 1912, Olde Ulster, a local publication dedicated to regional Ulster County history, published a brief history of the Sholam community.

 

“At that period Edmund Bruyn of Kingston was the possessor of a large tract of land in the north part of the town of Wawarsing at the head of the Ver Nooy kill. This land lies north of Lackawack and near the town of Rochester. He established his home there and named the place Bruynsville. It is now known as Brownsville. This was during the decade 1830-1840. He threw the property, containing 3,000 acres, upon the market. A survey was made by Jacob Chambers and the tract was divided into lots and a village was laid out and sub-divided into village lots. A map was made and said to have been filed in the office of the county clerk in Kingston . . .

 

. . . the records in the office of the county clerk of Ulster county show that on the 12th of December, 1837, Edmund Bruyn conveyed by deed hundreds of acres of land “of the Sholam tract” to certain parties of the City of New York, each of whom bought in addition one of more lots in “Sholam village.” The deeds give in each instance the numbers of both of the lots upon the tract and in the village of Sholam, referring to the Chambers map. There are eight of these deeds of the date of 12th December, 1837 and three of subsequent dates. All are recorded in Book of Deeds No. 49 except one in Book No. 50. The names of the parties purchasing are William N. Polack, Marcus Van Gelderen, Elias Rodman, Benedict Cohen, Jonas Solomon, Edward May, Solomon Samelson, Ignatz Newman, Moses Cohen and Charles A. Sahroni. One deed on the record is to Zion Berenstein for nine lots on “Sholam tract” and two lots in “Sholam village.” Was this for the synagogue they erected?

 

Whence these colonists came is forgotten today and the story of the settlement is almost unknown . . .

 

The colonists contracted with a man named Rich, of Napanoch, for the erection of about a dozen houses for residences, a store, a synagogue, a museum, an art building and two factories.

 

When the colonists arrived they were found to be a highly educated people possessed of a taste for art and music, and who loved and sought social intercourse with all neighbors. Their store was stocked with a general assortment of goods; the museum filled with attractions and the art gallery with many oil paintings. Customers at the store were first received in a reception room, given a cup of tea and cakes and then permitted to trade.

 

One factory was devoted to the manufacturing of goose quill pens. Quills were purchased by the wagon load in New York, sent to Rondout and brought to Sholam. Here they were boiled in oil, scraped, split and tied in bunches of a dozen quills with bright red ribbons. They were then transported back to New York. A Mr. Castor conducted a fur-cap factory, using local firs as well as seal.

 

Farms were cleared and fenced, and the homes were models of neatness and thrift. Some members of the colony peddled with packs; others were traveling shoemakers and tailors. All engaged in some employment and prospered. The Reverend Solomon Samelson was the rabbi. It is the opinion in the vicinity that these colonists were refugees from persecution in some country in Europe. They came laden with a quantity of rich furniture and household effects and beautiful paintings. They seemed to have been a people once possessed of wealth which may have been swept away by such an experience.

 

In the former part of this article we stated that the abundance of paper money and the fever of speculation with the inflated and irredeemable currency reached a crisis in 1837. There was currency, such as it was, in abundance, but no capital. This had been absorbed in speculative schemes and measures all over the land far beyond the needs of the day. During the spring of that year holders of the great issues of bank bills began to ask that these bills be converted into specie. Panic reigned everywhere.

 

The President, Martin Van Buren, on May 15th, 1837, called a meeting of Congress to assemble on the first Monday in September. People everywhere locked up what gold and silver money was in their possession. During all this time the president stood by his position that public lands must be paid for in specie, not in renewed promises to pay. In this he was firm during his whole administration. Besides, he insisted that the fiscal concerns of the government must be divorced from those of private individuals and corporations. It was a long and bitter struggle but the president won.

 

As we just said Congress was to meet on the first Monday of September, 1837. A few days before this, August 14th, 1837, Edmund Bruyn and the Jews mentioned had agreed upon the formation of a village on his lands in the town of Wawarsing. The surveys therefore were to be made by Jacob Chambers. The survey and map was completed and filed under date of November 22nd, 1837. The panic was at its height. When the purchasing colonists met on December 12th, 1837, for the receipt of their deeds, they could pay but from forth to fifty per cent of the purchase price because of the financial stringency and mortgages at seven per cent were given for the difference, payable in five years.

 

As the immediately succeeding years showed little improvement the mortgagors defaulted. By the autumn of 1841 they were considerable in arrears and foreclosures were begun. The court directed a sale and William H. Romeyn, editor of the Kingston Democratic Journal, was directed to sell Zion Berenstein and Ignatz Newman had paid off the mortgages on their lots. But the others were foreclosed and sold. Edmund Bruyn was the purchaser in each instance, buying the lots of Charles Saroni, Marcus Van Gelderen, Elias Rodman, Benedict Cohen, Moses Cohen, Solomon Samelson, Jonas Solomon, Edward May and William N. Polack, some on May 6th and the others on May 27th, 1842.

 

This brought the project to an end. The colony broke up. Auctions were held and the personal possessions of the colonists disposed of by auction sales. Houses were removed to other sites, goods and effects, including rich old furniture of mahogany and large gilt mirrors found their way into families of the vicinity where, it is probable, some may yet be traced and found.

 

This seems to have ended the enterprise early in 1842. As it could not have been under way before the spring of 1838 it must have been of not more than four years duration. Most of the lands cleared for farms and even the village site have returned to the wilderness in which the settlers found them and where they made a heroic attempt to build a model home and community. The colonists returned to New York City. Their future history is not known.” (“The Jewish Colony at Sholam, Ulster County.” Olde Ulster. Vol. 8, no. 6. June, 1912. Pp. 161-167.)

 

Given the local interest in the subject, Olde Ulster, in the following year of 1913, published a second article on the hamlet titled “Establishing a New Jerusalem in Sholam.” The article expanded on the 1912 article and contained additional information on the people, business, financial troubles and downfall of the experimental Jewish community in the woods. (“Establishing a New Jerusalem in Sholam.” Olde Ulster. Vol. 9, no. 8. August, 1913.)

 

For a more detailed history of the Sholam community, see also “The Sholem community: reimagining a Jewish agricultural community as the First Jewish Resort in the Catskill Mountains” by Michele Ferris, published in 2013 in the Communal Societies Journal, volume 33, number 2, pages 105 to 132.

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Angel Falls brook Catskill Mountains Catskills creek DEP Department of Environmental Protection falls hike hiker hiking New York photographs photography photos river Rondout Reservoir Sholam Sholam Falls Sholem stream Sundown tourism travel Trout Creek Trout Creek Unit Ulster County water waterfall Wawarsing Yagerville https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/9/angel-falls-and-sholam-falls-a-photographic-study Sat, 24 Sep 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Ashley Falls – A Photographic Study https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/9/ashley-falls-a-photographic-study Ashley Falls is a delightful three-tier waterfall located in the North-South Lake area of the northern Catskills. Ashley Creek, which originates from North Mountain, flows into North Lake, from which the waters of the lake continue its journey to Kaaterskill Falls, through Kaaterskill Clove and ultimately to the Hudson River.

 

Delightful Ashley Falls can be found in the North-South Lake area of the northern Catskills.Ashley FallsAshley Falls is a delightful 40-foot, three-tier waterfall located in the North-South Lake area of the northern Catskills. Ashley Falls is named for John Ashley, who used spruce trees in the North Lake area during the early 1800s to manufacture spruce beer. The waterfall is located on the Mary’s Glen trail, named for Mary Scribner who, along with her husband Ira, owned a sawmill and boarding house called the Glen Mary on the creek in the 1840s and 1850s.

Delightful Ashley Falls can be found in the North-South Lake area of the northern Catskills.Ashley Falls, North-South LakeAshley Falls is a delightful 40-foot, three-tier waterfall located in the North-South Lake area of the northern Catskills. Ashley Falls is named for John Ashley, who used spruce trees in the North Lake area during the early 1800s to manufacture spruce beer. The waterfall is located on the Mary’s Glen trail, named for Mary Scribner who, along with her husband Ira, owned a sawmill and boarding house called the Glen Mary on the creek in the 1840s and 1850s.

 

Ashley Falls is reached via the red-blazed Mary’s Glen trail, to a short yellow-blazed spur trail. The roundtrip hike is approximately 1/2 mile. The trailhead is located along the main road between the North Lake entrance and the North Lake parking area. Given its easy access, short hiking distance and beautiful scenery, Ashley Falls is popular for families with children and for those looking for a quick walk.

 

The Mary’s Glen trail is named for Mary (Saxe) Scribner (1807-1889) who, along with her husband Ira Scribner (1800-1890), owned a sawmill and boarding house called the Glen Mary on the creek in the 1840s and 1850s.

 

Mary Saxe was the daughter of Catharina Irene Layman Saxe (1786-1853) and Frederick William Saxe (1780-1854), a noted member of the Kiskatom community. Mary and Ira Scribner were married on March 1, 1829. Mary passed away at Kiskatom on February 22, 1889 and Ira passed away at 89 years of age at Kiskatom on September 12, 1890. Both Mary and Ira are buried at the Linzey Family Cemetery on the grounds of the old Catskill Game Farm in Catskill, New York. Ashley Falls has sometimes been referred to as Mary’s Glen Falls.

 

Famous American author Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862), along with his friend William Ellery Channing (1817-1901), stayed at the Glen Mary in July 1844, where he found “the inspiration for his momentous experiment at Walden Pond”. Thoreau, in beginning his daily journal at Walden on July 5th of the following year, wrote of his time at Mary’s Glen.

 

“Yesterday, I came here to live. My house makes me think of some mountain houses I have seen, which seemed to have a fresher auroral atmosphere about them, as I fancy of the halls of Olympus. I lodged at the house of a saw-miller last summer, on the Catskill Mountains, high up as Pine Orchard, in the blueberry and raspberry region, where the quiet and cleanliness and coolness seemed to be all one, – which had their ambrosial character.

 

He was the miller of the Kaaterskill Falls. They were a clean and wholesome family, inside and out, like their house. The latter was not plastered, only lathed and the inner doors were not hung. The house seemed high-placed, airy, and perfumed, fit to entertain a travelling god. It was so high, indeed, that all the music, the broken strains, the waifs and accompaniments of tunes, that swept over the ridge of the Catskills, passed through its aisles. Could not man be man in such an abode? And would he ever find out this groveling life? It was the very light and atmosphere in which the works of Grecian art were composed, and in which they rest. They have appropriated to themselves a loftier hall than mortals ever occupy, at least on a level with the mountain-brows of the world. There was wanting a little of the glare of the lower vales, and in its place a pure twilight as become the precincts of heaven. Yet so equable and calm was the season there that you could not tell whether it was morning or noon or evening. Always there was the sound of the morning cricket.”

 

“For Thoreau, Scribner’s house offered the instant revelation of a rustic architectural ideal; rough, unplastered, open to nature, clean, and healthful. It even resonated with the extraordinary virtues of the Parthenon, as he hints by calling it “high placed, airy, and perfumed, fit to entertain a travelling God” and by referring to its “aisles.” For the classically inspired young writer with an enthusiasm for the primitive hut, Scribner’s evidently seemed a latter-day Doric cabin . . . The origin of Thoreau’s Walden idea, it seems, was to join Scribner’s “airy and unplastered cabin” and the South Lake “tarn” into the conception of a rustic lakeshore retreat of his own, one that would allow him to live the vigorous Catskills life not only in summer but all year long.” (Maynard, W. Barksdale. “Thoreau’s House at Walden.” The Art Bulletin, vol. 81, no. 2, 1999, pp. 303–25, https://doi.org/10.2307/3050694. Accessed 21 Apr. 2022.)

 

In his “experiment”, Thoreau would live for two years in a cabin near Walden Pond in Massachusetts removed but not isolated from others with minimal material goods to “live deliberately, to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived.” Walden would become a classic American book noted for its themes of individualism, simplification and self-reliance.

 

Delightful Ashley Falls can be found in the North-South Lake area of the northern Catskills.Ashley FallsAshley Falls is a delightful 40-foot, three-tier waterfall located in the North-South Lake area of the northern Catskills. Ashley Falls is named for John Ashley, who used spruce trees in the North Lake area during the early 1800s to manufacture spruce beer. The waterfall is located on the Mary’s Glen trail, named for Mary Scribner who, along with her husband Ira, owned a sawmill and boarding house called the Glen Mary on the creek in the 1840s and 1850s.

Delightful Ashley Falls can be found in the North-South Lake area of the northern Catskills.In Memory of John AshleyAshley Falls is a delightful 40-foot, three-tier waterfall located in the North-South Lake area of the northern Catskills. Ashley Falls is named for John Ashley, who used spruce trees in the North Lake area during the early 1800s to manufacture spruce beer. The waterfall is located on the Mary’s Glen trail, named for Mary Scribner who, along with her husband Ira, owned a sawmill and boarding house called the Glen Mary on the creek in the 1840s and 1850s.

 

Noted American landscape painter Sanford Gifford (1823-1880), a leading member of the Hudson River School of Art, was a regular guest at the Glen Mary during the late 1840s and the early 1850s. The Autobiography of Worthington Whittredge details some of Gifford’s time at Scribner’s Boarding House.

 

“Many years ago he [Gifford] hunted up a little house in Kaaterskill Clove, in which lived a family of plain country folk, and, as the place was secluded an there were no boarders, he liked it and managed to obtain quarters there. This house, scarcely enough to hold the family, was, nevertheless, for many summers the abiding place of a congregation of artists. The beds were few and it may truly be said that the best were the cheapest, for the most expensive were composed of straw, while the cheapest were of feathers.

 

As may well be imagined, the table at this house was not very good. Gifford was no gourmet, but he had a commendable ambition to improve the cooking of the Catskills. To this end, he urged the immigration of some of the wives and sisters of those present, whose culinary gifts he was acquainted with. In due time they appeared upon the scene and, by their adroit direction, new dishes were served and coffee was improved.

 

But this experiment proved fatal in the end. Boarders came in flocks from the city, and Scribner’s Boarding House had to be abandoned by the artists and new quarters found further on.” (Bauer, John I. H. “The Autobiography of Worthington Whittredge, 1820-1910.” Brooklyn Museum Journal, 1942. Brooklyn, NY: Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, 1942. p. 59.)

 

Famed author and historian Alf Evers, writing in his classic The Catskills: From Wilderness to Woodstock, noted the name origins of Ashley Falls and Ashley’s Creek.

 

“One man found an unusual way to use one of the kinds of trees which grew in the Catskills. He was John Ashley. Hardly had the Schohariekill Road been opened when Ashley was traveling it in order to set up on the shore of North Lake two log buildings in which he manufactured from the tips of the branches of spruce trees a substance known as the essence of spruce. This John Ashley was a man worth knowing, for he emerges from the old records seeming even yet to bounce and quiver with acquisitive energy and ingenuity. Of Yankee origin, he had come from the city of Hudson to serve as the town baker of Catskill. Years after Ashley was gone, old-timers recalled that he had advertised with a vigor worthy of more recent times. The signboard attached to his shop was actually bigger than the shop. On it were shown in natural colors monumental loaves of bread and giant barrels of overflowing with crackers. Surmounting these appeals to the public appetite was a slogan reading, “May our County never want for Bread.” But baking could not absorb all of John Ashley’s energy. He was ever on the alert for new ways of laying his hands on dollars. As a baker he supplied the people of Catskill with bread to eat. Sometime in the 1790s he proposed supplying them, as well as more distant Americans, with something to drink.

 

The tips of the spruce trees to be found beside North Lake were the raw materials of Ashley’s method of quenching Americans’ thirst. In Ashley’s day, the artificially carbonated drinks daily consumed by millions in our time were yet unknown, although a beginning had been made by druggists who flavored, colored and carbonated waters prescribed by physicians for those who could or would not visit spas where naturally carbonated waters were to be found. The place in life of the cola drinks, the ginger ales, and similar concoctions of our day was once filled very well indeed by a slightly alcoholic liquid known as spruce beer. People of all ages relished spruce beer but it was the especial favorite of children and adolescents. Old ladies and one-armed veterans often kept refreshment stands at which they offered spruce beer and gingerbread of their own brewing and baking. Such stands sprang up in cities on holidays and were a feature of summer resorts and of places to which people traveled to see natural wonders.

 

Most spruce beer was made from the essence of spruce. To a small amount of essence, water, sugar or molasses, and a little yeast were added. The mixture was allowed to ferment for a few days and was then bottled. John Ashley’s plan was to settle on the shores of North Lake and there produce the essence of spruce which he could send down to the Hudson River over the new road. The log buildings were his headquarters, located close to the point at which the stream once known in his honor as Ashley’s Brook enters the lake. For years the spruce trees bordering the lakes dwindled as Ashley’s kettles boiled and bubbled. But by 1809 the project failed and Ashley was turning his attention to fresh paths to riches. An alum mine in the Kaaterskill Clove and a plaster mill near Catskill had become the subjects of his dreams.” (pp. 293-295.)

 

Delightful Ashley Falls can be found in the North-South Lake area of the northern Catskills.Ashley Falls, Mary's Glen TrailAshley Falls is a delightful 40-foot, three-tier waterfall located in the North-South Lake area of the northern Catskills. Ashley Falls is named for John Ashley, who used spruce trees in the North Lake area during the early 1800s to manufacture spruce beer. The waterfall is located on the Mary’s Glen trail, named for Mary Scribner who, along with her husband Ira, owned a sawmill and boarding house called the Glen Mary on the creek in the 1840s and 1850s.

Delightful Ashley Falls can be found in the North-South Lake area of the northern Catskills.Ashley Falls, North-South Lake, CatskillsAshley Falls is a delightful 40-foot, three-tier waterfall located in the North-South Lake area of the northern Catskills. Ashley Falls is named for John Ashley, who used spruce trees in the North Lake area during the early 1800s to manufacture spruce beer. The waterfall is located on the Mary’s Glen trail, named for Mary Scribner who, along with her husband Ira, owned a sawmill and boarding house called the Glen Mary on the creek in the 1840s and 1850s.

Delightful Ashley Falls can be found in the North-South Lake area of the northern Catskills.Ashley Falls, In DetailAshley Falls is a delightful 40-foot, three-tier waterfall located in the North-South Lake area of the northern Catskills. Ashley Falls is named for John Ashley, who used spruce trees in the North Lake area during the early 1800s to manufacture spruce beer. The waterfall is located on the Mary’s Glen trail, named for Mary Scribner who, along with her husband Ira, owned a sawmill and boarding house called the Glen Mary on the creek in the 1840s and 1850s.

 

Samuel E. Rusk, in his 1879 guidebook titled Rusk’s Illustrated Guide to the Catskill Mountains, described the Mary’s Glen and Ashley’s Creek area as being a popular walk from the Catskill Mountain House.

 

“Mary’s Glen. Walk in the Mt. House Region. The shady walk of a mile, without climbing, from the Mountain House to Mary’s Glen is a desirable one. The way is down the mountain road to the top of the second small hill, where the left one of the two paths on the north should be followed. It leads past the eastern end of North Lake, crossing a small stream near the Lake. Half a mile farther Ashley’s Creek is crossed on a log for a footbridge. A pretty falls are some two hundred feet further up the stream. A path leads from the top of the falls to the road, by the charcoal pit west of the lake, and the return is usually by this way.” (p. 88.)

 

Three years later, in 1882, Walton Van Loan also described the area in his own guidebook titled Van Loan’s Catskill Mountain Guide.

 

“Mary’s Glen – North Mountain. Go down the mountain road to the general entrance of North Mountain. Take the left hand path – a wood-road – part of the way along the eastern shore of North Lake; cross Ravine Creek, and just before reaching “Glen Mary,” cross Ashley’s Creek on a log placed there for the purpose. From here the sound of the fall can generally be heard, distant about two hundred feet up the creek.

 

Arriving at the falls, cross the stream, and ascend the bank so as to cross back again on the top of the falls, where a well defined path will bring you out on the main road by the charcoal pit, three quarters of a mile from the Mountain House. This delightful and shady walk is recommended to those who wish to avoid climbing, and is a favorite walk with the ladies.” (p. 18.)

 

Roland Van Zandt described the Ashley’s Falls area in his book titled The Catskill Mountain House.

 

“Quickly descending the mountain, it soon arrives at the headwaters of Ashley’s Creek, the principal source of North and South Lakes. Following this mountain stream for about half a mile, the trail then intersects the red trail that provides a shortcut to the eastern escarpment (not known in the nineteenth century), and soon reaches the head of Ashley’s Falls, the main feature of the idyllic Glen Mary. The falls are not large, but they are proportionate to the intimate seclusion of the surrounding dale and afford a delightful contrast to the more spectacular scenes of the upper trail. A subsidiary yellow trail (much used in the nineteenth century) provides a detour to the top and bottom of the falls, then back to the main trail. During the last century this trail was a popular walk for those who did not wish to encounter the rigors of the eastern escarpment and was a ‘favorite walk with the ladies.’” (p. 115.)

 

The North-South Lake area is described on the New York state Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) website as the most popular state property in the Catskills and includes its largest campground. During the summer months the 84-acre North-South Lake area offers a picture-perfect location for swimming, boating, camping, hiking and picnicking.

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Ashley Falls boarding house camp campground camping Catskill Mountains Catskills creek Escarpment Escarpment Trail Glen Mary Henry David Thoreau Ira Scribner Mary Scribner Mary's Glen Massachusetts North Lake photographs photography photos river Sanford Gifford sawmill South Lake tourism trail travel Walden Walden Pond water waterfall https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/9/ashley-falls-a-photographic-study Sat, 17 Sep 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Tompkins Falls – A Photographic Study https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/9/tompkins-falls-a-photographic-study Tompkins Falls is a beautiful roadside water fall located in the Delaware Wild Forest section of the western Catskills. The falls, located on the Barkaboom Stream, are approximately 25 feet tall. Near the top of the falls are the remnants of old dam and mill site.

 

Photographs of Tompkins Falls, a waterfall in the western Catskills, located near the hamlet of Andes and the village of Margaretville.Tompkins FallsTompkins Falls is a beautiful roadside water fall located in the Delaware Wild Forest section of the western Catskills. The falls, located on the Barkaboom Stream, are approximately 25 feet tall. Near the top of the falls are the remnants of old dam and mill site.

Photographs of Tompkins Falls, a waterfall in the western Catskills, located near the hamlet of Andes and the village of Margaretville.Autumn at Tompkins FallsTompkins Falls is a beautiful roadside water fall located in the Delaware Wild Forest section of the western Catskills. The falls, located on the Barkaboom Stream, are approximately 25 feet tall. Near the top of the falls are the remnants of old dam and mill site.

Photographs of Tompkins Falls, a waterfall in the western Catskills, located near the hamlet of Andes and the village of Margaretville.Tompkins Falls, On the Barkaboom StreamTompkins Falls is a beautiful roadside water fall located in the Delaware Wild Forest section of the western Catskills. The falls, located on the Barkaboom Stream, are approximately 25 feet tall. Near the top of the falls are the remnants of old dam and mill site.

Photographs of Tompkins Falls, a waterfall in the western Catskills, located near the hamlet of Andes and the village of Margaretville.Tompkins Falls, Close UpTompkins Falls is a beautiful roadside water fall located in the Delaware Wild Forest section of the western Catskills. The falls, located on the Barkaboom Stream, are approximately 25 feet tall. Near the top of the falls are the remnants of old dam and mill site.

 

The Barkaboom Stream, which rises between Barkaboom Mountain and Touchmenot Mountain, once flowed into the East Branch of the Delaware River, but now sends its waters into the Pepacton Reservoir, south of the hamlet of Andes and west of the village of Margaretville. Deerlick Brook flows west off of Barkaboom Mountain and joins the Barkaboom Stream upstream of Tompkins Falls.

 

The nearby 3,140-foot Barkaboom Mountain is part of the Mill Brook Ridge Range. Other peaks in this range include Balsam Lake Mountain, Schoolhouse Mountain, Graham Mountain and Doubletop Mountain. Graham Mountain, at 3,868 feet, and Doubletop Mountain, at 3,860 feet are the seventh and eighth highest mountains in the Catskills. (Kudish, Michael. The Catskill Forest: A History. Fleischmanns, NY: Purple Mountain Press, 2000. pp. 91-96.) For more information on hiking the unmarked Barkaboom Mountain, see Alan Via’s book titled The Catskill 67 – A Hiker’s Guide to the Catskill 100 Highest Peaks under 3500’.

 

Barkaboom Stream, Barkaboom Road and Barkaboom Mountain all have quite interesting names. According to the History of Delaware County, N.Y., the Barkaboom name “is of Indian origin, signifying a birch bridge, and alludes to an immense birch tree which had so fallen as to make a suitable bridge on one of the Indian trails crossing this stream.” (History of Delaware County, N.Y. New York: W.W. Munsell & Co., 1880. p. 111.)

 

Two other sources state that the Barkaboom name derives from either the Dutch word “berkenboom,” meaning “birch tree,” or perhaps otherwise a family name. (Van Der Sijs, Nicoline. Cookies, Coleslaw and Stoops. Amsterdam University Press, 2009. p. 52.; also, Stewart, George Rippey. American Place-Names. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970. p. 35.)

 

However, a third theory about the Barkaboom name was put forward by journalist David Rossie in a 1991 article for the Press and Sun-Bulletin newspaper of Binghamton, New York.

 

“Bob Gonos of Binghamton solved the mystery of Barkaboom for me. A “barkaboom,” Gonos wrote, was a person who stripped bark from trees – hemlock, I believe – in the Catskill Mountains around the turn of the century and probably into the 1930s. The bark was used as a dying agent in the shoe industry.

 

Gonos said his information was supplied by a man named Cal Smith of Phoenicia. He said Cal’s father was a fishing guide on the Esopus and that one of his frequent clients was the comedian, Fred Allen.

 

“Incidentally,” Gonos added, “from the way Cal referred to barkabooms, it was not a highly regarded occupation.”

 

Sort of like journalist, maybe.” (Rossie, David. “How the barkaboom got his name.” Press and Sun-Bulletin. June 10, 1991.)  

 

Photographs of Tompkins Falls, a waterfall in the western Catskills, located near the hamlet of Andes and the village of Margaretville.Past the Former DamTompkins Falls is a beautiful roadside water fall located in the Delaware Wild Forest section of the western Catskills. The falls, located on the Barkaboom Stream, are approximately 25 feet tall. Near the top of the falls are the remnants of old dam and mill site.

Photographs of Tompkins Falls, a waterfall in the western Catskills, located near the hamlet of Andes and the village of Margaretville.The Flowing Barkaboom StreamTompkins Falls is a beautiful roadside water fall located in the Delaware Wild Forest section of the western Catskills. The falls, located on the Barkaboom Stream, are approximately 25 feet tall. Near the top of the falls are the remnants of old dam and mill site.

Photographs of Tompkins Falls, a waterfall in the western Catskills, located near the hamlet of Andes and the village of Margaretville.Over the Edge at Tompkins FallsTompkins Falls is a beautiful roadside water fall located in the Delaware Wild Forest section of the western Catskills. The falls, located on the Barkaboom Stream, are approximately 25 feet tall. Near the top of the falls are the remnants of old dam and mill site.

Photographs of Tompkins Falls, a waterfall in the western Catskills, located near the hamlet of Andes and the village of Margaretville.Upper Tompkins FallsTompkins Falls is a beautiful roadside water fall located in the Delaware Wild Forest section of the western Catskills. The falls, located on the Barkaboom Stream, are approximately 25 feet tall. Near the top of the falls are the remnants of old dam and mill site.

 

The valley of the Barkaboom was closely associated with the history of the nearby hamlet of Union Grove. The hamlet was located where the Barkaboom Stream entered the East Branch of the Delaware.

 

The Union Grove area was first settled in 1800 by a family with the name of Howks. With an abundance of lumber, including white hemlock trees, Eli Sears established a sawmill on the Barkaboom Stream in 1801, moving the wood each year to the Philadelphia market.

 

In 1848 the firm of Jenkins and Mekeel built another sawmill further up the Barkaboom Stream. This firm, a partnership between James Jenkins (1812-1883) and John Mekeel (b. 1798) & Son, was established with the purchase of 130 acres of land, to which an additional 270 acres were later added. This mill was later operated by Anson Jenkins (1833-1905), son of James Jenkins.

 

In 1857 Andrew Hawver settled further up the valley, about one-third of a mile below Tompkins Falls, and established his own mill. This mill was later operated by William M. Spickerman.

 

In September 1863 flooding caused much damage in the Barkaboom area. “On the Barkaboom stream its ravages were very great. About 1200 logs were taken out of the milldam, belonging to A. Hawver, Esq. Part of the sawmill of James Jenkins were swept away – the entire sawmill, logs and lumber around it, belonging to Harrison Hawver, were taken down the stream – and, finally, the dwelling house of Mr. Hawver, P. M., of Union Grove Post Office, was undermined, broken to pieces and taken away.” (“Flood in Andes.” Bloomville Mirror. September 29, 1863.)

 

In 1868 Robert M. Hammer and Herman D. Hammer established a sawmill 3.3 miles up the Barkaboom Stream from the East Branch confluence. This was known as the Little Falls Mill. The Hammer’s also operated a lumber and general merchandise business at the hamlet of Union Grove.

 

In 1880 Union Grove was described as having a post office, a hotel, several shops, a sawmill, three churches and a schoolhouse. In terms of progress at Union Grove, district school number 20 was established in 1843, the Union Grove post office was established in 1857, and the first general store was established in 1860 by R. M. Hammer.

 

The business dealings of the Barkaboom valley, in a book on local history, were described in 1880. “Opposite Union Grove, on the right bank of the river, are old, well improved farms, but up the valley of the Barkaboom is a newly cleared, sparsely settled tract, which seems to be in a sort of transition state between lumbering and farming, where the one has ceased to pay and the other has not become profitable.” (History of Delaware County, N.Y. New York: W.W. Munsell & Co., 1880. p. 111.)

 

Union Grove was one of the four hamlets destroyed during the construction of the Pepacton Reservoir. The other three destroyed hamlets included Pepacton, Shavertown and Arena.

 

For those who wish to spend a little more time in this area in a beautiful rustic setting, the Little Pond Campground is located approximately five miles south along Barkaboom Road. The state campground offers tent and RV camping, fishing, boating and swimming, all set on the picturesque, 13-acre Little Pond. For more information visit the New York Department of Environmental Conservation website for Little Pond Campground and Day Use Area.

 

For those with a need for more refined lodging, the historic Beaverkill Valley Inn is also located in this region. The Inn, formerly known as The Bonnie View, was built for anglers seeking to spend time on the pristine waters of the Beaverkill. The Inn continues today with its history of inviting hospitality. Visit their website at www.beaverkillvalleyinn.com for more information.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Barkaboom Mountain Barkaboom Road Barkaboom Stream Catskill Mountains Catskills Delaware Wild Forest Margaretville Matthew Jarnich New York Pepacton Reservoir photographs photography photos Tompkins Falls tourism travel Union Grove water waterfall https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/9/tompkins-falls-a-photographic-study Sat, 10 Sep 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Otto Hillig – New Photographs https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/9/otto-hillig-new-photographs Otto Hillig can be considered one of the great photographers in Catskills history. Arriving from Germany in the United States as a poor teenage immigrant he took on a series of odd jobs before developing a prosperous photography business at his adopted hometown in the village of Liberty in Sullivan County, New York. He operated a well-regarded portrait studio in the village, extensively photographed the landscapes of the region and was considered an earlier pioneer of aerial photography.

 

I have recently acquired a number of photographic items published by Otto Hillig, including postcards, a photograph and a rare stereoview. They have all been added to the Otto Hillig gallery, which now contains over 120 of his works.

 

Liberty House, Liberty, N.Y.

Vintage postcard published by photographer Otto Hillig depicting the Liberty House, located in the village of Liberty, New York.Liberty House, Liberty, N.Y.This vintage postcard published by photographer Otto Hillig depicts the grand Liberty House, located in the village of Liberty, New York. The postmark on the reverse side shows that the postcard was mailed in 1911.

 

Colonial Hall, Liberty, N.Y.

Vintage postcard by photographer Otto Hillig depicting the charming Colonial Hall building in the village of Liberty, New York.Colonial Hall, Liberty, N.Y.This vintage postcard by photographer Otto Hillig depicts the charming Colonial Hall building in the village of Liberty, New York. The postcard was never mailed.

 

Crest Lawn, Liberty, N.Y.

Vintage postcard published by photographer Otto Hillig depicting the charming Crest Lawn building in the village of Liberty, New York.Crest Lawn, Liberty, N.Y.This vintage postcard published by photographer Otto Hillig depicts the charming Crest Lawn building in the village of Liberty, New York. The postcard was never mailed.

 

The Mapledoram Log Cabin, DeBruce, N.Y.

Vintage photograph from Otto Hillig titled “The Mapledoram Log Cabin, DeBruce, N.Y.”The Mapledoram Log Cabin, DeBruce, N.Y.

 

Xmas at the M. E. Church, Liberty, N.Y.

Photographer Otto Hillig of Liberty, New York published this vintage postcard titled “Xmas at the M. E. Church, Liberty, N.Y.”Xmas at the M. E. Church, Liberty, N.Y.

 

Grooville, N.Y.

Vintage photograph by Otto Hillig titled “Grooville, N.Y.”Grooville, N.Y.

 

Beautiful Scenery near Grooville, N.Y.

Vintage photograph by Otto Hillig titled “Beautiful Scenery near Grooville, N.Y.”Beautiful Scenery near Grooville, N.Y.

 

One of the Many Waterfalls in Sull. Co., N.Y. Parksville, N.Y.

Vintage photograph by Otto Hillig titled “One of the Many Waterfalls in Sull. Co., N.Y. Parksville, N.Y.”One of the Many Waterfalls in Sull. Co., N.Y. Parksville, N.Y.

 

Koons Bros. Turning Mill, Emmonsville, N.Y.

Vintage photography by Otto Hillig titled “Koons Bros. Turning Mill, Emmonsville, N.Y.”Koons Bros. Turning Mill, Emmonsville, N.Y.

 

Young, Messiter and Dodge Float. Centennial, 1907, Liberty, N.Y.

Vintage photograph by Otto Hillig titled “Young, Messiter and Dodge Float. Centennial, 1907, Liberty, N.Y.”Young, Messiter and Dodge Float. Centennial, 1907, Liberty, N.Y.

 

I. O. G. T. Float from White Sulpher Springs. Centennial, Liberty, N.Y. 1907

Vintage photograph by Otto Hillig titled “I. O. G. T. Float from White Sulpher Springs. Centennial, Liberty, N.Y. 1907.”I. O. G. T. Float from White Sulpher Springs. Centennial, Liberty, N.Y. 1907

 

The Trout Stream near Lake Ophelia, Liberty, N.Y.

Vintage photo by Otto Hillig titled “The Trout Stream near Lake Ophelia, Liberty, N.Y.”The Trout Stream near Lake Ophelia, Liberty, N.Y.

 

Arriving of the U.S. Mail, Grooville, N.Y.

Vintage photog by Otto Hillig titled “Arriving of the U.S. Mail, Grooville, N.Y.”Arriving of the U.S. Mail, Grooville, N.Y.

 

Remains of the Old Tanning Industry, Claryville, N.Y.

Vintage photo by Otto Hillig titled “Remains of the Old Tanning Industry, Claryville, N.Y.”Remains of the Old Tanning Industry, Claryville, N.Y.

 

The Acid Factory, Willowemoc, N.Y.

Vintage photo by Otto Hillig titled “The Acid Factory, Willowemoc, N.Y.”The Acid Factory, Willowemoc, N.Y.

 

Stevensville, N.Y.

Vintage stereoview by Otto Hillig titled “Stevensville, N.Y.” depicting a scenic waterfall.Stevensville, N.Y.

 

Untitled (Man, Horse and Wagon)

Vintage untitled photograph by Otto Hillig depicting a man sitting in a wagon being pulled by two horses.Man, Horse and Wagon

 

Hillig’s Castle

Hillig's CastleHillig's Castle

 

Otto Hillig and Holger Hoiriis

Vintage advertising card depicting Otto Hillig and Holger Hoiriis with their plane Liberty.Otto Hillig and Holger HoiriisOtto Hillig and Holger Hoiriis, with their plane Liberty, are depicted on this vintage advertising card, which highlighted their trans-Atlantic flight from New York to Copenhagen in 1931.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) aerial architecture building Catskill Mountains Catskills gallery Hillig's Photo Studio landscapes Liberty Main Street New York Otto Hillig photographer photographs photography photos pictures portrait postcards studio Sullivan County https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/9/otto-hillig-new-photographs Sat, 03 Sep 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Louis E. Jones – New Photographs https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/8/louis-e-jones-new-photographs Louis E. Jones was a well-regarded photographer and painter closely associated with the Catskill Mountains and, later in his career, with the Great Smoky Mountains near Gatlinburg, Tennessee.

 

I have recently acquired a number of new Catskills photographs by Louis E. Jones. They have all been added to the Jones gallery, which now contains 24 of his original postcard photographs.

 

Mountain Laurel. #1, Beautiful Catskill Mountain Series.

Mountain Laurel. Louis E. Jones. Beautiful Catskill Mountain Series, No. 1.Mountain Laurel, No. 1, Beautiful Catskill Mountain SeriesLouis E. Jones. Beautiful Catskill Mountain Series, No. 1. Author’s collection.

Louis E. Jones was a well-regarded photographer and painter closely associated with the Catskills and the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

 

On Breezy Heights. #5, Beautiful Catskill Mountains Series.

Breezy Heights. Louis E. Jones. Beautiful Catskill Mountain Series, No. 5.Breezy Heights, No. 5, Beautiful Catskill Mountain SeriesLouis E. Jones. Beautiful Catskill Mountain Series, No. 5. Author’s collection.

Louis E. Jones was a well-regarded photographer and painter closely associated with the Catskills and the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

 

Haunts of Rip Van Winkle. #13, Beautiful Catskill Mountain Series.

Haunts of Rip Van WinkleHaunts of Rip Van Winkle, No. 13, Beautiful Catskill Mountain SeriesLouis E. Jones. Beautiful Catskill Mountain Series, No. 13. Author’s collection.

Louis E. Jones was a well-regarded photographer and painter closely associated with the Catskills and the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

 

Tower at Lake Mohonk. #4, Beautiful Kingston Series.

Tower at Lake Mohonk. Louis E. Jones. Beautiful Kingston Series, No. 4.Tower at Lake Mohonk, No. 4, Beautiful Kingston SeriesLouis E. Jones. Beautiful Kingston Series, No. 4. Author’s collection.

Louis E. Jones was a well-regarded photographer and painter closely associated with the Catskills and the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

 

Hillside Cottages. #15, Beautiful Kingston Series.

Hillside Cottages. Louis E. Jones. Beautiful Kingston Series, No. 15.Hillside Cottages, No. 15, Beautiful Kingston SeriesLouis E. Jones. Beautiful Kingston Series, No. 15. Author’s collection.

Louis E. Jones was a well-regarded photographer and painter closely associated with the Catskills and the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

 

Across the Meadows. #24, Beautiful Kingston Series.

Across the Meadows. Louis E. Jones. Beautiful Kingston Series, No. 24.Across the Meadows, No. 24, Beautiful Kingston SeriesLouis E. Jones. Beautiful Kingston Series, No. 24. Author’s collection.

Louis E. Jones was a well-regarded photographer and painter closely associated with the Catskills and the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

 

Cutting Logs near Woodstock. #36, Beautiful Woodstock Series.

Cutting Logs near Woodstock. Louis E. Jones. Beautiful Woodstock Series, No. 36.Cutting Logs near Woodstock, No. 36, Beautiful Woodstock SeriesLouis E. Jones. Beautiful Woodstock Series, No. 36. Author’s collection.

Louis E. Jones was a well-regarded photographer and painter closely associated with the Catskills and the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

 

A Woodstock Studio. Copyright 1920.

A Woodstock Studio. Louis E. Jones.A Woodstock StudioLouis E. Jones. Author’s collection.

Louis E. Jones was a well-regarded photographer and painter closely associated with the Catskills and the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

 

Concert Hall at the Maverick, Woodstock, N.Y. Copyright 1918.

Concert Hall at the Maverick, Woodstock, N.Y. Louis E. Jones.Concert Hall at the Maverick, Woodstock, N.Y.Louis E. Jones. Author’s collection.

Louis E. Jones was a well-regarded photographer and painter closely associated with the Catskills and the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

 

The Woodstock Valley. Copyright 1925.

The Woodstock Valley. Louis E. Jones.The Woodstock ValleyLouis E. Jones. Author’s collection.

Louis E. Jones was a well-regarded photographer and painter closely associated with the Catskills and the Great Smoky Mountains National Park.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) art artist Bucknell University Catskill Mountains Catskills Cliff Dwellers exhibit gallery Gatlinburg gift shop Kingston L. E. J. L. E. Jones Little Art Gallery Little Art Shop Louis E. Jones Louis Edward Jones New York painter photo photographer photography show Smoky Mountains Tennessee tourism travel Williamsport Woodstock https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/8/louis-e-jones-new-photographs Sat, 27 Aug 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Buttermilk Falls: A Photographic Study https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/8/buttermilk-falls-a-photographic-study Buttermilk Falls is a relatively anonymous waterfall located in the Peekamoose Valley near Sundown in the Sundown Wild Forest. The falls consist of two tiers, the upper tier measuring approximately 45 feet in height and the lower tier measuring 5 feet in height.

 

Buttermilk Falls Brook forms on the south slopes of Peekamoose Mountain and joins the Rondout Creek on the far side of Route 47.

 

Buttermilk Falls is a relatively anonymous Catskills waterfall located in the Peekamoose Valley near Sundown in the Sundown Wild Forest.Buttermilk FallsButtermilk Falls is a relatively anonymous waterfall located in the Peekamoose Valley near Sundown in the Sundown Wild Forest. The falls consist of two tiers, the upper tier measuring approximately 45 feet in height and the lower tier measuring 5 feet in height.

Buttermilk Falls Brook forms on the south slopes of Peekamoose Mountain and joins the Rondout Creek on the far side of Route 47.

Buttermilk Falls is a relatively anonymous Catskills waterfall located in the Peekamoose Valley near Sundown in the Sundown Wild Forest.Like ButtermilkButtermilk Falls is a relatively anonymous waterfall located in the Peekamoose Valley near Sundown in the Sundown Wild Forest. The falls consist of two tiers, the upper tier measuring approximately 45 feet in height and the lower tier measuring 5 feet in height.

Buttermilk Falls Brook forms on the south slopes of Peekamoose Mountain and joins the Rondout Creek on the far side of Route 47.

Buttermilk Falls is a relatively anonymous Catskills waterfall located in the Peekamoose Valley near Sundown in the Sundown Wild Forest.Buttermilk Falls, FlowingButtermilk Falls is a relatively anonymous waterfall located in the Peekamoose Valley near Sundown in the Sundown Wild Forest. The falls consist of two tiers, the upper tier measuring approximately 45 feet in height and the lower tier measuring 5 feet in height.

Buttermilk Falls Brook forms on the south slopes of Peekamoose Mountain and joins the Rondout Creek on the far side of Route 47.

Buttermilk Falls is a relatively anonymous Catskills waterfall located in the Peekamoose Valley near Sundown in the Sundown Wild Forest.Flowing Buttermilk FallsButtermilk Falls is a relatively anonymous waterfall located in the Peekamoose Valley near Sundown in the Sundown Wild Forest. The falls consist of two tiers, the upper tier measuring approximately 45 feet in height and the lower tier measuring 5 feet in height.

Buttermilk Falls Brook forms on the south slopes of Peekamoose Mountain and joins the Rondout Creek on the far side of Route 47.

Buttermilk Falls is a relatively anonymous Catskills waterfall located in the Peekamoose Valley near Sundown in the Sundown Wild Forest.Buttermilk Falls BrookButtermilk Falls is a relatively anonymous waterfall located in the Peekamoose Valley near Sundown in the Sundown Wild Forest. The falls consist of two tiers, the upper tier measuring approximately 45 feet in height and the lower tier measuring 5 feet in height.

Buttermilk Falls Brook forms on the south slopes of Peekamoose Mountain and joins the Rondout Creek on the far side of Route 47.

Buttermilk Falls is a relatively anonymous Catskills waterfall located in the Peekamoose Valley near Sundown in the Sundown Wild Forest.Buttermilk Falls, Close UpButtermilk Falls is a relatively anonymous waterfall located in the Peekamoose Valley near Sundown in the Sundown Wild Forest. The falls consist of two tiers, the upper tier measuring approximately 45 feet in height and the lower tier measuring 5 feet in height.

Buttermilk Falls Brook forms on the south slopes of Peekamoose Mountain and joins the Rondout Creek on the far side of Route 47.

Buttermilk Falls is a relatively anonymous Catskills waterfall located in the Peekamoose Valley near Sundown in the Sundown Wild Forest.Rocky ButtermilkButtermilk Falls is a relatively anonymous waterfall located in the Peekamoose Valley near Sundown in the Sundown Wild Forest. The falls consist of two tiers, the upper tier measuring approximately 45 feet in height and the lower tier measuring 5 feet in height.

Buttermilk Falls Brook forms on the south slopes of Peekamoose Mountain and joins the Rondout Creek on the far side of Route 47.

Buttermilk Falls is a relatively anonymous Catskills waterfall located in the Peekamoose Valley near Sundown in the Sundown Wild Forest.Descending Buttermilk FallsButtermilk Falls is a relatively anonymous waterfall located in the Peekamoose Valley near Sundown in the Sundown Wild Forest. The falls consist of two tiers, the upper tier measuring approximately 45 feet in height and the lower tier measuring 5 feet in height.

Buttermilk Falls Brook forms on the south slopes of Peekamoose Mountain and joins the Rondout Creek on the far side of Route 47.

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) brook Buttermilk Falls Buttermilk Falls Brook Catskill Mountains Catskills creek Peekamoose Mountain Peekamoose Valley photographs photography photos river Rondout Creek Route 42 Route 47 stream Sundown Sundown Wild Forest tourism travel Ulster County water waterfall https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/8/buttermilk-falls-a-photographic-study Sat, 20 Aug 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Kaaterskill Falls: A Springtime Photographic Study https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/8/kaaterskill-falls-a-springtime-photographic-study Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills. For over two centuries, visitors, including many famous artists and writers, have journeyed to the falls and found themselves amazed at its beauty.

 

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills.Kaaterskill FallsHaines Falls, Greene County

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills. For over two centuries, visitors, as well as many famous artists and writers, have journeyed to the falls to be amazed at its beauty. Be prepared for crowds though as it is likely one of the most popular destinations in all of the Catskills.

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills.Kaaterskill Falls, SpringHaines Falls, Greene County

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills. For over two centuries, visitors, as well as many famous artists and writers, have journeyed to the falls to be amazed at its beauty. Be prepared for crowds though as it is likely one of the most popular destinations in all of the Catskills.

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills.Gem of the CatskillsHaines Falls, Greene County

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills. For over two centuries, visitors, as well as many famous artists and writers, have journeyed to the falls to be amazed at its beauty. Be prepared for crowds though as it is likely one of the most popular destinations in all of the Catskills.

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills.From the TopHaines Falls, Greene County

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills. For over two centuries, visitors, as well as many famous artists and writers, have journeyed to the falls to be amazed at its beauty. Be prepared for crowds though as it is likely one of the most popular destinations in all of the Catskills.

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills.The Rock at the TopHaines Falls, Greene County

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills. For over two centuries, visitors, as well as many famous artists and writers, have journeyed to the falls to be amazed at its beauty. Be prepared for crowds though as it is likely one of the most popular destinations in all of the Catskills.

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills.Where the Mountain DividesHaines Falls, Greene County

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills. For over two centuries, visitors, as well as many famous artists and writers, have journeyed to the falls to be amazed at its beauty. Be prepared for crowds though as it is likely one of the most popular destinations in all of the Catskills.

The “jewel of the upper Catskills” was a popular haunt of the Hudson River School artists, including Thomas Cole whose paintings brought world-wide fame to the Catskills region. His 1826 Falls of the Kaaterskill and Kaaterskill Falls both beautifully capture the essence of what was to become one of the most popular subjects of 19th century American painting. Sanford Robinson Gifford’s 1871 Kaaterskill Falls is another masterpiece rendition.

 

The most celebrated painting of the falls though is certainly Asher Durand’s 1849 Kindred Spirits, sometimes referred to as the defining work of the Hudson River School. Originally created as a tribute to Thomas Cole, after his death, and poet William Cullen Bryant, it offers a romanticized view of the Kaaterskill Falls area, although it is actually a composite of several scenes in the area. In 2005, Kindred Spirits sold at auction for $35 million dollars, the highest price ever paid for an American painting.

 

One of the greatest descriptions of Kaaterskill Falls was written by James Fenimore Cooper in his 1823 novel titled The Pioneers. The dialogue below begins with Leatherstocking, also known as Natty Bumppo, talking of his time in the Catskills region.

 

“‘But there’s a place, a short two miles back of that very hill, that in late times I relished better than the mountains; for it was more kivered with the trees, and more natural.’

 

“And where was that?” inquired Edwards, whose curiosity was strongly excited by the simple description of the hunter.

 

“Why there’s a fall in the hills, where the water of two little ponds that lie near each other breaks out of their bounds, and runs over the rocks into the valley. The stream is, maybe, such a one as would turn a mill, if so useless a thing was wanted in the wilderness. But the hand that made that ‘leap’ never made a mill! There the water comes crooking and winding among the rocks, first so slow that a trout could swim in it, and then starting and running just like any creator that wanted to make a far spring, till it gets to where the mountain divides, like the cleft hoof of a deer, leaving a deep hollow for the brook to tumble into. The first pitch is night two hundred feet, and the water looks likes flakes of driven snow, before it touches the bottom; and there the stream gathers itself together again for a new start, and maybe flutters over fifty feet of flat rocks, before it falls for another hundred, when it jumps about from shelf to shelf, first turning this-away and then turning that-away, striving to get out of the hollow, till it finally comes to the plain.”

 

“I have never heard of this spot before!” exclaimed Edwards; “it is not mentioned in the books.”

 

“I never read a book in my life,” said Leather-stocking; “and how should a man who has lived in towns and schools known anything about the wonders of the woods! No, no lad; there has that little stream of water been playing among them hills, since He made the world, and not a dozen white men have ever laid eyes on it. The rock sweeps like a mason’s work, in a half-round, on both sides of the fall, and shelves over the bottom for fifty feet; so that when I’ve been sitting at the foot of the first pitch, and my hounds have run into the caverns behind the sheet of water, they’ve looked no bigger than so many rabbits. To my judgment, lad, it’s the best piece of work that I’ve met with in the woods; and none know how often the hand of God is seen in a wilderness, but them that rover it for a man’s life.”

 

“What becomes of the water? In which direction does it run? Is it a tributary of the Delaware?”

 

“Anan!” said Natty.

 

“Does the wat run into the Delaware?”

 

“No, no, it’s a drop for the old Hudson; and a merry time it has till it gets down off the mountain. I’ve sat on the shelving rock many a long hour, boy and watched the bubbles as they shot by me, and thought how long it would be before that very water, which seemed made for the wilderness, would be under the bottom of a vessel, and tossing in the salt sea. It is a spot to make a man solemnize. You can see right down into the valley that lies to the east of the High Peak, where, in the fall of the year, thousands of acres of woods are before your eyes, in the deep hollow, and along the side of the mountain, painted like ten thousand rainbows, by no hand of man, though without the ordering of God’s providence.”

 

For many years the former Laurel House hotel was located near the top of Kaaterskill Falls. The Laurel House was constructed as a boarding house in 1852 by Peter Schutt, and later managed by his son Jacob L. Schutt. The Laurel House, named for the mountain laurel (kalmia latifolia) that grows and blossoms around the area, originally had room for 50 visitors but was expanded after the Civil War and again in the early 1880s to accommodate approximately 300 people. The hotel was very popular given its location near the falls, its views of Kaaterskill Clove and its moderate pricing when compared to the more upscale Catskill Mountain House and the Kaaterskill Hotel. The grand Laurel House hotel operated until 1963, was acquired by New York State two years later and its grounds added to the Catskill Forest Preserve. The state intentionally burned the historic structure in March 1967.

 

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills.The best piece of workHaines Falls, Greene County

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills. For over two centuries, visitors, as well as many famous artists and writers, have journeyed to the falls to be amazed at its beauty. Be prepared for crowds though as it is likely one of the most popular destinations in all of the Catskills.

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills.The Wonders of the WoodsHaines Falls, Greene County

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills. For over two centuries, visitors, as well as many famous artists and writers, have journeyed to the falls to be amazed at its beauty. Be prepared for crowds though as it is likely one of the most popular destinations in all of the Catskills.

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills.The Lower FallHaines Falls, Greene County

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills. For over two centuries, visitors, as well as many famous artists and writers, have journeyed to the falls to be amazed at its beauty. Be prepared for crowds though as it is likely one of the most popular destinations in all of the Catskills.

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills.Kaaterskill Falls, Close UpHaines Falls, Greene County

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills. For over two centuries, visitors, as well as many famous artists and writers, have journeyed to the falls to be amazed at its beauty. Be prepared for crowds though as it is likely one of the most popular destinations in all of the Catskills.

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills.Than turning that-awayHaines Falls, Greene County

Kaaterskill Falls, at over 260 feet, is the tallest waterfall in New York State and is one of the popular destinations in the Catskills. For over two centuries, visitors, as well as many famous artists and writers, have journeyed to the falls to be amazed at its beauty. Be prepared for crowds though as it is likely one of the most popular destinations in all of the Catskills.

Samuel E. Rusk, who would later become a noted Catskills photographer and boarding house owner, beautifully described the setting of the Laurel House and Kaaterskill Falls in his 1879 book titled Rusk’s Illustrated Guide to the Catskill Mountains.

 

“It is but a few feet from the Laurel House to the top of the [Kaaterskill] Falls. The Spray House stands on the very verge, and its platform, with timbers bolted to the rock, projects over the awful chasm. This is the point from which to view the Falls from above; and over this first Fall the water drops a hundred and sixty feet, broken into millions of foamy fragments ere it strikes below, and flowing along a few yards it again plunges to the depth of eighty feet . . .

 

It is from under the Falls where its grandeur becomes most striking. At a gate by the Spray House a payment of twenty-five cents is made – for once during the season – and a charming path followed a few yards through the forest to the head of the stairs. Rustic seats are place along the way, and there are resting-places at various landings along down the many flights of stairs passed in reaching the bottom of the falls.

 

In the immense ampitheater which curves behind of the first Fall is a level path on which one may safely pass entirely around behind the falling water. Midway along the path the flood comes pouring over the enormous arch of rock, and as it descends, is eighty feet distant from the point of observation. After passing around by this path, the stream may be re-crossed a few yards below, at the top of the second Fall, where the stairs continue down to the foot, and reach a seat placed so as to give an unobstructed view of both Falls. While parties are down here, the gate of a dam immediately above the Falls is opened, thus augmenting the usual flow of water, and the scene is then truly marvellous.” 

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) brook Catskill Mountains Catskills creek Greene County Haines Falls hike hiking Kaaterskill Clove Kaaterskill Falls New York photographs photography photos river tourism trail travel water waterfall https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/8/kaaterskill-falls-a-springtime-photographic-study Sat, 13 Aug 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Sunset Rock: A Photographic Study https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/8/sunset-rock-a-photographic-study Sunset Rock is one of the finest views in all of the Catskill Park. Its open ledge area overlooks North and South Lakes and South Mountain (2,460 feet), with Kaaterskill High Peak (3,655 feet) and Roundtop Mountain (3,440 feet) hovering in the background to the south west. The ridge of North Mountain can be seen towards the northwest. The Hudson Valley can be seen.

 

Sunset Rock’s picturesque beauty made it a favorite location for both visitors to the famed Catskill Mountain House, once one of the most famous hotels in the world, and many of the early Hudson River School artists of the 19th century, including Thomas Cole and Jasper Cropsey. Today, it continues as one of the most popular hiking destinations in the Catskills.

 

Sunset Rock along the Escarpment Trail is one of the finest views in the Catskills.Sunset RockSunset Rock is one of the finest views in all of the Catskill Park. Its open ledge area overlooks North and South Lakes and South Mountain (2,460 feet), with Kaaterskill High Peak (3,655 feet) and Roundtop Mountain (3,440 feet) hovering in the background to the south west. The ridge of North Mountain can be seen towards the northwest. The Hudson Valley can be seen. Sunset Rock’s picturesque beauty made it a favorite location for both visitors to the famed Catskill Mountain House, once one of the most famous hotels in the world, and many of the early Hudson River School artists of the 19th century, including Thomas Cole and Jasper Cropsey. Today, it continues as one of the most popular hiking destinations in the Catskills.

Sunset Rock along the Escarpment Trail is one of the finest views in the Catskills.Sunset Rock ViewSunset Rock is one of the finest views in all of the Catskill Park. Its open ledge area overlooks North and South Lakes and South Mountain (2,460 feet), with Kaaterskill High Peak (3,655 feet) and Roundtop Mountain (3,440 feet) hovering in the background to the south west. The ridge of North Mountain can be seen towards the northwest. The Hudson Valley can be seen. Sunset Rock’s picturesque beauty made it a favorite location for both visitors to the famed Catskill Mountain House, once one of the most famous hotels in the world, and many of the early Hudson River School artists of the 19th century, including Thomas Cole and Jasper Cropsey. Today, it continues as one of the most popular hiking destinations in the Catskills.

Sunset Rock along the Escarpment Trail is one of the finest views in the Catskills.Rocks, Lakes and MountainsSunset Rock is one of the finest views in all of the Catskill Park. Its open ledge area overlooks North and South Lakes and South Mountain (2,460 feet), with Kaaterskill High Peak (3,655 feet) and Roundtop Mountain (3,440 feet) hovering in the background to the south west. The ridge of North Mountain can be seen towards the northwest. The Hudson Valley can be seen. Sunset Rock’s picturesque beauty made it a favorite location for both visitors to the famed Catskill Mountain House, once one of the most famous hotels in the world, and many of the early Hudson River School artists of the 19th century, including Thomas Cole and Jasper Cropsey. Today, it continues as one of the most popular hiking destinations in the Catskills.

Sunset Rock along the Escarpment Trail is one of the finest views in the Catskills.Sunset Rock PanoramicSunset Rock is one of the finest views in all of the Catskill Park. Its open ledge area overlooks North and South Lakes and South Mountain (2,460 feet), with Kaaterskill High Peak (3,655 feet) and Roundtop Mountain (3,440 feet) hovering in the background to the south west. The ridge of North Mountain can be seen towards the northwest. The Hudson Valley can be seen. Sunset Rock’s picturesque beauty made it a favorite location for both visitors to the famed Catskill Mountain House, once one of the most famous hotels in the world, and many of the early Hudson River School artists of the 19th century, including Thomas Cole and Jasper Cropsey. Today, it continues as one of the most popular hiking destinations in the Catskills.

Sunset Rock along the Escarpment Trail is one of the finest views in the Catskills.First Light at Sunset RockSunset Rock is one of the finest views in all of the Catskill Park. Its open ledge area overlooks North and South Lakes and South Mountain (2,460 feet), with Kaaterskill High Peak (3,655 feet) and Roundtop Mountain (3,440 feet) hovering in the background to the south west. The ridge of North Mountain can be seen towards the northwest. The Hudson Valley can be seen. Sunset Rock’s picturesque beauty made it a favorite location for both visitors to the famed Catskill Mountain House, once one of the most famous hotels in the world, and many of the early Hudson River School artists of the 19th century, including Thomas Cole and Jasper Cropsey. Today, it continues as one of the most popular hiking destinations in the Catskills.

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Catskill Mountain House Catskill Mountains Catskills hike hiker hiking Hudson River Hudson River School Hudson Valley Jasper Cropsey Kaaterskill High Peak mountain North Lake overlook photographs photography photos Roundtop Mountain South Lake South Mountain Sunset Rock Thomas Cole tourism travel view https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/8/sunset-rock-a-photographic-study Sat, 06 Aug 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Conklin Hill Falls: A Photographic Study https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/7/conklin-hill-falls-a-photographic-study Conklin Hill Falls is a quiet, yet beautiful, destination in the Willowemoc Wild Forest, located between the hamlets of Claryville and Livingston Manor. The falls are located on an unnamed tributary that feeds in to the Willowemoc Creek, sister to the more famous Beaverkill River.

 

There are actually several falls along the unmarked trail, ranging in height from 4 feet to 15 feet, with the tallest one being the most impressive. Given its out-of-the-way location and its being located on an unmarked path through the woods, you will typically find yourself alone here, unlike many of the more well-known waterfalls throughout the Catskills.

 

Conklin Hill Falls is a beautiful waterfall located in the Willowemoc Wild Forest near the towns of Debruce and Willowemoc in Sullivan County, New York.Conklin Hill Falls (Upper)Debruce, Sullivan County

Conklin Hill Falls is a quiet, out-of-the-way destination in the Willowemoc Wild Forest near the towns of Debruce and Willowemoc. The falls are located on an unnamed tributary that feeds in to the Willowemoc Creek, the sister to the more famous Beaverkill River.

Conklin Hill Falls is a beautiful waterfall located in the Willowemoc Wild Forest near the towns of Debruce and Willowemoc in Sullivan County, New York.Who Was Conklin?Debruce, Sullivan County

Conklin Hill Falls is a quiet, out-of-the-way destination in the Willowemoc Wild Forest near the towns of Debruce and Willowemoc. The falls are located on an unnamed tributary that feeds in to the Willowemoc Creek, the sister to the more famous Beaverkill River.

Conklin Hill Falls is a beautiful waterfall located in the Willowemoc Wild Forest near the towns of Debruce and Willowemoc in Sullivan County, New York.SereneDebruce, Sullivan County

Conklin Hill Falls is a quiet, out-of-the-way destination in the Willowemoc Wild Forest near the towns of Debruce and Willowemoc. The falls are located on an unnamed tributary that feeds in to the Willowemoc Creek, the sister to the more famous Beaverkill River.

Conklin Hill Falls is a beautiful waterfall located in the Willowemoc Wild Forest near the towns of Debruce and Willowemoc in Sullivan County, New York.Conklin Hill Falls (Lower)Debruce, Sullivan County

Conklin Hill Falls is a quiet, out-of-the-way destination in the Willowemoc Wild Forest near the towns of Debruce and Willowemoc. The falls are located on an unnamed tributary that feeds in to the Willowemoc Creek, the sister to the more famous Beaverkill River.

Conklin Hill Falls is a beautiful waterfall located in the Willowemoc Wild Forest near the towns of Debruce and Willowemoc in Sullivan County, New York.Conklin Hill Falls, AutumnDebruce, Sullivan County

Conklin Hill Falls is a quiet, out-of-the-way destination in the Willowemoc Wild Forest near the towns of Debruce and Willowemoc. The falls are located on an unnamed tributary that feeds in to the Willowemoc Creek, the sister to the more famous Beaverkill River.

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Beaverkill River Bendo Covered Bridge brook Catskill Mountains Catskills Claryville Conklin Hill Falls creek Debruce hike hiker hiking Livingston Manor New York photographs photography photos river stream Sullivan County tourism travel tributary water waterfall Willowemoc Willowemoc Creek Willowemoc Wild Forest https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/7/conklin-hill-falls-a-photographic-study Sat, 30 Jul 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Rosendale Trestle: A Photographic Study https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/7/rosendale-trestle-a-photographic-study The Rosendale Trestle was originally opened in April 1872 to serve the Wallkill Valley Railroad along its line from New Paltz to Kingston. The bridge was built of iron, in five spans, supported by heavy stone piers and abutment, along with iron columns. At the time of its construction, it was the highest span bridge in the United States. The bridge was rebuilt in 1895 to address safety concerns associated with the new steam locomotives as well as longer and heavier trains.

 

The Rosendale Trestle in the hamlet of Rosendale is part of the 24-mile Wallkill Valley Rail Trail that runs from Gardiner to Kingston.View from Joppenbergh MountainRosendale, Ulster County

The Rosendale Trestle was originally opened in 1872 to serve the Wallkill Valley Railroad along its line from New Paltz to Kingston. After over a century of service the Rosendale rail line closed in 1977. The bridge was then sold to a private businessman in 1986 and briefly used for commercial bungee jumping. Ulster County seized the property in 2009 for delinquent taxes, and subsequently sold the property to the Wallkill Valley Trust and Open Space Conservancy.

Due to the many years of prior neglect, the bridge underwent extensive renovations in order to ensure its safety for the public. The Rosendale Trestle officially reopened to the public in June 2013. Today, the 940-foot trestle is part of the popular 24-mile Wallkill Valley Rail Trail that runs from Gardiner to Kingston. Rising 150 feet above the Rondout Creek, the trestle provides amazing views of the Rosendale hamlet, St. Peter’s Catholic Church, Joppenbergh Mountain and the surrounding countryside.

The Rosendale Trestle in the hamlet of Rosendale is part of the 24-mile Wallkill Valley Rail Trail that runs from Gardiner to Kingston.Morning WalkRosendale, Ulster County

The Rosendale Trestle was originally opened in 1872 to serve the Wallkill Valley Railroad along its line from New Paltz to Kingston. After over a century of service the Rosendale rail line closed in 1977. The bridge was then sold to a private businessman in 1986 and briefly used for commercial bungee jumping. Ulster County seized the property in 2009 for delinquent taxes, and subsequently sold the property to the Wallkill Valley Trust and Open Space Conservancy.

Due to the many years of prior neglect, the bridge underwent extensive renovations in order to ensure its safety for the public. The Rosendale Trestle officially reopened to the public in June 2013. Today, the 940-foot trestle is part of the popular 24-mile Wallkill Valley Rail Trail that runs from Gardiner to Kingston. Rising 150 feet above the Rondout Creek, the trestle provides amazing views of the Rosendale hamlet, St. Peter’s Catholic Church, Joppenbergh Mountain and the surrounding countryside.

The Rosendale Trestle in the hamlet of Rosendale is part of the 24-mile Wallkill Valley Rail Trail that runs from Gardiner to Kingston.Take the Road Less TravelledRosendale, Ulster County

The Rosendale Trestle was originally opened in 1872 to serve the Wallkill Valley Railroad along its line from New Paltz to Kingston. After over a century of service the Rosendale rail line closed in 1977. The bridge was then sold to a private businessman in 1986 and briefly used for commercial bungee jumping. Ulster County seized the property in 2009 for delinquent taxes, and subsequently sold the property to the Wallkill Valley Trust and Open Space Conservancy.

Due to the many years of prior neglect, the bridge underwent extensive renovations in order to ensure its safety for the public. The Rosendale Trestle officially reopened to the public in June 2013. Today, the 940-foot trestle is part of the popular 24-mile Wallkill Valley Rail Trail that runs from Gardiner to Kingston. Rising 150 feet above the Rondout Creek, the trestle provides amazing views of the Rosendale hamlet, St. Peter’s Catholic Church, Joppenbergh Mountain and the surrounding countryside.

 

After over a century of service the Rosendale rail line closed in 1977. The bridge was then sold to a private businessman in 1986 and briefly used for commercial bungee jumping. Ulster County seized the property in 2009 for delinquent taxes, and subsequently sold the property to the Wallkill Valley Trust and Open Space Conservancy.

 

Due to the many years of prior neglect, the bridge underwent extensive renovations in order to ensure its safety for the public. The Rosendale Trestle officially reopened to the public in June 2013. Today, the 940-foot trestle is part of the popular 24-mile Wallkill Valley Rail Trail that runs from Gardiner to Kingston.

 

Rising 150 feet above the Rondout Creek, the trestle provides amazing views of the Rosendale hamlet, St. Peter’s Catholic Church, Joppenbergh Mountain and the surrounding countryside.

 

The Rosendale Trestle in the hamlet of Rosendale is part of the 24-mile Wallkill Valley Rail Trail that runs from Gardiner to Kingston.Over the RondoutRosendale, Ulster County

The Rosendale Trestle was originally opened in 1872 to serve the Wallkill Valley Railroad along its line from New Paltz to Kingston. After over a century of service the Rosendale rail line closed in 1977. The bridge was then sold to a private businessman in 1986 and briefly used for commercial bungee jumping. Ulster County seized the property in 2009 for delinquent taxes, and subsequently sold the property to the Wallkill Valley Trust and Open Space Conservancy.

Due to the many years of prior neglect, the bridge underwent extensive renovations in order to ensure its safety for the public. The Rosendale Trestle officially reopened to the public in June 2013. Today, the 940-foot trestle is part of the popular 24-mile Wallkill Valley Rail Trail that runs from Gardiner to Kingston. Rising 150 feet above the Rondout Creek, the trestle provides amazing views of the Rosendale hamlet, St. Peter’s Catholic Church, Joppenbergh Mountain and the surrounding countryside.

This beautiful fall foliage scene takes in the Rosendale landscape including Route 213, 500-foot Joppenbergh Mountain, the Rondout Creek and Saint Peter’s Catholic Church.Country Scene at RosendaleRosendale, Ulster County

This beautiful fall foliage scene takes in the Rosendale landscape including Route 213, 500-foot Joppenbergh Mountain, the famous Rondout Creek and the historic 1875 Saint Peter’s Catholic Church. As viewed from the Rosendale Trestle along the Wallkill Valley Rail Trail, the classic scene, with elements of both man and nature, seems to come together in perfect harmony.

The Rosendale Trestle in the hamlet of Rosendale is part of the 24-mile Wallkill Valley Rail Trail that runs from Gardiner to Kingston.First Light at RosendaleRosendale, Ulster County

The Rosendale Trestle was originally opened in 1872 to serve the Wallkill Valley Railroad along its line from New Paltz to Kingston. After over a century of service the Rosendale rail line closed in 1977. The bridge was then sold to a private businessman in 1986 and briefly used for commercial bungee jumping. Ulster County seized the property in 2009 for delinquent taxes, and subsequently sold the property to the Wallkill Valley Trust and Open Space Conservancy.

Due to the many years of prior neglect, the bridge underwent extensive renovations in order to ensure its safety for the public. The Rosendale Trestle officially reopened to the public in June 2013. Today, the 940-foot trestle is part of the popular 24-mile Wallkill Valley Rail Trail that runs from Gardiner to Kingston. Rising 150 feet above the Rondout Creek, the trestle provides amazing views of the Rosendale hamlet, St. Peter’s Catholic Church, Joppenbergh Mountain and the surrounding countryside.

The Rosendale Trestle in the hamlet of Rosendale is part of the 24-mile Wallkill Valley Rail Trail that runs from Gardiner to Kingston.Sunrise Over the RondoutRosendale, Ulster County

The Rosendale Trestle was originally opened in 1872 to serve the Wallkill Valley Railroad along its line from New Paltz to Kingston. After over a century of service the Rosendale rail line closed in 1977. The bridge was then sold to a private businessman in 1986 and briefly used for commercial bungee jumping. Ulster County seized the property in 2009 for delinquent taxes, and subsequently sold the property to the Wallkill Valley Trust and Open Space Conservancy.

Due to the many years of prior neglect, the bridge underwent extensive renovations in order to ensure its safety for the public. The Rosendale Trestle officially reopened to the public in June 2013. Today, the 940-foot trestle is part of the popular 24-mile Wallkill Valley Rail Trail that runs from Gardiner to Kingston. Rising 150 feet above the Rondout Creek, the trestle provides amazing views of the Rosendale hamlet, St. Peter’s Catholic Church, Joppenbergh Mountain and the surrounding countryside.

This beautiful fall foliage scene in Rosendale takes in the cliffs of 500-foot Joppenbergh Mountain as it blooms with vibrant orange, red, green and yellow colors.Joppenbergh MountainThis beautiful fall foliage scene in Rosendale takes in the cliffs of 500-foot Joppenbergh Mountain as it blooms with vibrant orange, red, green and yellow colors. Despite what would be its diminutive size in other locations, Joppenbergh Mountain seems to fit perfectly in Rosendale, providing a dramatic backdrop as walkers and bikers cross the Rosendale Trestle on the Wallkill Valley Rail Trail.

 

The 500-foot Joppenbergh Mountain, despite what would be its diminutive size in other locations, seems to fit perfectly in Rosendale, providing a dramatic backdrop as walkers and bikers cross the Rosendale Trestle on the Wallkill Valley Rail Trail. The mountain was actively mined in the late 19th century for dolomite, which was used to manufacture natural cement. Visitors can take an easy hike to the top of Joppenbergh Mountain for a birds-eye view of the Rosendale Trestle.

 

The Rondout Creek, underneath the trestle, flows 63 miles from its origin on the col between Rocky Mountain and Balsam Cap to its confluence with the Hudson River at the city of Kingston.

 

The village of Rosendale is beautifully situated along the Rondout Creek and at the base of Joppenbergh Mountain. In addition to the trestle, Rosendale is also home to the equally interesting Snyder Estate and the Widow Jane mine, The 1850 House Inn, the Rosendale Theatre and several shops and restaurants.

 

The parish at St. Peter’s Church was established in 1855 to meet the religious needs of the rapidly growing population of Rosendale that was closely associated with the cement industry and the Delaware & Hudson canal. The church building was constructed 20 years later in 1875-76, with the first service taking place on Christmas Day, 1876. The church, over 150 years later, continues to play an active role in the Rosendale community.

 

Parking for the Rosendale Trestle can be found at the Binnewater Kiln parking area on Binnewater Road, off of Route 213, north of the trestle. Parking for the hike up Joppenbergh Mountain can be found at Willow Kiln Park, just off of Main Street, in the village of Rosendale.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) bike biking bridge Catskill Mountains Catskills Gardiner hike hiking Joppenbergh Mountain Kingston New Paltz Open Space Conservancy photographs photography photos railroad Rondout Creek Rosendale Rosendale Trestle scenery St. Peter's Church tourism train travel trestle Ulster County view walk walking Wallkill Valley Rail Trail Wallkill Valley Railroad Wallkill Valley Trust https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/7/rosendale-trestle-a-photographic-study Sat, 23 Jul 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Pickles: The Saugerties Dinosaur https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/7/pickles-the-saugerties-dinosaur The extreme road side dinosaur known as Pickles can be found at the entrance of the always popular Rip Van Winkle Campground in Saugerties, New York.

 

Large scale metal dinosaur sculpture known as Pickles can be found at the entrance of the Rip Van Winkle Campground in Saugerties, New York.PicklesThe extreme road side dinosaur known as Pickles can be found at the entrance of the always popular Rip Van Winkle Campground in Saugerties, New York. Blending the body of an Apatosaurus with the head of a T-Rex, the large-scale skeleton stands 38 feet tall and 49 feet long and weighs four tons.

The skeleton was constructed in 1994 by Benson Steel, a local fabrication company, and is engineered to withstand winds up to 75 miles per hour. Pickles marks the entrance of the campground’s “fun zone,” which includes an outdoor movie theater, swimming pool, remote control tracks and more. For 25 cents the dinosaur sprays water from its mouth. The dinosaur got its name from a campground fundraiser for a local cancer charity.

 

Blending the body of an Apatosaurus with the head of a T-Rex, the large-scale skeleton stands 38 feet tall and 49 feet long and weighs four tons.

 

The skeleton was constructed in 1994 by Benson Steel, a local fabrication company, and is engineered to withstand winds up to 75 miles per hour. Pickles marks the entrance of the campground’s “fun zone,” which includes an outdoor movie theater, swimming pool, remote control tracks and more. For 25 cents the dinosaur sprays water from its mouth. The dinosaur got its name from a campground fundraiser for a local cancer charity.

 

Visit the Rip Van Winkle Campground website at www.ripvanwinklecampgrounds.com for more information.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) attraction Benson Steel camp campground cancer Catskill Mountains Catskills charity dinosaur fundraiser Matthew Jarnich photographs photography photos Pickles pond Rip Van Winkle Rip Van Winkle Campgrounds Saugerties skeleton steel tourism travel Ulster County https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/7/pickles-the-saugerties-dinosaur Sat, 16 Jul 2022 12:00:00 GMT
The “X” Barn of Callicoon https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/7/the-x-barn-of-callicoon The region around Callicoon in Sullivan County, New York is home to a great number of farms and barns. According to the 2017 Census of Agriculture, Sullivan County is home to 366 farms with an average size of 164 acres. Some of the top products from the county include poultry and eggs, milk from cows, hay, cattle and calves and vegetables, melons, potatoes and sweet potatoes. Agriculture represents the second largest economic sector in the County.

 

This bright, red-colored barn, with a green roof and a towering silo topped with silver and red, certainly catches the eye of any traveler in the region.
 

Farm and barn scene located near Callicoon in Sullivan County.X Barn

 

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) agriculture barn Callicoon Catskill Mountains Catskills country farm Matthew Jarnich New York photographer photographs photos scene Sullivan County tourism travel X Barn https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/7/the-x-barn-of-callicoon Sat, 09 Jul 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Want a Nice Cold Coke? https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/7/want-a-nice-cold-coke For most of my visits to the Catskills, I have planned my shooting destinations in advance, while also allowing for a degree of change for lighting, weather, etc. Although it may sound oxymoronic, sometimes as part of the planning process, I will schedule a morning or an afternoon with no plan, to either scout possible future locations or to just simply drive around to see what I can found.

 

This country scene in Pleasant Valley, Sullivan County shows an old Coke machine, horseshoe, saw blades and pitchfork blade along the side of small barn.Want a Nice Cold Coke?

 

And that’s what happened with this photograph. I had finished an early morning session at Callicoon, which has the look of many bygone years, and was then just driving around the backroads of Sullivan County. There are many great rural scenes in this section of the Catskills, including a wide variety of farms, barns and landscapes. As I was driving by one particular farm, this country scene came across my vision and caused me to immediately stop.

 

This wonderful scene shows an old Coke machine that had certainly seen better days, several lucky horseshoes, a few rusted saw blades and a corroded pitchfork blade, all proudly displayed on the side of a small, weather-beaten barn. Contrary to the image seen here, the actual farm was a beehive of activity with tractors and workers moving every which way.

 

Although it is a simple photograph, “f8 and be there” as they say, I thought it was a great capture that I felt quite fortunate to have come across.

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) barn beverage building Callicoon Catskill Mountains Catskills Coke drink farm machine Matthew Jarnich New York photographer photographs photos Sullivan County tourism travel Want a Nice Cold Coke? https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/7/want-a-nice-cold-coke Sat, 02 Jul 2022 12:00:00 GMT
The Children Are Our Future: Jeffersonville Central School https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/6/the-children-are-our-future-jeffersonville-central-school The Jeffersonville Central School building is located in the village of Jeffersonville in Sullivan County. It is situated on the top of Behnken Hill, the high point of the 54-acre campus. East of the school is the central business district of the Jeffersonville village, while to the north, west and south are “the rolling foothills of the Catskill Mountains, marked by small farms and one-family residences.”

 

The Jeffersonville Central School building is located in the village of Jeffersonville in Sullivan County, New York.Jeffersonville Central SchoolThe Jeffersonville Central School building is located in the village of Jeffersonville in Sullivan County. The building was designed by architect Harold Fullerton in the Colonial Revival style and constructed as a Public Works Administration (P.W.A.) project in 1938-1939. At the time of its construction, and as part of the school centralization movement, the building “replaced 15 one-room and rural school-houses in the towns of Callicoon, Bethel, Fremont, Liberty, Delaware, and Cochecton.” The village of Jeffersonville and the Jeffersonville Central School were both named by a local 19th century hotel builder who was an admirer of Thomas Jefferson. The building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

The Jeffersonville Central School building is located in the village of Jeffersonville in Sullivan County, New York.The Walk to Jefferson Central SchoolThe Jeffersonville Central School building is located in the village of Jeffersonville in Sullivan County. The building was designed by architect Harold Fullerton in the Colonial Revival style and constructed as a Public Works Administration (P.W.A.) project in 1938-1939. At the time of its construction, and as part of the school centralization movement, the building “replaced 15 one-room and rural school-houses in the towns of Callicoon, Bethel, Fremont, Liberty, Delaware, and Cochecton.” The village of Jeffersonville and the Jeffersonville Central School were both named by a local 19th century hotel builder who was an admirer of Thomas Jefferson. The building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

The Jeffersonville Central School building is located in the village of Jeffersonville in Sullivan County, New York.Jefferson CentralThe Jeffersonville Central School building is located in the village of Jeffersonville in Sullivan County. The building was designed by architect Harold Fullerton in the Colonial Revival style and constructed as a Public Works Administration (P.W.A.) project in 1938-1939. At the time of its construction, and as part of the school centralization movement, the building “replaced 15 one-room and rural school-houses in the towns of Callicoon, Bethel, Fremont, Liberty, Delaware, and Cochecton.” The village of Jeffersonville and the Jeffersonville Central School were both named by a local 19th century hotel builder who was an admirer of Thomas Jefferson. The building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

 

The building was designed by architect Harold Fullerton (1895-1965) in the Colonial Revival style and constructed as a Public Works Administration (P.W.A.) project in 1938-1939. At the time of its construction, and as part of the school centralization movement, the building replaced 15 one-room and rural school-houses in the towns of Callicoon, Bethel, Fremont, Liberty, Delaware, and Cochecton. The building is estimated to have cost $418,000.

 

“Harold O. Fullerton, born in Cleveland, Ohio in 1896, opened his firm in Albany twelve years after graduating from the University of Michigan (1920) with degrees in Architecture and Architectural Engineering . . . During his career, he designed over 50 public and private schools, office buildings, churches, and other structures. Other work in New York State includes Livingston Manor Central School, Delaware Academy in Delhi, and the dormitory complex of the State University of New York (Albany Campus). He planned the modernization of Page, Draper, Heusted, and Richardson Halls on that campus. During World War II, he served as a Naval Commander of Yards and Docks. He was a member of many professional associations, including the American Institute of Architects, the Architectural League of New York, the Engineers Club of New York City, and the University Clubs of Washington and New York.” (Kuhn)

 

The village of Jeffersonville and the Jeffersonville Central School were both named by a local 19th century hotel builder who was an admirer of Thomas Jefferson.

 

The building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places “as a monumental Colonial Revival style building that is associated with the period of centralization in the development of the New York State educational system.”

 

Source: Kuhn, Robert D. “Jefferson School.” National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form. 1988.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) architect architecture Bethel building Callicoon Catskill Mountains Catskills Cochecton Colonial Revival Delaware Fremont Harold Fullerton Jeffersonville Jeffersonville Central School Liberty Matthew Jarnich National Register of Historic Places P.W.A. photographs photography photos Public Works Administration school schoolhouse Sullivan County Thomas Jefferson tourism travel village https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/6/the-children-are-our-future-jeffersonville-central-school Sat, 25 Jun 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Signs of the Past in Monticello https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/6/signs-of-the-past-in-monticello Ghost signs are old and fading advertising signs painted on the exterior building walls, often remaining in place well after the business has closed. Ghost signs can be found throughout the Catskills and across the United States. The ghost signs seen here advertise for Al Cohen’s Sport Shop and the legendary Roark’s Tavern in the village of Monticello, New York.

 

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The long gone Al Cohen’s Sport Shop was located at 246 Broadway in the village of Monticello. The popular store sold a wide range of sporting gear, tennis and golf equipment, fishing equipment, fly rods, hunting rifles and much more. Newspaper advertisements in 1965 boasted that the shop was “Sullivan County’s Largest and Most Complete Sporting Goods and Sports Wear Store.”

 

Ghost sign advertising the long gone Al Cohen’s Sport Shop at 246 Broadway in Monticello, New York.Al Cohen's Sport ShopMonticello, Sullivan County

This ghost sign advertises the long gone Al Cohen’s Sport Shop at 246 Broadway in the village of Monticello. The popular store sold a wide range of sporting gear, tennis and golf equipment, fishing equipment, fly rods, hunting rifles and much more. Newspaper advertisements in 1965 boasted that the shop was “Sullivan County’s Largest and Most Complete Sporting Goods and Sports Wear Store.”

 

Milton Kabak (1926-2010) managed Al Cohen’s Sport Shop for 27 years and after worked at the Sullivan County Courthouse in Monticello for 17 years. Kabak was a veteran of World War II, having served as a Forward Scout in the Army, serving a majority of his time in the Philippines. He was awarded a Bronze Star for his service. Kabak had served as president of the local Veterans of Foreign Wars (VFW). He passed away at the age of 84 in 2010. He was survived by his wife Charlotte Kabak, his son Stuart Kabak, of Swan Lake, and his daughter Stephanie Suarez, of Liverpool, New York.

 

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Legendary Roark’s Tavern on Landfield Avenue in the village of Monticello first opened its doors in 1932 during the height of the Great Depression.

 

Roark’s Tavern on Landfield Avenue in Monticello, New York first opened in 1932 during the height of the Great Depression by William Roark.Roark's TavernLegendary Roark’s Tavern on Landfield Avenue in the village of Monticello first opened its doors in 1932 during the height of the Great Depression.

William “Bill” Roark (1892-1947), a Monticello native, started the tavern. He was the son of Michael Roark (1845-1925), a well-respected farmer, and Bridget Carroll Roark (1857-1929). He attended the Monticello schools and was a star basketball and baseball player. Prior to the tavern he had worked at a bakery and at the Monticello Inn. William was active in the community, being a member of the Knights of Columbus, the Elks and president of the Monticello soft ball league. William passed away at the age of 54 in 1947 at the Hamilton Avenue Hospital. Services were held at Saint Peter’s Church and he is buried at Saint Peter’s Cemetery in Monticello, New York.

 

William “Bill” Roark (1892-1947), a Monticello native, started the tavern. He was the son of Michael Roark (1845-1925), a well-respected farmer, and Bridget Carroll Roark (1857-1929). He attended the Monticello schools and was a star basketball and baseball player. Prior to the tavern he had worked at a bakery and at the Monticello Inn. William was active in the community, being a member of the Knights of Columbus, the Elks and president of the Monticello soft ball league. William passed away at the age of 54 in 1947 at the Hamilton Avenue Hospital. Services were held at Saint Peter’s Church and he is buried at Saint Peter’s Cemetery in Monticello, New York.

 

After William Roark passed away in 1947, the tavern was briefly operated by Ted Dowd for 1 1/2 years.

 

Roark’s Tavern was then taken over by the well-known Clement “Clem” Leffer, who operated it from 1948 to 1971. Leffer was the son of Nathan Leffer and Mary Schneider. The Leffer family, originally from Brooklyn, moved to Sullivan County when Clement was 15 years old. Clement married Madeline V. Leffer (1913-2001), daughter of William and Anna Karlberg McGuigan. Clement was a veteran of World War II, having served in the US Army during its Africa campaign. Clement died at Delray Beach, Florida in 2007 at the age of 95.

 

The following advertisement for Roark’s Tavern was published in 1948.

 

Roark’s is the place where old friends meet,

               To better their service would be a fete,

So for fun and cheer, to set you “aglow,”

               Then it’s Roark’s; the place to go.

 

Likely taking over from Leffer, Roark’s Tavern was then operated by Tony Cellini for many years until 1984. Cellini later served as the Town of Thompson supervisor for over 20 years and then as Security Supervisor at the Monticello Motor Club. He served in the US Army Military Police from 1958 to 1961.

 

Interestingly, famous musician Gavin DeGraw, a nearby South Fallsburg native, got his start playing local bars around Monticello, including Roark’s Tavern and the Nowhere Bar.

 

Roark’s Tavern, with a motto of “Saving the world one beer at a time,” continues to be a longtime mainstay of downtown Monticello.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) 1932 246 Broadway advertisement Al Cohen Al Cohen's Sport Shop bar Catskill Mountains Catskills Clem Leffer Clement Leffer Gavin DeGraw ghost sign Matthew Jarnich Milton Kabak Monticello New York photographer photographs photos Roark's Tavern sign store Sullivan County tavern Tony Cellini tourism travel William Roark https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/6/signs-of-the-past-in-monticello Sat, 18 Jun 2022 12:00:00 GMT
The Last of an Era: The One-Room Ferndale Schoolhouse https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/6/the-last-of-an-era-the-one-room-ferndale-schoolhouse The Ferndale School is a one-story, one-room wood-frame schoolhouse located in the small hamlet of Ferndale in Sullivan County, New York. The school was built circa 1850 for District 6 in the town of Liberty, New York.

 

The Ferndale School is a one-room wood-frame schoolhouse located in the small hamlet of Ferndale in Sullivan County, New York.Ferndale SchoolThe Ferndale School is a one-story, one-room wood-frame schoolhouse located in the small hamlet of Ferndale in Sullivan County, New York. The school was built circa 1850 for District 6 in the town of Liberty and served the community through the 1950s, when it closed due to school district consolidation. The Ferndale School is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

 

The Ferndale School is a one-room wood-frame schoolhouse located in the small hamlet of Ferndale in Sullivan County, New York.Ferndale SchoolThe Ferndale School is a one-story, one-room wood-frame schoolhouse located in the small hamlet of Ferndale in Sullivan County, New York. The school was built circa 1850 for District 6 in the town of Liberty and served the community through the 1950s, when it closed due to school district consolidation. The Ferndale School is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

 

The hamlet of Ferndale, formerly known as Liberty Falls, is located south of the village of Liberty. The Mongaup River and the route of the former O. & W. Railroad run through the hamlet. The school is located at the intersection of Ferndale Loomis Road and Upper Ferndale Road.

 

Ferndale was settled in 1807 by Roswell Russell, who established a sawmill at the Falls. When Liberty Falls sought to change names in the early 1900s to avoid confusion with the village of Liberty, which had become closely associated with the treatment of tuberculosis, the Ferndale name came from the Ferndale Villa, a popular local resort built by Joshua Gerow. The once world-famous Grossinger’s Resort Hotel, which was established in 1919 and operated until 1986, was located at Ferndale.

 

The Ferndale School is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as “an intact representative of a nineteenth century rural schoolhouse in Sullivan County and for its association with the history of education in the hamlet of Ferndale.”

 

“The building was a typical example of a nineteenth-century common school. Schools built in rural areas during the first half of the nineteenth century were generally small wood-frame buildings, domestic in scale, featuring undifferentiated interior spaces. Beginning in the 1840s, numerous pattern books were published that provided plans for schools that incorporated features intended to enhance the learning experience and accommodate advances in education, such as more specialized or graded instruction. Henry Barnard, for example, published ten editions of School Architecture between 1842 and 1883, all featuring examples of model schools that local districts could draw upon. The typical 1850 school was a small building with a vestibule (used as a cloakroom) and one large classroom. A teacher’s platform was located at the front of the room and students sat at fixed stations. The school was usually heated with a stove in the school room and there were windows on two or three sides of the building. Restrooms were generally privies. Despite certain variations and improvements, this remained the basic model for rural school buildings until the late nineteenth century.

 

The Ferndale School follows this model. Its modest size, rectangular form, wood-frame construction, and regular fenestration identify the building as a traditional and easily recognizable icon on the landscape. On the interior, the school was a single, undivided classroom (typically, a partition would have divided off a narrow vestibule just inside the door; it is not known whether Ferndale had this feature). The school was heated by a stove and a small wood-frame building at the rear served as a woodshed. Bathrooms were probably accommodated by privies; however, there is no evidence of them today. While modest, the school was constructed with windows on three elevations to provide a maximum amount of light and good ventilation. As per contemporary practice, the teacher probably sat at the front of the room facing the students. There were no openings on the rear elevation (behind the teacher) so that the students would not have to look into direct sunlight.”

 

The school served the community through the 1950s, when it closed due to school district consolidation. As was common for rural areas of the era, the one room schoolhouse served students of all grade levels.

 

Remarkably, although one room schoolhouses are considered a product of a long-gone era, there are still approximately 400 active one-room schoolhouses in the United States.

 

Source: LaFrank, Kathleen. “Ferndale School.” National Register of Historic Places Registration Form. April, 2004.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) architecture building Catskill Mountains Catskills community District 6 Ferndale Ferndale School Liberty Matthew Jarnich National Register of Historic Places New York one-room one-room schoolhouse photographer photographs photos rural school schoolhouse student Sullivan County tourism travel https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/6/the-last-of-an-era-the-one-room-ferndale-schoolhouse Sat, 11 Jun 2022 12:00:00 GMT
What Once Was: The Apollo Mall at Monticello https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/6/what-once-was-the-apollo-mall-at-monticello The long-abandoned Apollo Mall on the east side of Monticello first opened in 1983. The mall, formerly the Monteco Mall, was developed by Alfred S. “Flap” Ingber of Fallsburg (1931-1991).

 

Photograph of the abandoned Apollo Mall in the southern Catskills in the village of Monticello, Sullivan County, New York.Apollo MallThe long-abandoned Apollo Mall on the east side of Monticello first opened in 1983. The factory outlet mall, although popular for a time with about 37 stores, did not last long. Plagued with issues, the last retail tenant moved out in 2003 and by 2007 the county had repossessed the property from its prior owners due to back taxes.

Photograph of the abandoned Apollo Mall in the southern Catskills in the village of Monticello, Sullivan County, New York.Apollo's FallThe long-abandoned Apollo Mall on the east side of Monticello first opened in 1983. The factory outlet mall, although popular for a time with about 37 stores, did not last long. Plagued with issues, the last retail tenant moved out in 2003 and by 2007 the county had repossessed the property from its prior owners due to back taxes.

Photograph of the abandoned Apollo Mall in the southern Catskills in the village of Monticello, Sullivan County, New York.ApolloThe long-abandoned Apollo Mall on the east side of Monticello first opened in 1983. The factory outlet mall, although popular for a time with about 37 stores, did not last long. Plagued with issues, the last retail tenant moved out in 2003 and by 2007 the county had repossessed the property from its prior owners due to back taxes.

 

Ingber was a graduate of Columbia University in 1954 and later served as president of the Apollo Scaffold and Equipment Company in Monticello. In 1973 he was named a trustee of the College of Pharmaceutical Sciences at Columbia University and was considered a “well-known area horseman.” He was married to Mary Ann Toomey (1938-2015), a graduate of Anna Maria College, Town of Forestburgh historian and partner with her husband at the Apollo Scaffold Company. Flap Ingber died at the age of 60 on October 1, 1991 and is buried at Temple Sholom Cemetery in Monticello.

 

At the time the Apollo was Sullivan County’s only indoor mall. Stores included Van Heusen, Hallmark, Mostly Books, Catskill Corner, American Tourister, Toy Liquidators, Fieldcrest Cannon, an 18-hole miniature golf course, a food court and a movie theater, among many others.

 

The factory outlet mall, although popular for a time with about 37 stores, did not last long. The mall was plagued with issues, including huge potholes in the parking lot, health code violations, fire hazards, uninspected fire sprinklers and a leaky roof. The mall was located adjacent to the Sullivan County landfill.

 

The last retail tenant moved out in 2003 and by 2007 the county had repossessed the property from its prior owners due to back taxes. The property is now in a high state of decay with broken glass, collapsed ceilings, overgrown vegetation and graffiti.

 

Photograph of the abandoned Apollo Mall in the southern Catskills in the village of Monticello, Sullivan County, New York.FriendsThe long-abandoned Apollo Mall on the east side of Monticello first opened in 1983. The factory outlet mall, although popular for a time with about 37 stores, did not last long. Plagued with issues, the last retail tenant moved out in 2003 and by 2007 the county had repossessed the property from its prior owners due to back taxes.

Photograph of the abandoned Apollo Mall in the southern Catskills in the village of Monticello, Sullivan County, New York.Iron Man at the ApolloThe long-abandoned Apollo Mall on the east side of Monticello first opened in 1983. The factory outlet mall, although popular for a time with about 37 stores, did not last long. Plagued with issues, the last retail tenant moved out in 2003 and by 2007 the county had repossessed the property from its prior owners due to back taxes.

 

In 2013, 10 years after the mall closed, several scenes from the supernatural horror film titled “Jamie Marks is Dead” were filmed at the abandoned mall. The movie was based on Christopher Barzak’s novel titled “One for Sorrow.”

 

The property is often in the local news as local officials work towards a solution on what do with the 25-acre property going forward. Ideas have included a boutique distillery, high stakes bingo parlor, office center, an updated shopping mall, a big box store or a truck stop and hotel off the redeveloped exit 106 as part of the Interstate 86 project.

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) 1983 2003 abandoned Apollo Mall Apollo Plaza bingo parlor Catskill Mountains Catskills closed county decay distillery East Broadway graffiti highway hotel interstate mall Matthew Jarnich Monticello motel New York office center photographer photographs photos property retail shops stores Sullivan County tourism travel truck stop https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/6/what-once-was-the-apollo-mall-at-monticello Sat, 04 Jun 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Hunter, New York: The Story of Dolan’s Lake https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/5/hunter-new-york-the-story-of-dolan-s-lake Dolan’s Lake, is scenically located adjacent to the Schoharie Creek at the base of Hunter Mountain in Greene County, New York. The park at the lake is a popular summer swimming destination, with public fishing, walking paths, picnic tables and a pavilion also available.

 

Photograph of Dolan’s Lake, which is located in the northern Catskills at the village of Hunter in Greene County, New York.Dolan's LakeDolan’s Lake is scenically located adjacent to the Schoharie Creek at the base of Hunter Mountain in Greene County, New York. The park at the lake is a popular summer swimming destination, with public fishing, walking paths, picnic tables and a pavilion also available. The lake is named for Michael Buddington Dolan (1861-1931), “one of the most prominent men in Greene County, and a lifelong resident of Hunter.”

 

Dolan’s Lake Park is home to a memorial in honor of the September 11, 2001 attacks. The memorial includes two 14-foot-high steel towers from the World Trade Center, an American flag and a bronze plaque. The plaque reads: “10th Anniversary of 9/11. This monument of WTC steel is dedicated to all were lost on 9/11/01 and to our heroes who made the supreme sacrifice. Never to be forgotten.” The memorial was installed in 2011 through the collaboration of Joe Jove, a retired lieutenant of the New York City Fire Department and a member of the Hunter Mountain Hall of Fame, and David Slutzky, one of the owners of Hunter Mountain.

 

The lake is named for Michael Buddington Dolan, “one of the most prominent men in Greene County, and a lifelong resident of Hunter.” Dolan was born on October 16, 1861 at Elka Park, in the town of Hunter, to James Dolan (1824-1899) and Mary (Miller) Dolan (1831-1902). Michael was one of 16 children.

 

James Dolan, Michael’s father, was an Irish immigrant who first worked as a tannery worker and later became a farmer at Platte Clove. James was also a veteran of the Civil War, having served with the 15th New York Engineers. James passed away in 1899, and was survived by his wife Mary, eight sons and five daughters, with three of his children having died. Both James and Mary, Michael’s parents, are buried at Saint Francis de Sales Cemetery at Elka Park, New York.

 

Michael married Lizzie Patricia (Lackey) Dolan (1859-1947) at the “parochial residence” on Thanksgiving Day in 1888. She was the daughter of Michael Lackey, Sr. (1815-1901) and Catharine Burke (1825-1905). Michael Lackey, Sr. was born in Ireland and immigrated to the United States with his parents in 1829 at the age of 14. He received an education at night school in New York City. After moving to Tannersville, he continued his trade as a house painter and also operated a country tavern. Lizzie is buried at Saint Francis de Sales Cemetery at Elka Park, New York.

 

A combination of local, government and newspaper records show that Michael certainly had a diverse career. In addition to operating Dolan’s Lake as a tourist attraction, he operated the Half-Way House between Hunter and Tannersville. In 1896 it was reported that Dolan had exchanged this “saloon property” with his brother-in-law M. Lackey, Jr. for a farm.

 

In 1908 Dolan was reported as operating the livery at Hotel St. Charles during the summer months. The hotel was highly regarded in the Hunter area. “This hotel, which is situated upon the highest elevation in the Catskill region, occupies a desirable location on what is known as Breeze Lawn Farm. The building is seventy-five feet front, one hundred and sixty-three feet deep, and four stories high. It has broad piazzas on three sides, and is equipped with all modern improvements, including passenger elevator and telegraph office. With the annex it has accommodations for two hundred guests. The table is supplied with fresh cream, butter, eggs, and vegetables from the farm connected with the house; and the service is of the best.” (Biographical Review Containing Life Sketches of Leading Citizens of Schoharie, Schenectady and Greene Counties, New York. Boston: Biographical Review Publishing Company, 1899. p. 403.)

 

During the early winter months of the 1910s Dolan would travel to New York City to sell Christmas trees. In 1913 his partners included his son Robert and Frank Carr. In 1918 it was reported that Dolan was robbed at his city tree stand. “It is said that M. B. Dolan was held up and robbed in New York, and that thieves stole Christmas trees from his stand on the river front. He knew what he was talking about when he said ‘Good-bye, God; I am going to New York.’” (The Recorder. Catskill, New York. December 27, 1918.)

 

For many years, Dolan operated a prospering ice business, cutting the ice each winter from his lake. He would supply the local hotels as well as fill his own ice houses.

 

The 1880 United States census, while 18-year-old Michael was living with his parents, listed his profession as “at home”. The 1896 Greene County Directory listed Michael with a profession as a “hotel keeper.” The 1900 US census listed his profession as “beer bottler”; the 1910 US census listed his profession as “livery”; the 1920 US census listed his profession as “farmer” and “ice dealer”; and the 1930 US census listed his profession as “ice dealer.”

 

Beyond his business activity, Dolan was very active in the community. He was member of the Kingston Council, No. 275, of the Knights of Columbus and was a member of the Catskill Lodge of Elks. He served as president of the village of Hunter for several years. He was long affiliated with the Democratic party, including serving as an active member of the County Democratic Committee.

 

Michael B. Dolan died on December 4, 1931 at the age of 70 at Benedictine Hospital in Kingston from an acute attack of diabetes. He is buried at Saint Francis de Sales Cemetery at Elka Park, New York. He was survived by his wife Lizzie, and five children, including three sons Julius Dolan (1891-1966) of Tannersville, Robert Dolan (1895-1986) of Hunter and Leo Dolan (1900-1959) of California, and two daughters, Frances (b. 1889) of Hunter, and Margaret (1893-1980), a teacher with the New York public schools.

 

Dolan established the artificial lake sometime in the 1910s or the early 1920s. The lake was a popular establishment with summer visitors. A 1922 newspaper advertisement talked about the lake and its popular features. “Dolan’s Lake in the Heart of the village of Hunter, N.Y. Now open to the public for Boating and Bathing. Dressing booths. Lake well illuminated at night. High class refreshment parlor on premises.” (The Windham Journal. August 10, 1922.) In the early times of the lake, winter was also a popular time to visit the lake. Ice skating was a popular activity. Ice was harvested during the winter time.

 

Photograph of Dolan’s Lake, which is located in the northern Catskills at the village of Hunter in Greene County, New York.Dolan's Lake at DuskDolan’s Lake, is scenically located adjacent to the Schoharie Creek at the base of Hunter Mountain in Greene County, New York. The park at the lake is a popular summer swimming destination, with public fishing, walking paths, picnic tables and a pavilion also available. The lake is named for Michael Buddington Dolan (1861-1931), “one of the most prominent men in Greene County, and a lifelong resident of Hunter.”

In 1929, flooding of Schoharie Creek caused much damage to Dolan’s Lake. Local newspapers reported on the storm’s effects. “Trees of all sizes and heights once covered the site of the lake and held the creek in leash to some extent, but during last year’s November freshet the creek broke through below the upper bridge, tearing out the bank and creek sides of the lake below and rushing with tremendous suction over and around the abutment of the middle bridge. A hole was made in the once shallow creek bed to a depth of 15 feet along Mr. Jackson’s property.” (“Big Concrete Jobs at Hunter.” Stamford Mirror-Recorder (Stamford, New York). October 29, 1927.)

 

In response the flooding Dolan went to work the next year to repair some of the damage to his lake. “Mr. Dolan’s activities consist of building a barrier wall along the bank of the creek below the upper iron bridge, 4 to 8 feet high of boulders and lesser stones, and then from the filled upper lake end scraping the gravel up against the inside of the wall. About 400 tons of gravel will be moved. Added to this work is that done last spring, such as repairing bulkheads and building wall at the lower end.” (“Big Concrete Jobs at Hunter.” Stamford Mirror-Recorder. Stamford, New York. October 29, 1927.)

 

A few years later, in September 1930, tragedy again struck at Dolan’s Lake when a fire broke out, destroying both the restaurant and the pavilion. It was reported that the windows were boarded up, and the inside was in flames before the fire was discovered, so the structures were completely lost.

 

In 1932 flooding again damaged the lake. “At Dolan’s Lake, in Hunter, the flood got in some damaging work not only on the building foundation which now has been undermined about eight feet, but also on the bridge abutment on the south side which shows an ominous crack in the roadway some feet from the bridge. The lot below the dam was badly washed. At the end of this street the Hunter branch of the Central railroad was badly washed out, the tracks being twisted out of line and the roadbed considerably damaged.” (“Storm Damages Mountain Area.” Stamford Mirror Recorder. Stamford, New York. October 13, 1932.)

 

In 1940 Dolan’s Lake was aptly described by F. A. Gallt in his guidebook titled Picturesque Catskills. “While right in the heart of the village is located Dolan’s Lake, a grand sheet of water, with boat house, bathing houses, refreshment pavilion. 35 boats affording boating, bathing and fishing as well as water sports.”

 

Photograph of Dolan’s Lake, which is located in the northern Catskills at the village of Hunter in Greene County, New York.Dolan's Lake ParkDolan’s Lake is scenically located adjacent to the Schoharie Creek at the base of Hunter Mountain in Greene County, New York. The park at the lake is a popular summer swimming destination, with public fishing, walking paths, picnic tables and a pavilion also available. The lake is named for Michael Buddington Dolan (1861-1931), “one of the most prominent men in Greene County, and a lifelong resident of Hunter.”

 

For a time, in the 1940s, the lake was known as Topps Lake, for the Topps Hotel that operated in the village of Hunter. The hotel had 110 rooms, a hunter lodge and over 100 acres. In 1945 the Topps Hotel was nicely described in a newspaper advertisement. “Ideal vacation resort where fun and relaxation are ideally blended. Delightfully cool. Modern throughout. 100 acres of nature’s splendor. Swimming, boating, fishing. Dancing, Casino, Orchestra. A. Wise. Prop.” (Brooklyn Daily Eagle. June 17, 1945.)

 

In 1946 benefits of the Topps Hotel were again described in newspaper advertisement. “It’s Topps Hotel at Hunter, N.Y. Decoration Weekend and June Frolic for Honeymooners, & Early Vacationists. Free Golf and Horses. Private Lake. All sports, dancing, orchestra, entertainment. 4-day weekend $32, ($9 day), $45 weekly, choice of rooms inc. bath during June.” (Evening Post.  The property had previously been known as the Alpine House. The lake has also been known as Hunter Lake.

 

Dolan’s Lake is fed by Shanty Hollow Brook, which originates on the north side of Hunter Mountain and flows for approximately 2.4 miles before joining the Schoharie Creek near the County Route 83 bridge at the entrance of the Hunter Mountain ski area. The water from Dolan’s Lake is used by Hunter Mountain as a source of water for its snowmaking activities.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Catskill Mountains Catskills Dolan Lake Park Dolan's Lake Elka Park Greene County Hunter Hunter Lake Hunter Mountain ice lake Matthew Jarnich Michael B. Dolan Michael Buddington Dolan New York park photographer photographs photos picnic Schoharie Creek Shanty Hollow swim swimming Topps Lake tourism travel https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/5/hunter-new-york-the-story-of-dolan-s-lake Sat, 28 May 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Ellenville Pride: The Boy with the Boot https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/5/ellenville-pride-the-boy-with-the-boot Located in Liberty Square at the center of Ellenville, the four-foot, bronze “Boy with the Boot” statue has come to symbolize the small Ulster County village. This public Ellenville version was created in 1997 by local sculptor Matt Pozorski. It was modeled after one of the original Ellenville “Boy with the Boot” statues that was located for many years in front of the Scoresby Hose, Hook & Ladder Company.

 

The “Boy with the Boot” statue is located in the southern Catskills on Liberty Square at the village of Ellenville in Ulster County, New York.Boy with the BootLocated in Liberty Square at the center of Ellenville, the four-foot, bronze “Boy with the Boot” statue has come to symbolize the small Ulster County village. This public Ellenville version was created in 1997 by local sculptor Matt Pozorski. It was modeled after one of the original Ellenville “Boy with the Boot” statues that was located for many years in front of the Scoresby Hose, Hook & Ladder Company.

 

The “Boy with the Boot” statue is located in the southern Catskills on Liberty Square at the village of Ellenville in Ulster County, New York.Boy with the Leaky BootLocated in Liberty Square at the center of Ellenville, the four-foot, bronze “Boy with the Boot” statue has come to symbolize the small Ulster County village. This public Ellenville version was created in 1997 by local sculptor Matt Pozorski. It was modeled after one of the original Ellenville “Boy with the Boot” statues that was located for many years in front of the Scoresby Hose, Hook & Ladder Company.

 

Liberty Square, current location of the 1997 statue, has long played a central role in the history of Ellenville. The southwest corner of Canal Street and Market Street was the site of the first stores and homes in Ellenville. The square was also home to Charles Hartshorn, who served as Ellenville’s first postmaster and who was elected in 1856 as the village’s first president. Today, Liberty Square continues to play an important role in Ellenville, being the home of the historic U. S. Post Office, constructed in 1940, and the beautiful Hunt Memorial Building, constructed 1915-1917, both of which are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

 

Marion M. Dumond, former historian for the town of Wawarsing, offers additional details about the history of Liberty Square and its role with the “Boy with The Boot” statue.

 

“The first fountain was on the lawn of the home of Charles Hartshorn, which stood where the Hunt Memorial Building still stands. Mr. Hartshorn was the first President of the Village of Ellenville in 1856 and a leading citizen. His son-in-law and daughter, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Tuthill, lived with him and inherited the house at his death. In 1875, they gave a large section of their front yard, containing the fountain, to the Village of Ellenville, ‘for the purpose of a public square, and the maintenance of a fountain thereon at or about the site of the present fountain.’ The deed also stipulates that, if the Village did not live up to the terms of the gift, the land would revert to the Tuthills and their heirs.” (Dumond, Marion M. “The Boy with the Boot.” Wawarsing.net Magazine. December 2002, Issue 1. p. 18.)

 

Matt Pozorski, the sculptor, operates his own foundry and sculpture services company named Matt Pozorski Sculptureworks, located at Phillipsport, New York. He has completed projects for The American Museum of Natural History and New York City’s Percent for Art program. Pozorski’s role with Ellenville’s “Boy with the Boot” statue was detailed by Beth Scullion in a 2010 article for the Catskill Mountainkeeper.

 

“So how did our current Boot Boy make his way to Liberty Square? Back in late 1997, Ellenville-resident Iris Friedman approached her friend, Phillipsport sculptor Matt Pozorski, about casting a new 'Boy with the Boot' for Ellenville – a proposition to which the artist readily agreed. Pozorski worked with the original Scoresby statue, which he then restored in return for being allowed to work with it. The statue is now on display at the Ellenville Public Library and Museum.

 

‘I pulled a mold, or a series of molds, off of the original, and used those,’ says Pozorski of the process. ‘I poured wax into them, to make wax patterns, so I could do wax casting, cast it into bronze, and welded all the parts together.’" (Scullion, Beth. “Shawangunk: So what’s the story with that ‘Boy with the Boot’ statue, anyway?” Catskill Mountainkeeper. (www.catskillmountainkeeper.org). February 3, 2010. Accessed March 27, 2022.)

 

The “Boy with the Boot” statue is located in the southern Catskills on Liberty Square at the village of Ellenville in Ulster County, New York.Leaking BootLocated in Liberty Square at the center of Ellenville, the four-foot, bronze “Boy with the Boot” statue has come to symbolize the small Ulster County village. This public Ellenville version was created in 1997 by local sculptor Matt Pozorski. It was modeled after one of the original Ellenville “Boy with the Boot” statues that was located for many years in front of the Scoresby Hose, Hook & Ladder Company.

 

The “Boy with the Boot” statue, also known as the “Boy with the Leaking Boot”, is not unique to Ellenville however, as there are similar statues throughout the United States. States where “Boy with the Boot” statues are known to exist include California, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, Washington and Wisconsin. International locations include Canada, Cuba, England and Sweden. Each has their own distinct story, including cost, installation year, being lost, decay from the weather, theft, vandalism and accidents, but each also has their own unique role in the history of their respective communities.

 

Each “Boy with the Boot” statue is typically quite similar, with a young boy, with a slight look of amusement on his face, wearing a cap, his shirt sleeves rolled-up, with a bare right foot and his right pant leg rolled up to the knee, left hand in his pocket with the thumb sticking out, while in his right hand he holds a leaking boot out in front of himself. The statue is typically affixed on top of a pedestal and/or fountain and is located at a park, museum, library or town building. Some, like the Ellenville version, retain their metallic appearance while other versions are colorfully painted. The original manufacturer offered several different sizes and shapes for the basin portion of the fountain underneath the statue, ranging from 7 feet, inches to 12 feet 6 inches, with either a round or octagonal shape.

 

The “Boy with the Boot” statue is located in the southern Catskills on Liberty Square at the village of Ellenville in Ulster County, New York.Liberty Square: The Boy with the BootLocated in Liberty Square at the center of Ellenville, the four-foot, bronze “Boy with the Boot” statue has come to symbolize the small Ulster County village. This public Ellenville version was created in 1997 by local sculptor Matt Pozorski. It was modeled after one of the original Ellenville “Boy with the Boot” statues that was located for many years in front of the Scoresby Hose, Hook & Ladder Company.

The “Boy with the Boot” statue is located in the southern Catskills on Liberty Square at the village of Ellenville in Ulster County, New York.Boy with the BootLocated in Liberty Square at the center of Ellenville, the four-foot, bronze “Boy with the Boot” statue has come to symbolize the small Ulster County village. This public Ellenville version was created in 1997 by local sculptor Matt Pozorski. It was modeled after one of the original Ellenville “Boy with the Boot” statues that was located for many years in front of the Scoresby Hose, Hook & Ladder Company.

 

In 1894 the city of Hillsboro, Ohio installed their own version of the “Boy with the Boot,” with the statue being beautifully described in the local newspaper.

 

“The design is a departure from the old stiff and staid styles, alike refreshing and delightfully attractive. This bright and cute conceit has been very appropriately been christened “The Unfortunate Boot.” The merry-faced urchin who holds aloft his much-abused footwear, is the typical boy. His counterpart can be found in flesh and blood in a thousand happy Highland homes. How his mirthful, careless glee takes us back to the days when you and were like him! Though that time may never come back, the old thrill of pleasure tingles through our veins as we gaze on this juvenile with his “Unfortunate Boot!” What a subject for the poet and the painter! It is such things that break like gleams of sunshine through the shadows of mature life. Without glad fancies that now and then flit across our pathways, life would be dreary indeed.” (“A Touch of the Beautiful.” The News-Herald (Hillsboro, Ohio). March 22, 1894.)

 

The statue was originally known as the “Unfortunate Boot” and was first produced by the J. L. Mott Iron Works company, who offered it for sale via their catalog. The statue was first advertised for sale in the company’s 1875 catalog. The company was founded by Jordan L. Mott (1799-1866), an American inventor and industrialist, in 1828 at what is now known as the Mott Haven neighborhood in the South Bronx area of New York City. J. L. Mott is credited with being the inventor of the first coal-burning stove. The company became highly regarded for manufacturing a wide range of products including stoves, fireplaces, household products such as tubs, sinks and urinals, iron pipes, water tanks, drain and manhole covers, drinking fountains, lamp pillars, gates, statuary, garden furniture and much more. Jordan L. Mott, Jr. (1829-1915) succeeded his father as owner of the foundry business.

 

The “Fountain: Unfortunate Boot” was one of many fountains available for sale in the 1905 catalog for the J. L. Mott Iron Works company. The statue was described as: “Height of Fountain, 5 feet 3 inches. Diameter of base, 2 feet nine inches. Suitable for 7 feet 6 inches and 9 feet 6 inches diameter Round, or 10 feet 6 inches and 12 feet 6 inches diameter Octagon Ground Basin. NOTE.– The Ground Basin shown above is our 7 feet 6 inches or 9 feet 6 inches diameter Round Ground Basin.” (J. L. Mott iron Works. Fountains. New York, 1905. p. 106.)

 

The first statues appeared in the United States in the late 19th century. The artistic origins of the statue are unknown but that hasn’t stopped several legends from developing. Three of the more popular theories include an American army drummer boy who carried water in his leaking boot for his fallen comrades, a young fire fighter carrying water with his boot as part of a communal bucket chain to put out a fire and a young newspaper boy who drowned.

 

For more information about the statue’s history across the United States see Mary’n B Rosson’s book titled The Mystery of the Boy with the Leaking Boot. For a listing of many of the known statues throughout the United States, see Carol A. Grissom’s book titled Zinc Sculpture in America 1850-1950 (pages 330-337).

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Hook & Ladder Company art artist boy Boy with the Boot Boy with the Leaking Boot Boy with the Leaky Boot Catskill Mountains Catskills Charles Hartshorn drummer boy Ellenville J. L. Mott Iron Works Liberty Square library Matt Pozorski Matthew Jarnich museum New York park photographer photographs photos Scoresby Hose sculptor sculpture soldier square statue tourism town travel Ulster County Unfortunate Boot village https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/5/ellenville-pride-the-boy-with-the-boot Sat, 21 May 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Longo’s Work: The Woodridge O. & W. Mural https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/5/longo-s-work-the-woodridge-o-w-mural Walking along Broadway in the village of Woodridge in Sullivan County, New York, perhaps on your way to a restaurant or to the market, you will find an amazing, 100-foot-long mural dedicated to the history of the New York, Ontario and Western Railway (N.Y. O. & W.).

 

The mural, located on the side of Slater’s Garage building, was completed in the early 1990s. The vibrant scene is set with powerful engine #405 chugging away, a full passenger train, the postcard-worthy Woodridge train station complete with the American flag flying high and an active freight dock at the station warehouse. William Panos, grandfather of Joan Collins, former mayor of Woodridge, is depicted as an O. & W. flagman.

 

The mural of the Ontario & Western (O. & W.) railroad is located in the southern Catskills at the village of Woodridge, Sullivan County, New York.N. Y. O. & W. #405Walking along Broadway in the village of Woodridge in Sullivan County, New York, perhaps on your way to a restaurant or to the market, you will find an amazing, 100-foot-long mural dedicated to the history of the New York, Ontario and Western Railway (N.Y. O. & W.).

The mural, located on the side of Slater’s Garage building, was completed in the early 1990s. The vibrant scene is set with powerful engine #405 chugging away, a full passenger train, the postcard-worthy Woodridge train station complete with the American flag flying high and an active freight dock at the station warehouse.

The mural of the Ontario & Western (O. & W.) railroad is located in the southern Catskills at the village of Woodridge, Sullivan County, New York.At Work on the 405Walking along Broadway in the village of Woodridge in Sullivan County, New York, perhaps on your way to a restaurant or to the market, you will find an amazing, 100-foot-long mural dedicated to the history of the New York, Ontario and Western Railway (N.Y. O. & W.).

The mural, located on the side of Slater’s Garage building, was completed in the early 1990s. The vibrant scene is set with powerful engine #405 chugging away, a full passenger train, the postcard-worthy Woodridge train station complete with the American flag flying high and an active freight dock at the station warehouse.

 

Engine #405, depicted in the mural, was constructed in 1923 by American Locomotive Works (Alco) in Schenectady, New York. It was a class Y, wheels 4-8-2 type train. It was designed to lead the company’s passenger train, referred to as the Mountaineer. In 1938 O. & W. undertook a major effort to upgrade its passenger trains, including engine no. 405. The project was led by industrial designer Otto Kuhler.

 

“Working closely with the Middletown shop forces, Kuhler transformed a fifteen-year-old veteran, engine No. 405, into a dramatic and colorful steam locomotive. He mixed brilliant hues of orange and maroon paint with which to garnish the boiler, drivers, cab and tender. With stainless steel and chromium plate, he emphasized the handrails, the bell, and by the addition of two narrow stainless steel bands around it, the stack. Sheet metal skirts were run along the running boards and a large panel placed between the pilot braces. On this panel the age-old Ontario and Western symbol appeared with the added flair of orange wings.” (Helmer, William F. O. & W. The Long Life and Slow Death of the New York, Ontario & Western Railway. Berkley, California: Howell-North Press, 1959. p. 140.)

 

As for the no. 405 parlor cars, these were also upgraded, or “streamstyled,” in 1938.

 

“Turning to necessary car renovations, Kuhler carried through the maroon color scheme with a horizontal stripe of light orange just below the windows, to suggest speed and motion. The interior appearance of the coaches was not only antiquated but shabby. To hide the soiled and worn seat cushions, tan slip-covers were made, with the railroad’s monogram applied in a cool green. The walls were brightened with brushstrokes of gray and ivory paint, trim of black and maroon. Then, taking one of the steel parlor cars (the Ulster) of vintage 1913, the renovators laid new gray linoleum, threw out the old wicker armchairs, brought in inexpensive maple armchairs and wisely kept the rich mahogany paneling. The sister parlor-observation car, the Orange, received similar treatment and soon the train stood in the Middletown yard, gleaming in the sunlight.” (pp. 140-141.)

 

The mural of the Ontario & Western (O. & W.) railroad is located in the southern Catskills at the village of Woodridge, Sullivan County, New York.New York, Ontario & WesternWalking along Broadway in the village of Woodridge in Sullivan County, New York, perhaps on your way to a restaurant or to the market, you will find an amazing, 100-foot-long mural dedicated to the history of the New York, Ontario and Western Railway (N.Y. O. & W.).

The mural, located on the side of Slater’s Garage building, was completed in the early 1990s. The vibrant scene is set with powerful engine #405 chugging away, a full passenger train, the postcard-worthy Woodridge train station complete with the American flag flying high and an active freight dock at the station warehouse.

The mural of the Ontario & Western (O. & W.) railroad is located in the southern Catskills at the village of Woodridge, Sullivan County, New York.Saying GoodbyeWalking along Broadway in the village of Woodridge in Sullivan County, New York, perhaps on your way to a restaurant or to the market, you will find an amazing, 100-foot-long mural dedicated to the history of the New York, Ontario and Western Railway (N.Y. O. & W.).

The mural, located on the side of Slater’s Garage building, was completed in the early 1990s. The vibrant scene is set with powerful engine #405 chugging away, a full passenger train, the postcard-worthy Woodridge train station complete with the American flag flying high and an active freight dock at the station warehouse.

 

The mural was created by well-known artist Robert “Bob” Longo (1921-2019). After graduating from Hazleton High School in 1939, Longo attended Kutztown State College. His college education was interrupted by World War II, during which he served in the Air Corps for 4 years as an aerial engineer on B-26 bombers in Del Rio, Texas. One of the notable projects he worked on during the war was the creation of a supersonic radio map of Osaka, Japan, which was to be the third atomic bomb drop if Japan did not surrender after the Nagasaki and Hiroshima bombings.

 

After the war, Longo completed his Art Education degree at Kutztown and went on to attend Columbia University, where he earned a Master’s degree for teaching. He moved to Woodridge, New York where he became a respected art teacher at the Fallsburg Central School District. He retired in 1984 after 35 years of teaching.

 

Longo’s artwork for the 1970 movie “The Molly Maguires,” starring Sean Connery, were used to promote the film. The watercolors depicted the movie sets used in the Hazleton, Eckley and Jim Thorpe areas of Pennsylvania. Several of the scenes were reproduced as postcards.

 

In addition to this work, Longo also created over 55 different postal cancellations for the United States Postal Service (USPS), including stamps that celebrated the 100th anniversary of the Boy Scouts of America and two stamp designs to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the Woodstock music festival. Other designs included the International Space Station and the anniversary of the September 11 attacks.

 

The Woodridge Kiwanis Club awarded Longo its Everyday Hero award for his work on the O&W Railroad mural. In 2010 the Lions Club of Fallsburg awarded Longo its highest honor, the Melvin Jones Fellows award. Longo was a member of the Lions Club for over 65 years, and had previously served as its president. In 2017, he was inducted into the Fallsburg Central School District Hall of Fame. Robert passed away in 2019 at his son’s home in Colorado, and was survived by his wife Irma, and his sons Robert, Alan and Joseph.

 

The mural of the Ontario & Western (O. & W.) railroad is located in the southern Catskills at the village of Woodridge, Sullivan County, New York.All Aboard, WoodridgeWalking along Broadway in the village of Woodridge in Sullivan County, New York, perhaps on your way to a restaurant or to the market, you will find an amazing, 100-foot-long mural dedicated to the history of the New York, Ontario and Western Railway (N.Y. O. & W.).

The mural, located on the side of Slater’s Garage building, was completed in the early 1990s. The vibrant scene is set with powerful engine #405 chugging away, a full passenger train, the postcard-worthy Woodridge train station complete with the American flag flying high and an active freight dock at the station warehouse.

The mural of the Ontario & Western (O. & W.) railroad is located in the southern Catskills at the village of Woodridge, Sullivan County, New York.Woodridge StationWalking along Broadway in the village of Woodridge in Sullivan County, New York, perhaps on your way to a restaurant or to the market, you will find an amazing, 100-foot-long mural dedicated to the history of the New York, Ontario and Western Railway (N.Y. O. & W.).

The mural, located on the side of Slater’s Garage building, was completed in the early 1990s. The vibrant scene is set with powerful engine #405 chugging away, a full passenger train, the postcard-worthy Woodridge train station complete with the American flag flying high and an active freight dock at the station warehouse.

The mural of the Ontario & Western (O. & W.) railroad is located in the southern Catskills at the village of Woodridge, Sullivan County, New York.At the StationWalking along Broadway in the village of Woodridge in Sullivan County, New York, perhaps on your way to a restaurant or to the market, you will find an amazing, 100-foot-long mural dedicated to the history of the New York, Ontario and Western Railway (N.Y. O. & W.).

The mural, located on the side of Slater’s Garage building, was completed in the early 1990s. The vibrant scene is set with powerful engine #405 chugging away, a full passenger train, the postcard-worthy Woodridge train station complete with the American flag flying high and an active freight dock at the station warehouse.

The mural of the Ontario & Western (O. & W.) railroad is located in the southern Catskills at the village of Woodridge, Sullivan County, New York.Flag Over WoodridgeWalking along Broadway in the village of Woodridge in Sullivan County, New York, perhaps on your way to a restaurant or to the market, you will find an amazing, 100-foot-long mural dedicated to the history of the New York, Ontario and Western Railway (N.Y. O. & W.).

The mural, located on the side of Slater’s Garage building, was completed in the early 1990s. The vibrant scene is set with powerful engine #405 chugging away, a full passenger train, the postcard-worthy Woodridge train station complete with the American flag flying high and an active freight dock at the station warehouse.

 

The New York, Ontario and Western Railway (N.Y. O. & W.) was a regional railroad that operated from 1868 to 1957. The railroad ran from Weehawken, New Jersey to Cornwall on the Hudson River and then on to Oswego on Lake Ontario, with branches to Kingston, Port Jervis, Monticello, Delhi, Utica, Rome and Scranton. The railroad entered bankruptcy in 1937 due to lower passenger traffic (largely due to improved automobile roads), declining coal shipments and outdated equipment. The railroad never emerged from that bankruptcy, and was liquidated in 1957, becoming the first US Class I railroad to be abandoned.

 

The mural of the Ontario & Western (O. & W.) railroad is located in the southern Catskills at the village of Woodridge, Sullivan County, New York.Loading UpWalking along Broadway in the village of Woodridge in Sullivan County, New York, perhaps on your way to a restaurant or to the market, you will find an amazing, 100-foot-long mural dedicated to the history of the New York, Ontario and Western Railway (N.Y. O. & W.).

The mural, located on the side of Slater’s Garage building, was completed in the early 1990s. The vibrant scene is set with powerful engine #405 chugging away, a full passenger train, the postcard-worthy Woodridge train station complete with the American flag flying high and an active freight dock at the station warehouse.

The mural of the Ontario & Western (O. & W.) railroad is located in the southern Catskills at the village of Woodridge, Sullivan County, New York.N. Y. O. & W.Walking along Broadway in the village of Woodridge in Sullivan County, New York, perhaps on your way to a restaurant or to the market, you will find an amazing, 100-foot-long mural dedicated to the history of the New York, Ontario and Western Railway (N.Y. O. & W.).

The mural, located on the side of Slater’s Garage building, was completed in the early 1990s. The vibrant scene is set with powerful engine #405 chugging away, a full passenger train, the postcard-worthy Woodridge train station complete with the American flag flying high and an active freight dock at the station warehouse.

 

Today, the route of the former O. & W. railroad through Sullivan County, New York has been developed into a popular rail trail, although only available in several disconnected sections. Currently developed sections include Parksville (1.3 miles), Liberty (2.7 miles), Hurleyville (5.4 miles), Woodridge (1.7 miles) and Mountain Dale (2.6 miles). It is hoped to complete a continuous 25-mile section through Sullivan County from Summitville to the village of Liberty.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Bob Longo Catskill Mountains Catskills Cornwall Delhi Kingston Matthew Jarnich Monticello mural N.Y. O. & W. New York Ontario and Western Railway O. & W. Oswego painting photographer photographs photos Port Jervis rail trail railroad railway Robert Longo Rome Roscoe Scranton Sullivan County The Molly Maguires tourism train travel Utica Weehawken Woodridge https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/5/longo-s-work-the-woodridge-o-w-mural Sat, 14 May 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Our Lady of Knock Shrine: A Photographic Study https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/5/our-lady-of-knock-shrine-a-photographic-study Our Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at the hamlet of East Durham. The beautiful church is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany. Reverend Jay Atherton is the current pastor of the church, which offers daily and weekend masses. Atherton also serves as pastor for Sacred Heart in Cairo, St. John the Baptist in Greenville, St. Theresa’s in Windham, Sacred Heart in Palenville and Immaculate Conception in Haines Falls.

 

The Our Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at East Durham, New York.Our Lady of Knock ShrineOur Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at the hamlet of East Durham. The beautiful church, constructed in 1989, is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany. The church interior is decorated with stained-glass windows from Donegal, Ireland, which depict many of the favorite Celtic saints. There are also mahogany carvings and an altar screen that resembles the original church wall in the village of Knock on which the apparition appeared.

The shrine commemorates the August 21, 1879 event at the village of Knock in County Mayo, Ireland in which locals reported to have seen an apparition of the Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph and Saint John the Evangelist as well as the Lamb of God, understood to be Jesus Christ, on an altar standing before a cross. The apparition was a silent one. The event took place on the gable wall of the Parish Church. There were 15 witnesses to the apparition, ranging in ages from 5 to 75 years old, all of whom watched it for two hours as they recited the rosary.

The Our Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at East Durham, New York.Our Lady of Knock Shrine, East DurhamOur Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at the hamlet of East Durham. The beautiful church, constructed in 1989, is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany. The church interior is decorated with stained-glass windows from Donegal, Ireland, which depict many of the favorite Celtic saints. There are also mahogany carvings and an altar screen that resembles the original church wall in the village of Knock on which the apparition appeared.

The shrine commemorates the August 21, 1879 event at the village of Knock in County Mayo, Ireland in which locals reported to have seen an apparition of the Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph and Saint John the Evangelist as well as the Lamb of God, understood to be Jesus Christ, on an altar standing before a cross. The apparition was a silent one. The event took place on the gable wall of the Parish Church. There were 15 witnesses to the apparition, ranging in ages from 5 to 75 years old, all of whom watched it for two hours as they recited the rosary.

 

The Our Lady of Knock Shrine was constructed in 1989 with seating capacity for 500 people. The interior is decorated with stained-glass windows from Donegal, Ireland, which depict many of the favorite Celtic saints. There are also mahogany carvings and an altar screen that resembles the original church wall in the village of Knock on which the apparition appeared.

 

Over the exterior doors, decorated with a wood carving depicting a family of four entering the church, is the Bible passage from John 6, verse 51. “I myself am the living bread come down from heaven. If anyone eats this bread, he shall live forever. The bread I will give is my flesh for the life of the world.”

 

The Our Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at East Durham, New York.I myself am the living bread.Our Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at the hamlet of East Durham. The beautiful church, constructed in 1989, is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany. The church interior is decorated with stained-glass windows from Donegal, Ireland, which depict many of the favorite Celtic saints. There are also mahogany carvings and an altar screen that resembles the original church wall in the village of Knock on which the apparition appeared.

The shrine commemorates the August 21, 1879 event at the village of Knock in County Mayo, Ireland in which locals reported to have seen an apparition of the Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph and Saint John the Evangelist as well as the Lamb of God, understood to be Jesus Christ, on an altar standing before a cross. The apparition was a silent one. The event took place on the gable wall of the Parish Church. There were 15 witnesses to the apparition, ranging in ages from 5 to 75 years old, all of whom watched it for two hours as they recited the rosary.

 

The stained-glass window over the exterior doors was donated by The Mayo Society, which was founded in 1879 at New York City to assist immigrants moving to the United States from County Mayo, Ireland due to the potato famine.

 

Gerry Laverty, a designer, architect and craftsman from Dunkineely, County Donegal, designed and built much of the interior of the Shrine at his workshop in Ireland, and then amazingly exported it to East Durham, New York in the United States. He employed 17 people for the project, which was worth more than $250,000.

 

“‘It all started when I was making a few Irish souvenirs – copper and woodwork items. The fellow marketing them in the States happened to be from Donegal. Next thing he asked me to design a shop front for him. I made it and shipped it out to East Durham in upstate New York. Then the Irish community there asked if I would work on the church. It was all by chance and good luck – no planning at all.’ . . .

 

Some sales success was achieved with high-quality Irish artefacts, mostly sold to the US, but fluctuations in exchange rates put paid to that. Then along came the shop front project. An entire frontage made in Donegal, complete with carvings and paintings, is now part of an Irish goods shop in New York . . .

 

The church has taken a year to complete. Two of the Laverty daughters have done much of the work on about 70 stained glass windows for the church. Laverty himself has carved 20 statues. Workers at his small factory have been putting in more than 40 hours overtime per week recently in order to get the project finished.

 

‘Two container loads of material, including everything from the tabernacle to a 32 ft. spire, are going out to the US. The funny thing is that the architect I’m working with over there is Jewish. And I’ve made it plain that I am not a particularly religious person. But the community is great. It has just said ‘Go ahead.’”
 

(“Opportunity Knocks for Gerry.” Financial Times. August 12, 1989. p. 6.)

 

The Our Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at East Durham, New York.Into the ShrineOur Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at the hamlet of East Durham. The beautiful church, constructed in 1989, is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany. The church interior is decorated with stained-glass windows from Donegal, Ireland, which depict many of the favorite Celtic saints. There are also mahogany carvings and an altar screen that resembles the original church wall in the village of Knock on which the apparition appeared.

The shrine commemorates the August 21, 1879 event at the village of Knock in County Mayo, Ireland in which locals reported to have seen an apparition of the Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph and Saint John the Evangelist as well as the Lamb of God, understood to be Jesus Christ, on an altar standing before a cross. The apparition was a silent one. The event took place on the gable wall of the Parish Church. There were 15 witnesses to the apparition, ranging in ages from 5 to 75 years old, all of whom watched it for two hours as they recited the rosary.

The Our Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at East Durham, New York.At the AltarOur Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at the hamlet of East Durham. The beautiful church, constructed in 1989, is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany. The church interior is decorated with stained-glass windows from Donegal, Ireland, which depict many of the favorite Celtic saints. There are also mahogany carvings and an altar screen that resembles the original church wall in the village of Knock on which the apparition appeared.

The shrine commemorates the August 21, 1879 event at the village of Knock in County Mayo, Ireland in which locals reported to have seen an apparition of the Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph and Saint John the Evangelist as well as the Lamb of God, understood to be Jesus Christ, on an altar standing before a cross. The apparition was a silent one. The event took place on the gable wall of the Parish Church. There were 15 witnesses to the apparition, ranging in ages from 5 to 75 years old, all of whom watched it for two hours as they recited the rosary.

The Our Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at East Durham, New York.The Lamb of GodOur Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at the hamlet of East Durham. The beautiful church, constructed in 1989, is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany. The church interior is decorated with stained-glass windows from Donegal, Ireland, which depict many of the favorite Celtic saints. There are also mahogany carvings and an altar screen that resembles the original church wall in the village of Knock on which the apparition appeared.

The shrine commemorates the August 21, 1879 event at the village of Knock in County Mayo, Ireland in which locals reported to have seen an apparition of the Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph and Saint John the Evangelist as well as the Lamb of God, understood to be Jesus Christ, on an altar standing before a cross. The apparition was a silent one. The event took place on the gable wall of the Parish Church. There were 15 witnesses to the apparition, ranging in ages from 5 to 75 years old, all of whom watched it for two hours as they recited the rosary.

The shrine commemorates the August 21, 1879 event at the village of Knock in County Mayo, Ireland in which locals reported to have seen an apparition of the Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph and Saint John the Evangelist as well as the Lamb of God, understood to be Jesus Christ, on an altar standing before a cross. The apparition was a silent one. The event took place on the gable wall of the Parish Church. There were 15 witnesses to the apparition, ranging in ages from 5 to 75 years old, all of whom watched it for two hours as they recited the rosary.

 

All 15 witnesses testified for the Church inquiry later that year of 1879, and the commission found that “the testimony of all, taken as a whole, was trustworthy and satisfactory.” A second inquiry was held in 1936, which confirmed the findings of 1879. Every Pope since Pius XII (1939-1958) has recognized Knock, including Saint John Paul II during his 1979 visit to commemorate the centenary of the apparition.

 

Prayer to Our Lady of Knock

Our Lady of Knock, Queen of Ireland, you gave hope to your people in a time of distress and comforted them in sorrow. You have inspired countless pilgrims to pray with confidence to your divine Son, remembering His promise, “Ask and you shall receive, seek and you shall find." Help me to remember that we are all pilgrims on the road to Heaven. Fill me with love and concern for my brothers and sisters in Christ, especially those who live with me. Comfort me when I am sick, lonely or depressed. Teach me how to take part ever more reverently in the Holy Mass. Give me a greater love of Jesus in the Blessed Sacrament. Pray for me now and at the hour of my death. Amen.

 

The Our Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at East Durham, New York.Donegal GlassOur Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at the hamlet of East Durham. The beautiful church, constructed in 1989, is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany. The church interior is decorated with stained-glass windows from Donegal, Ireland, which depict many of the favorite Celtic saints. There are also mahogany carvings and an altar screen that resembles the original church wall in the village of Knock on which the apparition appeared.

The shrine commemorates the August 21, 1879 event at the village of Knock in County Mayo, Ireland in which locals reported to have seen an apparition of the Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph and Saint John the Evangelist as well as the Lamb of God, understood to be Jesus Christ, on an altar standing before a cross. The apparition was a silent one. The event took place on the gable wall of the Parish Church. There were 15 witnesses to the apparition, ranging in ages from 5 to 75 years old, all of whom watched it for two hours as they recited the rosary.

The Our Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at East Durham, New York.Mother Frances CabriniOur Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at the hamlet of East Durham. The beautiful church, constructed in 1989, is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany. The church interior is decorated with stained-glass windows from Donegal, Ireland, which depict many of the favorite Celtic saints. There are also mahogany carvings and an altar screen that resembles the original church wall in the village of Knock on which the apparition appeared.

The shrine commemorates the August 21, 1879 event at the village of Knock in County Mayo, Ireland in which locals reported to have seen an apparition of the Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph and Saint John the Evangelist as well as the Lamb of God, understood to be Jesus Christ, on an altar standing before a cross. The apparition was a silent one. The event took place on the gable wall of the Parish Church. There were 15 witnesses to the apparition, ranging in ages from 5 to 75 years old, all of whom watched it for two hours as they recited the rosary.

The Our Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at East Durham, New York.Saint JosephOur Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at the hamlet of East Durham. The beautiful church, constructed in 1989, is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany. The church interior is decorated with stained-glass windows from Donegal, Ireland, which depict many of the favorite Celtic saints. There are also mahogany carvings and an altar screen that resembles the original church wall in the village of Knock on which the apparition appeared.

The shrine commemorates the August 21, 1879 event at the village of Knock in County Mayo, Ireland in which locals reported to have seen an apparition of the Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph and Saint John the Evangelist as well as the Lamb of God, understood to be Jesus Christ, on an altar standing before a cross. The apparition was a silent one. The event took place on the gable wall of the Parish Church. There were 15 witnesses to the apparition, ranging in ages from 5 to 75 years old, all of whom watched it for two hours as they recited the rosary.

The Our Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at East Durham, New York.Servants of GodOur Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at the hamlet of East Durham. The beautiful church, constructed in 1989, is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany. The church interior is decorated with stained-glass windows from Donegal, Ireland, which depict many of the favorite Celtic saints. There are also mahogany carvings and an altar screen that resembles the original church wall in the village of Knock on which the apparition appeared.

The shrine commemorates the August 21, 1879 event at the village of Knock in County Mayo, Ireland in which locals reported to have seen an apparition of the Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph and Saint John the Evangelist as well as the Lamb of God, understood to be Jesus Christ, on an altar standing before a cross. The apparition was a silent one. The event took place on the gable wall of the Parish Church. There were 15 witnesses to the apparition, ranging in ages from 5 to 75 years old, all of whom watched it for two hours as they recited the rosary.

The Our Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at East Durham, New York.For the FatherOur Lady of Knock Shrine is located in the northern Catskills at the hamlet of East Durham. The beautiful church, constructed in 1989, is part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Albany. The church interior is decorated with stained-glass windows from Donegal, Ireland, which depict many of the favorite Celtic saints. There are also mahogany carvings and an altar screen that resembles the original church wall in the village of Knock on which the apparition appeared.

The shrine commemorates the August 21, 1879 event at the village of Knock in County Mayo, Ireland in which locals reported to have seen an apparition of the Virgin Mary, Saint Joseph and Saint John the Evangelist as well as the Lamb of God, understood to be Jesus Christ, on an altar standing before a cross. The apparition was a silent one. The event took place on the gable wall of the Parish Church. There were 15 witnesses to the apparition, ranging in ages from 5 to 75 years old, all of whom watched it for two hours as they recited the rosary.

 

The word ‘knock’ “is an anglicization of the Irish word cnoc, meaning a hill . . . One’s first impression, though the elevation is only 400 feet above sea level, is of being on top of the world.” At the time of the apparition, the village of Knock was quite small, with only a dozen or so “thatched cabins.”

 

The village of Knock of 1879, at the time of the apparition, was suffering from hard times. “The stony soil of their little patchwork of fields surrounded by dark peat bogs scarcely yielded enough in good years to pay the terrible rents charged by cruel landlords. And 1879 in Mayo was a bad year; a potato failure brought on a famine comparable to those experienced by the entire country 30 odd years earlier. The people, their few possessions long since sold to stave off eviction, huddled at night on the earthen floors of their bare huts. Their only coverings were a few tattered potato bags. Their food consisted of a watery gruel made with corn meal obtained on relief tickets.” (Our Lady of Knock in Ireland. St. Paul, Minnesota: Catholic Digest, Inc.: 1957. pp. 8-9.)

 

The Feast of Our Lady of Knock is celebrated by the Roman Catholic church annually on August 17.  The village of Knock has become a popular international pilgrimage destination for the faithful, attracting over 1.5 million people every year.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) 1879 apparition Catskill Mountains Catskills church Donegal East Durham Gerry Laverty Greene County Knock Matthew Jarnich Mayo Society New York Our Lady of Knock Shrine photographer photographs photos Roman Catholic shrine tourism travel https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/5/our-lady-of-knock-shrine-a-photographic-study Sat, 07 May 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Forestburgh Log Cabin: A Photographic Study https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/4/forestburgh-log-cabin-a-photographic-study The Forestburgh Log Cabin, constructed circa the 1790s, is one of the earliest structures built in Sullivan County, New York. The Forestburgh town website notes that the cabin was once owned by Abe Cuddeback. A primitive school was functioning at the cabin prior to the town of Forestburgh being established.

 

The Forestburgh log cabin, constructed in the 1790s, is located at the Forestburgh town hall in Sullivan County, New York.Forestburgh Log CabinThe Forestburgh Log Cabin, constructed circa the 1790s, is one of the earliest structures built in Sullivan County, New York. The Forestburgh town website notes that the cabin was once owned by Abe Cuddeback. A primitive school was functioning at the cabin prior to the town of Forestburgh being established.

The Forestburgh log cabin, constructed in the 1790s, is located at the Forestburgh town hall in Sullivan County, New York.Forestburgh Log CabinThe Forestburgh Log Cabin, constructed circa the 1790s, is one of the earliest structures built in Sullivan County, New York. The Forestburgh town website notes that the cabin was once owned by Abe Cuddeback. A primitive school was functioning at the cabin prior to the town of Forestburgh being established.

 

For many years the cabin was undetected as it was covered up by a later period structure. The cabin was discovered in the summer of 1982 when the recently purchased home was being renovated. As one wing of the house, known as the old Theimer place, was being removed, the cabin logs were found under the clapboards. The cabin was subsequently purchased by the town and moved to its current location in 1987. The cabin was preserved through the combined efforts of the Town, Sullivan County and Federal resources as well as generous private individuals and groups.

 

The year 1987, when the cabin was moved, was particularly important as it represented the 150th anniversary of the town of Forestburgh being established. Forestburgh was established on May 2, 1837 from sections of the towns of Mamakating and Thompson. Early industries included lumbering, dairying, tanning and quarrying.

 

The Forestburgh log cabin, constructed in the 1790s, is located at the Forestburgh town hall in Sullivan County, New York.Abe Cuddeback House at ForestburghThe Forestburgh Log Cabin, constructed circa the 1790s, is one of the earliest structures built in Sullivan County, New York. The Forestburgh town website notes that the cabin was once owned by Abe Cuddeback. A primitive school was functioning at the cabin prior to the town of Forestburgh being established.

The Forestburgh log cabin, constructed in the 1790s, is located at the Forestburgh town hall in Sullivan County, New York.Through the DoorThe Forestburgh Log Cabin, constructed circa the 1790s, is one of the earliest structures built in Sullivan County, New York. The Forestburgh town website notes that the cabin was once owned by Abe Cuddeback. A primitive school was functioning at the cabin prior to the town of Forestburgh being established.

 

The Forestburgh log cabin, constructed in the 1790s, is located at the Forestburgh town hall in Sullivan County, New York.Over 200 YearsThe Forestburgh Log Cabin, constructed circa the 1790s, is one of the earliest structures built in Sullivan County, New York. The Forestburgh town website notes that the cabin was once owned by Abe Cuddeback. A primitive school was functioning at the cabin prior to the town of Forestburgh being established.

 

Elsie Winterberger (1910-1992), historian for the Town of Forestburgh, played a pivotal role in managing the dismantling, moving and then reconstruction of the cabin at its new location. She organized various fundraisers, including raffles and stitching a commemorative quilt, in order to purchase antiques for the cabin. Winterberger notably served as town historian for 18 years until her passing in 1992. She was also the author of the well-read “Forestburgh Lore” column published in the Sullivan County Democrat and other local publications in which she shared her stories of regional history. In 2012 Winterberger was honored by the Sullivan County Historical Society with its History Preserver award.

 

A sign at the Forestburgh cabin notes that famous author Stephen Crane (1871-1900), while residing with his brother Edmund at the nearby hamlet of Hartwood, “was inspired to create” his Sullivan County Sketches (1891); The Red Badge of Courage (1895); and The Third Violet (1896). The Red Badge of Courage, a novel about the Civil War, follows soldier Henry Fleming as he finds the courage to fight in battle. It is considered a classic American novel.

 

The lake near Edmund Crane’s home is now called Stephen Crane’s Pond, a name which “comes from an unpublished fragment of a letter by E. B. Crane: ‘My brother and I think that the little lake that has never up to now been dignified on any map by a name should henceforth be called Stephen Crane’s Pond.’” (Sorrentino, Paul. Stephen Crane: A Life of Fire. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2014. p. 402.)

 

The Forestburgh log cabin, constructed in the 1790s, is located at the Forestburgh town hall in Sullivan County, New York.Forestburgh Log Cabin Historical MonumentThe Forestburgh Log Cabin, constructed circa the 1790s, is one of the earliest structures built in Sullivan County, New York. The Forestburgh town website notes that the cabin was once owned by Abe Cuddeback. A primitive school was functioning at the cabin prior to the town of Forestburgh being established.

The Forestburgh log cabin, constructed in the 1790s, is located at the Forestburgh town hall in Sullivan County, New York.Welcome to ForestburghThe Forestburgh Log Cabin, constructed circa the 1790s, is one of the earliest structures built in Sullivan County, New York. The Forestburgh town website notes that the cabin was once owned by Abe Cuddeback. A primitive school was functioning at the cabin prior to the town of Forestburgh being established.

 

The Forestburgh Log Cabin is now located at Forestburgh Town Hall, which is situated on King Road, off of Route 42 South. The original Town Hall building, which was located on the north side of County Route 48 near its intersection with Carpenter Road, was constructed in 1895, but was destroyed by fire in 1928. On the same site, and using the same plans, an exact replica of the original town hall building was constructed in 1929, which was used until 1980. This building still survives, and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

 

Today’s Town Hall building, dedicated in 1980, was designed to meet the needs of a modern local government. The building contains a courtroom, a supervisor’s office, an assessor’s office and the clerk’s office. In addition to the cabin, the property is also home to a swimming pool and a children’s play area.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) Abe Cuddeback cabin Catskill Mountains Catskills Crane's Pond Edmund Crane Elsie Winterberger Forestburgh log cabin New York photographer photographs photos Stephen Crane Stephen Crane's Pond Sullivan County tourism town hall travel https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/4/forestburgh-log-cabin-a-photographic-study Sat, 30 Apr 2022 12:00:00 GMT
Diamond Notch Falls: A Photographic Study https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/4/diamond-notch-falls-a-photographic-study Diamond Notch Falls, sometimes referred to as West Kill Falls, is a pleasant 25-foot waterfall located on the West Kill at the end of Spruceton Valley in the Hunter-Westkill Wilderness Area. Diamond Notch is the gap between Hunter Mountain and West Kill Mountain.

 

Diamond Notch Falls, located on the West Kill in the Spruceton Valley, is a pleasant 25-foot waterfall.Diamond Notch FallsDiamond Notch Falls, sometimes referred to as West Kill Falls, is a pleasant 25-foot waterfall located on the West Kill at the end of Spruceton Valley in the Hunter-Westkill Wilderness Area. The falls are easily accessible via a relatively flat 1.4-mile roundtrip hike.

Diamond Notch Falls, located on the West Kill in the Spruceton Valley, is a pleasant 25-foot waterfall.Scene at Diamond Notch FallsDiamond Notch Falls, sometimes referred to as West Kill Falls, is a pleasant 25-foot waterfall located on the West Kill at the end of Spruceton Valley in the Hunter-Westkill Wilderness Area. The falls are easily accessible via a relatively flat 1.4-mile roundtrip hike.

 

From the end of Greene County Route 6 (Spruceton Road), the falls are easily accessible via a relatively flat, family-friendly 1.4-mile roundtrip hike along the West Kill. For a different starting point, the trail to the falls can also be accessed from the end of Diamond Notch Road, 1.5 miles off of Route 214 near Lanesville. This route to the falls, which follows along Hollow Tree Brook through Diamond Notch Hollow, is approximately 4.0 miles roundtrip. The entire blue-blazed Diamond Notch Trail from Lanesville to Spruceton Road is 2.7 miles long one-way, or 5.4 miles roundtrip.

 

Diamond Notch Falls is located on the regionally famous Devil’s Path, at its junction with the Diamond Notch Trail. The 25.2-mile Devil’s Path is an extremely challenging hike that crosses the summits of Indian Head, Twin, Sugarloaf, Plateau and West Kill Mountains, all of which are over 3,500 feet. With its notorious rocky terrain and approximately 9,000 feet of elevation gain, the Devil’s Path is considered one of the most challenging hikes in all of the Catskills, and perhaps even the tri-state area.

 

Diamond Notch Falls, located on the West Kill in the Spruceton Valley, is a pleasant 25-foot waterfall.Diamond Notch Falls, AutumnDiamond Notch Falls, sometimes referred to as West Kill Falls, is a pleasant 25-foot waterfall located on the West Kill at the end of Spruceton Valley in the Hunter-Westkill Wilderness Area. The falls are easily accessible via a relatively flat 1.4-mile roundtrip hike.

Diamond Notch Falls, located on the West Kill in the Spruceton Valley, is a pleasant 25-foot waterfall.From the Top of Diamond Notch FallsDiamond Notch Falls, sometimes referred to as West Kill Falls, is a pleasant 25-foot waterfall located on the West Kill at the end of Spruceton Valley in the Hunter-Westkill Wilderness Area. The falls are easily accessible via a relatively flat 1.4-mile roundtrip hike.

 

The 11-mile-long West Kill, on which Diamond Notch Falls sit, forms between Hunter Mountain and Westkill Mountain, flows through the Spruceton Valley and past the hamlets of Spruceton and West Kill before joining the Schoharie Creek at the hamlet of Lexington.

 

Spruceton, located near the northern terminus of the Diamond Notch Trail, is one of four historic hamlets located within the town of Lexington, the other three being Lexington, Westkill and Bushnellsville. The Spruceton hamlet is beautifully situated within the West Kill valley, with the hamlet of West Kill (junction of County Route 6 and Route42) at the western terminus of the valley, and the parking area for the Diamond Notch Trail at the eastern terminus of the valley. The focal point for today’s Spruceton hamlet is the Spruceton Methodist Church, which was founded in 1889, and its adjacent graveyard enclosed by a stone wall.

 

According to noted professor, author and naturalist Michael Kudish “the name of the hamlet of Spruceton does originate from the presence of this conifer in the valley of the West Kill. Most of the red spruce were and are today on the upper slopes and ridgecrests of Rusk and West Kill Mountains. West of these two peaks, no spruce was or is to be found along the ridges. In the West Kill Valley, spruce descended to about the hamlet of Spruceton and not any farther west. Most of the red spruce in the valley was logged off during the nineteenth century.” (Kudish, Michael. The Catskill Forest: A History. Fleischmanns, New York: Purple Mountain Press, 2000. p. 124.)

 

J. B. Beers wrote in 1884 in his definitive History of Greene County, New York of the origin of the hamlet of Lanesville, which is located near the southern terminus of Diamond Notch Hollow. “Still lower down is Lanesville, named from its early pioneer, Peter R. Lane, who came within the bounds of Greene County about 1830. It is a small settlement and its few citizens are mostly farmers, among them are Edward Lane, Orrin B. Crosby and the genial post-master, Mr. Barber, who keeps a small general store. The other early settlers were the Martins, Connolly, William Barber, Jacob D. Lane, Robert Kerr, H. D. Devall, Mr. Fairchild and a few others. Their chief business from the earliest dates has been lumbering, and the stream abounds in old mill and dam sites, many owned and run by the above men. At present there are but a few in operation, but to locate the sites by other methods than a map, would be impossible.” (Beers, J. B. History of Greene County, New York. New York: J. B. Beers & Co., 1884. p. 83.)

 

By the mid-1880s the well-regarded Diamond Notch House, with accommodations for 30 people, had been established at the hamlet of Lanesville. The Diamond Notch House was early managed by Orrin B. Crosby (1813-1900) and later by his son Asa Crosby (1860-1926). A 1915 advertisement noted that the farm house included “excellent table; airy rooms; dancing, fishing, etc.; homelike; restful; telephone.” Asa Crosby was a lifelong resident of Lanesville, and in addition to the boarding house, he also managed his farm and operated a general store business.

 

In 1892 the Diamond Notch House was the scene of much excitement. “David J. Crosby, son of O. B. Crosby, who keeps the Diamond Notch House at Lanesville, in the Catskills Mountains, one night, a short time ago, had two sheep killed by some wild animal. He set a trap, and the next morning found a large animal fast in it. Believing the animal to be dead he carelessly unloosed the jaws of the trap. This proved an unfortunate circumstance, as the animal was by no means dead. In a “York second” Crosby and a large catamount were rolling around in the snow. Crosby managed to get a large jackknife from his pocket, and after one or two well-directed stabs the catamount yielded up its life. Mr. Crosby had his clothing torn into shreds, and his body was terribly scratched. The catamount was four feet in length and weighed forty pounds.” (“New York State News.” Republican Watchman. Monticello, New York. February 12, 1892.)

 

David Crosby, brother of Asa Crosby, would establish Echo Cottage, also located at Lanesville. Echo Cottage had accommodations for 40 people. Other boarding houses operating at Lanesville in 1919 included the Lanesville House (Mrs. J. McGinn), the Central Farm House (F. A. Barber), The Ruggles (C. R. Lane), Pleasant View House (T. H. Jansen), Clover Leaf Cottage (A. H. Stryker), Notch View Farm (E. Kerr), The Brunswick (H. S. Lane), The Elmwood (Louisa North) and The Norwood (George Lindsley).

 

A similarly named Diamond Notch House was located at the hamlet of Spruceton and was operated by Henry I. Van Valkenburgh.

 

Between 1890 and 1910 there was a massive landslide on the east wall of Diamond Notch that “removed all vegetation and soil helping to create a landslide-prone boulder talus slope with very little vegetation even today. The area was also reportedly logged during this period.” (Hunter Mountain Wild Forest Unit Management Plan. November 1995. pp. 21-22.)

 

Diamond Notch Falls, located on the West Kill in the Spruceton Valley, is a pleasant 25-foot waterfall.Diamond Notch FallsDiamond Notch Falls, sometimes referred to as West Kill Falls, is a pleasant 25-foot waterfall located on the West Kill at the end of Spruceton Valley in the Hunter-Westkill Wilderness Area. The falls are easily accessible via a relatively flat 1.4-mile roundtrip hike.

Diamond Notch Falls, located on the West Kill in the Spruceton Valley, is a pleasant 25-foot waterfall.Diamond Notch FallsDiamond Notch Falls, sometimes referred to as West Kill Falls, is a pleasant 25-foot waterfall located on the West Kill at the end of Spruceton Valley in the Hunter-Westkill Wilderness Area. The falls are easily accessible via a relatively flat 1.4-mile roundtrip hike.

 

The Diamond Notch Trail from Lanesville to Spruceton was an old public road that was eventually abandoned, and later converted to trail use. Both the 1856 Map of Greene County, N.Y. by Samuel Geil and the 1867 Atlas of Greene County map by F. W. Beers did not show a road through the notch between Lanesville and Spruceton. However, the U.S. Geological Survey of 1900, as seen on the Phoenicia Quadrangle, did show the route through Diamond Notch. This route was shown as a trail, not as a road.

 

The road through Diamond Notch was officially abandoned on November 26, 1924 by order of the Town Board of Lexington, although the portion of the road operated by the town of Hunter was maintained for some years after. Lands within Diamond Notch were purchased by New York State in 1932 to incorporate as part of the Catskill Forest Preserve. The Diamond Notch Trail “was developed during the 1937 season primarily as a ski trail from Stony Clove Road (Route 214) near Lanesville to the Spruceton Road near its junction with the old Spruceton-Hunter Road.” (Delaware Republican Express. Summer Vacation Issue, 1974.) The original 5-mile cross-country ski trail, with exposure to the north and south, was rated by the New York State Conservation Department as “novice.”

 

The lean-to located within Diamond Notch, approximately 1/2 mile from the Falls, was originally constructed in 1968, and rehabilitated in 2010. It is a popular overnight spot for backpackers given its proximity to the Devil’s Path and to Diamond Notch Falls. The Diamond Notch lean-to is one of three shelters located within the Hunter-Westkill Wilderness Area, the other two being the John Robb lean-to on the Spruceton Trail and the Devil’s Acre lean-to on the Devil’s Path.

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) brook Catskill Mountains Catskills creek Devil's Path Diamond Notch Diamond Notch Falls Diamond Notch Hollow Greene County hike hiker hiking Hollow Tree Brook Hunter-Westkill Wilderness Area Lanesville Matthew Jarnich New York photographer photographs photos river Spruceton Spruceton Road tourism trail travel water waterfall West Kill West Kill Falls https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/4/diamond-notch-falls-a-photographic-study Sat, 23 Apr 2022 12:00:00 GMT
On the Road Again: Ultimate Road Trip # 10 https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/4/on-the-road-again-ultimate-road-trip-10 The latest iteration of the Ultimate Road Trip music mix series went live in the fall of 2021. In October of that year, I took a fantastic week-long vacation to the Catskills. I stayed for several days at Resorts World Catskills in Monticello and spent the rest of the week in the Phoenicia area.

 

Using Monticello as a base for the first half of the week, the surrounding Sullivan County region offered, as always, some great shooting opportunities including two beautiful Ukrainian churches, Bethel Woods (site of the 1969 Woodstock festival), Forestburgh, the historic Beaverkill Covered Bridge, the near-abandoned hamlet of Parksville, the serene Alder Lake, several beautiful waterfalls, and much more.

 

Using the quiet hamlet of Phoenicia as a base for the second half of the week, I visited the amazing sculptures at Emile Brunel Park in Boiceville, the always inviting Ashokan Reservoir, the peaceful Spruceton Valley, the flowing Diamond Notch Falls, the quirky village of Woodstock and several other scenic locations.

 

Overall, I was accompanied by some great weather, and even the periods of rain added to the trip by adding increased volume to the several waterfalls that I visited.

 

Here is the latest mix that kept me company during my travels through the southern and central Catskills. There are a number of new artists that have not appeared on any of my prior mixes, including Uncle Lucius, Ashley McBryde, Sons of Bill, Lord Huron, Katie Pruitt and Joshua Ray Walker. It’s always a great feeling when you find a new song and/or a new artist that immediately makes you think “oh yeah, that’s going on the mix.” The mix contains 20 songs with 1 hour, 23 minutes of listening time.

 

  1. The Sound of Silence – Disturbed

 

  1. Further On (Up the Road) – Bruce Springsteen with the Sessions Band

 

  1. Keep the Wolves Away – Uncle Lucius

 

  1. Only Children – Jason Isbell and the 400 Unit

 

  1. Girl Goin’ Nowhere (Live from Nashville) – Ashley McBryde

 

  1. Running For So Long – Parker Ainsworth, Butch Walker, Paris Jackson and Jessie Payo

 

  1. Maybe It’s Time – Bradley Cooper

 

  1. Highwayman – The White Buffalo

 

  1. A Simple Song – Chris Stapleton

 

  1. American Ride – Willie Nile

 

  1. Wilson’s Track – Kevin Welch

 

  1. Frozen Pines – Lord Huron

 

  1. Here’s Looking at You, Kid (Live) – The Gaslight Anthem

 

  1. Santa Ana Winds – Sons of Bill

 

  1. Virginia Calling (Live) – Sons of Bill

 

  1. Expectations – Katie Pruitt

 

  1. Further On Up the Road – Johnny Cash

 

  1. God’s Gonna Cut You Down – Johnny Cash

 

  1. Paradise – Bruce Springsteen

 

  1. Canyon – Joshua Ray Walker

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) album ballad band best Catskill Mountains Catskills country digital drive favorite freedom great greatest listen lyrics mix music musician photographer photography place playlist road road trip singer song soundtrack story travel trip ultimate ultimate road trip https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/4/on-the-road-again-ultimate-road-trip-10 Sat, 16 Apr 2022 12:00:00 GMT
William England and His 1859 Tour of the Catskills (Part 9) https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/4/william-england-and-his-1859-tour-of-the-catskills-part-9 Introduction

 

William England (1830-1896) was a 19th century British photographer who was widely known for his travel images. He was an early adopter of photography, operating a studio in the late 1840s, less than ten years after the daguerreotype was created by French inventor Louis Daguerre. England’s 1859 trip through the United States, including a visit to the Catskills, and Canada gained widespread praise. His image of Charles Blondin tightrope walking across the Niagara Gorge is among the top selling stereoviews of all time. Although largely forgotten today, William England was considered one of the great photographers of his era.

 

 

Continued from Part 8, Conclusion.

 

Following in His Footsteps

 

“As Mr. England has for some little time been resting on his oars, the whole of these businesses is now carried on by his sons, under the firm of England Brothers . . .”

 

 

Several children of William England followed in their father’s footsteps by working in the photography industry. Louis William England, William’s oldest child, started in the photography business at a young age. “Mr. England is one of the few who have already introduced photography to a second generation: his eldest son, a youth of seventeen, has commenced his career as photographer, as a dry plate man, having produced some excellent dry plate negatives, before he has yet produced one by the wet process.”[1]

 

According to UK census and marriage records, Louis William England worked as a photo landscape artist (1881 census), a publisher (1889 marriage record), a photographer (1891 census), a photographic printer (1901 census) and a photographer (1911 census). Louis, for a time, operated the L. W. England & Co. business, located at 25 Charles Street in Royal Crescent, Notting Hill, London, which offered photographic printing and enlarging. Louis was also a partner with his brothers in the England Bros. firm. Louis William England passed away in 1919.

 

The Amateur photographer.L. W. England & Co.L. W. England & Co.,
Photographic Printers & Enlargers,
25, Charles Street, Royal Crescent, London,
Price List on Application.
Finest Sensitized Paper, 13s, 6d, per quire, Post Free.

 

Walter John England, William’s third child, and according to UK census records, was educated as a “Student of Arts” (1871 census). In 1877, according to the record of his first marriage, Walter was working as an “Artist.” In 1888, according to the record of his second marriage, Walter was working as a “publisher.” He later worked with an occupation of “Photo mount manufacturer and Lithograph” (1891 census), a “Manager Collotype printing” (1901 census), and as a printer (1911 census). Walter was also a partner with his brothers in the England Bros. firm. Walter John England passed away in 1914.

 

John Desire England, William’s youngest child, and according to his 1887 marriage record, at age 26, was working as a dry plate maker. According to UK census records, John then worked with photographic materials (1891 census), and worked as a photographic chemist (1901 census) and as a technical chemist in photographic paper manufacturing (1911 census). John worked with and then took over the dry plate manufacturing business of his father, with money invested by his father, operating at 21 to 24 Charles Street in Royal Crescent, Notting Hill, London. John was a Council Member of the West London Photographic Society and became a member of the Photographic Society of Great Britain, later the Royal Photographic Society of Great Britain, in 1884.

 

Like his father, John wrote detailed technical articles for the leading photographic industry publications.

 

  • 1885. “Electric Light in Developing Rooms.” The British Journal Photographic Almanac and Photographer’s Daily Companion for 1885. London: Ross & Co., 1885.  p. 68.
  • 1886. “On the Development of Chloride Plates.” The British Journal Photographic Almanac and Photographer’s Daily Companion for 1886. London: Ross & Co., 1886. p. 190.
  • 1887. “A Method of Estimating the Value of Photographic Waste.” The Photographic News. Vol. 31, No. 1487. March 4, 1887. p. 132.
  • 1892. “Celluloid Films.” Scientific American Supplement. Vol. 33, No. 847. March 26, 1892. p. 13,530. Also, The Amateur Photographer. Vol. 15, No. 383. February 5, 1892. London: Hazell, Watson, and Viney, LD., 1892. p. 99.
  • 1893. “The Manufacture of Gelatine Dry Plates.” The Journal and Transactions of the Photographic Society of Great Britain. New Series, Vol. 17, No. 8. May 30, 1893. pp. 222-228.

 

Later John and his brothers combined efforts to form the England Bros. company, which offered plate-making, the production of lantern slides, gelatine dry plates, letterpress and lithographic printing, including the production of “photographic mounts in carte, cabinet, and every other size made use of in the profession,” books, magazines and photographic catalogs. The England Bros. firm later merged with Charles Tylor in the late 1890s to form the Chas. Tyler and England Bros. company. The Chas. Tyler and England Bros. company operated until 1907 when it was incorporated into the firm of W. Butcher and Sons, Limited. John Desire England passed away in 1931.

 

England's Dry PlatesEngland's Dry PlatesEngland's Dry Plates.

The Plates are tested by Mr. W. England, and guaranteed to be of the same quality as those used by him, and for which he received several Medals, and also the SILVER MEDAL OF THE BELGIAN EXHIBITION just awarded.

Best Selected Glass only Used. Rapid and Instantaneous same Price.

Sample Dozen of Quarter Plates forwarded per Parcels Post on Receipt of 2/-.

The New Gelatino-Chloride Plates, Now Ready. These are especially prepared for Copying Negatives Stereoscopic and Lantern Transparencies. Prices same as Bromide Samples, and Full Particulars for Working forwarded.

J. Desire England, Manufacturer, 21 and 23 Charles Street, Royal Crescent, Notting Hill, London, W.

Special Landscape Plate . . . Tested by William EnglandSpecial Landscape Plate . . . Tested by William EnglandSpecial Landscape Plate. Made by an entirely new FORMULA and tested by WILLIAM ENGLAND.

These Plates which are made in two rapidities Slow and Extra rapid are without exception the finest Plates ever made.

J. Desire England, Charles St. Royal Crescent, Notting Hill.

Fas-simile of Label of England's New Landscape Plate.

Professional and Amateur Landscape Photographers will be much pleased by the ease with which they can be used and the brilliant results obtained. The Extra Rapid are admirably suited for Instantaneous Works.

 

England's Studio PlatesEngland's Studio PlatesEngland's Studio Plates.

Manufactured by J. Desire England, Charles St., Royal Crescent, Notting Hill, London, W.

Telegraphic address.–"England, London."

 

England's Dry PlatesEngland's Dry PlatesEngland's New Instantaneous Dry Plates. Especially prepared for Winter use and Instantaneous Views.

These Plates will be found to give remarkably brilliant negatives.

Those operators who have not yet used them should send at once for sample dozen, which will be forwarded on receipt of 24 stamps.

J. Desire England, 21 to 24, Charles Street, Royal Crescent, Notting Hill, London, W.

 

Endorsements

 

“The new Tourist’s Knapsack Tent. This tent was used by that eminent photographer Mr. England during the whole of his tour through Switzerland.”

 

 

The name of William England, given its prominence in the photographic industry, was widely used by companies in advertisements to promote their products. Examples of advertisements where England’s name was used include W. W. Rouch for their Tourist’s Knapsack Tent and their collodion plates, Newman’s Diamond Print Varnish, Dallmeyer’s assortment of lenses, the E. & H. T. Anthony Company, and various distributors of stereoscopic views and other photography prints, among many others.

 

The New Tourist's Knapsack TentThe New Tourist's Knapsack TentThe New Tourist's Knapsack Tent.

This tent was used by that eminent photographer Mr. England during the whole of his tour through Switzerland.

Weight of Tent when Packed 8 lbs.
Price Complete £6 15s. Od.


MR. ENGLAND
Writes;–"I have now used the KNAPSACK TENT for four Seasons for both Dry and Wet Plate Work. I am still of opinion that it is by far the best form of tent for Tourists and Others."

 

The Tourist's Knapsack TentThe Tourist's Knapsack TentW. W. Rouch & Co.

Are the Sole Makers of

The Tourist's Knapsack Tent.

This tent was used by that eminent photographer Mr. England during the whole of his tour through Switzerland.

Weight of Tent when Packed 8 lbs.
Price Complete 6 15s.

MR. ENGLAND writes:–"I have used the Knapsack Tent for five seasons abroad, in mountainous districts, and I retain the opinion that for both dry and wet plate work it it by far the best form of Tent for Tourists and others."

W. W. ROUCH & CO.,
180, STRAND, LONDON.

 

Photographic Society of Great Britain

 

“The object of the Photographic Society is the promotion of the Art and Science of Photography, by the interchange of thought and experience among Photographers . . .”

 

 

William England was long associated with the Photographic Society of Great Britain, later the Royal Photographic Society of Great Britain, having joined the society in 1863. He made his debut at the society the year prior on March 4, 1862 “when he exhibited a series of lantern slides, consisting of ‘instantaneous street scenes in Paris, etc.’” England was elected as a Council Member in 1867, a position he held until his death. In 1886 and 1887 England served as the organization’s Vice President. The Royal Photographic Society, founded in 1853, continues to operate today. More information about the organization and their history can be found on their website at www.rps.org.

 

Solar Club

 

“Gentlemen in lux way.” – Solar Club.

 

 

William England was a founding member of the Solar Club, which was established in 1866. Although founded as a photographic professional society, the group functioned more as a gentleman’s social club, with a decided focus on dining.

 

“The prospectus of the club was as follows:

 

WHEREAS the object of this Club is Social Enjoyment, and WHEREAS we have the authority of many famous men that it is good to dine, videlicet, Dr. Johnson said, “Sir, let us dine;” Shakespeare recommends us to “dine and never fret;” he also says “Though should’st hazard they life for they dinner;” and authority, Prior, says:

 

“Thus of your heroes and brave boys

With whom old Homer makes such noise,

The greatest actions I can find

Are that they did their work – and dined.”

 

And WHEREAS it is clearly great and virtuous to dine, therefore BE IT ENACTED that we be great and virtuous.

 

At each meeting of the Members they will dine together. The diner may consist of herps and of water from the spring, or –

 

To promote freedom and avoid formality, it is suggested that Members shall not appear in Regimentals, Court Dress, as Guys or in Disguise, in a Dress Coat, or any other than their ordinary costume, unless they wish their portraits, in such costume, to hang up during every meeting as a warning to others. Further, to fuse all elements into harmony, it is suggested that Smoking not be prohibited, but, on the contrary, strictly enforced.”[2]

 

Members of the Solar Club were addressed as “Rays,” instead of the usual “Brothers”; for example, “Ray England will now propose a toast.” Members included writers and editors for trade magazines, studio proprietors and, generally, a who’s who of London photography. Other founding members included Francis Bedford (1816-1894), Valentine Blanchard (1831-1901), G. Bishop, John Henry Dallmeyer (1830-1883), Samuel Fry, Russell Manners Gordon (1829-1906), W. Holyoake, Frank Howard, Jabez Hughes (1819-1884), J. E. Mayall (1813-1901), William Mayland (1821-1907), W. F. Mills, Oscar Gustave Rejlander (1813-1875), George Wharton Simpson (1825-1880), M. Whiting, Jr., Walter Bentley Woodbury (1834-1885), and Thomas Richard Williams (1824-1871) and Henry Peach Robinson (1830-1901), Chancellor. Membership in the Solar Club was restricted to 25 people, with guests from the arts and the press often invited to the monthly dinners.

 

Members of the Solar Club, including England, were notably photographed in 1869 by O. G. Rejlander, and the picture was later enlarged by Jabez Hughes. The Photographic Journal noted that there was “special interest” in the photograph “from the circumstance of its being the only picture extant exhibiting so large a group of British photographers.”[3] The photograph was exhibited in 1870 at the 15th Annual Exhibition of the Photographic Society of London. The photograph is now part of the Royal Photographic Society collection at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London.

 

Solar ClubSolar ClubWilliam England was a founding member of the Solar Club, which was established in 1866. Although founded as a photographic professional society, the group functioned more as a gentleman’s social club, with a decided focus on dining.

“The prospectus of the club was as follows:

WHEREAS the object of this Club is Social Enjoyment, and WHEREAS we have the authority of many famous men that it is good to dine, videlicet, Dr. Johnson said, “Sir, let us dine;” Shakespeare recommends us to “dine and never fret;” he also says “Though should’st hazard they life for they dinner;” and authority, Prior, says:

“Thus of your heroes and brave boys
With whom old Homer makes such noise,
The greatest actions I can find
Are that they did their work – and dined.”

And WHEREAS it is clearly great and virtuous to dine, therefore BE IT ENACTED that we be great and virtuous.

At each meeting of the Members they will dine together. The diner may consist of herps and of water from the spring, or –

To promote freedom and avoid formality, it is suggested that Members shall not appear in Regimentals, Court Dress, as Guys or in Disguise, in a Dress Coat, or any other than their ordinary costume, unless they wish their portraits, in such costume, to hang up during every meeting as a warning to others. Further, to fuse all elements into harmony, it is suggested that Smoking not be prohibited, but, on the contrary, strictly enforced.” (“Editorial Notes.” The Photographic Times. Vol. 28, No. 5. May 1896. pp. 240-241.)

Members of the Solar Club were addressed as “Rays,” instead of the usual “Brothers”; for example, “Ray England will now propose a toast.” Members included writers and editors for trade magazines, studio proprietors and, generally, a who’s who of London photography. Other founding members included Francis Bedford (1816-1894), Valentine Blanchard (1831-1901), G. Bishop, John Henry Dallmeyer (1830-1883), Samuel Fry, Russell Manners Gordon (1829-1906), W. Holyoake, Frank Howard, Jabez Hughes (1819-1884), J. E. Mayall (1813-1901), William Mayland (1821-1907), W. F. Mills, Oscar Gustave Rejlander (1813-1875), George Wharton Simpson (1825-1880), M. Whiting, Jr., Walter Bentley Woodbury (1834-1885), and Thomas Richard Williams (1824-1871) and Henry Peach Robinson (1830-1901), Chancellor. Membership in the Solar Club was restricted to 25 people, with guests from the arts and the press often invited to the monthly dinners.

 

Edgar Yoxall Jones described the historic photograph in his 1973 biography of Rejlander. “In June, Rejlander invited his friends of the Solar Club to a house-warming, and the group photograph taken during the proceedings shows him in the company of some of the foremost figures in the photographic world. On the left sits William England of the London Stereoscopic Company, whose extensive tours opened up the continent and the United States to the British public. With his back to the camera sits Wharton Simpson, editor of Photographic News; and to his right is Jabez Hughes, whose lucrative business in the Isle of Wight enjoyed royal patronage. Leaning back into the window one catches the profile of Walter Woodbury, inventor of the Woodbury type, whose name is perpetuated in The Oxford Dictionary. H. P. Robinson sits near Rejlander, who smiles benignly upon the proceedings.”[4]

 

Photographers’ Benevolent Association

 

“Some further effort has been made by a few earnest working photographers to establish a Benevolent Society, for the benefit of the unfortunate and needy amongst their body . . .”

 

 

Seeking to aid members of the photographic community in need, the Photographers’ Benevolent Association, sometimes referred to as the P. B. A., was founded in 1874. William England served as one of the association’s earliest trustees. The organization was supported by donations and subscriptions from those interested in the photographic trade, including employers, workers, amateurs and even those generally interested in photography. Professional photographers closely associated with the Photographers’ Benevolent Association also donated some of their completed photographs, which were then used to raise money via art shows and art sales. In June 1874 it was noted that “as a beginning, Mr. England has kindly promised a liberal donation.”[5] The following January, in 1875, England again donated photographs, this time “a splendid collection of statuary.”[6]

 

The charitable aims of the Photographers’ Benevolent Association were detailed in an advertisement in The Photographic Journal.

 

“The objects of the Association are – To receive Subscriptions and Donations, and by other means to raise funds, and to apply them to the following purposes:–

 

1.– The assistance, by grants or loans, of persons connected with Photography, their widowss and orphans, who are in neessitous circumstances arising from age, sickness, misfortune, or any other cause.

 

2.– The Grant of Annuities for life or for a term of years to such persons as are hereinafter indicated as qualified to receive such Annuities. Also,

 

3.– To aid unemployed Photographers in obtaining situations.”[7]  

 

Despite the laudable goals of the organization, it often faced challenging times given the lack of financial support from the photographic industry at large. Near its demise in the 1890s professional publications often wrote about how unfortunate it was that the Photographers’ Benevolent Association was not better supported.

 

  • “It is little short of scandalous that so exceedingly useful a body should languish for the want of funds.” – Photography, 1895.

 

  • “The Benevolent died through the neglect of those for whom it was instituted.” – The British Journal of Photography, 1896.

 

  • “There are probably 50,000 or 60,000 people engaged in the photographic industry in Great Britain who last year contributed to the funds of the Photographers’ Benevolent Association (lately dead) the magnificent sum of – nothing!” – Photographic News. 1896.

 

  • “Professional photographers cannot even combine for their own interests. Where is the Photographers’ Benevolent Association now? That was an institution for the benefit of professional photographers, and, with a reasonable amount of support from the profession, would have become a credit to it and a valuable aid for the sick and wounded. For years it lingered on, almost entirely supported and adminstered by amateurs and dealers, for the benefit of the professional photographer, who would not help himself, but was quite content to allow outsiders to pay for him and work for him.” – The British Journal of Photography, 1899.

 

Due to the lack of general interest and an absence of incoming financial support from subscriptions and donations, the Photographers’ Benevolent Association ceased operating in 1898. Any remaining funds were provided to the Royal Photographic Society on condition that the money be used for benevolent purposes.

 

Photographic Convention of the United Kingdom

 

“The object of the Convention . . . was an interchange of opinions and experiences on the subject of photography, combined with friendly intercourse amongst the charming Derbyshire scenery, and the general advancement of the photographic art.” – First annual convention in 1886.

 

 

In August 1886 England attended the inaugural meeting of the Photographic Convention of the United Kingdom held at the School of Art in Derby. “Its object was to afford facilities to photographers, professional and amateur, for an annual gathering at some suitable town, previously agreed upon, for the purpose of hearing and discussing papers of photographic interest; of holding exhibitions; excursions; a dinner; and other social gatherings. Conventions carried out on this model have for many years been popular amongst the photographers of the United States.”[8]

 

The first convention meeting, taking place over the course of three days from August 12 to 14, 1886, attracted approximately 46 well-to-do amateurs and successful professionals. Excursions were arranged to nearby destinations including Haddon Hall, Chatsworth, Dovedale and Matlock. Various papers were read including “Success” by H. P. Robinson, “Instantaneous Photography” by William Cobb, “Emulsion-making” by W. K. Burton and “Daylight Enlarging” by Andrew Pringle, among others.

 

Convention membership expanded to 193 photographers in 1887, 232 photographers in 1888 and 328 photographers by 1899. Each year the convention would be held in a different location, including Glasgow in 1887, Birmingham in 1888, London in 1889 and Chester in 1890. The challenging World War I years caused a drop in interest, which was followed by years with an ageing and declining membership. Despite the growing challenges the Photographic Convention of the United Kingdom managed to continue with its annual meeting until the 1930s.

 

West London Photographic Society

 

“The name of William England was so well known in the photographic world . . .”

 

 

England became the first president of the West London Photographic Society at its inaugural meeting on December 28, 1888 at Addison Hall in Kensington. The organization was considered “one of the most able of Metropolitan local photographic organizations.”[9] The West London Photographic Society later moved locations to Broadway, Hammersmith, and then again to the School of Arts and Crafts in Bedford Park. At some point it absorbed the Chiswick Camera Club, another local photographic organization.

 

Upon the founding of the West London Photographic Society, “John A. Hodges said that it was his pleasing duty to propose the election of William England as President of the new Society. He felt that the name of William England was so well known in the photographic world, that it would be conceded on all hands that anything beyond the mere mention of his name was unnecessary. The motion was carried with acclimation.”[10] England served as president of the organization for less than one year, announcing his resignation in October 1889.

 

Legacy

 

“No name is better known in London circles in connexion with photography than that of Mr. William England, who has practised [sic] in succession every branch and process of photography from the Daguerreotype onwards, and has done so with a high degree of success, both technically and financially.” – The British Journal of Photography, 1887.

 

 

William England died on a street near his home on August 13, 1896 at the age of 66. The sudden cause of death was heart disease. His death was a shock to many: “Although one of our oldest workers, Mr. England had always seemed so healthy and active that his death could not be expected by anyone who knew him personally.”[11] He is buried at Kensal Green Cemetery in the west of London, although his tombstone was destroyed during the bombings of World War II.

 

England helped establish the London Stereoscopic Company as a leader in the stereoview market. He shot the photograph that became perhaps the top selling stereoview of all time. He invented the focal plane shutter, an idea that was ahead of its time.

 

William England undertook numerous photographic journeys, all to picturesque locations, including Wales, Ireland, the United States, Canada, Paris, Switzerland, Savoy, Tyrol, the Rhine, and others. For every journey his photographic work was reviewed by the leading industry artists of the era, and in each case his work was accorded nothing but the highest of praise, for both their artistic and technical merits.

 

After establishing his own business, he would become perhaps the largest publisher of European views. His work won countless awards and he juried important competitions. He published numerous technical articles in highly respected photographic journals. England was a long-standing member of the leading photography associations of the day.

 

John Hannavy, a noted photographer and historian, wrote of England’s legacy. “At his peak, England was regarded as one of the leading landscape photographers in Europe. . . [He was considered] “perhaps one of an elite band of photographers who spanned the whole evolution of photography from the daguerreotype to the roll-film and seemingly adapted to each phase with relative ease. Throughout his career his advice was much sought after and he was a member of several photographic societies.”[12]

 

Comments and Corrections

 

If you should have any additional information, comments or corrections about the photographer William England please add a comment to this page, or send me an email using the contact page. Where possible, please include any available references. Thank you.

 

 

[1] “Visits to Noteworthy Studios. Mr. England’s Establishment at Notting Hill.” The Photographic News. Vol. 12, No. 502. April 17, 1868. pp. 184-185.

[2] “Editorial Notes.” The Photographic Times. Vol. 28, No. 5. May 1896. pp. 240-241.

[3] “Photographic Society.” The Photographic Journal, Containing the Transactions of the Photographic Society. Vol. 15, No. 219. November 8, 1870. p. 34.

[4] Jones, Edgar Yoxall. Father of Photography: O. G. Rejlander 1813-1875. Greenwich, CT: New York Graphic Society, LTD, 1973. pp. 36-37.

[5] “Photographers’ Benevolent Association.” The Photographic News. Vol. 18, No. 823. June 12, 1874. p. 286.

[6] “Photographers’ Benevolent Association.” The Photographic News. Vol. 19, No. 854. January 15, 1875. London: Piper and Carter, 1875. pp. 35-36.

[7] “The Photographers’ Benevolent Association.” Advertisement. The Photographic Journal. Vol. 21. London: The Royal Photographic Society, 1897. December 21, 1896.

[8] “The Gloucester Convention.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 46. March 10, 1899. London: Henry Greenwood & Co., 1899. p. 150.

[9] “Spirit of the Times.” Photography, The Journal of The Amateur, The Profession, and the Trade. Vol. 6, No. 270. January 11, 1894. p. 20.

[10] “West London Photographic Society.” The Photographic News. Vol. 32, No. 1581. December 21, 1888. London: Piper and Carter, 1888. p. 815.

[11] “Current Topics.” The Photogram. Vol. 3, No. 34. October 1896. pp. 253-254.

[12] Hannavy, John. Encyclopedia of Nineteenth-Century Photography. New York: Taylor & Francis Group, 2008. p. 489.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) 1859 alpine America in the Stereoscope Blondin Britain Catskills England exhibit Fawn's Leap International Exhibition Ireland Italy Kaaterskill Clove Kaaterskill Falls Kauterskill Falls landscape Laurel House London Stereoscopic Company mountains Niagara Falls North American Series North Lake photographer photographs photography Plattekill Clove Plauterkill Clove Rhine scenery statuary stereoscope stereoscopic stereoviews Switzerland waterfalls William England https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/4/william-england-and-his-1859-tour-of-the-catskills-part-9 Sat, 09 Apr 2022 12:15:00 GMT
William England and His 1859 Tour of the Catskills (Part 8) https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/4/william-england-and-his-1859-tour-of-the-catskills-part-8

Introduction

 

William England (1830-1896) was a 19th century British photographer who was widely known for his travel images. He was an early adopter of photography, operating a studio in the late 1840s, less than ten years after the daguerreotype was created by French inventor Louis Daguerre. England’s 1859 trip through the United States, including a visit to the Catskills, and Canada gained widespread praise. His image of Charles Blondin tightrope walking across the Niagara Gorge is among the top selling stereoviews of all time. Although largely forgotten today, William England was considered one of the great photographers of his era.

 

 

Continued from Part 7.

 

Exhibits

 

“. . . a fine series of views in the Tyrol, Italy, Switzerland, and on the Rhine, by the well-known photographer, Mr. W. England. For transparency, relief, and pictorial effect these beautiful little photographs are unsurpassed by any in the exhibition.”

 

 

England exhibited his work widely, received many awards and served as judge on countless leading exhibitions of the day. A few examples of England’s exhibitions, as either exhibitor or judge, are listed below.

 

  • 1858. London Photographic Society Exhibition. The exhibited photographs were all of Ireland and were attributed to the London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company. Number 5, “Stereoscopic Views in Ireland.” Number 384, “View in Killarney.” Number 423, “Glangariff, near Killarney.” Number 591, “View in Killarney.” Number 606, “St. Boyne’s Cross, County Louth.” Number 627, “Ross Castle, Killarney.” Number 649, “Blarney Castle, Co. Cork.” Number 657, “Lake of Killarney.” Number 659, “Holy Cross Abbey, Co. Tipperary.” Number 661, “Glena Mountain, Killarney.” Number 664, “Vale of Avoca, Co. Wicklow.” Number 666, “General View of Killarney.” Number 691, “Tore Waterfall, Killarney.”

 

  • 1860. London Photographic Society Exhibition. The exhibited photographs, titled “Stereographic Views in America,” were attributed to the London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company.

 

  • 1861. London Photographic Society Exhibition. The exhibited photographs were attributed to the London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company. Number 610, “Portion of the Horse-shoe Fall from below, Winter Scene.” Number 611, “The American Fall, Niagara.” Number 612, “The Victoria Bridge, Montreal.” Number 613, “Rustic Bridge, Sleepy Hollow.” Number 614, “The American Fall, from Luna Island.” Number 615, “Scene from Ottawa, Canada.” Number 616, “Niagara from Prospect Point.”

 

  • 1862. International Exhibition. The exhibited photographs were attributed to the London Stereoscopic & Photographic Company. Number 229, "Quebec." Number 234, "Rustic Bridge, Sleepy Hollow - American View." Number 244, "Stereoscopic Views of Paris - Instantaneous." Number 245, "Stereoscopic Views of Paris - Instantaneous." Number 246, "Natural Bridge - Kentucky." Number 248, "Niagara Falls." "Number 251, "Kauterskill Cavern - American View."

 

England received an award for his instantaneous work, “stereoscopic pictures of Paris (exhibited in name of the London Stereoscopic Co.)”

 

A medal for “photographic excellence” was awarded to the London Stereoscopic Company “for great excellence in photographic views, and especially a series of stereoscopic pictures of Paris.”[1]

 

“The Jurors of Class XIV . . . [have bestowed] the medal for the best series of instantaneous street views ever executed – the Paris views, by Mr. W. England – upon the London Stereoscopic Company, who have not the remotest claim to any share of the merit due, either photographic or manufacturing.”[2]

 

“One of the most interesting branches of modern photography is the production of instantaneous pictures, such as street scenes, and marine pictures, with breaking waves, shipping, fine cloud and atmospheric effects. In the production of a street scene with vehicles and pedestrians in rapid motion, and all the bustle of a London main thoroughfare or a Parisian boulevard, Mr. W. England, of the London Stereoscopic Company, stands unrivalled.”[3]

 

  • 1863. London Photographic Society. England exhibited an extensive number of views from the International Exhibition of 1862.

 

  • 1863. Glasgow Photographic Association Exhibition, Merchants’ Hall, Glasgow. “And lastly, the dissolving views for the magic lantern had been kindly furnished by Mr. England for that occasion; they were from negatives taken by himself, the transparencies being printed on tannin plates. They had thus every reason to hope that the evening would result in the satisfaction of all present.”[4]

 

  • 1865. Photographic Society of London Exhibition. England was awarded a medal “for landscapes.” “Mr. England exhibits a fine collection of his very fine views of Swiss scenery, taken on 9 by 7 plates, a size which has been somewhat neglected of late. Mr. England has shown rare skill in dealing with difficult subjects; Swiss scenery has been too often rendered familiar to the public as hard and snowy in a pictorial as well as a physical sense; but by a judicious mastery over his materials and art, Mr. England has produced some grand representations of Alpine scenery full of gradation and tone. Possibly a little less depth in printing would be more pleasing to the majority of visitors, but altogether there is a degree of uniform excellence not hitherto attained in pictures of this kind. Mr. England also exhibits a frame of stereoscopic pictures of the same scenery, which leave little to desire.”[5]

 

“If a piece of sculpture be judiciously lighted it forms one of the most effective of photographic subjects. Halse’s Advance, Australia! Photographed by Mr. England, shows more modelling and stereoscope effect than we are accustomed to look for in a monocular picture.”[6] This photograph was again exhibited by England in 1872 at the 17th Photographic Society of London Exhibition.

 

  • 1865. Dublin International Exhibition, Ireland. Exhibit number 107, “Cabinet and stereoscopic photographs of Switzerland and Savoy, taken by the wet collodion process, in four frames.”

 

“The admirable Swiss views of England, so full of quiet harmony, so free from the hardness which many photographers of similar scenery mistake for brilliancy.”[7]

 

England received a medal “for excellence in his manipulation and artistic effect.”[8]

 

“Mr. England’s Alpine views claim admiring attention. He exhibits several frames of 9 x 7 views, and a large collection of stereoscopic pictures of Swiss scenery, all exhibiting the well-known perfection for which this artist’s works are famous.”[9]

 

  • 1865. North London Photographic Exhibition. “The displays of landscapes at this exhibition includes some of the finest examples of this branch of the art we have seen. When we mention the names of Mudd, Bedford, and England, it will be readily understood that the pictures are good and we may add that the contributions are amongst the finest we have ever seen them exhibit.”[10]

 

  • 1866. Photographic Society of Scotland Exhibition. “The Exhibition is rather strong in landscapes, prominent among which are the Alpine views of Mr. England. Some of these we have never seen surpassed for delicacy, choice of subject, or excellence of manipulation.”[11]

 

  • 1867. Paris Universal Exhibition, Champ de Mars, Paris, France. England was awarded a silver medal for “views.” “W. England exhibits only views 9 x 7, or about that size, and I saw about forty of them. Whether all who deserved silver medals have got them or not, no one will doubt Mr. England’s right to the award that has been made to him. His productions are all well printed, and occupy good positions. The pictures are well known, and need no praise from me. He shows nothing but views, if we except a group of ecclesiastics, seemingly taken in the open air; but the picture is not essentially a landscape. It is clear and clean enough, but stiff, formal, and poor as a specimen of photographic art.”[12]

 

  • 1867. Exhibition Soiree of the London Photographic Society. “Mr. England exhibited very largely. That all his pictures were excellent it would be superfluous to remark. A frame of dry-plate subjects mainly claim our attention here. These were not in any sense inferior to those by the wet process hanging side by side with the artist’s works. There is all the detail, softness, and gradation in Mr. England’s dry plates that characterize his pictures by the wet process . . .Mr. England’s series of views comprised no stereographic subjects, those exhibited being from half-plate up to 9 x 7 inches.”[13]

 

  • 1867. Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society. “Mr. William England, a number of pretty and well photographed Swiss views.”[14]

 

“. . . and another second silver medal had been given to Mr. William England, for his views of Swiss scenery.”[15]

 

  • 1868. Photographic Society of London Exhibition. “Mr. England sends a frame of the capital results obtained during the summer in the Savoy.”[16]

 

“Amongst the other landscape photographers Mr. England and Mr. Bedford stand unrivalled in their peculiar branches. The views in the Tyrol, lately taken by Mr. England, are so excellent that they cannot but add to that gentleman’s high reputation.”[17]

 

  • 1869. Dutch Photographic Exhibition, at Groningen. England received a silver medal for landscapes.[18]

 

  • 1869. Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society Exhibition. “Also 411, by Mr. W. England, a case of views on the Tyrol, very fine indeed.”[19]

 

  • 1869. Photographic Society of London Exhibition. Number 136, Stereo views of Switzerland and Savoy. Number 137, Eight views in Switzerland (wet plates). Number 138, Eight views in Switzerland (dry plates).

 

“Mr. England was, as usual, admirable in Swiss scenery. His contributions, besides their pictorial excellence, had another special source of interest, as he exhibited, side by side, a frame of eight examples of the wet process, and eight examples, from similar subjects, of dry plate work. Both were, as in all Mr. England’s work, in all respects exceedingly fine, but it was possible for the critical observer to note a little more hardness and wiriness in the prints from dry plates than in those from wet plate negatives.”[20]

 

“Mr. England has a large number of his inimitable Swiss views. This artist’s works are ever fresh and charming.”[21]

 

  • 1869. Manchester Photographic Society Exhibition, Memorial Hall, Albert-square. “Next in order came a number of views by Mr. England, illustrative of scenery on the Rhine. The character of Mr. England’s work is so familiar to the photographic world that it is unnecessary to say that his contributions were very excellent.”[22]

 

  • 1870. Manchester Photographic Society Exhibition, Memorial Hall, Albert-square, Manchester. The exhibit included 500 photographs from 45 different exhibitors. “Mr. W. England, a London artist, has sent a number of beautiful Swiss views.”[23]

 

“. . . and some very fine views on the Rhine, and of the more rugged beauties of Switzerland, are contributed by W. England, of London . . . in which the bold grandeur of the scenery is forcibly exhibited, form quite a collection; and the same may be said of the views of the Rhine, exhibited by Mr. William England, London.”[24]

 

  • 1870. Palais de l’Industrie, Champs Elysees, Paris, France. England exhibited as one of 15 photographers from his home country.[25]

 

  • 1871. International Exhibition. England displayed a series of landscapes.

 

  • 1872. 17th Photographic Society of London Exhibition. Number 303, “Photographs of Sculpture.” Number 304, “Halse’s ‘Advance Australia.’”

 

“Mr. England contributed only a few pictures, but they were quite worthy of him. There were eight views of statuary by this artist which possessed great beauty.”[26]

 

  • 1872. London International Exhibition. England exhibited a “frame of eight photos.”[27]

 

  • 1873. 18th Photographic Society of London Exhibition. Numbers 113, 114, 115, “Statuary of the International Exhibition, 1873.” Number 116, “The Albert Memorial.” Numbers 117, 118, 119, 120, “Statuary from the International Exhibition, 1873.” Number 516, “Cabinet Statuary for the Stereoscope (from the International Exhibition).”

 

“William England, who of late years has made statuary his especial study, shows some marvellous productions of the kind, soft and harmonious, and as solid apparently, as the originals; a graceful rendering of the Albert memorial is also exhibited by Mr. England.”[28]

 

  • 1874. 19th Photographic Society of Great Britain Exhibition. Number 5, “Statuary in the International Exhibition, 1874 (12 subjects).”

 

“Mr. England shows a choice collection of photographs from statuary in the International Exhibition at present open. Being sole photographer in the “International” Mr. England has exceptional facilities for reproducing works of this description.”[29]

 

“Next to these, but yet unnumbered, appeared a series of twelve telling copies of marbles from the International Exhibition, by Mr. W. England – we presume a member of this Society’s Council.”[30]

 

  • 1874. Bengal Photographic Society Exhibition. England received a silver medal for his photographs of statuary. “On the reverse side of the same stand are a fine series of views in the Tyrol, Italy, Switzerland, and on the Rhine, by the well-known photographer, Mr. W. England. For transparency, relief, and pictorial effect these beautiful little photographs are unsurpassed by any in the exhibition.”[31]

 

“The admirable series of photographs of statuary by Mr. W. England merits particular attention for the delicacy and perfection of light and shade which characterize them. At first sight it would seem child’s play to photograph such subjects; but the manipulation of both negatives and prints, so as to produce the effect most suitable to each subject, and the proper direction of light and shade, so as to produce relief, and bring out the beauties of the work without deep black shadows on the one hand or flat blank whites on the other, demand considerable technical skill and artistic taste, and we quite agree with the judges that these beautiful pictures are worthy of the award of an extra silver medal.”[32]

 

  • 1874. International Exhibition, Albert Hall. “The views of Holland House are, we observe, from negatives taken by Mr. England. In addition to prints upon paper this company also exhibit a charming series of glass lantern transparencies of a most attractive tone.”[33]

 

“To Mr. William England has been entrusted the privilege of photographing the subjects in the present International Exhibition.”[34]

 

  • 1874. Photographic Society of France Exhibition, Palais de l’Industrie, Paris, France. England was awarded a medal. Other English medalists included Bedford, Johnson, Woodbury, D. Hedges and Brownrigg.[35]

 

  • 1875. 20th Photographic Society of Great Britain Exhibition. Numbers 61, 62 and 63, “Copies of Oil-Paintings.” Numbers 64, 65, 66, “Copies of Sculpture.” Numbers 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, “Copy of a Painting.” Number 141, “Copy of Sculpture.” “Mr. England also contributes largely, his exhibits being confined to copies of paintings and sculpture. The latter will amply repay the most careful study, so skillfully has the lighting and general treatment been managed.”[36]

 

“Mr. England sends some very admirable reproductions from painting and sculpture; the excellence of his work causes regret that the paintings copied are in many cases so poor.”[37]

 

  • 1876. Centennial Exhibition, Philadelphia, United States. England displayed landscapes and sculpture, “some of them being fine in lighting and composition.”[38]

 

  • 1877. 22nd Photographic Society of Great Britain Exhibition. England was awarded a medal “for the best Frame of Dry-Plate Photographs” for his Swiss views, numbers 26 to 34. Number 26, “Righi Staffel.” Number 27, “Valley of Grindelwald.” Number 28, “Interlaken.” Number 29, “Berne.” Number 30, “Pont du Chemin de Fer.” Number 31, “Lake of Thun.” Number 32, “The Jungfrau.” Number 33, “Berne.” Number 34, “On the Road to Grindelwald.” Number 84, “Grindelwald.” Number 85, “The Jungfrau.” Number 86, “The Jungfrau.” Number 87, “Thun.” Number 38, “On the Road to Lauterbrunnen.” Number 89, “Interlaken.” Number 90, “On the Road Grindelwald.” Number 91, “On the Road to Grindelwald.” Number 92, “Attenburg, near Burne.” Number 343, “Statuary.” Number 543, “Revolving Stereoscope, with Views taken, and exhibited by.”

 

“To ascertain what can be done with dry plates in the hands of a capable artist the visitor has only to examine a series of Swiss views by Mr. England (Nos. 26-34).”[39]

 

“Mr. William England, whose Swiss photographs are so widely known, is represented here by numerous examples, remarkable for their extreme distinctness of definition. These are from dry plates.”[40]

 

“Respecting the medal for the best frame of dry-plate photographs awarded to Mr. William England for his Swiss Views, the President said that as specimens of dry-plate work they were perfect; and when the various difficulties arising from local colour – affecting distances combined with the foreground colours of a totally different nature were considered, they showed that some mastery had been obtained over dry-plate work when put in competition with wet.”[41]

 

“Mr. England has produced his splendid collection of Swiss views, in which (though no information is given in the catalogue regarding it) we think we can trace the delicacy due to albumen in the sensitive film, combine probably in some way or another with bromide of silver.”[42]

 

“The Swiss views of W. England, which occur very early in the catalogue, cannot fail to charm the spectator. “The Road to Grindelwals” (34) is particularly tender.”[43]

 

  • 1877. Edinburgh Photographic Society Exhibition. “Mr. Wm. England has sent a series of very exquisite pictures from dry plates, consisting of views in Switzerland, Belgium, & c.”[44]

 

“A silver medal for the best landscape of 8 ½ x 6 ½ or under to Mr. Wm. England, 7 St. James’s square, Notting-hill, London, for his picture The Wetterhorn (No. 768), from a dry plate. Characteristics: fine aerial perspective, with both foreground and extreme distance in good keeping.”[45]

 

“In landscape photographs the Exhibition is very rich. If there are any who still have a doubt as to the suitability of dry plates for the very highest class of work in this direction, they have only to look at the exhibits of Mr. Wm. England to have the doubt dispelled. Hung together are six charming views in Switzerland, Italy, and Savoy, so soft, yet full of brilliant detail, and most perfect gradation, even when, as is generally the case, such difficult combinations as summer foliage and snow-clad mountains are included. Where all are so excellent, it is difficult to particularize; but we may mention “Monk and Eiger from St. Beatenburg” (No. 767) as a work of rare merit. The foreground is the bank of a lake, with finely-grouped trees on the right and left, and a few well-arranged figures in the centre. The middle distance includes groups of grand mountains, whose shadows are more or less indefinitely mirrored on the bosom of the lake, and, rising high behind all, are the beautiful snowy peaks so well known to travellers in the district.”[46]

 

  • 1877. West Riding of Yorkshire Photographic Society Exhibition, Belle Vue Hotel, Bradford. “The views of Swiss scenery shown by Mr. W. England in his well-known style need no comment.”[47]

 

  • 1878. 23rd Photographic Society of Great Britain Exhibition. Number 172, “View in the Avenue of Nations.” Number 173, “Monaco Pavilion in the Gardens.” Number 174, “English Country House. (erected by Collinson and Lock).” Number 175, “View in the Austrian Section.” Number 176, “Portuguese Pavilion, Avenue of Nations.” Number 177, “Exhibition, Principal Entrance.” Number 178, “Gateway of the Portuguese Pavilion.” Number 179, “Façade of the Spanish Pavilion.” Number 180, “View in the Gardens.” Number 181, “United States Pavilion.” Number 182, “View in the Gallery de Jena.” Number 183, “Spanish Pavilion.” Number 184, “View in the Avenue of Nations.” Number 185, “Gallery de Jena, Indian Section.” Number 186, “View in the Gardens.” Number 187, “French Fine Art Pavilion.” Number 188, “Swiss Pavilion.” Number 189, “View in the Pavilion of Fine Arts.” Number 190, “Pavilion of the Central States of America.” Number 191, “View in the Avenue of Nations.” Number 192, “Pavilion of H.R.H. the Prince of Wales (designed by Gilbert R. Redgrave).” Number 193, “Old English Mansion. (erected by Cubitt & Co.).” Number 194, “View of the Trocadero.” Number 349, “Transparencies.”

 

“A large collection of noteworthy photographs taken in Paris transport the sympathetic observer to the Great International Exhibition now open in that city. The twenty-three views of various interesting scenes in the World’s Fair, selected by Mr. England for exhibition, have been executed with all that care and skill for the possession of which Mr. England has obtained a world-wide reputation. Those who, on visiting the French Exhibition, have had to hurry past numerous beautiful architectural and other details are here enabled to revisit such scenes once more, pictorially, and dwell at leisure on the structural peculiarities of each.”[48]

 

  • 1878. Exposition Universelle, Paris, France. England served as a juror for the exhibition. He also displayed “a collection of views and sculpture” and “instantaneous views of the ceremony, having understood they had made applications for the necessary official permission to photograph generally the Exhibition.”[49]

 

  • 1878. Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society, 46th Annual Exhibition. View numbers 658 to 672 titled “Views in Switzerland.”

 

“For the best landscape by the collodion emulsion process, size not less than 9 x 7 inches. First silver medal to W. England, for his splendid Swiss view, No. 666. Mr. England exhibits fifteen gems – views in Switzerland – all in his well-known style, possessing the highest artistic excellence. They are full of atmosphere – broad, yet exquisite in detail.”[50]

 

  • 1880. Bristol and West of England Amateur Photographic Association’s International Exhibition. “Mr. William England is also represented by a couple of dozen 12 x 10 Swiss views of magnificent quality. These, again, are produced from gelatine plates, and are equal, if not superior, to any of the artist’s work in the same class with wet collodion – and that, too, in those points where gelatine is usually supposed to be far inferior to collodion. The power possessed by gelatine, in capable hands, of rendering at once foreground and distance is well exemplified in Near Chamounix (No. 281) and Mount Blanc and the Valley of Chamounix (No. 286.) The strong shadows cast by the Swiss sun, which are so difficult to soften down in a photograph, are full of detail, and are rendered in perfect harmony with the delicate gradations of the distant snow-clad peaks. Surely the detractors of gelatine must, ere long, be convinced that it is the operator, and not the process, which should be blamed for the inferior results said to be produced by gelatine.”[51]

 

“Mr. William England and Mr. Bedford are too well known for their fine pictures to require dwelling on here . . . Those who do not quite realise the meaning of the words “breadth” and “atmosphere” could not study them better than in Mr. England’s pictures; these will at once reveal their full meaning.”[52]

 

  • 1881. 26th Photographic Society of Great Britain Exhibition. Number 3 titled “The Pisevache, near Martigny, Switzerland.” Number 4 titled “Place de Beltir, Geneva.” Number 5 titled “Village of Zermatt.” Number 6 titled “Valley of Chamounix. (Landscape and clouds, taken with one exposure).” Number 7 titled “Matterhorn, Zermatt.” Number 8 titled “Matterhorn, Zermatt.” Number 9 titled “Matterhorn, Zermatt and Lake on the Riffleberg.” Number 10 titled “Mont Blanc: Village of Chamounix.” Number 11 titled “Mont Blanc Range.” Number 12 titled “St. Nicolas, Valley of Zermatt.” Number 13 titled “Mont Blanc Range.” Number 14 titled “Valley of Chamounix.” Number 15 titled “View on the Imperial Route.” Number 16 titled “Village and Valley of Chamounix.” Number 17 titled “Monument to the Duke of Brunswick, Geneva. (Clouds and view, one exposure).” Number 18 titled “View on the Imperial Route.” Number 19 titled “Pass of the Tete Noire.” Number 20 titled “Village of Chamounix.” Number 342 titled “Gorge St. Gervois, Savoy.” Number 343 titled “Gorge of Trient, Switzerland.”

 

“Mr. William England receives a medal for a series of Swiss views (Nos. 3 to 20), many of which we have reviewed before in connection with the late Bristol International Exhibition. The special feature of these pictures is the admirable manner in which the dark foregrounds are rendered in conjunction with the snowy peaks – in many cases miles distant – without producing heaviness in the one case or destroying the delicacy of detail in the other. Three views of The Matterhorn (Nos. 7, 8, and 9) especially show this. In The Village of Chamounix (No. 20) – in addition to the dark foreground and delicate distance – we have in the middle distance white houses partly in sunshine and partly in shade, which leave nothing to be desired on the score of rendering.”[53]

 

  • 1881. Manchester Photographic Society Exhibition. “. . . the soft and brilliant Alpine views of Mr. W. England, are as conspicuous here as at London . . .”[54]

 

  • 1882. Dundee and East of Scotland Photographic Association Exhibition. England exhibited landscape photographs of Swiss scenery. “Bronze Medal for second best series of (not fewer than six) Landscapes, of 8 1/2 x 6 1/2, or under: Mr. W. England, London.”[55]

 

“Mr. William England, London, exhibits some very charming specimens of Swiss scenery. The pictures are hung exactly on the line, and are well seen.”[56]

 

  • 1882. Third Convention of the Photographers’ Association of America. “Among the pictures from Europe was . . . a charming selection of Swiss pictures, by Mr. Wm. England.”[57] 

 

  • 1883. 28th Photographic Society of Great Britain Exhibition. England was awarded a medal for his work. Number 66 titled “Sulzeck Tunnel.” Number 67 titled “St. Gothard Railway.” Number 322 titled “Wasen in Winter. (Gelatine plates, own make).” Number 323 titled Three Brides at Wasen.” Number 324 titled “Wasen in Summer.” Number 325 titled “View at Wasen.” Number 326 titled “Railway Bridge over the Reuss.” Number 327 titled “View at Intsch.” Number 328 titled “View at Wasen.” Number 329 titled “Fluelin, Lake of Lucerne.” Number 330 titled “Amstaig.”

 

“Mr. William England’s Swiss views (Nos. 322-330), in his usual style, formed a feature amongst the landscapes, from which we select No. 329 as the best.”[58]

 

“A frame of lantern transparencies, by Messrs. England Brothers, possess a charming tone for effective exhibition on an enlarged scale, being of a rich purplish-black. Their views of Swiss scenery, from negatives by Mr. W. England, display great delicacy of gradation in the distances, with ample vigour in the shadows. They also exhibit some good transparencies of statuary.”[59]

 

  • 1883. Second International Exhibition of the Association Belge de Photographie, Palais des Beuax Arts, Paris, France. England was awarded a silver medal for Swiss mountain views. “Mr. W. England’s mountain scenery is, as usual, so charming that we could wish the pictures were larger, so that no visitor to the Exhibition might miss them.”[60]

 

  • 1884. 29th Photographic Society of Great Britain Exhibition. Number 297 titled “Views in Switzerland.” England also served as Judge along with James Glaisher, William Bedford, William F. Donkin, John E. Mayall, William Mayland and Andrew Pringle.

 

“Mr. William England shows a single frame containing four late Swiss views, measuring something like 18 x 15. Mr. England’s work has been familiar to not only visitor to the annua exhibition, but to nearly the whole world, for years past; but, however good it has been previously, we are constrained to confess that his late venture into a large size seems to us to show better work than ever.”[61]

 

“Photography is fast advancing its claims to be regarded as an art as well as a scientific and mechanical process, and in place of the clear hard backgrounds and disproportionate dark foreground patches that used to characterize landscape scenery under the lens, it is now possible to represent mist-clad hills, delicate gradations of distance, and soft shadows. This is especially instanced in Mr. W. England’s beautiful views in Switzerland . . .”[62]

 

  • 1884. Sheffield Photographic Society Exhibition, Cutlers’ Hall. The annual exhibition opened on January 7, 1884.[63]

 

  • 1884. Glasgow Photographic Association Exhibition, Christian Institute.[64]

 

  • 1884. Newcastle-on-Tyne and Northern Counties’ Photographic Association. The exhibition was held at the College of Physical Science at Newcastle. England served as a judge along with W. Bedford, W. F. Donkin, J. E. Mayall, W. Mayland and Andrew Pringle.[65]

 

  • 1887. 32nd Photographic Society of Great Britain Exhibition. Number 242 titled “Four Views of Goring.” Numbers 362, 363 and 364 titled “Street Views of London (Taken from a Tricycle)”. England also served as Judge.

 

“William England (No. 362), Street Views of London.–This frame and two others contain small photographs taken from a tricycle. Here we have work by this well-known exhibitor which constitutes a departure from his usual Swiss scenes. The realistic part has been enriched by choosing moving objects, when they were in a position to add increased value to the streets and buildings depicted.”[66]

 

  • 1887. Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society Exhibition. “Mr. W. England, of London, sends some small instantaneous pictures taken on a tricycle, which are very perfect and natural.”[67]

 

  • 1888. 33rd Photographic Society of Great Britain Exhibition. Number 581 titled “Revolving Stereoscope, with Slides.”

 

  • 1889. 34th Photographic Society of Great Britain Exhibition. Number 687, “Revolving Stereoscope.” England also served as Judge.

 

  • 1889. Paris International Exhibition. England served as a juror, working as the foreman of the British photographic section, receiving the thanks of H.R.H., the Princess of Wales.

 

  • 1890. 35th Photographic Society of Great Britain Exhibition. England served as a Judge.

 

  • 1891. International Photographic Exhibition, Leeds. England served as a Judge along with A. Pringle, V. Blanchard, J. Gale and F. P. Cembrano.[68]

 

  • 1892. 37th Photographic Society of Great Britain Exhibition. “Slides by Mr. W. England.” England also served as Judge along with F. P. Cembrano, W. E. Debenham, F. Hollyer, and J. Traill Taylor.[69]

 

  • 1893. 38th Photographic Society of Great Britain Exhibition. Number 14 titled “Clouds descending the Valley. Taken from the Hotel du Lac Noir, Zermatt. (Bromide Enlargement).” Number 158 titled “View in the Zermatt Valley. (Bromide Enlargement).” Number 287 titled “Dome et Aguille du Goute, Chamounix. (Bromide Enlargement).” Number 297 titled “Glacier de Bossons, Chamounix. (Bromide Enlargement).”

 

“14, a bromide enlargement of descending clouds, by Wm England is noticeable for the fine rendering of the clouds.”[70]

 

  • 1893. Hackney Photographic Society Exhibition. England was awarded a silver medal for “open lantern slides.” “Other good work in the Class was shown by Messrs. W. England (The Matterhorn).”[71]

 

  • 1893. Lille Photographic Exhibition. England was awarded a silver medal for his Alpine studies.[72]

 

  • 1893. Bristol International Photographic Exhibition. England displayed a series of Alpine views.[73]

 

  • 1894. Royal Aquarium Photographic Exhibition. England displayed a series of Alpine views.[74]

 

  • 1894. Ealing Photographic Society Exhibition. England served as a judge.[75]

 

  • 1895. 40th Annual Exhibition of the Royal Photographic Society. Number 326 titled “Aiguille Verte, Chamonix.” Number 327 titled “Glacier die Boissons, Chamonix.” Number 328 titled “Mont Blanc from Argenterre.” Number 339 titled “View at St. Michel, Savoie.” Number 340 titled “View in Suterlaken.” Number 341 titled “Lake near Pontresina, Engadine.”

 

  • 1895. Leeds Photographic Society Exhibition, City Art Gallery, Leeds. The exhibit opened on September 24, 1895 and was expected to last approximately two months. The event was curated by George Birkett. “Mr. W. England shows several small Swiss views, which he has vignetted. Vignetted landscapes, however, do not meet with much favour [sic] nowadays, and the rarity with which they are produced makes them look all the more old-fashioned and, as it were, artificial.”[76]

 

  • 1895. Photographic Exhibition at the Imperial Institute, South Kensington. In the historical division, “some interesting old Daguerreotypes, shown by Mr. W. England.”[77]

 

  • 1895. Derby Photographic Society, Outdoor Meeting Competition. England served as a judge for the competition.[78]

 

  • 1895. Linked Ring, 3rd Annual Photographic Society, Dudley Gallery. “The vignetted subjects by W. England, in both the galleries, are excellent examples of good commercial topographic work, but they fail to interest one apart from their subjects.”[79]

 

  • 1896. 41st Annual Exhibition of the Royal Photographic Society. “In Memoriam, a portrait of the late William England (146), by Andrew Pringle, has a sad interest of its own in the exhibition which the sitter helped to prepare.”[80]

 

  • 1897. Imperial Victorian Loan Exhibition, Crystal Palace. “In the cases are to be seen one of the finest collection of Daguerreotypes ever got together . . . There are also instantaneous Daguerreotypes, one of New York Harbour, taken later on, lent, amongst others, by Mr. L. W. England, in which the frame of the paddle wheels of a steamer, and the waves, are as sharp as in modern work, as well as an excellent picture of Daguerre himself.”[81] Also displayed were the actual Daguerreotype equipment used by the late William England.

 

  • 1898. Royal Photographic Society Exhibition. “Yet work still unsurpassed, and instantaneous views even, were taken quite as good as those taken nowadays on gelatine plates. Examples of these, by the late Mr. William England and by Mr. Valentine Blanchard – taken 1856-1865 – are shown which prove it. Some of the primitive apparatus used in the Daguerreotype process and the calotype and wax-paper processes have been quite a source of amusement to some, yet withal the older workers managed to obtain excellent results with it, and it is doubtful if they could have surpassed them even with the most modern of apparatus, though, of course, they would have obtained them with for less inconvenience to themselves.”[82]
 

[1] “Exhibition Gossip. The Awards of the Jurors.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 9. August 1, 1862. Liverpool: Henry Greenwood, 1862. pp. 289-290.

[2] “Notes of the Month.” The British Journal of Photography.” Vol. 8. August 1, 1862. Liverpool: Henry Greenwood, 1862. p. 297.

[3] “Photographic Pictures.” Record of the International Exhibition, 1862. London: William Mackenzie, 1862. p. 576.

[4] “Glasgow Photographic Association.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 10. March 2, 1863. Liverpool: Henry Greenwood, 1863. pp. 103-106.

[5] “The Photographic Exhibition.” The Photographic News. Vol. 9, No. 349. May 12, 1865. pp. 217-218.

[6] “The Photographic Society’s Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 12. June 9, 1865. London: Henry Greenwood, 1865. p. 305.

[7] “Photography at the Dublin International Exhibition.” The Photographic News. Vol. 9. August 25, 1865. London: Thomas Piper, 1865. p. 399.

[8] “Photography at the Dublin Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 12. October 6, 1865. London: Henry Greenwood, 1865. p. 512.

[9] “The Dublin Exhibition – Photographic Department.” The Journal of The Photographic Society of London. Vol. 10, No. 160. August 15, 1865. p. 123.

[10] “North London Photographic Exhibition.” The Photographic News. Vol. 9. September 29, 1865. London: Thomas Piper, 1865. p. 459.

[11] “Photographic Society of Scotland.” The British Journal of Photography. March 16, 1866. p. 128.

[12] “Paris Universal Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 14. August 23, 1867. London: Henry Greenwood, 1867. pp. 398-399.

[13] “Exhibition Soiree of the London Photographic Society.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 14. November 22, 1867. London: Henry Greenwood, 1867. pp. 555-556.

[14] “Photography at the Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society.” The Photographic News. Vol. 12. May 1, 1868. London: Piper and Carter, 1868. p. 209.

[15] “Fine Arts Department.” The Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society. The Thirty-Fifth Annual Report. 1867. Falmouth: Heard and Sons. 1867. p. 34.

[16] “Exhibition of the Photographic Society.” The Photographic News. Vol. 12, No. 532. November 13, 1868. London: Piper and Carter, 1868. pp. 541-542.

[17] “Lux Graphics on the Wing.” The Photographic News. Vol. 12. November 20, 1868. London: Piper and Carter, 1868.  p. 560.

[18] “Photographic Exhibition at Groningen.” The Photographic News. Vol. 13. August 20, 1869. London: Piper and Carter, 1869. p. 400.

[19] “Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society’s Report.” The Photographic News. Vol. 14. April 14, 1870. p. 180.

[20] “The Photographic Exhibition.” The Photographic News. Vol. 13. December 10, 1869. p. 588.

[21] “The Exhibition of the London Photographic Society.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 16. November 18, 1869. p. 556.

[22] “Manchester Photographic Society.– Soiree and Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 16. March 5, 1869. p. 114.

[23] “Photographic Exhibition at Manchester.” The Photographic News. Vol. 14. March 4, 1870. pp. 106-107.

[24] “Exhibition of the Manchester Photographic Society. The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 17. March 11, 1870. London: Henry Greenwood, 1870. p. 114.

[25] “Correspondence.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 17. June 17, 1870. London: Henry Greenwood, 1870. p. 284.

[26] “The Photographic Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 19. December 6, 1872. London: Henry Greenwood, 1872. p. 576.

[27] “West Quadrant. Engravings, Etchings, Lithographs, and Photographs.” London International Exhibition, 1872. London: J. M. Johnson & Sons, 1872. p. 103.

[28] “The Exhibition of 1873.” The Photographic Journal. October 21, 1873. pp. 2-3.

[29] “Exhibition of the Photographic Society.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 21. October 16, 1874. pp. 492-493.

[30] “The Annual Exhibition of the Photographic Society of Great Britain.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 21. October 23, 1874. p. 510.

[31] “The Bengal Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 21.  April 3, 1874. London: Henry Greenwood, 1874. pp. 162-163.

[32] “The Bengal Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 21. April 3, 1874. London: Henry Greenwood, 1874. pp. 162-163.

[33] “Photographs at the International Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 21. May 8, 1874. p. 219.

[34] “Photographs at the International Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 21. April 10, 1874. London: Henry Greenwood, 1874. p. 169.

[35] “Medalists of the French Exhibition of Photographs.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 21. July 17, 1874. London: Henry Greenwood, 1874. p. 343.

[36] “The Photographic Exhibition. The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 22. October 15, 1875. London: Henry Greenwood, 1875. pp. 496-497.

[37] “The Photographic Exhibition.” The Photographic News. Vol. 19. October 29, 1875. London: Piper and Carter, 1875. pp. 522-523.

[38] “English Photographs at the Philadelphia Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 23. September 22, 1876. pp. 453-454.

[39] “The Photographic Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 24, No. 910. October 12, 1877. pp. 487-488.

[40] “The Photographic Society of Great Britain.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 24. October 26, 1877. p. 514.

[41] “Photographic Society of Great Britain.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 24. November 16, 1877. pp. 547-548.

[42] “Opinions of the London Press on the Photographic Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 24. November 23, 1877. p. 560.

[43] “The Photographic Exhibition.” The Photographic News. Vol. 21. November 23, 1877. London: Piper and Carter, 1877. p. 557.

[44] “Edinburgh Photographic Society’s Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 24, No. 870. January 5, 1877. London: Henry Greenwood, 1877. p. 3.

[45] “Edinburgh Photographic Society’s Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 24. January 12, 1877. London: Henry Greenwood, 1877. p. 15.

[46] “Edinburgh Photographic Exhibition.” The Photographic News. Vol. 21. January 19, 1877. London: Piper and Carter, 1877. p. 32.

[47] “West Riding of Yorkshire Photographic Society.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 24. December 14, 1877. pp. 596-597.

[48] “The Photographic Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 25. October 25, 1878. pp. 505-505.

[49] “The French Exhibition.–Meeting of the Photographic Society of France.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 25. May 10, 1878. Pp. 224-226.

[50] “Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 25. September 6, 1878. p. 426.

[51] “Bristol and West of England Amateur Photographic Association’s International Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 27. December 31, 1880. pp. 627-628.

[52] “Art Notes at the Bristol Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 28. January 14, 1881. London: Henry Greenwood, 1881. p. 17.

[53] “The Photographic Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 28. October 14, 1881. p. 527.

[54] “The Manchester Photographic Society’s Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 28. December 2, 1881. pp. 624-625.

[55] “Exhibition of the Dundee and East of Scotland Photographic Association.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 29. February 10, 1882. p. 79.

[56] “Exhibition of the Dundee and East of Scotland Photographic Association.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 29. February 24, 1882. pp. 106-107.

[57] “Third Convention of the Photographers’ Association of America.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 29. September 8, 1882. pp. 520-522

[58] “The Photographic Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 30. November 23, 1883. pp. 701-702.

[59] “Transparencies at the Photographic Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 30. November 9, 1883. p. 674.

[60] “The Second International Exhibition of the Association Belge de Photographie.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 30. September 7, 1883. pp. 526-527.

[61] “The Photographic Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 31. November 14, 1884. London: Henry Greenwood, 1884. p. 724.

[62] “The Photographic Society of Great Britain.” Daily News (London). October 6, 1884. p. 6.

[63] “Sheffield Photographic Society’s Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 31. January 11, 1884. London: Henry Greenwood, 1884. p. 27.

[64] “Glasgow Photographic Association.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 31. February 22, 1884. London: Henry Greenwood, 1884. p. 125.

[65] “Newcastle-on-Tyne and Northern Counties’ Photographic Association.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 31. February 22, 1884. London: Henry Greenwood, 1884. p. 125.

[66] “The Photographic Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 34. November 4, 1887. London: Henry Greenwood & Co., 1887. pp. 692-693.

[67] “The Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society’s Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 34. September 16, 1887. London: Henry Greenwood, 1887. p. 588.

[68] “Leeds Photographic Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 38. December 11, 1891. London: Henry Greenwood & Co., 1891. p. 800.

[69] “The Photographic Society’s Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 39. September 2, 1892. London: Henry Greenwood & Co., 1892. p. 565.

[70] “Photographic Society of Great Britain.” The Amateur Photographer. Vol. 18, July–December 1893. October 6, 1893. p. 221.

[71] “Hackney Photographic Society’s Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 40. October 27, 1893. London: Henry Greenwood & Co., 1893. p. 689.

[72] The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 40. June 30, 1893. London: Henry Greenwood & Co., 1893. p. 416.

[73] “Bristol International Photographic Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 40. December 22, 1893. London: Henry Greenwood, 1893. p. 812.

[74] “Photographic Exhibition at the Royal Aquarium.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 41. September 14, 1894. London: Henry Greenwood & Co., 1894. p. 586.

[75] “Ealing Photographic Society’s Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 41. November 30, 1894. London: Henry Greenwood & Co., 1894. p. 764.

[76] “The Leeds Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 42. September 27, 1895. pp. 615-616.

[77] “The Photographic Exhibition at the Imperial Institute.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 42. London: Henry Greenwood & Co., 1895. p. 332.

[78] “Derby Photographic Society.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 43. May 1, 1896. p. 286.

[79] “The Two Great Exhibitions.” Photograms of the Year. London: Dawbarn & Ward, 1895. p. 66.

[80] “The Great Exhibitions.” Photograms of the Year, 1896. London: Dawbarn & Ward, Ltd., 1896. p. 92.

[81] “The Photographic Exhibition at the Crystal Palace.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 44. May 14, 1897. London: Henry Greenwood & Co., 1897. p. 307.

[82] “Some Lessons of the Royal Photographic Society’s Exhibition.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 45. May 13, 1898. London: Henry Greenwood & Co., 1898. p. 306.

 

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dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) 1859 alpine America in the Stereoscope Blondin Britain Catskills England exhibit Fawn's Leap International Exhibition Ireland Italy Kaaterskill Clove Kaaterskill Falls Kauterskill Falls landscape Laurel House London Stereoscopic Company mountains Niagara Falls North American Series North Lake photographer photographs photography Plattekill Clove Plauterkill Clove Rhine scenery statuary stereoscope stereoscopic stereoviews Switzerland waterfalls William England https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/4/william-england-and-his-1859-tour-of-the-catskills-part-8 Sat, 09 Apr 2022 12:00:00 GMT
William England and His 1859 Tour of the Catskills (Part 7) https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/4/william-england-and-his-1859-tour-of-the-catskills-part-7 Introduction

 

William England (1830-1896) was a 19th century British photographer who was widely known for his travel images. He was an early adopter of photography, operating a studio in the late 1840s, less than ten years after the daguerreotype was created by French inventor Louis Daguerre. England’s 1859 trip through the United States, including a visit to the Catskills, and Canada gained widespread praise. His image of Charles Blondin tightrope walking across the Niagara Gorge is among the top selling stereoviews of all time. Although largely forgotten today, William England was considered one of the great photographers of his era.

 

 

Continued from Part 6.

 

Publications

 

“ . . . it is well known to all those who have the advantage of Mr. England’s friendship, that when he advises a given course, or when he published a process, it is certain to be practical and trustworthy.”

 

 

“Another very important practical article in the ALMANAC is from the pen of Mr. England; for how can such a man as this put pen to paper without teaching us something valuable from the stores of his immense practical experience.”

 

 

England was widely published in the leading photographic industry magazines of the day, with his articles most frequently highlighting his various technical processes. A few examples of England’s publications are listed below.

 

  • 1862. “On a Method of producing Photographic Transparencies and Instantaneous Negatives.” The Journal of The Photographic Society of London. Vol. 8, No. 120, April 15, 1862. London: Taylor and Francis. pp.24-26.
  • 1862. "On a Rapid Dry Process, Printing Transparencies, and Remarks on 'Instantaneous Photography.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 9, No. 164. April 15, 1862. p. 143.
  • 1862. “On a Method of Producing Photographic Transparencies and Instantaneous Negatives.” The Photographic Journal. Vol. 8, No. 120. April 15, 1862. pp. 24-26.
  • 1862. “The Tannin Process – Transparencies – Instantaneous Photography. The Photographic News. Vol. 6, No. 188. April 11, 1862. London: Thomas Piper, 1862. p. 175.

 

  • 1863. “On a Simple Method of choosing Glass suited for the Operating-room.” The Journal of the Photographic Society of London. Vol. 8, No. 130, February 16, 1863. London: Taylor and Francis. p.222.
  • 1863. “Recovery of Gold and Silver from Waste Photographic Materials.” The Photographic News. Vol. 7, No. 245. May 15, 1863. London: Thomas Piper, 1863. p. 234.
  • 1863. “A Neat Mode of Washing Sensitive Plates.” The Photographic News. Vol. 7, No. 251. June 26, 1863. London: Thomas Piper, 1863. p. 304.

 

  • 1866. “Recovering the Gold from Old Toning Baths.” The Photographic News. May 4, 1866. London: Thomas Piper, 1866. p. 209.
  • 1866. “Hints to Photographic Tourists.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac, for 1866. London: Office of the Photographic News, 1866. pp. 48-50.
  • 1866. “The Discussion on the Organic Iron Developer.” The Photographic News. Vol. 10, No. 384. January 12, 1866. London: Thomas Piper, 1866. p. 23.
  • 1866. “Recovering Silver from Ashes.” The Photographic News. Vol. 10, No. 429. November 23, 1866. London: Thomas Piper, 1866. p. 563.

 

  • 1867. “Resin in Collodion.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac for 1867. London: Thomas Piper, 1867. pp. 34-35.
  • 1867. "On the Preservation, Restoration and Perfection of Negatives.” (Read before the London Photographic Society, January 8, 1867), in: The Philadelphia Photographer. Vol. 4, No. 40. April 1867, pp. 108-110. Also, The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 14, No. 350. January 18, 1867. pp. 24-25.
  • 1867. “Collodio-Albumen Process Requiring but One Sensitising Bath.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac for 1867. London: Thomas Piper, 1867. pp. 55-56.
  • 1867. “England’s Modified Collodion-Albumen Process.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 14, No. 362. April 12, 1867. London: Henry Greenwood, 1867. p. 167.
  • 1867. “A Modification of the Collodio-Albumen Process, Requiring but One Sensitising Bath.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 14. April 18, 1867. London: Henry Greenwood, 1867. p. 181.
  • 1867. “Mr. England’s Method of Cleaning and Modifying Intensity of Varnished Negatives.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac for 1867. London: Office of the Photographic News, 1867. p. 64.

 

  • 1869. “Aphorisms for Photographers.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac for 1869. London: Piper and Carter, 1869. p. 15.
  • 1869. “Impure Water and Dry Plate Failures.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac for 1869. London: Piper and Carter, 1869. pp. 33-34.
  • 1869. “On the Preservation of Negatives.” The Photographic News. Vol. 13, No. 546. February 19, 1869. London: Piper and Carter, 1869. pp. 88-89.
  • 1869. “Treatment of the Printing Bath.” The Photographic Journal. June 15, 1869. pp. 65-66.
  • 1869. “Mr. England’s Method of Preparing Collodion.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac for 1870. London: Piper and Carter, 1869. pp. 87-88.

 

  • 1870. “Rain-Water for Photography.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac for 1870. London: Piper and Carter, 1870. pp. 30-31.
  • 1870. “Note on the Varnishing of Negatives.” The Photographic News. London: Piper and Carter, 1870. January 21, 1870. p. 32.
  • 1870. “Which is the Best Dry Process? Mr. England on the Relative Merits of Dry Processes.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 17, No. 523. May 13, 1870. pp. 215-216.
  • 1870. “Remarks on the Dry-Plate Process.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 17, No.  524. May 20, 1870. p. 231.
  • 1870. “New Method of Treating a Discolored Printing Bath.” Photographic Mosaics. Philadelphia: Benerman & Wilson, 1870. p. 103.

 

  • 1871. “Some Hints on Development.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac for 1871. London: Piper and Carter, 1871. pp. 32-33.
  • 1871. “Modified Morphine Process.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac for 1871. London: Piper and Carter, 1871. p. 91.
  • 1871. “How to Make a Negative Nitrate Bath.” The British Journal Photographic Almanac and Photographer’s Daily Companion for 1871. Liverpool: H. Greenwood, 1871. pp. 81-82.
  • 1871. “Developing Dishes.” The Photographic News. Vol. 15, No. 647. January 27, 1871. London: Piper and Carter, 1871. p. 39.
  • 1871. “Practical Hints on the Preservation of Negatives.” The Photographic Journal. No. 223. March 21, 1871. pp. 62-66.

 

  • 1872. "Talc as a protection to negatives.” British Journal Photographic Almanac, and Photographer's Daily Companion 1872. p. 52.
  • 1872. “A Ready Mode of Drying Albumenized Paper.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac for 1872. London: Piper and Carter, 1872. p. 35.

 

  • 1873. “On Copying Sculpture.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac for 1873. London: Piper and Carter, 1873. pp. 29-30.

 

  • 1875. “Hints and Suggestions.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac for 1875. London: Piper and Carter, 1873. p. 5.

 

  • 1878. “On Dry Plate Processes.” The Photographic News. Vol. 22, No. 1029. May 24, 1878. London: Piper and Carter, 1878. pp. 241-243.

 

  • 1880. “The England Drying Box.” The Photographic News. Vol. 24, No. 1129. April 23, 1880. London: Piper and Carter, 1880. p. 201.
  • 1880. “On a Drying-box for Gelatine Plates.” The Photographic Journal. New Series, Vol. 4, No. 6. April 16, 1880. pp. 97-98.
  • 1880. “Iodine in Gelatine Emulsion.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 27, No. 1073. November 26, 1880. p. 575.
  • 1880. “How to Treat Negatives that are to be Printed Before Varnishing.” The Photographic News. Vol. 24, No. 1129. April 23, 1880. London: Piper and Carter, 1880. p. 100.

 

  • 1881. “On Washing Gelatine Emulsion.” The Photographic News. Vol. 25, No. 1216. December 23, 1881. London: Piper and Carter, 1881. p. 607.
  • 1881. “A Simple Method of Enamelling Prints.” The British Journal Photographic Almanac, and Photographer’s Daily Companion for 1880. London, Ross & Co. pp. 162-163.
  • 1881. “The Slow Development of Gelantine Plates.” The Year-Book of Photography, and Photographic News Almanac for 1881. London: Piper and Carter, 1881. pp. 112-113.
  • 1881. “Reducing Over-Printed Proofs.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 28, No. 1099. May 27, 1881. London: Henry Greenwood, 1881. p. 264.
  • 1881. “Mr. England’s Drying-Box for Gelatine Plates.” The British Journal Photographic Almanac, and Photographer’s Daily Companion for 1881. London: Ross & Co., 1880. pp. 241-242.

 

  • 1882. “A Transparent Paper for Backing Negatives.” The British Journal Photographic Almanac, and Photographer’s Daily Companion for 1882. London: Ross & Co., 1882. p. 99.
  • 1882. “England’s Method of Reducing Over-Printed Proofs.” The British Journal Photographic Almanac, and Photographer’s Daily Companion for 1882. London: Ross & Co., 1882. pp. 207-208.
  • 1882. “The Breakage of Negatives.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 29, No. 1141. March 17, 1882. London: Henry Greenwood, 1882. pp. 157-158.
  • 1882. “Electric Light in the Dark Room.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 29, No. 1143. March 31, 1882. London: Henry Greenwood, 1882. p. 190.
  • 1882. “A Knapsack Tent.” The Journal and Transactions of the Photographic Society of Great Britain. New Series, Vol. 6, No. 8. May 19, 1882. pp. 158-161.

 

  • 1883. “The Daguerreotype Process in Practice.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac for 1883.  London: Piper and Carter, 1883. pp. 100-101.
  • 1883. “Collodion Emulsion.” The British Journal of Photography. Vol. 30, No. 1206. June 15, 1883. London: Henry Greenwood, 1883. p. 349.

 

  • 1886. “Development.” The British Journal Photographic Almanac, and Photographer’s Daily Companion for 1886. London: Ross & Co., 1886. pp. 215-216.
  • 1886. “England on Development.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac for 1886. pp. 166-167.

 

  • 1887. “A Print-Washing Machine.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac for 1887. London: Piper and Carter, 1887. pp. 103-104.

 

  • 1888. “Photography on Wheels.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac for 1888. London: Piper and Carter, 1888. pp. 93-94.

 

  • 1889. “Cleaning and Copying Daguerreotypes.” The British Journal Photographic Almanac, and Photographer’s Daily Companion 1889. London: Ross & Co., 1889. pp. 573-574.

 

  • 1890. “Mr. William England’s Flash Lamp.” The Year-Book of Photography and Photographic News Almanac for 1890. London: Piper and Carter, 1890. p. 167.
]]>
dalencon99@gmail.com (American Catskills) 1859 alpine America in the Stereoscope Blondin Britain Catskills England exhibit Fawn's Leap International Exhibition Ireland Italy Kaaterskill Clove Kaaterskill Falls Kauterskill Falls landscape Laurel House London Stereoscopic Company mountains Niagara Falls North American Series North Lake photographer photographs photography Plattekill Clove Plauterkill Clove Rhine scenery statuary stereoscope stereoscopic stereoviews Switzerland waterfalls William England https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/4/william-england-and-his-1859-tour-of-the-catskills-part-7 Sat, 02 Apr 2022 12:15:00 GMT
William England and His 1859 Tour of the Catskills (Part 6) https://www.americancatskills.com/blog/2022/4/william-england-and-his-1859-tour-of-the-catskills-part-6

Introduction

 

William England (1830-1896) was a 19th century British photographer who was widely known for his travel images. He was an early adopter of photography, operating a studio in the late 1840s, less than ten years after the daguerreotype was created by French inventor Louis Daguerre. England’s 1859 trip through the United States, including a visit to the Catskills, and Canada gained widespread praise. His image of Charles Blondin tightrope walking across the Niagara Gorge is among the top selling stereoviews of all time. Although largely forgotten today, William England was considered one of the great photographers of his era.

 

 

Continued from Part 5.

 

Going on His Own

 

“Mr. William England is probably the largest Continental publisher of European views . . .” – The Photographic News.

 

“Mr. England has returned from his few months’ sojourn in the region of the Alps, with a stock of negatives of the charming scenery, the most perfect in photography, and the most uniform in excellence, that we have ever had the pleasure of examining.” – The Photographic News, 1864.

 

 

Circa 1863 William England left the LSC to establish his own photography business at 7 James’s Square in Notting Hill, London. He continued his foreign photographic journeys with trips to Switzerland (Views of Switzerland, 1863), Savoy (Views of Switzerland and Savoy), Italy (Views of Switzerland, Savoy and Italy), the Italian Alps (1866), the Rhine (Views of the Rhine and its Vicinity, 1867/68), Tyrol (A Choice Selection of Scenes in the Tyrol, 1868), France and Italy (1869), Rhineland (1870), Switzerland (1880), the St. Gothard District (1882), Switzerland (1885), Switzerland (1892), and other beautiful, tourist-friendly destinations. His images from Europe were as widely praised and as commercially successful as his earlier work in the United States and France.

 

In one of his first trips after becoming an independent photographer England traveled to Switzerland in the summer of 1863. The result was a series of 130 stereoviews titled Views of Switzerland. According to historian Paul Blair, England’s travels “took him to some of the most famous tourist spots: Geneva, Lausanne, Chillon Castle, Sallanches, Chamonix, Gorges du Trient, Martigny, Sion, Zermatt, Interlaken, Grindlewald, Lauterbrunnen, Reichenbach, Rosenlaui, Thun, Bern and Fribourg.”[1] With numerous subsequent trips to the Alps region, the series would later expand to include over 1,000 photographs and was retitled, first to Views of Switzerland and Savoy, and later to Views of Switzerland, Savoy and Italy.

 

L'Hospice du Grand St. Bernard et le Mont Velan. Suisse.L'Hospice du Grand St. Bernard et le Mont Velan. Suisse.

L'Hospice du Grand St. Bernard et le Mont Velan. Views of Switzerland. William England.

 

In an 1864 review of the Views of Switzerland and Savoy series The Photographic News emphatically praised England’s work, noting that the photographs were the best they had ever seen of the region.

 

“VIEWS OF SWITZERLAND AND SAVOY. Photographed by Wm. England.

 

Mr. England has returned from his few months’ sojourn in the region of the Alps, with a stock of negatives of the charming scenery, the most perfect in photography, and the most uniform in excellence, that we have ever had the pleasure of examining. They consist of cabinet pictures, album views, and stereographs. The series before us, consists of the latter, 130 in number, issued under the special patronage of the Alpine Club.

 

There are, perhaps, few subjects which better repay the photographer with satisfactory results, than Alpine scenery, especially if he be working for the stereoscope, and it might readily have been anticipated, with Mr. England’s well-known fine feeling and skillful manipulation that his Swiss photography should be unusually beautiful. The results before us will satisfy the anticipations of the most sanguine. We have seen excellent photographs of Alpine scenery before, but we have met with none that approach these as pictures, and few that equal them as photographs.

 

The admirable selection of subjects, the judicious choice of point of view, the rare fulness and gradation of tone, all combine to give this series unusual pictorial value. Perhaps, never was the value of bromo-iodized collodion more triumphantly illustrated than in these pictures. We have snow-clad peaks, and pine forests of deep green in the same pictures, each alternately in foreground and distance, rendered with perfect detail and softness. Here is the glistening, icy, broken surface of La Mer de Glace rendered with perfect texture, without an approach to chalkiness. Here are Mont Blanc, with a view of the Chemin de la Tete Noire, and a view of the Wetterhorn, each with foliage and figures in the foreground, and the snow-clad craggy summits of the mountains in the distance, rendered with equally tender gradations. Harmony is an essential quality of each picture, and there is not a white sky in all the pictures before us. In the more animated scenes on the Lake of Geneva, he is just as happy and successful. Some of the scenes on the lake, crowded with small craft, amongst which the feluccas with their wide stretching lateen sails are conspicuous, are very picturesque. On the lake also, we have exceeding fine views of the Chateau Chillon, awaking memories of Byron’s poem and Rousseau’s romance. To detail al that is beautiful, and describe all that is interesting, would require many columns; we must, therefore, content ourselves by recommending to our readers the series as containing some of the most charming pictures, and of the most perfect photographic studies that we have ever come under our notice.”[2]

 

Two years later, in 1866, The Photographic News reviewed England’s alpine work, again with overwhelming acclaim.

 

“In the selection of photographs of Swiss scenery before us, we have the highest perfection of landscape photography; in every technical point it would seem impossible to attain a higher degree of excellence than is here secured, and at the same time nothing is left to desire on the score of artistic rendering . . . the pictures before us far surpass all that we have seen before in almost every quality of excellence. There is an exquisite delicacy of gradation, an infinity of exquisitely marked demi-tones, which we have rarely seen even in very good photographs. With the greatest brilliancy and richness of contrast, there is scarcely a single space of object larger than a pepper corn of a pure white or pure black in any of the pictures; but still minute traces of these extremes are there, giving infinite value to all the gradations of mezzotint, and conferring great brilliancy on the whole.”[3]

 

As England sought to establish his own business independent of the London Stereoscopic Company, he faced the challenges typically associated with running your own business. In 1863 employees associated with England’s business complained of the working conditions, and took their complaints to the press.

 

“NOTTING HILL PHOTOGRAPHERS. –We always feel pleasure in advocating the interests of every class of photographic operatives; but we must remind our readers that the bargain between employers and employed, whether it refer to the hours of labour, the work done, or remuneration received, is entirely a personal question between the parties to the contract. We strongly recommend liberality to employers as good policy, and because photography is generally sufficient remunerative to justify liberality. But on the other hand it should be borne in mind that in winter a photographer’s working hours are necessarily short, and that no available light should be wasted in summer. We do not think there is much danger of over-work or under pay in the present state of the profession, inasmuch as the market is not so much stocked with thoroughly skilled workmen to induce any of them to accept injustice. Where there is good demand for any class of labour it will always command a fair price for reasonable hours. An employer who, under such circumstances, attempted to grind his people would soon find them leaving him for more liberal employers. Whatever grievance of this kind exists must soon right itself. We cannot offer a more definite opinion without knowing more of the circumstances, and hearing the case states by both sides.”[4]

 

One week after the initial complaints were published England responded in a letter to the editor of The Photographic News, providing details on the working conditions of his operation. Note England’s sarcastic finish when describing the sleeping habits of the discovered complainant.

 

“My dear sir,– In your last Number I saw, in the “Answers to Correspondents,” an allusion to some complaints emanating from the employees of a photographic establishment at Notting Hill.

 

As I know of no other business of that kind in the neighborhood than my own, I, in justice to myself, beg to offer you the other side of the question. In the first place, no one in my employ has worked more than seven hours and a half this winter and during short days and foggy weather. I will leave you to judge how much of that time could be profitably employed.

 

As the longer days are now coming in I desired the men to work nine hours per day and boys nine hours and a half. All time beyond that I have always paid for, both to men and boys.

 

A notion seems to have entered their heads that they should work the same hours only as operators employed in the close confinement of the dark room, and at that requiring infinitely more head work than printing, divided, as it is, into different branches, each one to his own department.

 

Several of my hands I could have well dispensed with, but having had their services through the summer, I have kept them through the winter, and at full wages too.

 

During this winter I have paid a lad to be here two hours before the others to get the workshops dry and warm, ready for the day’s operations.

 

I now, sir, leave you to judge how tyrannical has been my conduct.

 

Apologising [sic] for this troubling you, I remain, dear sir, your obediently. W. ENGLAND.

 

P.S.– Since writing the above I have discovered the chief mover in the affair to be an apprentice in the house, of whose character the best I can say (after an experience of five years) is that it is very difficult to get him out of bed before 9 o’clock in the morning.”[5]

 

In 1866 England can be found traveling through the Italian Alps. “Further on Mr. Foster, speaking of the glorious scenery of the Italian Alps, says “what would not a Wilson or an England effect here!” With many thanks for the great compliment he pays me I may also state that I have a series of views of the Italian Alps, procured during the summer of 1866, and which I am happy to say has been favourably received, both at home and abroad.”[6]

 

The series titled Views of the Rhine and its Vicinity, which included “the most striking and well-known subjects,” was published in 1867. England, using his own dry plate process, took over 400 negatives of Rhine scenery. The resulting published series was comprised of “80 stereo photographs of the Rhine from Cologne to Mayence, and of the Lahn and the Nahe. Priority is given to the big cities. There are 11 photographs of Cologne, Coblenz and the surrounding areas, 7 pictures of Wiesbaden, then a famous spa. However it is the Lahn which is well presented – there are 16 pictures. Photographs of the Moselle are lacking completely. There are only two pictures of Mayence, and four of the lower Nahe. This series also seems to be incomplete. Whether this is due to the unreliability of the dry plate procedure, to the lack of transport or perhaps other causes, it is hard to tell.”[7]

 

Abside de la Cathedrale de Limburg sur le LannAbside de la Cathedrale de Limburg sur le LannAbside de la Cathedrale de Limburg sur le Lann. Views of the Rhine and Its Vicinity. J. Paul Getty Museum.

Abside de la Cathedrale de Limburg sur le Lann. Views of the Rhine and Its Vicinity. J. Paul Getty Museum.

 

The last statement around the “unreliability of the dry plate procedure” is disputed by the fact that England used dry plates extensively, and successfully, during his Rhine journey. “In dry collodion processes the year has been more rich in good results than in any other branch of the art. Simplicity, sensitiveness, and certainty have been attained in several processes in a higher degree than had before been secured in dry plates. A simplified collodio-albumen process, by Mr. England, in which the preparation of the plate is completed at one operation and with one bath, has been found in his own practice sufficiently trustworthy to be employed commercially instead of the wet process; and during the summer he obtained by it upwards of 400 negatives of the Rhine scenery.”[8]

 

Further confirming his confidence in dry plates, England, in the same year as his Rhine journey, published several articles regarding collodio-albumen process. One article, titled “Collodio-Albumen Process Requiring but One Sensitising Bath,” was published in The Year-Book of Photography and two articles, one of which was titled “England’s Modified Collodion-Albumen Process,” were published in The British Journal of Photography.

 

Marion and Company, operating at Soho square, offered the set of England’s Rhine photographs for sale. There were 72 different panoramic views for sale for 1 shilling each, or the complete set, bound in half morocco, with each picture in a linen joint, for £4. The 80 stereoscopic views were available for 1 shilling each.

 

Following his trip to the Rhine region the prior year, England travelled to Tyrol in the Alps region of Italy and Austria in 1868. The resulting series, titled A Choice Selection of Scenes in the Tyrol, is comprised of approximately 80 pictures, although England was known to add, delete and reorder his sets in order to attract and keep the public’s interest. As with his previous photographic series, the Tyrol series was highly regarded. “The views in the Tyrol, lately taken by Mr. England, are so excellent that they cannot but add to that gentleman’s high reputation.”[9] England’s photographic work in Tyrol is attributed with contributing to the growing development of the tourist industry there.

 

In 1869 England can found traveling in France and Italy, where he “spent a good portion of the year 1869 taking views on the whole route, from St. Michel to Susa, including the top of the pass – a most interesting journey. Of this series of views a portion was shown at our Exhibition of that year, and also at the International Exhibition last year [1871].”[10]

 

In addition to his travel and landscape photography, other sets released by England included Views of Sandringham (1863); Views of Holland House (c.1864); Collection d'Objets d'Artet de Curiosité de M. Le Duc de Morny (1865); Gems of Statuary by Eminent Sculptors (1870s); and the London Exhibitions of 1871, 1872, 1873 and 1874.

 

The Views of Sandringham series was published in 1863 to a popular reception. There were two series of views, one set that included fifteen large views and another set that included fifteen stereoscopic views. For the British public, noteworthy among the series were several portraits of the Prince and Princess of Wales. There were six individual photographs of the Prince, nine individual photographs of the Princess and six photographs of the Prince and Princess together. Other subjects included the exterior and interior of Sandringham Hall, the grounds with “a pretty sheet of water, with some fine old trees; and very effective combinations may be made of them with the house,” and Sandringham Church. One review noted that all the photographs were “likely to be of interest to the large number of loyal subjects who are brimming over with curiosity as to every detail of the life, walks, and ways of this happy and honoured pair.”[11]

 

The Princess. Views of Sandringham.The Princess. Views of Sandringham.London Stereoscopic Company. The Princess. [London: london stereoscopic and photographic company, between 1863 and 1901] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2017651255/>.

The Princess. Views of Sandringham. London Stereoscopic Company. The Princess. [London: london stereoscopic and photographic company, between 1863 and 1901] Photograph. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, <www.loc.gov/item/2017651255/>.

 

The Photographic News reviewed the Sandringham series, noting that the scenery was rather “unpicturesque.” Nonetheless, William England still managed to produce a pleasing series of photographs and stereoscopic views, including portraits of the Prince and Princess of Wales.

 

“PHOTOGRAPHS TAKEN AT SANDRINGHAM. By the London Stereoscopic and Photographic Company.

 

To make good pictures out of unpicturesque subjects is a task more difficult than making bricks with straw. All that could be done for Sandringham in the shape of good photography and well chosen positions, has been done, however, by Mr. England and the staff of operators sent down by the Stereoscopic Company. The result is some really pleasing pictures of the hall and grounds, and surrounding neighborhood, both in stereoscopic and 10 by 8 pictures. In the production of portraits the task was easier. The Princess, always graceful and charming – the Prince, always pleasant, easy, and a gentleman, make good pictures in any style; and of the score of different positions, & c., produced by the company, there is not one bad. A group of the Prince and Princess, the latter sitting on a rustic garden-seat, and the Prince leaning against it, forms at once as pleasing a picture and satisfactory likeness as have yet been produced. This picture is published both in stereoscopic size and as a vignetted 10 by 8 picture for framing. All the portraits are good, but the group is a gem.”[12]

 

The Holland House, located at Kensington, and photographed by England in circa 1864, has a long and distinguished place in the history of London. The historic house was constructed in 1605 by Sir Walter Cope, and later passed through the Rich and Fox families. Originally called Cope Castle, the house takes its newer name from Henry Rich, the Earl of Holland, son-in-law of Walter Cope. The house was mostly destroyed in World War II during the German firebombing runs of the Blitz in October 1940.  

 

In 1865 England traveled to Paris to photograph the art collection of the late Charles Auguste Louis Joseph de Morny, or the Duc de Morny (1811-1865). “DUC DE MORNY’S PICTURES.–It is satisfactory to find the high status of our best English photographers so practically recognised [sic] on the continent. Mr. England has just returned from Paris with a large and very fine series of negatives from the magnificent collection of paintings and other articles of vertu of the late Duc de Morny, now dispersed, by the auctioneer’s inexorable hammer, to all quarters of the globe. Mr. England had the honour [sic] to receive a commission from the Duchess to execute the task, and has also received her gracious permission to publish the series, as a souvenir of this unique collection.”[13]

 

The Gems of Statuary series focused on the works of noteworthy sculptors. The photographs frequently portrayed a statue reflected in a mirror. Statuary works photographed by England included Hop Queen and Britannia Unveiling Australia by George Halse, Golden Age and Love Restraining Wrath by William Beattie, Paul and Virginia by Charles Cumberworth, Florence Nightingale by Theodore P